Table 5 
Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia) 

Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia)
  July
2022
August
2022
Standard error1 July to August 2022 August 2021 to August 2022 July to August 2022 August 2021 to August 2022
  thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates) change in thousands (except rates)change in thousands (except rates) % change% change
Quebec              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 7,157.9 7,165.4 ... 7.5 62.0 0.1 0.9
Labour force 4,538.3 4,588.0 16.5 49.7 36.4 1.1 0.8
Employment 4,353.1 4,380.3 16.8 27.2 94.0 0.6 2.2
Full-time employment 3,570.1 3,541.5 22.6 -28.6 15.8 -0.8 0.4
Unemployment 185.1 207.7 13.9 22.6 -57.6 12.2 -21.7
Participation rate 63.4 64.0 0.2 0.6 -0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.1 4.5 0.3 0.4 -1.3 ... ...
Employment rate 60.8 61.1 0.2 0.3 0.8 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 907.8 908.9 ... 1.1 4.1 0.1 0.5
Labour force 610.6 621.7 9.4 11.1 -12.0 1.8 -1.9
Employment 564.1 579.6 9.3 15.5 -8.4 2.7 -1.4
Unemployment 46.5 42.1 7.4 -4.4 -3.6 -9.5 -7.9
Participation rate 67.3 68.4 1.0 1.1 -1.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.6 6.8 1.2 -0.8 -0.4 ... ...
Employment rate 62.1 63.8 1.0 1.7 -1.2 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 3,103.0 3,106.4 ... 3.4 30.5 0.1 1.0
Labour force 2,099.3 2,108.9 8.9 9.6 18.5 0.5 0.9
Employment 2,010.3 2,008.8 9.7 -1.5 35.7 -0.1 1.8
Unemployment 89.0 100.1 8.3 11.1 -17.3 12.5 -14.7
Participation rate 67.7 67.9 0.3 0.2 -0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.2 4.7 0.4 0.5 -0.9 ... ...
Employment rate 64.8 64.7 0.3 -0.1 0.6 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 3,147.1 3,150.1 ... 3.0 27.3 0.1 0.9
Labour force 1,828.4 1,857.3 9.5 28.9 29.9 1.6 1.6
Employment 1,778.7 1,791.8 9.6 13.1 66.5 0.7 3.9
Unemployment 49.7 65.5 7.9 15.8 -36.7 31.8 -35.9
Participation rate 58.1 59.0 0.3 0.9 0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 2.7 3.5 0.4 0.8 -2.1 ... ...
Employment rate 56.5 56.9 0.3 0.4 1.7 ... ...
Ontario              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 12,519.3 12,535.1 ... 15.8 180.4 0.1 1.5
Labour force 8,114.0 8,132.5 22.9 18.5 94.1 0.2 1.2
Employment 7,687.0 7,667.8 23.3 -19.2 251.6 -0.2 3.4
Full-time employment 6,307.4 6,306.1 30.6 -1.3 287.6 -0.0 4.8
Unemployment 426.9 464.7 19.9 37.8 -157.5 8.9 -25.3
Participation rate 64.8 64.9 0.2 0.1 -0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.3 5.7 0.2 0.4 -2.0 ... ...
Employment rate 61.4 61.2 0.2 -0.2 1.2 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 1,854.6 1,855.9 ... 1.3 3.5 0.1 0.2
Labour force 1,149.3 1,149.1 13.7 -0.2 -11.3 -0.0 -1.0
Employment 1,026.3 1,018.3 13.2 -8.0 26.2 -0.8 2.6
Unemployment 123.0 130.8 11.4 7.8 -37.4 6.3 -22.2
Participation rate 62.0 61.9 0.7 -0.1 -0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 10.7 11.4 0.9 0.7 -3.1 ... ...
Employment rate 55.3 54.9 0.7 -0.4 1.3 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 5,192.1 5,199.7 ... 7.6 90.5 0.1 1.8
Labour force 3,682.1 3,702.4 11.5 20.3 61.9 0.6 1.7
Employment 3,539.8 3,534.8 12.3 -5.0 144.4 -0.1 4.3
Unemployment 142.3 167.6 11.0 25.3 -82.5 17.8 -33.0
Participation rate 70.9 71.2 0.2 0.3 -0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.9 4.5 0.3 0.6 -2.4 ... ...
Employment rate 68.2 68.0 0.2 -0.2 1.6 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 5,472.6 5,479.5 ... 6.9 86.4 0.1 1.6
Labour force 3,282.6 3,281.0 13.0 -1.6 43.4 -0.0 1.3
Employment 3,121.0 3,114.8 13.4 -6.2 81.1 -0.2 2.7
Unemployment 161.6 166.2 11.5 4.6 -37.6 2.8 -18.4
Participation rate 60.0 59.9 0.2 -0.1 -0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.9 5.1 0.3 0.2 -1.2 ... ...
