Table 5 
Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia) 

Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia)
  January
2023
February
2023
Standard error1 January to February 2023 February 2022 to February 2023 January to February 2023 February 2022 to February 2023
  thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates) change in thousands (except rates)change in thousands (except rates) % change% change
Quebec              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 7,204.5 7,211.7 ... 7.2 84.7 0.1 1.2
Labour force 4,696.9 4,690.4 15.9 -6.5 91.6 -0.1 2.0
Employment 4,511.6 4,496.1 16.0 -15.5 97.9 -0.3 2.2
Full-time employment 3,694.3 3,663.9 20.2 -30.4 52.0 -0.8 1.4
Unemployment 185.3 194.4 12.0 9.1 -6.2 4.9 -3.1
Participation rate 65.2 65.0 0.2 -0.2 0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.9 4.1 0.3 0.2 -0.3 ... ...
Employment rate 62.6 62.3 0.2 -0.3 0.6 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 916.5 918.1 ... 1.6 13.2 0.2 1.5
Labour force 647.8 639.2 8.9 -8.6 15.4 -1.3 2.5
Employment 604.2 596.2 8.9 -8.0 16.1 -1.3 2.8
Unemployment 43.6 42.9 6.5 -0.7 -0.8 -1.6 -1.8
Participation rate 70.7 69.6 1.0 -1.1 0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.7 6.7 1.0 0.0 -0.3 ... ...
Employment rate 65.9 64.9 1.0 -1.0 0.8 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 3,123.4 3,126.5 ... 3.1 38.3 0.1 1.2
Labour force 2,149.2 2,138.4 8.7 -10.8 43.1 -0.5 2.1
Employment 2,067.0 2,060.1 9.3 -6.9 47.5 -0.3 2.4
Unemployment 82.2 78.2 7.3 -4.0 -4.6 -4.9 -5.6
Participation rate 68.8 68.4 0.3 -0.4 0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.8 3.7 0.3 -0.1 -0.3 ... ...
Employment rate 66.2 65.9 0.3 -0.3 0.7 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 3,164.6 3,167.1 ... 2.5 33.2 0.1 1.1
Labour force 1,899.9 1,912.9 9.0 13.0 33.2 0.7 1.8
Employment 1,840.4 1,839.7 9.2 -0.7 34.2 -0.0 1.9
Unemployment 59.5 73.2 6.9 13.7 -1.0 23.0 -1.3
Participation rate 60.0 60.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.1 3.8 0.4 0.7 -0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 58.2 58.1 0.3 -0.1 0.5 ... ...
Ontario              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 12,628.2 12,653.8 ... 25.6 198.9 0.2 1.6
Labour force 8,276.3 8,288.9 20.7 12.6 105.2 0.2 1.3
Employment 7,849.7 7,865.3 20.7 15.6 144.0 0.2 1.9
Full-time employment 6,507.2 6,536.1 26.9 28.9 202.1 0.4 3.2
Unemployment 426.6 423.6 17.1 -3.0 -38.8 -0.7 -8.4
Participation rate 65.5 65.5 0.2 0.0 -0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.2 5.1 0.2 -0.1 -0.6 ... ...
Employment rate 62.2 62.2 0.2 0.0 0.2 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 1,875.1 1,880.6 ... 5.5 27.6 0.3 1.5
Labour force 1,190.2 1,207.7 12.4 17.5 29.8 1.5 2.5
Employment 1,064.2 1,074.2 12.0 10.0 39.3 0.9 3.8
Unemployment 126.0 133.4 9.9 7.4 -9.7 5.9 -6.8
Participation rate 63.5 64.2 0.7 0.7 0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 10.6 11.0 0.8 0.4 -1.1 ... ...
Employment rate 56.8 57.1 0.6 0.3 1.3 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 5,239.1 5,249.6 ... 10.5 90.2 0.2 1.7
Labour force 3,723.1 3,721.1 10.3 -2.0 16.9 -0.1 0.5
Employment 3,571.1 3,571.2 10.9 0.1 37.6 0.0 1.1
Unemployment 152.0 149.9 9.6 -2.1 -20.7 -1.4 -12.1
Participation rate 71.1 70.9 0.2 -0.2 -0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.1 4.0 0.3 -0.1 -0.6 ... ...
Employment rate 68.2 68.0 0.2 -0.2 -0.5 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 5,513.9 5,523.6 ... 9.7 81.1 0.2 1.5
Labour force 3,363.0 3,360.1 11.8 -2.9 58.5 -0.1 1.8
Employment 3,214.4 3,219.8 12.1 5.4 66.9 0.2 2.1
Unemployment 148.6 140.3 10.0 -8.3 -8.4 -5.6 -5.6
Participation rate 61.0 60.8 0.2 -0.2 0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.4 4.2 0.3 -0.2 -0.3 ... ...
