Table 5 
Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia) 

Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia)
  September
2022
October
2022
Standard error1 September to October 2022 October 2021 to October 2022 September to October 2022 October 2021 to October 2022
  thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates) change in thousands (except rates)change in thousands (except rates) % change% change
Quebec              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 7,173.6 7,181.5 ... 7.9 69.2 0.1 1.0
Labour force 4,579.9 4,596.8 16.5 16.9 34.2 0.4 0.7
Employment 4,380.5 4,408.3 16.8 27.8 99.5 0.6 2.3
Full-time employment 3,558.7 3,623.3 22.6 64.6 74.9 1.8 2.1
Unemployment 199.5 188.5 13.9 -11.0 -65.2 -5.5 -25.7
Participation rate 63.8 64.0 0.2 0.2 -0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.4 4.1 0.3 -0.3 -1.5 ... ...
Employment rate 61.1 61.4 0.2 0.3 0.8 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 910.4 911.6 ... 1.2 6.9 0.1 0.8
Labour force 625.7 619.7 9.4 -6.0 4.2 -1.0 0.7
Employment 577.1 577.0 9.3 -0.1 13.5 -0.0 2.4
Unemployment 48.6 42.7 7.4 -5.9 -9.3 -12.1 -17.9
Participation rate 68.7 68.0 1.0 -0.7 0.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.8 6.9 1.2 -0.9 -1.5 ... ...
Employment rate 63.4 63.3 1.0 -0.1 1.0 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 3,109.9 3,113.5 ... 3.6 33.0 0.1 1.1
Labour force 2,089.3 2,109.2 8.9 19.9 10.7 1.0 0.5
Employment 2,000.4 2,026.2 9.7 25.8 41.1 1.3 2.1
Unemployment 88.8 83.0 8.3 -5.8 -30.4 -6.5 -26.8
Participation rate 67.2 67.7 0.3 0.5 -0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.3 3.9 0.4 -0.4 -1.5 ... ...
Employment rate 64.3 65.1 0.3 0.8 0.7 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 3,153.3 3,156.5 ... 3.2 29.4 0.1 0.9
Labour force 1,865.0 1,867.9 9.5 2.9 19.3 0.2 1.0
Employment 1,802.9 1,805.1 9.6 2.2 44.9 0.1 2.6
Unemployment 62.1 62.7 7.9 0.6 -25.7 1.0 -29.1
Participation rate 59.1 59.2 0.3 0.1 0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.3 3.4 0.4 0.1 -1.4 ... ...
Employment rate 57.2 57.2 0.3 0.0 0.9 ... ...
Ontario              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 12,549.6 12,569.7 ... 20.1 186.0 0.2 1.5
Labour force 8,102.6 8,157.6 22.9 55.0 42.4 0.7 0.5
Employment 7,636.3 7,679.0 23.3 42.7 149.7 0.6 2.0
Full-time employment 6,309.6 6,314.9 30.6 5.3 159.7 0.1 2.6
Unemployment 466.3 478.6 19.9 12.3 -107.3 2.6 -18.3
Participation rate 64.6 64.9 0.2 0.3 -0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.8 5.9 0.2 0.1 -1.3 ... ...
Employment rate 60.8 61.1 0.2 0.3 0.3 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 1,858.1 1,861.4 ... 3.3 10.7 0.2 0.6
Labour force 1,134.0 1,165.9 13.7 31.9 16.1 2.8 1.4
Employment 1,003.7 1,015.4 13.2 11.7 -15.2 1.2 -1.5
Unemployment 130.3 150.5 11.4 20.2 31.3 15.5 26.3
Participation rate 61.0 62.6 0.7 1.6 0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 11.5 12.9 0.9 1.4 2.5 ... ...
Employment rate 54.0 54.6 0.7 0.6 -1.1 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 5,206.3 5,215.2 ... 8.9 90.6 0.2 1.8
Labour force 3,687.6 3,693.5 11.5 5.9 -1.6 0.2 -0.0
Employment 3,517.5 3,529.4 12.3 11.9 75.7 0.3 2.2
Unemployment 170.1 164.1 11.0 -6.0 -77.3 -3.5 -32.0
Participation rate 70.8 70.8 0.2 0.0 -1.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.6 4.4 0.3 -0.2 -2.1 ... ...
Employment rate 67.6 67.7 0.2 0.1 0.3 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 5,485.1 5,493.1 ... 8.0 84.7 0.1 1.6
Labour force 3,281.0 3,298.2 13.0 17.2 27.9 0.5 0.9
Employment 3,115.1 3,134.2 13.4 19.1 89.3 0.6 2.9
Unemployment 165.9 164.0 11.5 -1.9 -61.4 -1.1 -27.2
Participation rate 59.8 60.0 0.2 0.2 -0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.1 5.0 0.3 -0.1 -1.9 ... ...