Employment rate 57.0 56.8 0.2 -0.2 0.5 ... ...
Manitoba              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 1,064.3 1,066.0 ... 1.7 13.7 0.2 1.3
Labour force 697.6 699.9 3.1 2.3 7.6 0.3 1.1
Employment 673.2 663.2 3.2 -10.0 10.9 -1.5 1.7
Full-time employment 540.9 541.5 4.4 0.6 6.3 0.1 1.2
Unemployment 24.4 36.8 2.5 12.4 -3.2 50.8 -8.0
Participation rate 65.5 65.7 0.3 0.2 -0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.5 5.3 0.3 1.8 -0.5 ... ...
Employment rate 63.3 62.2 0.3 -1.1 0.2 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 167.6 167.7 ... 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.2
Labour force 113.0 117.2 1.8 4.2 4.7 3.7 4.2
Employment 108.5 106.3 1.8 -2.2 1.9 -2.0 1.8
Unemployment 4.5 10.9 1.5 6.4 2.9 142.2 36.3
Participation rate 67.4 69.9 1.1 2.5 2.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.0 9.3 1.2 5.3 2.2 ... ...
Employment rate 64.7 63.4 1.1 -1.3 1.0 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 440.8 441.7 ... 0.9 7.5 0.2 1.7
Labour force 309.5 309.3 1.7 -0.2 -3.4 -0.1 -1.1
Employment 299.8 297.1 1.8 -2.7 1.3 -0.9 0.4
Unemployment 9.7 12.2 1.4 2.5 -4.7 25.8 -27.8
Participation rate 70.2 70.0 0.4 -0.2 -2.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.1 3.9 0.5 0.8 -1.5 ... ...
Employment rate 68.0 67.3 0.4 -0.7 -0.8 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 455.9 456.6 ... 0.7 5.9 0.2 1.3
Labour force 275.1 273.4 1.7 -1.7 6.3 -0.6 2.4
Employment 264.8 259.7 1.8 -5.1 7.6 -1.9 3.0
Unemployment 10.2 13.7 1.3 3.5 -1.4 34.3 -9.3
Participation rate 60.3 59.9 0.4 -0.4 0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.7 5.0 0.5 1.3 -0.7 ... ...
Employment rate 58.1 56.9 0.4 -1.2 1.0 ... ...
Saskatchewan              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 900.3 902.6 ... 2.3 12.7 0.3 1.4
Labour force 600.2 603.4 3.2 3.2 -0.4 0.5 -0.1
Employment 576.2 574.2 3.2 -2.0 12.7 -0.3 2.3
Full-time employment 475.3 470.5 4.6 -4.8 14.7 -1.0 3.2
Unemployment 24.0 29.3 2.5 5.3 -12.9 22.1 -30.6
Participation rate 66.7 66.9 0.4 0.2 -1.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.0 4.9 0.4 0.9 -2.1 ... ...
Employment rate 64.0 63.6 0.4 -0.4 0.5 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 135.7 136.1 ... 0.4 1.8 0.3 1.3
Labour force 88.5 86.4 1.8 -2.1 -3.0 -2.4 -3.4
Employment 83.2 80.5 1.7 -2.7 0.3 -3.2 0.4
Unemployment 5.3 5.9 1.4 0.6 -3.3 11.3 -35.9
Participation rate 65.2 63.5 1.3 -1.7 -3.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.0 6.8 1.5 0.8 -3.5 ... ...
Employment rate 61.3 59.1 1.2 -2.2 -0.6 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 382.3 383.3 ... 1.0 6.2 0.3 1.6
Labour force 277.5 279.4 1.7 1.9 -0.3 0.7 -0.1
Employment 265.6 266.4 1.8 0.8 9.1 0.3 3.5
Unemployment 11.9 12.9 1.6 1.0 -9.5 8.4 -42.4
Participation rate 72.6 72.9 0.4 0.3 -1.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.3 4.6 0.6 0.3 -3.4 ... ...
Employment rate 69.5 69.5 0.5 0.0 1.3 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 382.4 383.3 ... 0.9 4.9 0.2 1.3
Labour force 234.3 237.7 1.8 3.4 3.1 1.5 1.3
Employment 227.5 227.3 1.8 -0.2 3.3 -0.1 1.5
Unemployment 6.8 10.4 1.3 3.6 -0.2 52.9 -1.9
Participation rate 61.3 62.0 0.5 0.7 0.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 2.9 4.4 0.5 1.5 -0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 59.5 59.3 0.5 -0.2 0.1 ... ...
