Health status of children - ARCHIVED

Articles and reports: 82-003-X19990034932


The 20th century saw a dramatic decline in infant mortality in Canada and an accompanying decline in regional disparities in infant mortality.

Income-related differences in infant mortality diminished substantially; however, by 1996, rates in the poorest neighbourhoods were still two-thirds higher than those in the richest neighbourhoods.

Infant mortality in Canada's poorest neighbourhoods is now significantly lower than the national rate for the United States. However, it is less impressive than what has been attained in parts of Europe, such as France and Sweden. The infant mortality rate in Canada's richest neighbourhoods is currently only about as low as the national rate for Sweden.

In recent years in Canada, income-related disparities in infant mortality have ceased to diminish, although regional disparities have continued to decline.

Since 1971, Canada has seen dramatic reductions in child mortality due to most external causes of death (accidents, poisoning and violence). Nevertheless, there has been an increase in suicides among children.

Most children in Canada are in very good health. However, socioeconomic differences are evident from an early age. The children of parents with a low level of education are more likely to have poorer perceived health and are less likely to enjoy unbroken good health.

Issue Number: 1999003
Author(s): Houle, Christian; Wilkins, Russell

Main Product: Health Reports

FormatRelease dateMore information
PDFMarch 31, 2000