Table 7 
Labour force characteristics by census metropolitan area, three-month moving average, seasonally adjusted 

Labour force characteristics by census metropolitan area, three-month moving average, seasonally adjusted
  October
2022
November
2022
Standard error1 October to November 2022 November 2021 to November 2022 October to November 2022 November 2021 to November 2022
  thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates) change in thousands (except rates)change in thousands (except rates) % change% change
St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador              
Population 185.5 185.9 ... 0.4 3.6 0.2 2.0
Labour force 122.6 122.3 1.0 -0.3 3.4 -0.2 2.9
Employment 115.4 113.9 1.0 -1.5 3.3 -1.3 3.0
Unemployment 7.2 8.4 0.5 1.2 0.0 16.7 0.0
Participation rate 66.1 65.8 0.5 -0.3 0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.9 6.9 0.4 1.0 -0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 62.2 61.3 0.5 -0.9 0.6 ... ...
Halifax, Nova Scotia              
Population 397.2 398.4 ... 1.2 15.0 0.3 3.9
Labour force 264.6 265.6 1.5 1.0 8.4 0.4 3.3
Employment 250.1 251.7 1.5 1.6 10.7 0.6 4.4
Unemployment 14.5 13.9 0.8 -0.6 -2.3 -4.1 -14.2
Participation rate 66.6 66.7 0.4 0.1 -0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.5 5.2 0.3 -0.3 -1.1 ... ...
Employment rate 63.0 63.2 0.4 0.2 0.3 ... ...
Moncton, New Brunswick              
Population 139.7 140.1 ... 0.4 5.2 0.3 3.9
Labour force 91.1 92.3 0.9 1.2 -2.1 1.3 -2.2
Employment 86.0 87.5 0.9 1.5 -0.3 1.7 -0.3
Unemployment 5.1 4.8 0.5 -0.3 -1.8 -5.9 -27.3
Participation rate 65.2 65.9 0.6 0.7 -4.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.6 5.2 0.5 -0.4 -1.8 ... ...
Employment rate 61.6 62.5 0.7 0.9 -2.6 ... ...
Saint John, New Brunswick               
Population 113.5 113.7 ... 0.2 2.8 0.2 2.5
Labour force 70.7 70.9 0.9 0.2 2.6 0.3 3.8
Employment 66.1 66.4 0.9 0.3 3.9 0.5 6.2
Unemployment 4.6 4.6 0.4 0.0 -1.3 0.0 -22.0
Participation rate 62.3 62.4 0.8 0.1 0.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.5 6.5 0.6 0.0 -2.1 ... ...
Employment rate 58.2 58.4 0.8 0.2 2.0 ... ...
Saguenay, Quebec              
Population 135.5 135.6 ... 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Labour force 81.5 78.4 1.2 -3.1 -0.5 -3.8 -0.6
Employment 77.6 74.2 1.1 -3.4 -1.4 -4.4 -1.9
Unemployment 4.0 4.2 0.3 0.2 0.9 5.0 27.3
Participation rate 60.1 57.8 0.9 -2.3 -0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.9 5.4 0.4 0.5 1.2 ... ...
Employment rate 57.3 54.7 0.8 -2.6 -1.1 ... ...
Québec, Quebec              
Population 694.5 695.1 ... 0.6 5.7 0.1 0.8
Labour force 456.0 456.1 3.8 0.1 2.3 0.0 0.5
Employment 442.9 442.5 3.8 -0.4 1.0 -0.1 0.2
Unemployment 13.1 13.6 1.3 0.5 1.3 3.8 10.6
Participation rate 65.7 65.6 0.5 -0.1 -0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 2.9 3.0 0.3 0.1 0.3 ... ...
Employment rate 63.8 63.7 0.6 -0.1 -0.3 ... ...
Sherbrooke, Quebec              
Population 191.5 191.7 ... 0.2 2.7 0.1 1.4
Labour force 115.9 117.2 1.2 1.3 0.8 1.1 0.7
Employment 112.9 114.1 1.2 1.2 1.7 1.1 1.5
Unemployment 3.0 3.2 0.4 0.2 -0.7 6.7 -17.9
Participation rate 60.5 61.1 0.6 0.6 -0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 2.6 2.7 0.4 0.1 -0.7 ... ...
Employment rate 59.0 59.5 0.6 0.5 0.0 ... ...