Alberta              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 3,616.8 3,627.6 ... 10.8 82.1 0.3 2.3
Labour force 2,488.7 2,495.5 11.4 6.8 54.3 0.3 2.2
Employment 2,368.0 2,361.5 11.4 -6.5 113.8 -0.3 5.1
Full-time employment 1,949.4 1,929.8 16.3 -19.6 117.6 -1.0 6.5
Unemployment 120.6 134.0 10.2 13.4 -59.5 11.1 -30.7
Participation rate 68.8 68.8 0.3 0.0 -0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.8 5.4 0.4 0.6 -2.5 ... ...
Employment rate 65.5 65.1 0.3 -0.4 1.7 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 534.2 536.4 ... 2.2 13.2 0.4 2.5
Labour force 349.4 342.7 6.3 -6.7 17.5 -1.9 5.4
Employment 313.4 306.5 5.9 -6.9 25.2 -2.2 9.0
Unemployment 36.0 36.2 5.6 0.2 -7.7 0.6 -17.5
Participation rate 65.4 63.9 1.2 -1.5 1.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 10.3 10.6 1.5 0.3 -2.9 ... ...
Employment rate 58.7 57.1 1.1 -1.6 3.3 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,532.3 1,536.6 ... 4.3 33.7 0.3 2.2
Labour force 1,138.7 1,151.1 5.8 12.4 10.0 1.1 0.9
Employment 1,093.6 1,105.8 6.4 12.2 41.7 1.1 3.9
Unemployment 45.1 45.3 5.9 0.2 -31.7 0.4 -41.2
Participation rate 74.3 74.9 0.4 0.6 -1.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.0 3.9 0.5 -0.1 -2.8 ... ...
Employment rate 71.4 72.0 0.4 0.6 1.2 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 1,550.3 1,554.7 ... 4.4 35.3 0.3 2.3
Labour force 1,000.6 1,001.7 7.0 1.1 26.8 0.1 2.7
Employment 961.1 949.2 6.8 -11.9 47.0 -1.2 5.2
Unemployment 39.5 52.5 5.7 13.0 -20.1 32.9 -27.7
Participation rate 64.5 64.4 0.5 -0.1 0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.9 5.2 0.6 1.3 -2.2 ... ...
Employment rate 62.0 61.1 0.4 -0.9 1.7 ... ...
British Columbia              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 4,430.1 4,435.0 ... 4.9 77.4 0.1 1.8
Labour force 2,884.3 2,856.7 12.2 -27.6 21.3 -1.0 0.8
Employment 2,747.5 2,719.4 12.1 -28.1 59.9 -1.0 2.3
Full-time employment 2,194.5 2,162.6 18.1 -31.9 93.3 -1.5 4.5
Unemployment 136.8 137.4 10.1 0.6 -38.5 0.4 -21.9
Participation rate 65.1 64.4 0.3 -0.7 -0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.7 4.8 0.3 0.1 -1.4 ... ...
Employment rate 62.0 61.3 0.3 -0.7 0.3 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 601.5 601.6 ... 0.1 2.5 0.0 0.4
Labour force 395.2 378.7 7.1 -16.5 -19.7 -4.2 -4.9
Employment 362.6 343.0 6.8 -19.6 -12.9 -5.4 -3.6
Unemployment 32.6 35.7 5.8 3.1 -6.8 9.5 -16.0
Participation rate 65.7 62.9 1.2 -2.8 -3.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.2 9.4 1.4 1.2 -1.3 ... ...
Employment rate 60.3 57.0 1.1 -3.3 -2.4 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,864.1 1,866.4 ... 2.3 36.7 0.1 2.0
Labour force 1,301.7 1,284.9 6.3 -16.8 -7.7 -1.3 -0.6
Employment 1,248.5 1,234.8 6.6 -13.7 14.5 -1.1 1.2
Unemployment 53.2 50.0 5.8 -3.2 -22.4 -6.0 -30.9
Participation rate 69.8 68.8 0.3 -1.0 -1.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.1 3.9 0.4 -0.2 -1.7 ... ...
Employment rate 67.0 66.2 0.4 -0.8 -0.5 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 1,964.6 1,967.0 ... 2.4 38.2 0.1 2.0
Labour force 1,187.4 1,193.1 6.9 5.7 48.8 0.5 4.3
Employment 1,136.4 1,141.5 6.9 5.1 58.2 0.4 5.4
Unemployment 51.0 51.6 5.5 0.6 -9.4 1.2 -15.4
Participation rate 60.4 60.7 0.4 0.3 1.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.3 4.3 0.5 0.0 -1.0 ... ...
Employment rate 57.8 58.0 0.4 0.2 1.8 ... ...
...
not applicable
Note(s):
The sum of individual categories may not always add up to the total as a result of rounding.
Source(s):
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