Table 5 
Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia) 

Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia)
  November
2023
December
2023
Standard error1 November to December 2023 December 2022 to December 2023 November to December 2023 December 2022 to December 2023
  thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates) change in thousands (except rates)change in thousands (except rates) % change% change
Quebec              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 7,314.5 7,325.1 ... 10.6 129.9 0.1 1.8
Labour force 4,767.5 4,752.1 16.0 -15.4 99.2 -0.3 2.1
Employment 4,519.6 4,529.4 16.2 9.8 65.2 0.2 1.5
Full-time employment 3,658.5 3,662.9 20.4 4.4 -3.4 0.1 -0.1
Unemployment 247.9 222.6 12.2 -25.3 34.0 -10.2 18.0
Participation rate 65.2 64.9 0.2 -0.3 0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.2 4.7 0.3 -0.5 0.6 ... ...
Employment rate 61.8 61.8 0.2 0.0 -0.2 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 946.4 949.9 ... 3.5 35.7 0.4 3.9
Labour force 667.6 661.4 9.0 -6.2 14.1 -0.9 2.2
Employment 605.1 610.9 8.8 5.8 8.4 1.0 1.4
Unemployment 62.5 50.5 6.6 -12.0 5.7 -19.2 12.7
Participation rate 70.5 69.6 1.0 -0.9 -1.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.4 7.6 1.0 -1.8 0.7 ... ...
Employment rate 63.9 64.3 1.0 0.4 -1.6 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 3,169.1 3,173.4 ... 4.3 53.8 0.1 1.7
Labour force 2,169.3 2,163.6 9.0 -5.7 39.8 -0.3 1.9
Employment 2,059.2 2,065.7 9.6 6.5 23.5 0.3 1.2
Unemployment 110.1 97.9 7.6 -12.2 16.3 -11.1 20.0
Participation rate 68.5 68.2 0.3 -0.3 0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.1 4.5 0.4 -0.6 0.7 ... ...
Employment rate 65.0 65.1 0.3 0.1 -0.4 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 3,199.0 3,201.8 ... 2.8 40.4 0.1 1.3
Labour force 1,930.5 1,927.1 9.0 -3.4 45.4 -0.2 2.4
Employment 1,855.3 1,852.9 9.3 -2.4 33.4 -0.1 1.8
Unemployment 75.2 74.2 6.8 -1.0 12.0 -1.3 19.3
Participation rate 60.3 60.2 0.3 -0.1 0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.9 3.9 0.4 0.0 0.6 ... ...
Employment rate 58.0 57.9 0.3 -0.1 0.3 ... ...
Ontario              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 12,971.4 13,005.9 ... 34.5 404.2 0.3 3.2
Labour force 8,464.8 8,432.5 20.8 -32.3 207.1 -0.4 2.5
Employment 7,952.4 7,904.4 20.0 -48.0 117.5 -0.6 1.5
Full-time employment 6,577.1 6,554.4 26.7 -22.7 104.6 -0.3 1.6
Unemployment 512.4 528.1 16.6 15.7 89.5 3.1 20.4
Participation rate 65.3 64.8 0.2 -0.5 -0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.1 6.3 0.2 0.2 1.0 ... ...
Employment rate 61.3 60.8 0.2 -0.5 -1.0 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 1,973.3 1,985.2 ... 11.9 117.0 0.6 6.3
Labour force 1,175.9 1,175.7 12.3 -0.2 -14.1 -0.0 -1.2
Employment 1,020.0 1,016.3 11.6 -3.7 -42.7 -0.4 -4.0
Unemployment 155.9 159.4 9.6 3.5 28.6 2.2 21.9
Participation rate 59.6 59.2 0.7 -0.4 -4.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 13.3 13.6 0.8 0.3 2.6 ... ...
Employment rate 51.7 51.2 0.6 -0.5 -5.5 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 5,370.9 5,383.3 ... 12.4 154.6 0.2 3.0
Labour force 3,836.6 3,819.3 10.5 -17.3 117.1 -0.5 3.2
Employment 3,649.3 3,623.5 10.6 -25.8 80.2 -0.7 2.3
Unemployment 187.3 195.8 9.3 8.5 37.0 4.5 23.3
Participation rate 71.4 70.9 0.2 -0.5 0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.9 5.1 0.2 0.2 0.8 ... ...
Employment rate 67.9 67.3 0.2 -0.6 -0.5 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 5,627.3 5,637.5 ... 10.2 132.7 0.2 2.4
Labour force 3,452.2 3,437.5 11.5 -14.7 104.1 -0.4 3.1
Employment 3,283.1 3,264.5 11.5 -18.6 79.9 -0.6 2.5
Unemployment 169.1 173.0 9.4 3.9 24.1 2.3 16.2
Participation rate 61.3 61.0 0.2 -0.3 0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.9 5.0 0.3 0.1 0.5 ... ...
