Table 9 
Labour force characteristics by province and economic region,1 three-month moving average ending in October 2021 and October 2022, unadjusted for seasonality 

Labour force characteristics by province and economic region, three-month moving average ending in October 2021 and October 2022, unadjusted for seasonality
  Population Labour force Employment Unemployment Participation rate Unemployment rate Employment rate
  thousandsthousandsthousandsthousands %%%
Canada              
2021 31,392.7 20,600.4 19,207.0 1,393.4 65.6 6.8 61.2
2022 31,878.0 20,765.0 19,705.3 1,059.7 65.1 5.1 61.8
Newfoundland and Labrador              
2021 445.4 256.6 226.7 29.8 57.6 11.6 50.9
2022 449.5 260.6 237.3 23.3 58.0 8.9 52.8
Avalon Peninsula              
2021 237.2 145.8 133.0 12.7 61.5 8.7 56.1
2022 240.6 151.2 140.7 10.5 62.8 6.9 58.5
South Coast–Burin Peninsula and Notre Dame–Central Bonavista Bay               
2021 120.9 59.7 50.6 9.1 49.4 15.2 41.9
2022 121.2 57.7 51.2 6.5 47.6 11.3 42.2
West Coast–Northern Peninsula–Labrador              
2021 87.2 51.1 43.1 8.0 58.6 15.7 49.4
2022 87.7 51.8 45.5 6.3 59.1 12.2 51.9
Prince Edward Island              
2021 135.1 89.5 82.3 7.2 66.2 8.0 60.9
2022 140.4 92.3 87.3 5.0 65.7 5.4 62.2
Nova Scotia              
2021 823.9 510.8 471.5 39.3 62.0 7.7 57.2
2022 846.1 516.3 482.6 33.7 61.0 6.5 57.0
Cape Breton              
2021 108.9 59.9 52.8 7.1 55.0 11.9 48.5
2022 110.5 57.6 51.7 5.9 52.1 10.2 46.8
North Shore              
2021 127.6 74.3 68.1 6.2 58.2 8.3 53.4
2022 129.6 72.5 65.5 7.0 55.9 9.7 50.5
Annapolis Valley              
2021 106.6 62.4 57.5 4.9 58.5 7.9 53.9
2022 109.0 65.2 62.5 2.7 59.8 4.1 57.3
Southern              
2021 98.3 55.0 50.2 4.8 56.0 8.7 51.1
2022 99.8 54.6 50.5 4.2 54.7 7.7 50.6
Halifax              
2021 382.4 259.3 243.0 16.3 67.8 6.3 63.5
2022 397.2 266.3 252.4 13.9 67.0 5.2 63.5
New Brunswick              
2021 652.2 400.3 367.8 32.4 61.4 8.1 56.4
2022 668.4 404.9 379.2 25.7 60.6 6.3 56.7
Campbellton–Miramichi              
2021 130.9 68.1 59.8 8.3 52.0 12.2 45.7
2022 132.5 72.8 65.7 7.0 54.9 9.6 49.6
Moncton–Richibucto              
2021 190.6 127.5 118.2 9.4 66.9 7.4 62.0
2022 197.1 122.8 116.0 6.8 62.3 5.5 58.9
Saint John–St. Stephen              
2021 147.1 89.8 82.3 7.5 61.0 8.4 55.9
2022 150.5 92.8 87.0 5.9 61.7 6.4 57.8
Fredericton–Oromocto              
2021 119.1 75.6 70.3 5.3 63.5 7.0 59.0
2022 122.8 78.4 74.0 4.4 63.8 5.6 60.3
Edmundston–Woodstock              
2021 64.5 39.3 37.3 2.0 60.9 5.1 57.8
2022 65.5 38.0 36.4 1.6 58.0 4.2 55.6
Quebec              
2021 7,107.7 4,588.1 4,341.1 247.0 64.6 5.4 61.1
2022 7,173.5 4,622.7 4,430.2 192.6 64.4 4.2 61.8
Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine              
2021 76.3 41.3 36.9 4.4 54.1 10.7 48.4
2022 76.4 36.7 33.7 3.0 48.0 8.2 44.1
Bas-Saint-Laurent              
2021 165.7 94.9 91.3 3.6 57.3 3.8 55.1
2022 165.7 96.0 92.2 3.8 57.9 4.0 55.6
Capitale-Nationale              
2021 626.0 412.7 397.7 15.0 65.9 3.6 63.5
2022 629.9 404.8 392.1 12.7 64.3 3.1 62.2
Chaudière-Appalaches              
2021 357.2 222.6 215.2 7.4 62.3 3.3 60.2