Employment rate 58.3 58.3 0.2 0.0 0.4 ... ...
Manitoba              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 1,073.3 1,075.4 ... 2.1 18.3 0.2 1.7
Labour force 712.8 721.7 3.3 8.9 9.8 1.2 1.4
Employment 683.2 688.1 3.3 4.9 7.9 0.7 1.2
Full-time employment 559.3 571.4 4.3 12.1 25.1 2.2 4.6
Unemployment 29.6 33.6 2.5 4.0 1.9 13.5 6.0
Participation rate 66.4 67.1 0.3 0.7 -0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.2 4.7 0.3 0.5 0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 63.7 64.0 0.3 0.3 -0.3 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 168.4 168.9 ... 0.5 1.5 0.3 0.9
Labour force 112.7 115.8 1.9 3.1 -1.8 2.8 -1.5
Employment 103.5 105.5 1.9 2.0 -2.8 1.9 -2.6
Unemployment 9.2 10.4 1.5 1.2 1.1 13.0 11.8
Participation rate 66.9 68.6 1.2 1.7 -1.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.2 9.0 1.2 0.8 1.1 ... ...
Employment rate 61.5 62.5 1.1 1.0 -2.2 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 445.5 446.4 ... 0.9 9.6 0.2 2.2
Labour force 319.9 321.4 1.7 1.5 7.5 0.5 2.4
Employment 308.6 311.5 1.7 2.9 11.1 0.9 3.7
Unemployment 11.3 9.9 1.4 -1.4 -3.6 -12.4 -26.7
Participation rate 71.8 72.0 0.4 0.2 0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.5 3.1 0.4 -0.4 -1.2 ... ...
Employment rate 69.3 69.8 0.4 0.5 1.0 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 459.4 460.2 ... 0.8 7.3 0.2 1.6
Labour force 280.1 284.5 1.9 4.4 4.0 1.6 1.4
Employment 271.1 271.1 1.9 0.0 -0.5 0.0 -0.2
Unemployment 9.1 13.3 1.4 4.2 4.4 46.2 49.4
Participation rate 61.0 61.8 0.4 0.8 -0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.2 4.7 0.5 1.5 1.5 ... ...
Employment rate 59.0 58.9 0.4 -0.1 -1.1 ... ...
Saskatchewan              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 912.0 913.7 ... 1.7 20.7 0.2 2.3
Labour force 615.5 618.0 3.0 2.5 6.2 0.4 1.0
Employment 589.0 591.6 3.1 2.6 8.1 0.4 1.4
Full-time employment 479.0 482.2 4.1 3.2 6.8 0.7 1.4
Unemployment 26.5 26.5 2.4 0.0 -1.8 0.0 -6.4
Participation rate 67.5 67.6 0.3 0.1 -0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.3 4.3 0.4 0.0 -0.3 ... ...
Employment rate 64.6 64.7 0.3 0.1 -0.6 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 137.8 138.2 ... 0.4 3.5 0.3 2.6
Labour force 89.4 88.9 1.7 -0.5 0.6 -0.6 0.7
Employment 81.6 82.7 1.6 1.1 -0.7 1.3 -0.8
Unemployment 7.8 6.1 1.3 -1.7 1.2 -21.8 24.5
Participation rate 64.9 64.3 1.3 -0.6 -1.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.7 6.9 1.4 -1.8 1.4 ... ...
Employment rate 59.2 59.8 1.2 0.6 -2.1 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 387.5 388.2 ... 0.7 9.5 0.2 2.5
Labour force 280.9 282.4 1.6 1.5 0.0 0.5 0.0
Employment 269.8 270.6 1.7 0.8 3.6 0.3 1.3
Unemployment 11.1 11.8 1.4 0.7 -3.5 6.3 -22.9
Participation rate 72.5 72.7 0.4 0.2 -1.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.0 4.2 0.5 0.2 -1.2 ... ...
Employment rate 69.6 69.7 0.5 0.1 -0.8 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 386.7 387.4 ... 0.7 7.8 0.2 2.1
Labour force 245.2 246.8 1.7 1.6 5.7 0.7 2.4
Employment 237.6 238.3 1.7 0.7 5.2 0.3 2.2
Unemployment 7.6 8.5 1.3 0.9 0.5 11.8 6.3
Participation rate 63.4 63.7 0.4 0.3 0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.1 3.4 0.5 0.3 0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 61.4 61.5 0.5 0.1 0.1 ... ...