Trois-Rivières, Quebec               
Population 138.0 138.1 ... 0.1 0.9 0.1 0.7
Labour force 80.7 81.4 1.1 0.7 1.4 0.9 1.8
Employment 77.2 78.1 1.0 0.9 1.8 1.2 2.4
Unemployment 3.5 3.3 0.3 -0.2 -0.4 -5.7 -10.8
Participation rate 58.5 58.9 0.8 0.4 0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.3 4.1 0.4 -0.2 -0.5 ... ...
Employment rate 55.9 56.6 0.8 0.7 1.0 ... ...
Montréal, Quebec              
Population 3,685.7 3,690.2 ... 4.5 41.3 0.1 1.1
Labour force 2,459.5 2,466.8 9.1 7.3 28.7 0.3 1.2
Employment 2,344.3 2,359.9 9.2 15.6 63.9 0.7 2.8
Unemployment 115.2 106.9 5.4 -8.3 -35.3 -7.2 -24.8
Participation rate 66.7 66.8 0.2 0.1 0.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.7 4.3 0.2 -0.4 -1.5 ... ...
Employment rate 63.6 64.0 0.3 0.4 1.1 ... ...
Ottawa–Gatineau, Ontario/Quebec               
Population 1,242.1 1,244.2 ... 2.1 25.4 0.2 2.1
Labour force 833.1 839.9 5.3 6.8 45.5 0.8 5.7
Employment 797.7 802.5 5.5 4.8 44.4 0.6 5.9
Unemployment 35.3 37.4 2.2 2.1 1.1 5.9 3.0
Participation rate 67.1 67.5 0.4 0.4 2.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.2 4.5 0.3 0.3 -0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 64.2 64.5 0.4 0.3 2.3 ... ...
Ottawa–Gatineau, Quebec part, Ontario/Quebec              
Population 291.2 291.5 ... 0.3 3.9 0.1 1.4
Labour force 194.4 197.2 1.6 2.8 12.0 1.4 6.5
Employment 186.1 188.2 1.6 2.1 10.0 1.1 5.6
Unemployment 8.3 9.0 0.6 0.7 2.0 8.4 28.6
Participation rate 66.8 67.7 0.6 0.9 3.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.3 4.6 0.3 0.3 0.8 ... ...
Employment rate 63.9 64.6 0.5 0.7 2.6 ... ...
Ottawa–Gatineau, Ontario part, Ontario/Quebec              
Population 950.9 952.7 ... 1.8 21.6 0.2 2.3
Labour force 638.7 642.7 5.0 4.0 33.5 0.6 5.5
Employment 611.7 614.3 5.2 2.6 34.4 0.4 5.9
Unemployment 27.0 28.4 2.1 1.4 -0.9 5.2 -3.1
Participation rate 67.2 67.5 0.5 0.3 2.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.2 4.4 0.3 0.2 -0.4 ... ...
Employment rate 64.3 64.5 0.6 0.2 2.2 ... ...
Kingston, Ontario              
Population 149.0 149.3 ... 0.3 3.8 0.2 2.6
Labour force 95.9 95.4 0.9 -0.5 7.9 -0.5 9.0
Employment 90.8 90.0 1.0 -0.8 8.6 -0.9 10.6
Unemployment 5.2 5.4 0.4 0.2 -0.7 3.8 -11.5
Participation rate 64.4 63.9 0.6 -0.5 3.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.4 5.7 0.5 0.3 -1.3 ... ...
Employment rate 60.9 60.3 0.7 -0.6 4.4 ... ...
Belleville, Ontario              
Population 102.1 96.1 ... -6.0 0.3 -5.9 0.3
Labour force 63.1 57.5 3.2 -5.6 4.5 -8.9 8.5
Employment 59.5 54.5 3.2 -5.0 5.8 -8.4 11.9
Unemployment 3.7 3.0 0.8 -0.7 -1.2 -18.9 -28.6
Participation rate 61.8 59.8 2.7 -2.0 4.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.9 5.2 1.7 -0.7 -2.7 ... ...
Employment rate 58.3 56.7 2.7 -1.6 5.9 ... ...
Peterborough, Ontario              
Population 114.8 115.0 ... 0.2 1.4 0.2 1.2
Labour force 71.0 70.2 1.7 -0.8 -0.4 -1.1 -0.6
Employment 67.6 68.0 1.7 0.4 3.4 0.6 5.3
Unemployment 3.4 2.2 0.6 -1.2 -3.8 -35.3 -63.3
Participation rate 61.8 61.0 1.5 -0.8 -1.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.8 3.1 0.9 -1.7 -5.4 ... ...