Employment rate 58.3 57.9 0.2 -0.4 0.0 ... ...
Manitoba              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 1,100.9 1,103.4 ... 2.5 31.8 0.2 3.0
Labour force 738.8 733.3 3.2 -5.5 20.0 -0.7 2.8
Employment 702.5 702.8 3.2 0.3 20.4 0.0 3.0
Full-time employment 579.4 576.4 4.3 -3.0 16.2 -0.5 2.9
Unemployment 36.4 30.5 2.6 -5.9 -0.5 -16.2 -1.6
Participation rate 67.1 66.5 0.3 -0.6 -0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.9 4.2 0.4 -0.7 -0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 63.8 63.7 0.3 -0.1 0.0 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 176.5 177.4 ... 0.9 9.3 0.5 5.5
Labour force 119.8 118.8 1.9 -1.0 4.6 -0.8 4.0
Employment 107.8 107.7 1.8 -0.1 3.7 -0.1 3.6
Unemployment 12.0 11.1 1.6 -0.9 0.9 -7.5 8.8
Participation rate 67.9 67.0 1.2 -0.9 -0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 10.0 9.3 1.3 -0.7 0.4 ... ...
Employment rate 61.1 60.7 1.1 -0.4 -1.2 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 456.1 457.0 ... 0.9 12.3 0.2 2.8
Labour force 326.7 325.1 1.6 -1.6 7.3 -0.5 2.3
Employment 312.1 312.7 1.7 0.6 5.8 0.2 1.9
Unemployment 14.7 12.4 1.4 -2.3 1.4 -15.6 12.7
Participation rate 71.6 71.1 0.4 -0.5 -0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.5 3.8 0.4 -0.7 0.3 ... ...
Employment rate 68.4 68.4 0.4 0.0 -0.6 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 468.3 469.0 ... 0.7 10.2 0.1 2.2
Labour force 292.3 289.5 1.9 -2.8 8.3 -1.0 3.0
Employment 282.6 282.5 1.8 -0.1 11.1 -0.0 4.1
Unemployment 9.7 7.0 1.5 -2.7 -2.8 -27.8 -28.6
Participation rate 62.4 61.7 0.4 -0.7 0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.3 2.4 0.5 -0.9 -1.1 ... ...
Employment rate 60.3 60.2 0.4 -0.1 1.0 ... ...
Saskatchewan              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 934.2 935.7 ... 1.5 25.6 0.2 2.8
Labour force 635.9 639.7 3.0 3.8 28.3 0.6 4.6
Employment 603.2 608.0 3.0 4.8 23.5 0.8 4.0
Full-time employment 498.8 502.1 3.9 3.3 28.2 0.7 6.0
Unemployment 32.7 31.8 2.2 -0.9 4.9 -2.8 18.2
Participation rate 68.1 68.4 0.3 0.3 1.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.1 5.0 0.4 -0.1 0.6 ... ...
Employment rate 64.6 65.0 0.3 0.4 0.8 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 143.2 143.7 ... 0.5 6.4 0.3 4.7
Labour force 95.1 92.5 1.8 -2.6 4.3 -2.7 4.9
Employment 82.9 81.6 1.7 -1.3 0.9 -1.6 1.1
Unemployment 12.2 10.9 1.2 -1.3 3.5 -10.7 47.3
Participation rate 66.4 64.4 1.3 -2.0 0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 12.8 11.8 1.3 -1.0 3.4 ... ...
Employment rate 57.9 56.8 1.2 -1.1 -2.0 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 396.3 396.8 ... 0.5 10.1 0.1 2.6
Labour force 292.1 296.4 1.6 4.3 16.0 1.5 5.7
Employment 280.6 286.2 1.7 5.6 17.6 2.0 6.6
Unemployment 11.4 10.2 1.4 -1.2 -1.6 -10.5 -13.6
Participation rate 73.7 74.7 0.4 1.0 2.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.9 3.4 0.5 -0.5 -0.8 ... ...
Employment rate 70.8 72.1 0.4 1.3 2.6 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 394.7 395.2 ... 0.5 9.1 0.1 2.4
Labour force 248.7 250.8 1.7 2.1 8.0 0.8 3.3
Employment 239.6 240.2 1.6 0.6 5.0 0.3 2.1
Unemployment 9.1 10.6 1.2 1.5 3.0 16.5 39.5
Participation rate 63.0 63.5 0.4 0.5 0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.7 4.2 0.5 0.5 1.1 ... ...