Alberta              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 3,678.4 3,689.2 ... 10.8 109.0 0.3 3.0
Labour force 2,585.6 2,582.2 11.1 -3.4 66.4 -0.1 2.6
Employment 2,429.7 2,431.3 11.0 1.6 76.9 0.1 3.3
Full-time employment 1,977.4 1,988.3 15.0 10.9 90.8 0.6 4.8
Unemployment 155.9 150.8 9.4 -5.1 -10.6 -3.3 -6.6
Participation rate 70.3 70.0 0.3 -0.3 -0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.0 5.8 0.4 -0.2 -0.6 ... ...
Employment rate 66.1 65.9 0.3 -0.2 0.1 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 545.9 547.9 ... 2.0 19.1 0.4 3.6
Labour force 347.4 358.2 6.3 10.8 6.0 3.1 1.7
Employment 311.7 317.8 6.0 6.1 8.1 2.0 2.6
Unemployment 35.7 40.4 5.0 4.7 -2.1 13.2 -4.9
Participation rate 63.6 65.4 1.2 1.8 -1.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 10.3 11.3 1.4 1.0 -0.8 ... ...
Employment rate 57.1 58.0 1.1 0.9 -0.6 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,557.3 1,561.6 ... 4.3 44.7 0.3 2.9
Labour force 1,197.4 1,184.1 5.7 -13.3 30.4 -1.1 2.6
Employment 1,132.8 1,125.3 6.3 -7.5 39.3 -0.7 3.6
Unemployment 64.6 58.8 5.6 -5.8 -8.9 -9.0 -13.1
Participation rate 76.9 75.8 0.4 -1.1 -0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.4 5.0 0.5 -0.4 -0.9 ... ...
Employment rate 72.7 72.1 0.4 -0.6 0.5 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 1,575.3 1,579.6 ... 4.3 45.1 0.3 2.9
Labour force 1,040.8 1,039.9 6.8 -0.9 30.1 -0.1 3.0
Employment 985.2 988.3 6.6 3.1 29.7 0.3 3.1
Unemployment 55.6 51.6 5.6 -4.0 0.4 -7.2 0.8
Participation rate 66.1 65.8 0.4 -0.3 0.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.3 5.0 0.5 -0.3 -0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 62.5 62.6 0.4 0.1 0.1 ... ...
British Columbia              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 4,455.2 4,463.4 ... 8.2 59.9 0.2 1.4
Labour force 2,897.1 2,925.7 10.6 28.6 46.9 1.0 1.6
Employment 2,770.7 2,777.4 10.6 6.7 35.3 0.2 1.3
Full-time employment 2,216.0 2,220.4 14.3 4.4 43.3 0.2 2.0
Unemployment 126.4 148.3 8.1 21.9 11.6 17.3 8.5
Participation rate 65.0 65.5 0.2 0.5 0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.4 5.1 0.3 0.7 0.4 ... ...
Employment rate 62.2 62.2 0.2 0.0 -0.1 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 604.5 606.1 ... 1.6 4.7 0.3 0.8
Labour force 398.7 403.9 6.4 5.2 -12.8 1.3 -3.1
Employment 364.2 363.0 6.0 -1.2 -16.7 -0.3 -4.4
Unemployment 34.5 40.9 4.8 6.4 3.9 18.6 10.5
Participation rate 66.0 66.6 1.1 0.6 -2.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.7 10.1 1.1 1.4 1.2 ... ...
Employment rate 60.2 59.9 1.0 -0.3 -3.2 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,875.2 1,878.5 ... 3.3 27.6 0.2 1.5
Labour force 1,305.3 1,302.6 5.5 -2.7 12.1 -0.2 0.9
Employment 1,254.0 1,246.4 5.8 -7.6 9.5 -0.6 0.8
Unemployment 51.2 56.2 4.7 5.0 2.6 9.8 4.9
Participation rate 69.6 69.3 0.3 -0.3 -0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.9 4.3 0.4 0.4 0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 66.9 66.4 0.3 -0.5 -0.4 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 1,975.5 1,978.8 ... 3.3 27.6 0.2 1.4
Labour force 1,193.2 1,219.2 6.0 26.0 47.5 2.2 4.1
Employment 1,152.5 1,168.0 6.2 15.5 42.5 1.3 3.8
Unemployment 40.7 51.2 4.6 10.5 5.0 25.8 10.8
Participation rate 60.4 61.6 0.3 1.2 1.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.4 4.2 0.4 0.8 0.3 ... ...
Employment rate 58.3 59.0 0.3 0.7 1.3 ... ...
...
not applicable
Note(s):
The sum of individual categories may not always add up to the total as a result of rounding.
Source(s):
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