Table 5 
Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia) 

Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia)
  December
2023
January
2024
Standard error1 December 2023 to January 2024 January 2023 to January 2024 December 2023 to January 2024 January 2023 to January 2024
  thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates) change in thousands (except rates)change in thousands (except rates) % change% change
Quebec              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 7,325.1 7,342.9 ... 17.8 138.4 0.2 1.9
Labour force 4,755.9 4,735.5 16.6 -20.4 44.3 -0.4 0.9
Employment 4,531.9 4,524.4 16.7 -7.5 19.8 -0.2 0.4
Full-time employment 3,667.6 3,685.1 21.2 17.5 0.2 0.5 0.0
Unemployment 224.1 211.1 12.6 -13.0 24.6 -5.8 13.2
Participation rate 64.9 64.5 0.2 -0.4 -0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.7 4.5 0.3 -0.2 0.5 ... ...
Employment rate 61.9 61.6 0.2 -0.3 -0.9 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 949.9 955.8 ... 5.9 39.3 0.6 4.3
Labour force 661.6 664.3 9.1 2.7 16.2 0.4 2.5
Employment 609.5 612.7 8.6 3.2 7.2 0.5 1.2
Unemployment 52.1 51.6 6.5 -0.5 9.0 -1.0 21.1
Participation rate 69.6 69.5 1.0 -0.1 -1.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.9 7.8 1.0 -0.1 1.2 ... ...
Employment rate 64.2 64.1 0.9 -0.1 -2.0 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 3,173.4 3,180.4 ... 7.0 57.0 0.2 1.8
Labour force 2,166.4 2,152.4 9.3 -14.0 9.1 -0.6 0.4
Employment 2,068.8 2,066.1 9.7 -2.7 4.9 -0.1 0.2
Unemployment 97.6 86.3 8.2 -11.3 4.2 -11.6 5.1
Participation rate 68.3 67.7 0.3 -0.6 -0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.5 4.0 0.4 -0.5 0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 65.2 65.0 0.3 -0.2 -1.0 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 3,201.8 3,206.6 ... 4.8 42.0 0.1 1.3
Labour force 1,927.9 1,918.8 9.2 -9.1 19.0 -0.5 1.0
Employment 1,853.5 1,845.6 9.7 -7.9 7.7 -0.4 0.4
Unemployment 74.3 73.2 7.1 -1.1 11.3 -1.5 18.3
Participation rate 60.2 59.8 0.3 -0.4 -0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.9 3.8 0.4 -0.1 0.5 ... ...
Employment rate 57.9 57.6 0.3 -0.3 -0.5 ... ...
Ontario              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 13,005.9 13,062.1 ... 56.2 433.9 0.4 3.4
Labour force 8,442.4 8,460.1 21.2 17.7 176.0 0.2 2.1
Employment 7,913.9 7,937.7 20.8 23.8 85.9 0.3 1.1
Full-time employment 6,564.7 6,526.3 27.3 -38.4 28.0 -0.6 0.4
Unemployment 528.5 522.3 17.2 -6.2 90.0 -1.2 20.8
Participation rate 64.9 64.8 0.2 -0.1 -0.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.3 6.2 0.2 -0.1 1.0 ... ...
Employment rate 60.8 60.8 0.2 0.0 -1.4 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 1,985.2 2,003.7 ... 18.5 128.6 0.9 6.9
Labour force 1,173.4 1,154.9 12.9 -18.5 -36.7 -1.6 -3.1
Employment 1,014.6 1,011.2 11.9 -3.4 -50.9 -0.3 -4.8
Unemployment 158.8 143.8 10.4 -15.0 14.3 -9.4 11.0
Participation rate 59.1 57.6 0.7 -1.5 -5.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 13.5 12.5 0.8 -1.0 1.6 ... ...
Employment rate 51.1 50.5 0.6 -0.6 -6.1 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 5,383.3 5,403.8 ... 20.5 164.7 0.4 3.1
Labour force 3,831.4 3,853.5 11.1 22.1 122.4 0.6 3.3
Employment 3,633.8 3,652.5 11.1 18.7 74.7 0.5 2.1
Unemployment 197.6 201.1 9.6 3.5 47.7 1.8 31.1
Participation rate 71.2 71.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.2 5.2 0.2 0.0 1.1 ... ...
Employment rate 67.5 67.6 0.2 0.1 -0.7 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 5,637.5 5,654.7 ... 17.2 140.8 0.3 2.6
Labour force 3,437.6 3,451.6 11.8 14.0 90.2 0.4 2.7
Employment 3,265.6 3,274.1 11.5 8.5 62.2 0.3 1.9
Unemployment 172.0 177.5 9.7 5.5 28.1 3.2 18.8
Participation rate 61.0 61.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.0 5.1 0.3 0.1 0.7 ... ...
