Table 8 
Labour force characteristics by Montréal, Toronto and Vancouver census metropolitan areas, monthly, seasonally adjusted 

Labour force characteristics by Montréal, Toronto and Vancouver census metropolitan areas, monthly, seasonally adjusted
  January
2023
February
2023
Standard error1 January to February 2023 February 2022 to February 2023 January to February 2023 February 2022 to February 2023
  thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates) change in thousands (except rates)change in thousands (except rates) % change% change
Montréal, Quebec              
Population 3,705.8 3,710.4 ... 4.6 52.4 0.1 1.4
Labour force 2,541.7 2,532.7 17.8 -9.0 78.4 -0.4 3.2
Employment 2,424.9 2,407.3 18.0 -17.6 75.0 -0.7 3.2
Unemployment 116.8 125.4 10.8 8.6 3.4 7.4 2.8
Participation rate 68.6 68.3 0.5 -0.3 1.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.6 5.0 0.4 0.4 0.0 ... ...
Employment rate 65.4 64.9 0.5 -0.5 1.1 ... ...
Toronto, Ontario              
Population 5,724.2 5,738.2 ... 14.0 110.7 0.2 2.0
Labour force 3,819.8 3,865.6 23.2 45.8 24.0 1.2 0.6
Employment 3,592.6 3,649.7 23.0 57.1 63.2 1.6 1.8
Unemployment 227.1 215.8 14.8 -11.3 -39.2 -5.0 -15.4
Participation rate 66.7 67.4 0.4 0.7 -0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.9 5.6 0.4 -0.3 -1.0 ... ...
Employment rate 62.8 63.6 0.4 0.8 -0.1 ... ...
Vancouver, British Columbia               
Population 2,407.6 2,412.5 ... 4.9 33.2 0.2 1.4
Labour force 1,634.1 1,650.8 11.8 16.7 30.0 1.0 1.9
Employment 1,556.8 1,566.0 11.6 9.2 18.4 0.6 1.2
Unemployment 77.3 84.8 6.8 7.5 11.6 9.7 15.8
Participation rate 67.9 68.4 0.5 0.5 0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.7 5.1 0.4 0.4 0.6 ... ...
Employment rate 64.7 64.9 0.5 0.2 -0.1 ... ...
...
not applicable
Note(s):
The sum of individual categories may not always add up to the total as a result of rounding.
Source(s):
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