Employment rate 56.8 57.1 0.2 0.3 0.8 ... ...
Manitoba              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 1,067.1 1,069.2 ... 2.1 16.4 0.2 1.6
Labour force 701.9 707.1 3.1 5.2 10.6 0.7 1.5
Employment 670.1 674.7 3.2 4.6 16.5 0.7 2.5
Full-time employment 541.3 551.2 4.4 9.9 18.3 1.8 3.4
Unemployment 31.8 32.4 2.5 0.6 -5.9 1.9 -15.4
Participation rate 65.8 66.1 0.3 0.3 -0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.5 4.6 0.3 0.1 -0.9 ... ...
Employment rate 62.8 63.1 0.3 0.3 0.6 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 167.7 167.8 ... 0.1 0.6 0.1 0.4
Labour force 112.9 113.9 1.8 1.0 2.8 0.9 2.5
Employment 104.3 102.4 1.8 -1.9 1.2 -1.8 1.2
Unemployment 8.7 11.6 1.5 2.9 1.7 33.3 17.2
Participation rate 67.3 67.9 1.1 0.6 1.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.7 10.2 1.2 2.5 1.3 ... ...
Employment rate 62.2 61.0 1.1 -1.2 0.5 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 442.4 443.4 ... 1.0 8.9 0.2 2.0
Labour force 310.6 311.2 1.7 0.6 -0.3 0.2 -0.1
Employment 299.9 301.5 1.8 1.6 5.9 0.5 2.0
Unemployment 10.7 9.7 1.4 -1.0 -6.1 -9.3 -38.6
Participation rate 70.2 70.2 0.4 0.0 -1.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.4 3.1 0.5 -0.3 -2.0 ... ...
Employment rate 67.8 68.0 0.4 0.2 0.0 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 457.0 457.9 ... 0.9 6.8 0.2 1.5
Labour force 278.4 282.0 1.7 3.6 8.0 1.3 2.9
Employment 266.0 270.8 1.8 4.8 9.4 1.8 3.6
Unemployment 12.5 11.2 1.3 -1.3 -1.4 -10.4 -11.1
Participation rate 60.9 61.6 0.4 0.7 0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.5 4.0 0.5 -0.5 -0.6 ... ...
Employment rate 58.2 59.1 0.4 0.9 1.2 ... ...
Saskatchewan              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 904.4 906.4 ... 2.0 16.4 0.2 1.8
Labour force 596.2 606.1 3.2 9.9 10.3 1.7 1.7
Employment 572.0 578.1 3.2 6.1 19.8 1.1 3.5
Full-time employment 464.9 475.2 4.6 10.3 22.5 2.2 5.0
Unemployment 24.2 28.0 2.5 3.8 -9.5 15.7 -25.3
Participation rate 65.9 66.9 0.4 1.0 0.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.1 4.6 0.4 0.5 -1.7 ... ...
Employment rate 63.2 63.8 0.4 0.6 1.1 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 136.4 136.7 ... 0.3 2.4 0.2 1.8
Labour force 82.9 84.3 1.8 1.4 -3.9 1.7 -4.4
Employment 76.6 76.1 1.7 -0.5 -3.6 -0.7 -4.5
Unemployment 6.3 8.1 1.4 1.8 -0.4 28.6 -4.7
Participation rate 60.8 61.7 1.3 0.9 -4.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.6 9.6 1.5 2.0 0.0 ... ...
Employment rate 56.2 55.7 1.2 -0.5 -3.6 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 384.1 385.0 ... 0.9 7.8 0.2 2.1
Labour force 273.8 276.6 1.7 2.8 1.4 1.0 0.5
Employment 263.1 265.7 1.8 2.6 8.6 1.0 3.3
Unemployment 10.7 10.9 1.6 0.2 -7.2 1.9 -39.8
Participation rate 71.3 71.8 0.4 0.5 -1.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.9 3.9 0.6 0.0 -2.7 ... ...
Employment rate 68.5 69.0 0.5 0.5 0.8 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 383.9 384.7 ... 0.8 6.2 0.2 1.6
Labour force 239.5 245.2 1.8 5.7 12.8 2.4 5.5
Employment 232.3 236.2 1.8 3.9 14.6 1.7 6.6
Unemployment 7.2 8.9 1.3 1.7 -1.9 23.6 -17.6
Participation rate 62.4 63.7 0.5 1.3 2.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.0 3.6 0.5 0.6 -1.0 ... ...
Employment rate 60.5 61.4 0.5 0.9 2.9 ... ...