Employment rate 57.9 57.9 0.2 0.0 -0.4 ... ...
Manitoba              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 1,103.4 1,108.2 ... 4.8 34.9 0.4 3.3
Labour force 733.9 739.9 3.3 6.0 25.6 0.8 3.6
Employment 703.1 710.0 3.2 6.9 26.6 1.0 3.9
Full-time employment 577.8 582.2 4.4 4.4 22.1 0.8 3.9
Unemployment 30.8 29.9 2.7 -0.9 -1.0 -2.9 -3.2
Participation rate 66.5 66.8 0.3 0.3 0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.2 4.0 0.4 -0.2 -0.3 ... ...
Employment rate 63.7 64.1 0.3 0.4 0.4 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 177.4 179.0 ... 1.6 10.6 0.9 6.3
Labour force 118.8 119.7 1.9 0.9 5.8 0.8 5.1
Employment 107.9 110.0 1.8 2.1 5.8 1.9 5.6
Unemployment 10.9 9.6 1.6 -1.3 -0.1 -11.9 -1.0
Participation rate 67.0 66.9 1.1 -0.1 -0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.2 8.0 1.3 -1.2 -0.5 ... ...
Employment rate 60.8 61.5 1.1 0.7 -0.4 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 457.0 458.8 ... 1.8 13.3 0.4 3.0
Labour force 325.2 326.5 1.7 1.3 6.2 0.4 1.9
Employment 312.7 315.5 1.8 2.8 6.8 0.9 2.2
Unemployment 12.4 10.9 1.5 -1.5 -0.7 -12.1 -6.0
Participation rate 71.2 71.2 0.4 0.0 -0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.8 3.3 0.5 -0.5 -0.3 ... ...
Employment rate 68.4 68.8 0.4 0.4 -0.5 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 469.0 470.5 ... 1.5 11.1 0.3 2.4
Labour force 289.9 293.7 1.9 3.8 13.6 1.3 4.9
Employment 282.5 284.4 1.9 1.9 13.9 0.7 5.1
Unemployment 7.5 9.3 1.4 1.8 -0.3 24.0 -3.1
Participation rate 61.8 62.4 0.4 0.6 1.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 2.6 3.2 0.5 0.6 -0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 60.2 60.4 0.4 0.2 1.5 ... ...
Saskatchewan              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 935.7 938.9 ... 3.2 26.9 0.3 2.9
Labour force 639.0 630.7 3.1 -8.3 17.3 -1.3 2.8
Employment 607.0 600.8 3.0 -6.2 13.7 -1.0 2.3
Full-time employment 501.4 499.1 4.0 -2.3 21.1 -0.5 4.4
Unemployment 32.0 29.8 2.2 -2.2 3.5 -6.9 13.3
Participation rate 68.3 67.2 0.3 -1.1 -0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.0 4.7 0.4 -0.3 0.4 ... ...
Employment rate 64.9 64.0 0.3 -0.9 -0.4 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 143.7 144.5 ... 0.8 6.7 0.6 4.9
Labour force 92.7 86.2 1.9 -6.5 -2.7 -7.0 -3.0
Employment 81.4 77.9 1.8 -3.5 -3.6 -4.3 -4.4
Unemployment 11.3 8.3 1.3 -3.0 0.9 -26.5 12.2
Participation rate 64.5 59.7 1.3 -4.8 -4.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 12.2 9.6 1.4 -2.6 1.3 ... ...
Employment rate 56.6 53.9 1.3 -2.7 -5.2 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 396.8 398.0 ... 1.2 10.5 0.3 2.7
Labour force 295.6 294.5 1.6 -1.1 13.9 -0.4 5.0
Employment 285.5 281.9 1.7 -3.6 12.8 -1.3 4.8
Unemployment 10.2 12.6 1.3 2.4 1.1 23.5 9.6
Participation rate 74.5 74.0 0.4 -0.5 1.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.5 4.3 0.5 0.8 0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 72.0 70.8 0.4 -1.2 1.4 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 395.2 396.3 ... 1.1 9.6 0.3 2.5
Labour force 250.7 250.0 1.7 -0.7 6.2 -0.3 2.5
Employment 240.1 241.1 1.6 1.0 4.7 0.4 2.0
Unemployment 10.6 8.9 1.2 -1.7 1.5 -16.0 20.3
Participation rate 63.4 63.1 0.4 -0.3 0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.2 3.6 0.5 -0.6 0.6 ... ...
Employment rate 60.8 60.8 0.4 0.0 -0.3 ... ...