2022 359.9 244.4 240.1 4.3 67.9 1.8 66.7
Estrie              
2021 279.2 170.9 163.4 7.5 61.2 4.4 58.5
2022 282.3 172.8 166.1 6.7 61.2 3.9 58.8
Centre-du-Québec              
2021 208.0 141.1 135.6 5.5 67.8 3.9 65.2
2022 210.0 125.0 123.2 1.8 59.5 1.4 58.7
Montérégie              
2021 1,319.1 869.6 826.0 43.6 65.9 5.0 62.6
2022 1,336.1 884.8 856.4 28.4 66.2 3.2 64.1
Montréal              
2021 1,763.0 1,175.5 1,089.7 85.8 66.7 7.3 61.8
2022 1,776.6 1,197.2 1,128.5 68.7 67.4 5.7 63.5
Laval              
2021 366.8 248.0 229.5 18.5 67.6 7.5 62.6
2022 370.6 230.7 219.1 11.6 62.3 5.0 59.1
Lanaudière              
2021 427.9 274.4 260.6 13.8 64.1 5.0 60.9
2022 432.9 295.0 281.3 13.7 68.1 4.6 65.0
Laurentides              
2021 528.3 338.0 321.8 16.2 64.0 4.8 60.9
2022 536.8 334.4 322.9 11.6 62.3 3.5 60.2
Outaouais              
2021 330.1 214.5 205.7 8.9 65.0 4.1 62.3
2022 334.2 218.5 209.9 8.6 65.4 3.9 62.8
Abitibi-Témiscamingue              
2021 118.4 75.9 73.2 2.7 64.1 3.6 61.8
2022 118.6 75.2 72.4 2.8 63.4 3.7 61.0
Mauricie              
2021 227.4 130.5 125.3 5.2 57.4 4.0 55.1
2022 228.2 127.0 119.0 8.1 55.7 6.4 52.1
Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean              
2021 228.9 127.6 121.0 6.6 55.7 5.2 52.9
2022 229.1 134.7 130.2 4.5 58.8 3.3 56.8
Côte-Nord and Nord-du-Québec              
2021 85.3 50.6 48.3 2.3 59.3 4.5 56.6
2022 86.2 45.2 43.0 2.2 52.4 4.9 49.9
Ontario              
2021 12,368.7 8,111.0 7,514.2 596.8 65.6 7.4 60.8
2022 12,551.4 8,147.8 7,688.1 459.8 64.9 5.6 61.3
Ottawa              
2021 1,204.2 770.2 725.8 44.4 64.0 5.8 60.3
2022 1,224.4 803.8 770.2 33.6 65.6 4.2 62.9
Kingston–Pembroke              
2021 397.6 236.9 223.3 13.6 59.6 5.7 56.2
2022 402.8 240.7 229.5 11.2 59.8 4.7 57.0
Muskoka–Kawarthas              
2021 349.9 174.9 162.1 12.9 50.0 7.4 46.3
2022 354.0 200.4 193.3 7.1 56.6 3.5 54.6
Toronto              
2021 5,839.4 3,999.9 3,664.2 335.6 68.5 8.4 62.7
2022 5,933.8 3,923.1 3,674.9 248.2 66.1 6.3 61.9
Kitchener–Waterloo–Barrie              
2021 1,221.2 831.9 780.9 51.0 68.1 6.1 63.9
2022 1,244.5 871.4 821.6 49.8 70.0 5.7 66.0
Hamilton–Niagara Peninsula              
2021 1,281.8 822.4 767.4 55.0 64.2 6.7 59.9
2022 1,296.8 827.5 784.3 43.2 63.8 5.2 60.5
London              
2021 612.8 404.6 375.3 29.3 66.0 7.2 61.2
2022 623.3 408.6 384.7 23.9 65.6 5.8 61.7
Windsor–Sarnia              
2021 560.6 334.9 307.4 27.5 59.7 8.2 54.8
2022 565.8 335.0 312.8 22.2 59.2 6.6 55.3
Stratford–Bruce Peninsula              
2021 266.0 167.3 162.2 5.1 62.9 3.0 61.0
2022 269.4 169.8 165.9 3.9 63.0 2.3 61.6
Northeast              
2021 461.6 261.9 245.6 16.3 56.7 6.2 53.2
2022 462.4 262.9 251.0 11.9 56.9 4.5 54.3
Northwest              
2021 173.5 106.1 99.9 6.2 61.2 5.8 57.6
2022 174.3 104.6 99.9 4.7 60.0 4.5 57.3
Manitoba              
2021 1,052.5 701.0 660.8 40.2 66.6 5.7 62.8
2022 1,067.4 706.2 671.7 34.5 66.2 4.9 62.9
Southeast              
2021 99.6 66.2 63.6 2.6 66.5 3.9 63.9
2022 101.5 67.6 64.8 2.8 66.6 4.1 63.8
South Central and North Central              
2021 91.3 59.0 55.7 3.4 64.6 5.8 61.0
2022 92.8 61.2 58.3 2.8 65.9 4.6 62.8