Employment rate 58.9 59.1 1.5 0.2 2.2 ... ...
Oshawa, Ontario              
Population 352.5 352.9 ... 0.4 5.6 0.1 1.6
Labour force 236.7 235.6 2.2 -1.1 0.7 -0.5 0.3
Employment 223.6 223.6 2.4 0.0 3.8 0.0 1.7
Unemployment 13.1 12.0 1.1 -1.1 -3.0 -8.4 -20.0
Participation rate 67.1 66.8 0.6 -0.3 -0.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.5 5.1 0.5 -0.4 -1.3 ... ...
Employment rate 63.4 63.4 0.7 0.0 0.1 ... ...
Toronto, Ontario              
Population 5,680.0 5,689.3 ... 9.3 98.2 0.2 1.8
Labour force 3,744.0 3,737.4 12.4 -6.6 -74.0 -0.2 -1.9
Employment 3,512.6 3,503.1 12.4 -9.5 -10.0 -0.3 -0.3
Unemployment 231.4 234.3 7.7 2.9 -64.0 1.3 -21.5
Participation rate 65.9 65.7 0.2 -0.2 -2.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.2 6.3 0.2 0.1 -1.5 ... ...
Employment rate 61.8 61.6 0.2 -0.2 -1.2 ... ...
Hamilton, Ontario              
Population 674.4 675.0 ... 0.6 6.2 0.1 0.9
Labour force 443.9 444.9 3.6 1.0 5.8 0.2 1.3
Employment 422.3 422.5 3.7 0.2 9.2 0.0 2.2
Unemployment 21.6 22.4 1.6 0.8 -3.4 3.7 -13.2
Participation rate 65.8 65.9 0.5 0.1 0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.9 5.0 0.4 0.1 -0.9 ... ...
Employment rate 62.6 62.6 0.6 0.0 0.8 ... ...
St. Catharines–Niagara, Ontario               
Population 377.0 377.3 ... 0.3 3.4 0.1 0.9
Labour force 226.2 228.0 2.7 1.8 1.7 0.8 0.8
Employment 211.7 215.7 2.9 4.0 7.5 1.9 3.6
Unemployment 14.5 12.3 1.2 -2.2 -5.8 -15.2 -32.0
Participation rate 60.0 60.4 0.7 0.4 -0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.4 5.4 0.5 -1.0 -2.6 ... ...
Employment rate 56.2 57.2 0.8 1.0 1.5 ... ...
Kitchener–Cambridge–Waterloo, Ontario              
Population 511.4 512.3 ... 0.9 9.8 0.2 2.0
Labour force 354.2 352.5 2.7 -1.7 4.7 -0.5 1.4
Employment 333.4 331.4 2.7 -2.0 3.5 -0.6 1.1
Unemployment 20.8 21.1 1.3 0.3 1.3 1.4 6.6
Participation rate 69.3 68.8 0.5 -0.5 -0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.9 6.0 0.4 0.1 0.3 ... ...
Employment rate 65.2 64.7 0.5 -0.5 -0.6 ... ...
Brantford, Ontario              
Population 120.9 121.0 ... 0.1 1.4 0.1 1.2
Labour force 83.8 83.9 1.0 0.1 4.3 0.1 5.4
Employment 79.8 79.5 1.0 -0.3 6.2 -0.4 8.5
Unemployment 4.0 4.4 0.4 0.4 -1.8 10.0 -29.0
Participation rate 69.3 69.3 0.8 0.0 2.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.8 5.2 0.5 0.4 -2.6 ... ...
Employment rate 66.0 65.7 0.9 -0.3 4.4 ... ...
Guelph, Ontario              
Population 143.6 143.8 ... 0.2 2.4 0.1 1.7
Labour force 100.1 100.6 1.3 0.5 1.2 0.5 1.2
Employment 95.1 95.6 1.4 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.7
Unemployment 5.0 5.0 0.6 0.0 0.5 0.0 11.1
Participation rate 69.7 70.0 0.9 0.3 -0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.0 5.0 0.6 0.0 0.5 ... ...
Employment rate 66.2 66.5 1.0 0.3 -0.6 ... ...