Alberta              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 3,833.8 3,852.6 ... 18.8 174.2 0.5 4.7
Labour force 2,670.7 2,680.2 11.9 9.5 97.9 0.4 3.8
Employment 2,502.6 2,512.7 11.8 10.1 84.8 0.4 3.5
Full-time employment 2,031.0 2,054.8 15.8 23.8 72.7 1.2 3.7
Unemployment 168.2 167.4 9.4 -0.8 13.0 -0.5 8.4
Participation rate 69.7 69.6 0.3 -0.1 -0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.3 6.2 0.4 -0.1 0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 65.3 65.2 0.3 -0.1 -0.8 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 579.1 583.3 ... 4.2 37.4 0.7 6.9
Labour force 368.6 375.4 6.6 6.8 25.3 1.8 7.2
Employment 315.7 319.0 6.0 3.3 6.4 1.0 2.0
Unemployment 52.9 56.3 5.2 3.4 18.9 6.4 50.5
Participation rate 63.7 64.4 1.2 0.7 0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 14.4 15.0 1.4 0.6 4.3 ... ...
Employment rate 54.5 54.7 1.1 0.2 -2.6 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,619.2 1,626.7 ... 7.5 69.4 0.5 4.5
Labour force 1,246.3 1,246.0 5.8 -0.3 53.2 -0.0 4.5
Employment 1,185.1 1,184.1 6.7 -1.0 53.5 -0.1 4.7
Unemployment 61.3 61.8 5.5 0.5 -0.4 0.8 -0.6
Participation rate 77.0 76.6 0.4 -0.4 0.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.9 5.0 0.4 0.1 -0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 73.2 72.8 0.4 -0.4 0.2 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 1,635.5 1,642.7 ... 7.2 67.4 0.4 4.3
Labour force 1,055.8 1,058.9 7.0 3.1 19.5 0.3 1.9
Employment 1,001.8 1,009.6 7.0 7.8 24.9 0.8 2.5
Unemployment 54.0 49.3 5.6 -4.7 -5.4 -8.7 -9.9
Participation rate 64.6 64.5 0.4 -0.1 -1.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.1 4.7 0.5 -0.4 -0.6 ... ...
Employment rate 61.3 61.5 0.4 0.2 -1.0 ... ...
British Columbia              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 4,576.3 4,594.1 ... 17.8 138.9 0.4 3.1
Labour force 3,004.4 2,997.8 11.0 -6.6 102.4 -0.2 3.5
Employment 2,837.9 2,835.3 11.1 -2.6 70.9 -0.1 2.6
Full-time employment 2,277.6 2,258.0 15.4 -19.6 49.0 -0.9 2.2
Unemployment 166.5 162.5 8.9 -4.0 31.5 -2.4 24.0
Participation rate 65.7 65.3 0.2 -0.4 0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.5 5.4 0.3 -0.1 0.9 ... ...
Employment rate 62.0 61.7 0.2 -0.3 -0.3 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 639.1 644.7 ... 5.6 40.2 0.9 6.7
Labour force 421.5 417.4 6.3 -4.1 19.4 -1.0 4.9
Employment 386.1 386.3 6.1 0.2 23.8 0.1 6.6
Unemployment 35.4 31.0 5.1 -4.4 -4.5 -12.4 -12.7
Participation rate 66.0 64.7 1.0 -1.3 -1.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.4 7.4 1.2 -1.0 -1.5 ... ...
Employment rate 60.4 59.9 1.0 -0.5 -0.1 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,919.2 1,925.3 ... 6.1 50.1 0.3 2.7
Labour force 1,342.2 1,345.1 6.0 2.9 41.0 0.2 3.1
Employment 1,278.2 1,280.1 6.4 1.9 29.0 0.1 2.3
Unemployment 64.1 65.0 5.0 0.9 12.0 1.4 22.6
Participation rate 69.9 69.9 0.3 0.0 0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.8 4.8 0.4 0.0 0.7 ... ...
Employment rate 66.6 66.5 0.3 -0.1 -0.2 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 2,018.1 2,024.1 ... 6.0 48.6 0.3 2.5
Labour force 1,240.7 1,235.4 6.7 -5.3 42.1 -0.4 3.5
Employment 1,173.6 1,168.9 6.5 -4.7 18.1 -0.4 1.6
Unemployment 67.0 66.5 5.3 -0.5 24.0 -0.7 56.5
Participation rate 61.5 61.0 0.3 -0.5 0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.4 5.4 0.4 0.0 1.8 ... ...
Employment rate 58.2 57.7 0.3 -0.5 -0.6 ... ...
...
not applicable
Note(s):
The sum of individual categories may not always add up to the total as a result of rounding.
Source(s):
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