Southwest              
2021 90.5 56.5 54.0 2.5 62.4 4.4 59.7
2022 91.2 57.1 55.1 2.0 62.6 3.5 60.4
Winnipeg              
2021 640.7 439.1 411.3 27.9 68.5 6.4 64.2
2022 649.7 438.9 415.6 23.4 67.6 5.3 64.0
Interlake              
2021 76.6 45.7 43.8 2.0 59.7 4.4 57.2
2022 77.5 47.9 45.4 2.5 61.8 5.2 58.6
Parklands and North              
2021 53.7 34.4 32.5 1.9 64.1 5.5 60.5
2022 54.6 33.5 32.4 1.1 61.4 3.3 59.3
Saskatchewan              
2021 889.9 604.2 568.4 35.8 67.9 5.9 63.9
2022 904.5 606.5 580.7 25.8 67.1 4.3 64.2
Regina–Moose Mountain              
2021 276.3 192.6 181.3 11.3 69.7 5.9 65.6
2022 281.5 185.8 176.9 8.9 66.0 4.8 62.8
Swift Current–Moose Jaw              
2021 82.8 54.5 50.2 4.3 65.8 7.9 60.6
2022 83.1 53.9 51.8 2.2 64.9 4.1 62.3
Saskatoon–Biggar              
2021 313.6 212.5 199.0 13.5 67.8 6.4 63.5
2022 320.9 226.0 217.2 8.7 70.4 3.8 67.7
Yorkton–Melville              
2021 61.6 38.0 36.6 1.4 61.7 3.7 59.4
2022 61.6 38.9 37.3 1.6 63.1 4.1 60.6
Prince Albert and Northern              
2021 155.6 106.6 101.3 5.3 68.5 5.0 65.1
2022 157.5 101.9 97.5 4.4 64.7 4.3 61.9
Alberta              
2021 3,550.6 2,467.4 2,276.3 191.1 69.5 7.7 64.1
2022 3,638.0 2,516.4 2,384.8 131.7 69.2 5.2 65.6
Lethbridge–Medicine Hat              
2021 239.6 153.7 145.5 8.2 64.1 5.3 60.7
2022 243.6 149.1 144.2 4.9 61.2 3.3 59.2
Camrose–Drumheller              
2021 161.7 102.4 92.0 10.4 63.3 10.2 56.9
2022 163.3 108.7 102.6 6.1 66.6 5.6 62.8
Calgary              
2021 1,358.4 966.3 887.3 79.0 71.1 8.2 65.3
2022 1,395.5 1,007.8 951.2 56.5 72.2 5.6 68.2
Banff–Jasper–Rocky Mountain House and Athabasca–Grande Prairie–Peace River               
2021 274.5 189.4 175.9 13.5 69.0 7.1 64.1
2022 279.1 192.2 181.2 11.0 68.9 5.7 64.9
Red Deer              
2021 176.5 113.9 105.0 8.9 64.5 7.8 59.5
2022 180.4 115.5 109.1 6.4 64.0 5.5 60.5
Edmonton              
2021 1,235.4 865.9 799.5 66.4 70.1 7.7 64.7
2022 1,270.2 867.7 825.2 42.5 68.3 4.9 65.0
Wood Buffalo–Cold Lake              
2021 104.4 75.8 71.0 4.7 72.6 6.2 68.0
2022 105.9 75.4 71.1 4.3 71.2 5.7 67.1
British Columbia              
2021 4,366.8 2,871.5 2,697.7 173.8 65.8 6.1 61.8
2022 4,438.7 2,891.2 2,763.6 127.6 65.1 4.4 62.3
Vancouver Island and Coast              
2021 751.0 447.2 424.9 22.3 59.5 5.0 56.6
2022 765.6 458.6 440.7 17.9 59.9 3.9 57.6
Lower Mainland–Southwest              
2021 2,701.3 1,843.1 1,723.3 119.8 68.2 6.5 63.8
2022 2,744.8 1,850.3 1,767.5 82.8 67.4 4.5 64.4
Thompson–Okanagan              
2021 509.3 322.2 307.6 14.6 63.3 4.5 60.4
2022 518.5 323.9 308.1 15.8 62.5 4.9 59.4
Kootenay              
2021 139.3 82.9 77.9 5.0 59.5 6.0 55.9
2022 141.1 81.2 77.2 4.0 57.5 4.9 54.7
Cariboo              
2021 141.4 92.4 86.2 6.2 65.3 6.7 61.0
2022 143.3 92.6 88.6 4.0 64.6 4.3 61.8
North Coast and Nechako              
2021 69.3 45.4 41.8 3.6 65.5 7.9 60.3
2022 69.7 45.8 43.6 2.2 65.7 4.8 62.6
Northeast              
2021 55.2 38.2 36.0 2.2 69.2 5.8 65.2
2022 55.6 38.9 38.0 x 70.0 x 68.3
x
suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act
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