Alberta              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 3,637.8 3,648.8 ... 11.0 92.7 0.3 2.6
Labour force 2,509.4 2,509.1 11.4 -0.3 55.6 -0.0 2.3
Employment 2,372.3 2,379.2 11.4 6.9 117.1 0.3 5.2
Full-time employment 1,916.7 1,930.7 16.3 14.0 80.3 0.7 4.3
Unemployment 137.0 129.9 10.2 -7.1 -61.5 -5.2 -32.1
Participation rate 69.0 68.8 0.3 -0.2 -0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.5 5.2 0.4 -0.3 -2.6 ... ...
Employment rate 65.2 65.2 0.3 0.0 1.6 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 538.3 540.5 ... 2.2 15.6 0.4 3.0
Labour force 335.6 332.4 6.3 -3.2 3.7 -1.0 1.1
Employment 302.4 299.1 5.9 -3.3 12.5 -1.1 4.4
Unemployment 33.2 33.3 5.6 0.1 -8.9 0.3 -21.1
Participation rate 62.3 61.5 1.2 -0.8 -1.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.9 10.0 1.5 0.1 -2.8 ... ...
Employment rate 56.2 55.3 1.1 -0.9 0.7 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,540.7 1,545.1 ... 4.4 38.0 0.3 2.5
Labour force 1,162.1 1,164.8 5.8 2.7 19.8 0.2 1.7
Employment 1,106.4 1,116.3 6.4 9.9 48.0 0.9 4.5
Unemployment 55.6 48.5 5.9 -7.1 -28.2 -12.8 -36.8
Participation rate 75.4 75.4 0.4 0.0 -0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.8 4.2 0.5 -0.6 -2.5 ... ...
Employment rate 71.8 72.2 0.4 0.4 1.3 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 1,558.8 1,563.2 ... 4.4 39.1 0.3 2.6
Labour force 1,011.7 1,011.9 7.0 0.2 32.1 0.0 3.3
Employment 963.6 963.9 6.8 0.3 56.7 0.0 6.3
Unemployment 48.1 48.1 5.7 0.0 -24.4 0.0 -33.7
Participation rate 64.9 64.7 0.5 -0.2 0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.8 4.8 0.6 0.0 -2.6 ... ...
Employment rate 61.8 61.7 0.4 -0.1 2.2 ... ...
British Columbia              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 4,438.3 4,442.8 ... 4.5 67.1 0.1 1.5
Labour force 2,874.8 2,884.6 12.2 9.8 26.3 0.3 0.9
Employment 2,752.3 2,762.1 12.1 9.8 68.7 0.4 2.6
Full-time employment 2,173.1 2,177.2 18.1 4.1 66.5 0.2 3.2
Unemployment 122.5 122.5 10.1 0.0 -42.4 0.0 -25.7
Participation rate 64.8 64.9 0.3 0.1 -0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.3 4.2 0.3 -0.1 -1.6 ... ...
Employment rate 62.0 62.2 0.3 0.2 0.6 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 601.7 602.0 ... 0.3 1.7 0.0 0.3
Labour force 382.3 393.0 7.1 10.7 -8.6 2.8 -2.1
Employment 349.4 357.3 6.8 7.9 1.1 2.3 0.3
Unemployment 32.9 35.6 5.8 2.7 -9.8 8.2 -21.6
Participation rate 63.5 65.3 1.2 1.8 -1.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.6 9.1 1.4 0.5 -2.2 ... ...
Employment rate 58.1 59.4 1.1 1.3 0.1 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,868.0 1,870.1 ... 2.1 32.2 0.1 1.8
Labour force 1,292.5 1,291.5 6.3 -1.0 -7.8 -0.1 -0.6
Employment 1,246.9 1,245.9 6.6 -1.0 11.4 -0.1 0.9
Unemployment 45.6 45.6 5.8 0.0 -19.3 0.0 -29.7
Participation rate 69.2 69.1 0.3 -0.1 -1.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.5 3.5 0.4 0.0 -1.5 ... ...
Employment rate 66.8 66.6 0.4 -0.2 -0.6 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 1,968.5 1,970.6 ... 2.1 33.2 0.1 1.7
Labour force 1,200.0 1,200.1 6.9 0.1 42.8 0.0 3.7
Employment 1,156.0 1,158.9 6.9 2.9 56.2 0.3 5.1
Unemployment 44.0 41.2 5.5 -2.8 -13.5 -6.4 -24.7
Participation rate 61.0 60.9 0.4 -0.1 1.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.7 3.4 0.5 -0.3 -1.3 ... ...
Employment rate 58.7 58.8 0.4 0.1 1.9 ... ...
...
not applicable
Note(s):
The sum of individual categories may not always add up to the total as a result of rounding.
Source(s):
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