Table 1 
Labour force characteristics by age group and sex, seasonally adjusted 

Labour force characteristics by age group and sex, seasonally adjusted
  September
2023
October
2023
Standard error1 September to October 2023 October 2022 to October 2023 September to October 2023 October 2022 to October 2023
  thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates) change in thousands (except rates)change in thousands (except rates) % change% change
15 years and over, both sexes              
Population 32,716.3 32,800.9 ... 84.6 873.9 0.3 2.7
Labour force 21,459.2 21,517.0 31.6 57.8 644.8 0.3 3.1
Employment 20,270.1 20,287.6 30.7 17.5 501.2 0.1 2.5
Full-time employment 16,607.3 16,604.0 40.7 -3.3 449.8 -0.0 2.8
Part-time employment 3,662.8 3,683.6 37.1 20.8 51.4 0.6 1.4
Unemployment 1,189.1 1,229.4 24.8 40.3 143.6 3.4 13.2
Participation rate 65.6 65.6 0.1 0.0 0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.5 5.7 0.1 0.2 0.5 ... ...
Employment rate 62.0 61.9 0.1 -0.1 -0.1 ... ...
15 to 24 years, both sexes              
Population 4,689.3 4,720.8 ... 31.5 226.6 0.7 5.0
Labour force 3,010.9 3,036.5 18.0 25.6 102.7 0.9 3.5
Employment 2,695.4 2,689.7 16.9 -5.7 76.0 -0.2 2.9
Full-time employment 1,363.2 1,332.5 20.2 -30.7 6.0 -2.3 0.5
Part-time employment 1,332.2 1,357.2 21.0 25.0 70.0 1.9 5.4
Unemployment 315.5 346.9 13.9 31.4 26.8 10.0 8.4
Participation rate 64.2 64.3 0.4 0.1 -1.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 10.5 11.4 0.4 0.9 0.5 ... ...
Employment rate 57.5 57.0 0.4 -0.5 -1.2 ... ...
25 years and over, both sexes              
Population 28,027.0 28,080.1 ... 53.1 647.3 0.2 2.4
Labour force 18,448.3 18,480.4 25.3 32.1 542.0 0.2 3.0
Employment 17,574.7 17,597.9 25.5 23.2 425.2 0.1 2.5
Full-time employment 15,244.1 15,271.5 35.0 27.4 443.9 0.2 3.0
Part-time employment 2,330.6 2,326.4 30.9 -4.2 -18.6 -0.2 -0.8
Unemployment 873.6 882.5 20.3 8.9 116.7 1.0 15.2
Participation rate 65.8 65.8 0.1 0.0 0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.7 4.8 0.1 0.1 0.5 ... ...
Employment rate 62.7 62.7 0.1 0.0 0.1 ... ...
25 years and over, men              
Population 13,774.8 13,804.5 ... 29.7 344.0 0.2 2.6
Labour force 9,743.5 9,769.2 16.4 25.7 333.3 0.3 3.5
Employment 9,263.0 9,281.6 17.2 18.6 246.9 0.2 2.7
Full-time employment 8,478.0 8,496.1 23.2 18.1 192.1 0.2 2.3
Part-time employment 785.1 785.5 19.2 0.4 54.8 0.1 7.5
Unemployment 480.4 487.6 14.5 7.2 86.5 1.5 21.6
Participation rate 70.7 70.8 0.1 0.1 0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.9 5.0 0.1 0.1 0.7 ... ...
Employment rate 67.2 67.2 0.1 0.0 0.1 ... ...
25 years and over, women              
Population 14,252.2 14,275.6 ... 23.4 303.3 0.2 2.2
Labour force 8,704.8 8,711.3 17.9 6.5 208.7 0.1 2.5
Employment 8,311.7 8,316.3 17.8 4.6 178.4 0.1 2.2
Full-time employment 6,766.2 6,775.4 26.0 9.2 251.7 0.1 3.9
Part-time employment 1,545.5 1,541.0 24.0 -4.5 -73.3 -0.3 -4.5
Unemployment 393.1 394.9 14.0 1.8 30.3 0.5 8.3
Participation rate 61.1 61.0 0.1 -0.1 0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.5 4.5 0.2 0.0 0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 58.3 58.3 0.1 0.0 0.1 ... ...
25 to 54 years, both sexes              
Population 15,583.6 15,620.0 ... 36.4 430.5 0.2 2.8
Labour force 13,865.5 13,874.9 23.8 9.4 431.1 0.1 3.2
Employment 13,218.7 13,210.9 25.1 -7.8 326.0 -0.1 2.5
Unemployment 646.8 664.0 18.5 17.2 105.1 2.7 18.8
Participation rate 89.0 88.8 0.2 -0.2 0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.7 4.8 0.1 0.1 0.6 ... ...
Employment rate 84.8 84.6 0.2 -0.2 -0.2 ... ...
25 to 54 years, men              
Population 7,820.2 7,841.7 ... 21.5 238.7 0.3 3.1
Labour force 7,222.3 7,221.0 15.2 -1.3 249.9 -0.0 3.6
Employment 6,871.8 6,859.8 16.6 -12.0 174.5 -0.2 2.6
Unemployment 350.5 361.2 13.3 10.7 75.4 3.1 26.4
Participation rate 92.4 92.1 0.2 -0.3 0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.9 5.0 0.2 0.1 0.9 ... ...
Employment rate 87.9 87.5 0.2 -0.4 -0.4 ... ...
25 to 54 years, women              
Population 7,763.3 7,778.3 ... 15.0 191.8 0.2 2.5
Labour force 6,643.2 6,653.9 17.5 10.7 181.2 0.2 2.8
Employment 6,346.9 6,351.1 18.0 4.2 151.5 0.1 2.4
Unemployment 296.3 302.8 12.7 6.5 29.7 2.2 10.9
Participation rate 85.6 85.5 0.2 -0.1 0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.5 4.6 0.2 0.1 0.4 ... ...
Employment rate 81.8 81.7 0.2 -0.1 0.0 ... ...
55 years and over, both sexes              
Population 12,443.4 12,460.1 ... 16.7 216.8 0.1 1.8
Labour force 4,582.8 4,605.5 20.2 22.7 110.8 0.5 2.5
Employment 4,356.0 4,387.0 20.4 31.0 99.2 0.7 2.3
Unemployment 226.7 218.5 10.0 -8.2 11.6 -3.6 5.6
Participation rate 36.8 37.0 0.2 0.2 0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.9 4.7 0.2 -0.2 0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 35.0 35.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 ... ...
55 years and over, men              
Population 5,954.6 5,962.8 ... 8.2 105.3 0.1 1.8
Labour force 2,521.1 2,548.2 13.5 27.1 83.4 1.1 3.4
Employment 2,391.2 2,421.8 13.8 30.6 72.4 1.3 3.1
Unemployment 129.9 126.4 7.3 -3.5 11.0 -2.7 9.5
Participation rate 42.3 42.7 0.2 0.4 0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.2 5.0 0.3 -0.2 0.3 ... ...
Employment rate 40.2 40.6 0.2 0.4 0.5 ... ...
55 years and over, women              
Population 6,488.8 6,497.3 ... 8.5 111.5 0.1 1.7
Labour force 2,061.6 2,057.3 13.9 -4.3 27.4 -0.2 1.3
Employment 1,964.8 1,965.2 13.8 0.4 26.8 0.0 1.4
Unemployment 96.8 92.1 6.6 -4.7 0.6 -4.9 0.7
Participation rate 31.8 31.7 0.2 -0.1 -0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.7 4.5 0.3 -0.2 0.0 ... ...
Employment rate 30.3 30.2 0.2 -0.1 -0.2 ... ...
...
not applicable
Note(s):
The sum of individual categories may not always add up to the total as a result of rounding.
Source(s):
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