Employment rate 60.7 60.8 0.4 0.1 -0.1 ... ...
Alberta              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 3,821.9 3,833.8 ... 11.9 167.6 0.3 4.6
Labour force 2,653.5 2,670.7 11.5 17.2 118.3 0.6 4.6
Employment 2,495.9 2,502.6 11.4 6.7 93.6 0.3 3.9
Full-time employment 2,062.6 2,033.9 15.5 -28.7 63.3 -1.4 3.2
Unemployment 157.6 168.1 9.4 10.5 24.8 6.7 17.3
Participation rate 69.4 69.7 0.3 0.3 0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.9 6.3 0.4 0.4 0.7 ... ...
Employment rate 65.3 65.3 0.3 0.0 -0.4 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 576.3 579.1 ... 2.8 35.5 0.5 6.5
Labour force 363.5 368.2 6.2 4.7 20.9 1.3 6.0
Employment 312.8 315.7 6.2 2.9 5.2 0.9 1.7
Unemployment 50.8 52.5 5.0 1.7 15.7 3.3 42.7
Participation rate 63.1 63.6 1.1 0.5 -0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 14.0 14.3 1.4 0.3 3.7 ... ...
Employment rate 54.3 54.5 1.1 0.2 -2.6 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,614.5 1,619.2 ... 4.7 66.9 0.3 4.3
Labour force 1,240.7 1,247.2 5.9 6.5 71.7 0.5 6.1
Employment 1,182.7 1,185.5 6.6 2.8 61.6 0.2 5.5
Unemployment 58.0 61.7 5.6 3.7 10.1 6.4 19.6
Participation rate 76.8 77.0 0.4 0.2 1.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.7 4.9 0.5 0.2 0.5 ... ...
Employment rate 73.3 73.2 0.4 -0.1 0.8 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 1,631.0 1,635.5 ... 4.5 65.3 0.3 4.2
Labour force 1,049.2 1,055.3 6.8 6.1 25.8 0.6 2.5
Employment 1,000.4 1,001.4 6.7 1.0 26.8 0.1 2.7
Unemployment 48.8 53.9 5.6 5.1 -1.0 10.5 -1.8
Participation rate 64.3 64.5 0.4 0.2 -1.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.7 5.1 0.5 0.4 -0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 61.3 61.2 0.4 -0.1 -0.9 ... ...
British Columbia              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 4,567.0 4,576.3 ... 9.3 128.2 0.2 2.9
Labour force 2,975.6 3,004.6 11.0 29.0 122.8 1.0 4.3
Employment 2,819.3 2,837.0 10.6 17.7 74.0 0.6 2.7
Full-time employment 2,255.8 2,278.9 14.6 23.1 84.9 1.0 3.9
Unemployment 156.3 167.6 8.4 11.3 48.8 7.2 41.1
Participation rate 65.2 65.7 0.2 0.5 0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.3 5.6 0.3 0.3 1.5 ... ...
Employment rate 61.7 62.0 0.2 0.3 -0.1 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 635.6 639.1 ... 3.5 36.2 0.6 6.0
Labour force 418.8 420.7 6.3 1.9 26.0 0.5 6.6
Employment 382.7 384.8 5.8 2.1 22.3 0.5 6.2
Unemployment 36.1 35.9 5.0 -0.2 3.7 -0.6 11.5
Participation rate 65.9 65.8 1.0 -0.1 0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.6 8.5 1.2 -0.1 0.3 ... ...
Employment rate 60.2 60.2 1.0 0.0 0.1 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,916.2 1,919.2 ... 3.0 46.6 0.2 2.5
Labour force 1,335.1 1,342.9 5.8 7.8 45.8 0.6 3.5
Employment 1,273.0 1,278.6 6.1 5.6 31.7 0.4 2.5
Unemployment 62.1 64.3 4.7 2.2 14.2 3.5 28.3
Participation rate 69.7 70.0 0.3 0.3 0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.7 4.8 0.4 0.1 0.9 ... ...
Employment rate 66.4 66.6 0.3 0.2 0.0 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 2,015.3 2,018.1 ... 2.8 45.4 0.1 2.3
Labour force 1,221.7 1,240.9 6.4 19.2 50.8 1.6 4.3
Employment 1,163.5 1,173.5 6.2 10.0 19.8 0.9 1.7
Unemployment 58.2 67.4 4.7 9.2 31.0 15.8 85.2
Participation rate 60.6 61.5 0.3 0.9 1.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.8 5.4 0.4 0.6 2.3 ... ...
Employment rate 57.7 58.1 0.3 0.4 -0.4 ... ...
...
not applicable
Note(s):
The sum of individual categories may not always add up to the total as a result of rounding.
Source(s):
Date modified: