Table 5 
Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia) 

Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia)
  August
2023
September
2023
Standard error1 August to September 2023 September 2022 to September 2023 August to September 2023 September 2022 to September 2023
  thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates) change in thousands (except rates)change in thousands (except rates) % change% change
Quebec              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 7,273.6 7,287.3 ... 13.7 113.8 0.2 1.6
Labour force 4,705.8 4,753.2 16.0 47.4 130.8 1.0 2.8
Employment 4,504.5 4,543.2 16.2 38.7 125.4 0.9 2.8
Full-time employment 3,661.5 3,685.0 20.4 23.5 92.1 0.6 2.6
Unemployment 201.3 210.0 12.2 8.7 5.4 4.3 2.6
Participation rate 64.7 65.2 0.2 0.5 0.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.3 4.4 0.3 0.1 0.0 ... ...
Employment rate 61.9 62.3 0.2 0.4 0.7 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 934.1 938.2 ... 4.1 27.9 0.4 3.1
Labour force 653.0 664.8 9.0 11.8 29.5 1.8 4.6
Employment 606.9 621.5 8.8 14.6 44.9 2.4 7.8
Unemployment 46.2 43.3 6.6 -2.9 -15.4 -6.3 -26.2
Participation rate 69.9 70.9 1.0 1.0 1.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.1 6.5 1.0 -0.6 -2.7 ... ...
Employment rate 65.0 66.2 1.0 1.2 2.9 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 3,152.5 3,158.0 ... 5.5 48.1 0.2 1.5
Labour force 2,155.7 2,174.5 9.0 18.8 65.5 0.9 3.1
Employment 2,057.7 2,067.6 9.6 9.9 45.6 0.5 2.3
Unemployment 98.0 106.9 7.6 8.9 19.9 9.1 22.9
Participation rate 68.4 68.9 0.3 0.5 1.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.5 4.9 0.4 0.4 0.8 ... ...
Employment rate 65.3 65.5 0.3 0.2 0.5 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 3,187.0 3,191.0 ... 4.0 37.7 0.1 1.2
Labour force 1,897.1 1,913.9 9.0 16.8 35.9 0.9 1.9
Employment 1,839.9 1,854.1 9.3 14.2 34.9 0.8 1.9
Unemployment 57.2 59.8 6.8 2.6 0.9 4.5 1.5
Participation rate 59.5 60.0 0.3 0.5 0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.0 3.1 0.4 0.1 0.0 ... ...
Employment rate 57.7 58.1 0.3 0.4 0.4 ... ...
Ontario              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 12,863.5 12,899.7 ... 36.2 349.9 0.3 2.8
Labour force 8,442.2 8,465.1 20.8 22.9 294.3 0.3 3.6
Employment 7,940.3 7,960.2 20.0 19.9 245.3 0.3 3.2
Full-time employment 6,583.1 6,595.4 26.7 12.3 198.9 0.2 3.1
Unemployment 501.8 504.9 16.6 3.1 49.0 0.6 10.7
Participation rate 65.6 65.6 0.2 0.0 0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.9 6.0 0.2 0.1 0.4 ... ...
Employment rate 61.7 61.7 0.2 0.0 0.2 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 1,937.5 1,949.4 ... 11.9 91.2 0.6 4.9
Labour force 1,206.6 1,183.9 12.3 -22.7 37.5 -1.9 3.3
Employment 1,039.0 1,044.9 11.6 5.9 29.2 0.6 2.9
Unemployment 167.6 139.0 9.6 -28.6 8.3 -17.1 6.4
Participation rate 62.3 60.7 0.7 -1.6 -1.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 13.9 11.7 0.8 -2.2 0.3 ... ...
Employment rate 53.6 53.6 0.6 0.0 -1.1 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 5,331.4 5,344.7 ... 13.3 138.3 0.2 2.7
Labour force 3,799.4 3,828.2 10.5 28.8 130.8 0.8 3.5
Employment 3,644.3 3,641.3 10.6 -3.0 105.4 -0.1 3.0
Unemployment 155.1 186.9 9.3 31.8 25.4 20.5 15.7
Participation rate 71.3 71.6 0.2 0.3 0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.1 4.9 0.2 0.8 0.5 ... ...
Employment rate 68.4 68.1 0.2 -0.3 0.2 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 5,594.6 5,605.6 ... 11.0 120.4 0.2 2.2
Labour force 3,436.2 3,453.0 11.5 16.8 126.0 0.5 3.8
Employment 3,257.0 3,274.1 11.5 17.1 110.8 0.5 3.5
Unemployment 179.2 179.0 9.4 -0.2 15.3 -0.1 9.3
Participation rate 61.4 61.6 0.2 0.2 0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.2 5.2 0.3 0.0 0.3 ... ...
Employment rate 58.2 58.4 0.2 0.2 0.7 ... ...
Manitoba              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 1,093.2 1,095.7 ... 2.5 28.4 0.2 2.7
Labour force 733.2 737.2 3.2 4.0 26.1 0.5 3.7
Employment 691.3 700.1 3.2 8.8 21.8 1.3 3.2
Full-time employment 571.3 574.5 4.3 3.2 21.8 0.6 3.9
Unemployment 41.8 37.1 2.6 -4.7 4.3 -11.2 13.1
Participation rate 67.1 67.3 0.3 0.2 0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.7 5.0 0.4 -0.7 0.4 ... ...
Employment rate 63.2 63.9 0.3 0.7 0.3 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 173.8 174.7 ... 0.9 7.0 0.5 4.2
Labour force 118.9 120.1 1.9 1.2 5.5 1.0 4.8
Employment 107.7 108.3 1.8 0.6 3.4 0.6 3.2
Unemployment 11.2 11.8 1.6 0.6 2.1 5.4 21.6
Participation rate 68.4 68.7 1.2 0.3 0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.4 9.8 1.3 0.4 1.3 ... ...
Employment rate 62.0 62.0 1.1 0.0 -0.6 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 453.2 454.2 ... 1.0 11.8 0.2 2.7
Labour force 328.1 327.2 1.6 -0.9 10.6 -0.3 3.3
Employment 310.5 311.0 1.7 0.5 6.4 0.2 2.1
Unemployment 17.6 16.2 1.4 -1.4 4.2 -8.0 35.0
Participation rate 72.4 72.0 0.4 -0.4 0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.4 5.0 0.4 -0.4 1.2 ... ...
Employment rate 68.5 68.5 0.4 0.0 -0.4 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 466.1 466.9 ... 0.8 9.8 0.2 2.1
Labour force 286.1 289.9 1.9 3.8 10.0 1.3 3.6
Employment 273.1 280.8 1.8 7.7 12.0 2.8 4.5
Unemployment 13.0 9.1 1.5 -3.9 -2.0 -30.0 -18.0
Participation rate 61.4 62.1 0.4 0.7 0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.5 3.1 0.5 -1.4 -0.9 ... ...
Employment rate 58.6 60.1 0.4 1.5 1.3 ... ...
Saskatchewan              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 928.5 930.3 ... 1.8 25.9 0.2 2.9
Labour force 620.1 623.2 3.0 3.1 18.7 0.5 3.1
Employment 586.6 592.6 3.0 6.0 13.9 1.0 2.4
Full-time employment 486.1 492.4 3.9 6.3 19.1 1.3 4.0
Unemployment 33.6 30.6 2.2 -3.0 4.8 -8.9 18.6
Participation rate 66.8 67.0 0.3 0.2 0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.4 4.9 0.4 -0.5 0.6 ... ...
Employment rate 63.2 63.7 0.3 0.5 -0.3 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 141.6 142.1 ... 0.5 5.7 0.4 4.2
Labour force 88.9 88.7 1.8 -0.2 5.2 -0.2 6.2
Employment 80.0 80.2 1.7 0.2 3.0 0.3 3.9
Unemployment 8.8 8.4 1.2 -0.4 2.0 -4.5 31.3
Participation rate 62.8 62.4 1.3 -0.4 1.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.9 9.5 1.3 -0.4 1.8 ... ...
Employment rate 56.5 56.4 1.2 -0.1 -0.2 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 394.1 394.8 ... 0.7 10.7 0.2 2.8
Labour force 289.4 287.8 1.6 -1.6 9.4 -0.6 3.4
Employment 274.3 275.2 1.7 0.9 8.5 0.3 3.2
Unemployment 15.1 12.6 1.4 -2.5 0.9 -16.6 7.7
Participation rate 73.4 72.9 0.4 -0.5 0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.2 4.4 0.5 -0.8 0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 69.6 69.7 0.4 0.1 0.3 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 392.8 393.4 ... 0.6 9.5 0.2 2.5
Labour force 241.9 246.8 1.7 4.9 4.2 2.0 1.7
Employment 232.3 237.2 1.6 4.9 2.4 2.1 1.0
Unemployment 9.6 9.6 1.2 0.0 1.8 0.0 23.1
Participation rate 61.6 62.7 0.4 1.1 -0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.0 3.9 0.5 -0.1 0.7 ... ...
Employment rate 59.1 60.3 0.4 1.2 -0.9 ... ...
Alberta              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 3,781.4 3,794.5 ... 13.1 156.8 0.3 4.3
Labour force 2,636.1 2,596.2 11.5 -39.9 77.1 -1.5 3.1
Employment 2,487.1 2,449.3 11.4 -37.8 67.2 -1.5 2.8
Full-time employment 2,070.1 2,007.5 15.5 -62.6 64.2 -3.0 3.3
Unemployment 149.0 147.0 9.4 -2.0 10.0 -1.3 7.3
Participation rate 69.7 68.4 0.3 -1.3 -0.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.7 5.7 0.4 0.0 0.3 ... ...
Employment rate 65.8 64.5 0.3 -1.3 -1.0 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 567.3 570.3 ... 3.0 32.0 0.5 5.9
Labour force 363.4 343.4 6.2 -20.0 12.5 -5.5 3.8
Employment 319.4 296.9 6.2 -22.5 1.7 -7.0 0.6
Unemployment 44.0 46.5 5.0 2.5 10.8 5.7 30.3
Participation rate 64.1 60.2 1.1 -3.9 -1.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 12.1 13.5 1.4 1.4 2.7 ... ...
Employment rate 56.3 52.1 1.1 -4.2 -2.7 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,598.4 1,603.6 ... 5.2 63.0 0.3 4.1
Labour force 1,217.4 1,211.8 5.9 -5.6 47.0 -0.5 4.0
Employment 1,163.7 1,166.7 6.6 3.0 53.9 0.3 4.8
Unemployment 53.7 45.1 5.6 -8.6 -6.9 -16.0 -13.3
Participation rate 76.2 75.6 0.4 -0.6 0.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.4 3.7 0.5 -0.7 -0.8 ... ...
Employment rate 72.8 72.8 0.4 0.0 0.6 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 1,615.7 1,620.6 ... 4.9 61.9 0.3 4.0
Labour force 1,055.3 1,041.1 6.8 -14.2 17.7 -1.3 1.7
Employment 1,004.0 985.7 6.7 -18.3 11.6 -1.8 1.2
Unemployment 51.3 55.4 5.6 4.1 6.1 8.0 12.4
Participation rate 65.3 64.2 0.4 -1.1 -1.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.9 5.3 0.5 0.4 0.5 ... ...
Employment rate 62.1 60.8 0.4 -1.3 -1.7 ... ...
British Columbia              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 4,537.4 4,548.0 ... 10.6 109.7 0.2 2.5
Labour force 2,942.1 2,975.7 11.0 33.6 85.4 1.1 3.0
Employment 2,788.6 2,814.3 10.6 25.7 48.3 0.9 1.7
Full-time employment 2,202.3 2,225.9 14.6 23.6 40.8 1.1 1.9
Unemployment 153.4 161.4 8.4 8.0 37.1 5.2 29.8
Participation rate 64.8 65.4 0.2 0.6 0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.2 5.4 0.3 0.2 1.1 ... ...
Employment rate 61.5 61.9 0.2 0.4 -0.4 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 624.8 628.5 ... 3.7 26.8 0.6 4.5
Labour force 420.0 423.3 6.3 3.3 29.5 0.8 7.5
Employment 380.4 381.7 5.8 1.3 21.2 0.3 5.9
Unemployment 39.7 41.7 5.0 2.0 8.4 5.0 25.2
Participation rate 67.2 67.4 1.0 0.2 2.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.5 9.9 1.2 0.4 1.4 ... ...
Employment rate 60.9 60.7 1.0 -0.2 0.8 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,906.4 1,909.9 ... 3.5 41.9 0.2 2.2
Labour force 1,312.4 1,338.2 5.8 25.8 36.2 2.0 2.8
Employment 1,253.5 1,269.6 6.1 16.1 15.8 1.3 1.3
Unemployment 58.9 68.6 4.7 9.7 20.4 16.5 42.3
Participation rate 68.8 70.1 0.3 1.3 0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.5 5.1 0.4 0.6 1.4 ... ...
Employment rate 65.8 66.5 0.3 0.7 -0.6 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 2,006.2 2,009.5 ... 3.3 41.0 0.2 2.1
Labour force 1,209.6 1,214.1 6.4 4.5 19.5 0.4 1.6
Employment 1,154.8 1,163.0 6.2 8.2 11.2 0.7 1.0
Unemployment 54.8 51.1 4.7 -3.7 8.3 -6.8 19.4
Participation rate 60.3 60.4 0.3 0.1 -0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.5 4.2 0.4 -0.3 0.6 ... ...
Employment rate 57.6 57.9 0.3 0.3 -0.6 ... ...
...
not applicable
Note(s):
The sum of individual categories may not always add up to the total as a result of rounding.
Source(s):
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