London, Ontario              
Population 477.9 478.7 ... 0.8 8.5 0.2 1.8
Labour force 314.3 312.5 2.7 -1.8 1.6 -0.6 0.5
Employment 294.0 294.1 2.8 0.1 3.8 0.0 1.3
Unemployment 20.3 18.5 1.3 -1.8 -2.0 -8.9 -9.8
Participation rate 65.8 65.3 0.6 -0.5 -0.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.5 5.9 0.4 -0.6 -0.7 ... ...
Employment rate 61.5 61.4 0.6 -0.1 -0.3 ... ...
Windsor, Ontario              
Population 309.5 309.9 ... 0.4 3.8 0.1 1.2
Labour force 185.1 192.2 2.5 7.1 0.6 3.8 0.3
Employment 169.3 175.8 2.6 6.5 0.4 3.8 0.2
Unemployment 15.8 16.5 1.2 0.7 0.3 4.4 1.9
Participation rate 59.8 62.0 0.8 2.2 -0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.5 8.6 0.6 0.1 0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 54.7 56.7 0.8 2.0 -0.6 ... ...
Barrie, Ontario              
Population 184.4 184.7 ... 0.3 2.5 0.2 1.4
Labour force 127.7 130.2 2.0 2.5 4.4 2.0 3.5
Employment 121.5 124.0 2.1 2.5 4.0 2.1 3.3
Unemployment 6.2 6.2 1.1 0.0 0.4 0.0 6.9
Participation rate 69.3 70.5 1.1 1.2 1.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.9 4.8 0.9 -0.1 0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 65.9 67.1 1.2 1.2 1.2 ... ...
Greater Sudbury, Ontario              
Population 146.1 146.2 ... 0.1 0.5 0.1 0.3
Labour force 87.8 88.7 1.1 0.9 -0.5 1.0 -0.6
Employment 83.7 84.6 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.2
Unemployment 4.1 4.1 0.4 0.0 -1.5 0.0 -26.8
Participation rate 60.1 60.7 0.7 0.6 -0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.7 4.6 0.5 -0.1 -1.7 ... ...
Employment rate 57.3 57.9 0.7 0.6 0.5 ... ...
Thunder Bay, Ontario              
Population 106.6 106.6 ... 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.2
Labour force 63.4 63.0 0.7 -0.4 -3.7 -0.6 -5.5
Employment 60.1 59.9 0.6 -0.2 -2.2 -0.3 -3.5
Unemployment 3.3 3.0 0.3 -0.3 -1.6 -9.1 -34.8
Participation rate 59.5 59.1 0.6 -0.4 -3.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.2 4.8 0.4 -0.4 -2.1 ... ...
Employment rate 56.4 56.2 0.6 -0.2 -2.2 ... ...
Winnipeg, Manitoba              
Population 716.3 717.3 ... 1.0 12.0 0.1 1.7
Labour force 483.6 481.8 1.6 -1.8 4.3 -0.4 0.9
Employment 459.1 458.8 1.7 -0.3 8.8 -0.1 2.0
Unemployment 24.4 23.0 0.9 -1.4 -4.4 -5.7 -16.1
Participation rate 67.5 67.2 0.2 -0.3 -0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.0 4.8 0.2 -0.2 -0.9 ... ...
Employment rate 64.1 64.0 0.2 -0.1 0.2 ... ...
Regina, Saskatchewan              
Population 221.4 221.9 ... 0.5 5.4 0.2 2.5
Labour force 144.7 146.0 1.1 1.3 -0.6 0.9 -0.4
Employment 137.4 139.5 1.2 2.1 1.1 1.5 0.8
Unemployment 7.3 6.5 0.6 -0.8 -1.7 -11.0 -20.7
Participation rate 65.4 65.8 0.5 0.4 -1.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.0 4.5 0.4 -0.5 -1.1 ... ...
Employment rate 62.1 62.9 0.5 0.8 -1.0 ... ...
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan              
Population 282.4 283.1 ... 0.7 8.2 0.2 3.0
Labour force 197.2 193.6 1.3 -3.6 4.2 -1.8 2.2
Employment 189.2 185.9 1.3 -3.3 8.6 -1.7 4.9
Unemployment 8.0 7.7 0.6 -0.3 -4.4 -3.8 -36.4
Participation rate 69.8 68.4 0.5 -1.4 -0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.1 4.0 0.3 -0.1 -2.4 ... ...
Employment rate 67.0 65.7 0.5 -1.3 1.2 ... ...
Lethbridge, Alberta              
Population 108.3 108.6 ... 0.3 2.9 0.3 2.7
Labour force 71.4 71.3 1.1 -0.1 4.1 -0.1 6.1
Employment 68.5 68.9 1.1 0.4 5.6 0.6 8.8
Unemployment 2.9 2.5 0.5 -0.4 -1.3 -13.8 -34.2
Participation rate 65.9 65.7 1.0 -0.2 2.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.1 3.5 0.7 -0.6 -2.2 ... ...
Employment rate 63.3 63.4 1.0 0.1 3.5 ... ...
Calgary, Alberta              
Population 1,306.6 1,310.5 ... 3.9 37.6 0.3 3.0
Labour force 938.3 939.2 5.4 0.9 38.5 0.1 4.3
Employment 888.8 883.3 5.6 -5.5 57.0 -0.6 6.9
Unemployment 49.5 55.9 3.2 6.4 -18.6 12.9 -25.0
Participation rate 71.8 71.7 0.4 -0.1 0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.3 6.0 0.3 0.7 -2.3 ... ...
Employment rate 68.0 67.4 0.4 -0.6 2.5 ... ...
Edmonton, Alberta              
Population 1,241.8 1,245.6 ... 3.8 37.1 0.3 3.1
Labour force 846.7 846.5 4.9 -0.2 -6.3 -0.0 -0.7
Employment 802.7 799.8 5.2 -2.9 10.9 -0.4 1.4
Unemployment 44.1 46.7 2.7 2.6 -17.2 5.9 -26.9
Participation rate 68.2 68.0 0.4 -0.2 -2.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.2 5.5 0.3 0.3 -2.0 ... ...
Employment rate 64.6 64.2 0.4 -0.4 -1.1 ... ...
Kelowna, British Columbia               
Population 189.4 189.6 ... 0.2 4.0 0.1 2.2
Labour force 113.3 112.1 1.9 -1.2 -5.0 -1.1 -4.3
Employment 108.5 106.6 2.0 -1.9 -4.7 -1.8 -4.2
Unemployment 4.9 5.5 0.8 0.6 -0.2 12.2 -3.5
Participation rate 59.8 59.1 1.0 -0.7 -4.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.3 4.9 0.7 0.6 0.0 ... ...
Employment rate 57.3 56.2 1.1 -1.1 -3.8 ... ...
Abbotsford–Mission, British Columbia              
Population 174.7 174.8 ... 0.1 2.6 0.1 1.5
Labour force 118.7 116.9 1.2 -1.8 4.7 -1.5 4.2
Employment 112.3 111.5 1.2 -0.8 8.6 -0.7 8.4
Unemployment 6.4 5.4 0.5 -1.0 -3.9 -15.6 -41.9
Participation rate 67.9 66.9 0.7 -1.0 1.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.4 4.6 0.5 -0.8 -3.7 ... ...
Employment rate 64.3 63.8 0.7 -0.5 4.0 ... ...
Vancouver, British Columbia               
Population 2,397.7 2,399.5 ... 1.8 34.4 0.1 1.5
Labour force 1,618.3 1,621.4 6.6 3.1 4.8 0.2 0.3
Employment 1,546.7 1,550.0 6.6 3.3 30.9 0.2 2.0
Unemployment 71.6 71.5 3.9 -0.1 -26.0 -0.1 -26.7
Participation rate 67.5 67.6 0.3 0.1 -0.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.4 4.4 0.2 0.0 -1.6 ... ...
Employment rate 64.5 64.6 0.3 0.1 0.4 ... ...
Victoria, British Columbia               
Population 356.3 356.7 ... 0.4 7.0 0.1 2.0
Labour force 225.6 226.3 2.2 0.7 8.2 0.3 3.8
Employment 216.0 218.3 2.3 2.3 9.4 1.1 4.5
Unemployment 9.6 8.0 0.8 -1.6 -1.2 -16.7 -13.0
Participation rate 63.3 63.4 0.6 0.1 1.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.3 3.5 0.4 -0.8 -0.7 ... ...
Employment rate 60.6 61.2 0.6 0.6 1.5 ... ...
...
not applicable
Note(s):
The sum of individual categories may not always add up to the total as a result of rounding.
Source(s):
Date modified: