Table 7 
Labour force characteristics by census metropolitan area, three-month moving average, seasonally adjusted 

Labour force characteristics by census metropolitan area, three-month moving average, seasonally adjusted
  May
2022
June
2022
Standard error1 May to June 2022 June 2021 to June 2022 May to June 2022 June 2021 to June 2022
  thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates) change in thousands (except rates)change in thousands (except rates) % change% change
St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador              
Population 183.9 184.2 ... 0.3 2.5 0.2 1.4
Labour force 124.2 125.7 1.0 1.5 13.0 1.2 11.5
Employment 115.8 117.8 1.1 2.0 14.3 1.7 13.8
Unemployment 8.4 7.9 0.6 -0.5 -1.3 -6.0 -14.1
Participation rate 67.5 68.2 0.6 0.7 6.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.8 6.3 0.5 -0.5 -1.9 ... ...
Employment rate 63.0 64.0 0.6 1.0 7.0 ... ...
Halifax, Nova Scotia              
Population 390.1 391.3 ... 1.2 12.6 0.3 3.3
Labour force 261.5 265.0 1.5 3.5 8.7 1.3 3.4
Employment 249.3 252.7 1.4 3.4 18.5 1.4 7.9
Unemployment 12.2 12.3 0.9 0.1 -9.8 0.8 -44.3
Participation rate 67.0 67.7 0.4 0.7 0.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.7 4.6 0.3 -0.1 -4.0 ... ...
Employment rate 63.9 64.6 0.4 0.7 2.8 ... ...
Moncton, New Brunswick              
Population 137.2 137.6 ... 0.4 4.0 0.3 3.0
Labour force 90.3 90.1 0.9 -0.2 -3.8 -0.2 -4.0
Employment 86.2 86.2 1.0 0.0 -0.6 0.0 -0.7
Unemployment 4.2 3.8 0.6 -0.4 -3.3 -9.5 -46.5
Participation rate 65.8 65.5 0.7 -0.3 -4.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.7 4.2 0.6 -0.5 -3.4 ... ...
Employment rate 62.8 62.6 0.8 -0.2 -2.4 ... ...
Saint John, New Brunswick               
Population 112.1 112.3 ... 0.2 2.0 0.2 1.8
Labour force 69.3 69.1 0.9 -0.2 0.1 -0.3 0.1
Employment 64.3 64.0 0.9 -0.3 0.9 -0.5 1.4
Unemployment 5.0 5.1 0.5 0.1 -0.8 2.0 -13.6
Participation rate 61.8 61.5 0.8 -0.3 -1.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.2 7.4 0.7 0.2 -1.2 ... ...
Employment rate 57.4 57.0 0.8 -0.4 -0.2 ... ...
Saguenay, Quebec              
Population 135.4 135.4 ... 0.0 -0.1 0.0 -0.1
Labour force 82.8 82.5 1.1 -0.3 5.1 -0.4 6.6
Employment 79.6 79.7 1.1 0.1 7.1 0.1 9.8
Unemployment 3.2 2.8 0.4 -0.4 -1.9 -12.5 -40.4
Participation rate 61.2 60.9 0.8 -0.3 3.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.9 3.4 0.5 -0.5 -2.7 ... ...
Employment rate 58.8 58.9 0.8 0.1 5.3 ... ...
Québec, Quebec              
Population 691.4 691.8 ... 0.4 4.3 0.1 0.6
Labour force 452.2 455.6 3.9 3.4 6.9 0.8 1.5
Employment 439.5 442.1 4.0 2.6 15.9 0.6 3.7
Unemployment 12.7 13.5 1.6 0.8 -9.0 6.3 -40.0
Participation rate 65.4 65.9 0.6 0.5 0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 2.8 3.0 0.3 0.2 -2.0 ... ...
Employment rate 63.6 63.9 0.6 0.3 1.9 ... ...
Sherbrooke, Quebec              
Population 190.2 190.4 ... 0.2 2.4 0.1 1.3
Labour force 111.5 110.8 1.2 -0.7 -6.0 -0.6 -5.1
Employment 107.8 107.0 1.3 -0.8 -3.8 -0.7 -3.4
Unemployment 3.6 3.8 0.5 0.2 -2.1 5.6 -35.6
Participation rate 58.6 58.2 0.7 -0.4 -3.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.2 3.4 0.4 0.2 -1.7 ... ...
Employment rate 56.7 56.2 0.7 -0.5 -2.7 ... ...
Trois-Rivières, Quebec               
Population 137.5 137.6 ... 0.1 0.6 0.1 0.4
Labour force 81.1 79.3 1.0 -1.8 -2.8 -2.2 -3.4
Employment 78.5 76.8 1.0 -1.7 -1.6 -2.2 -2.0
Unemployment 2.6 2.5 0.4 -0.1 -1.2 -3.8 -32.4
Participation rate 59.0 57.6 0.7 -1.4 -2.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.2 3.2 0.5 0.0 -1.3 ... ...
Employment rate 57.1 55.8 0.7 -1.3 -1.4 ... ...
Montréal, Quebec              
Population 3,664.3 3,668.2 ... 3.9 30.0 0.1 0.8
Labour force 2,432.3 2,433.2 9.9 0.9 -17.8 0.0 -0.7
Employment 2,315.8 2,316.8 10.3 1.0 50.7 0.0 2.2
Unemployment 116.5 116.4 6.2 -0.1 -68.5 -0.1 -37.0
Participation rate 66.4 66.3 0.3 -0.1 -1.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.8 4.8 0.3 0.0 -2.7 ... ...
Employment rate 63.2 63.2 0.3 0.0 0.9 ... ...
Ottawa–Gatineau, Ontario/Quebec               
Population 1,232.1 1,234.1 ... 2.0 25.1 0.2 2.1
Labour force 841.8 835.6 5.4 -6.2 -0.5 -0.7 -0.1
Employment 805.2 805.2 5.7 0.0 31.1 0.0 4.0
Unemployment 36.6 30.4 2.7 -6.2 -31.6 -16.9 -51.0
Participation rate 68.3 67.7 0.4 -0.6 -1.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.3 3.6 0.3 -0.7 -3.8 ... ...
Employment rate 65.4 65.2 0.5 -0.2 1.2 ... ...
Ottawa–Gatineau, Quebec part, Ontario/Quebec              
Population 289.3 289.7 ... 0.4 3.6 0.1 1.3
Labour force 198.2 197.3 1.6 -0.9 13.2 -0.5 7.2
Employment 193.0 191.7 1.6 -1.3 18.8 -0.7 10.9
Unemployment 5.2 5.6 0.7 0.4 -5.6 7.7 -50.0
Participation rate 68.5 68.1 0.6 -0.4 3.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 2.6 2.8 0.4 0.2 -3.3 ... ...
Employment rate 66.7 66.2 0.6 -0.5 5.8 ... ...
Ottawa–Gatineau, Ontario part, Ontario/Quebec              
Population 942.8 944.4 ... 1.6 21.5 0.2 2.3
Labour force 643.5 638.3 5.1 -5.2 -13.7 -0.8 -2.1
Employment 612.2 613.5 5.4 1.3 12.3 0.2 2.0
Unemployment 31.4 24.8 2.6 -6.6 -26.0 -21.0 -51.2
Participation rate 68.3 67.6 0.6 -0.7 -3.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.9 3.9 0.4 -1.0 -3.9 ... ...
Employment rate 64.9 65.0 0.6 0.1 -0.1 ... ...
Kingston, Ontario              
Population 147.5 147.8 ... 0.3 3.6 0.2 2.5
Labour force 88.7 90.7 0.9 2.0 5.0 2.3 5.8
Employment 83.2 85.3 0.9 2.1 6.7 2.5 8.5
Unemployment 5.6 5.4 0.4 -0.2 -1.8 -3.6 -25.0
Participation rate 60.1 61.4 0.6 1.3 2.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.3 6.0 0.5 -0.3 -2.4 ... ...
Employment rate 56.4 57.7 0.7 1.3 3.2 ... ...
Belleville, Ontario              
Population 92.8 96.4 ... 3.6 7.6 3.9 8.6
Labour force 58.7 60.4 3.5 1.7 12.2 2.9 25.3
Employment 57.0 59.2 3.4 2.2 16.0 3.9 37.0
Unemployment 1.7 1.2 1.1 -0.5 -3.8 -29.4 -76.0
Participation rate 63.3 62.7 2.9 -0.6 8.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 2.9 2.0 2.2 -0.9 -8.4 ... ...
Employment rate 61.4 61.4 3.0 0.0 12.8 ... ...
Peterborough, Ontario              
Population 114.3 114.4 ... 0.1 1.3 0.1 1.1
Labour force 70.9 71.4 1.7 0.5 1.1 0.7 1.6
Employment 66.7 67.0 1.8 0.3 1.1 0.4 1.7
Unemployment 4.2 4.4 0.8 0.2 0.0 4.8 0.0
Participation rate 62.0 62.4 1.5 0.4 0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.9 6.2 1.2 0.3 -0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 58.4 58.6 1.5 0.2 0.3 ... ...
Oshawa, Ontario              
Population 350.5 350.9 ... 0.4 6.1 0.1 1.8
Labour force 240.8 240.9 2.2 0.1 19.9 0.0 9.0
Employment 228.7 229.1 2.3 0.4 27.2 0.2 13.5
Unemployment 12.1 11.9 1.2 -0.2 -7.1 -1.7 -37.4
Participation rate 68.7 68.7 0.6 0.0 4.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.0 4.9 0.5 -0.1 -3.7 ... ...
Employment rate 65.2 65.3 0.7 0.1 6.7 ... ...
Toronto, Ontario              
Population 5,642.0 5,649.0 ... 7.0 90.0 0.1 1.6
Labour force 3,818.2 3,819.9 13.7 1.7 160.9 0.0 4.4
Employment 3,581.6 3,585.3 13.7 3.7 280.7 0.1 8.5
Unemployment 236.6 234.7 9.1 -1.9 -119.7 -0.8 -33.8
Participation rate 67.7 67.6 0.2 -0.1 1.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.2 6.1 0.2 -0.1 -3.6 ... ...
Employment rate 63.5 63.5 0.2 0.0 4.1 ... ...
Hamilton, Ontario              
Population 672.4 672.8 ... 0.4 6.6 0.1 1.0
Labour force 436.5 437.7 4.1 1.2 -1.9 0.3 -0.4
Employment 414.3 417.5 4.2 3.2 12.4 0.8 3.1
Unemployment 22.2 20.2 2.1 -2.0 -14.3 -9.0 -41.4
Participation rate 64.9 65.1 0.6 0.2 -0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.1 4.6 0.5 -0.5 -3.2 ... ...
Employment rate 61.6 62.1 0.6 0.5 1.3 ... ...
St. Catharines–Niagara, Ontario               
Population 375.8 376.0 ... 0.2 3.2 0.1 0.9
Labour force 243.6 238.9 2.7 -4.7 22.8 -1.9 10.6
Employment 231.4 228.2 2.8 -3.2 36.6 -1.4 19.1
Unemployment 12.2 10.7 1.4 -1.5 -13.8 -12.3 -56.3
Participation rate 64.8 63.5 0.7 -1.3 5.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.0 4.5 0.6 -0.5 -6.8 ... ...
Employment rate 61.6 60.7 0.7 -0.9 9.3 ... ...
Kitchener–Cambridge–Waterloo, Ontario              
Population 507.6 508.3 ... 0.7 9.0 0.1 1.8
Labour force 347.5 349.7 2.9 2.2 6.3 0.6 1.8
Employment 328.7 331.7 2.8 3.0 10.3 0.9 3.2
Unemployment 18.7 18.0 1.6 -0.7 -4.1 -3.7 -18.6
Participation rate 68.5 68.8 0.6 0.3 0.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.4 5.1 0.4 -0.3 -1.3 ... ...
Employment rate 64.8 65.3 0.6 0.5 0.9 ... ...
Brantford, Ontario              
Population 120.4 120.5 ... 0.1 1.5 0.1 1.3
Labour force 78.4 78.8 1.0 0.4 -0.1 0.5 -0.1
Employment 74.8 75.6 1.1 0.8 1.7 1.1 2.3
Unemployment 3.6 3.1 0.4 -0.5 -1.8 -13.9 -36.7
Participation rate 65.1 65.4 0.9 0.3 -0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.6 3.9 0.5 -0.7 -2.3 ... ...
Employment rate 62.1 62.7 0.9 0.6 0.6 ... ...
Guelph, Ontario              
Population 142.7 142.8 ... 0.1 2.5 0.1 1.8
Labour force 105.3 102.9 1.5 -2.4 3.3 -2.3 3.3
Employment 99.7 98.3 1.5 -1.4 7.8 -1.4 8.6
Unemployment 5.7 4.6 0.7 -1.1 -4.5 -19.3 -49.5
Participation rate 73.8 72.1 1.0 -1.7 1.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.4 4.5 0.7 -0.9 -4.6 ... ...
Employment rate 69.9 68.8 1.1 -1.1 4.3 ... ...
London, Ontario              
Population 474.7 475.3 ... 0.6 8.0 0.1 1.7
Labour force 312.5 313.1 3.2 0.6 2.9 0.2 0.9
Employment 296.4 294.8 3.3 -1.6 14.2 -0.5 5.1
Unemployment 16.1 18.2 1.5 2.1 -11.5 13.0 -38.7
Participation rate 65.8 65.9 0.7 0.1 -0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.2 5.8 0.5 0.6 -3.8 ... ...
Employment rate 62.4 62.0 0.7 -0.4 2.0 ... ...
Windsor, Ontario              
Population 308.1 308.4 ... 0.3 3.4 0.1 1.1
Labour force 186.5 183.6 2.8 -2.9 -1.2 -1.6 -0.6
Employment 175.6 173.6 2.8 -2.0 10.4 -1.1 6.4
Unemployment 10.9 10.0 1.3 -0.9 -11.6 -8.3 -53.7
Participation rate 60.5 59.5 0.9 -1.0 -1.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.8 5.4 0.7 -0.4 -6.3 ... ...
Employment rate 57.0 56.3 0.9 -0.7 2.8 ... ...
Barrie, Ontario              
Population 183.5 183.7 ... 0.2 2.6 0.1 1.4
Labour force 131.6 131.0 1.9 -0.6 7.8 -0.5 6.3
Employment 122.9 123.2 2.0 0.3 10.2 0.2 9.0
Unemployment 8.7 7.9 1.1 -0.8 -2.4 -9.2 -23.3
Participation rate 71.7 71.3 1.1 -0.4 3.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.6 6.0 0.9 -0.6 -2.4 ... ...
Employment rate 67.0 67.1 1.1 0.1 4.7 ... ...
Greater Sudbury, Ontario              
Population 146.0 146.0 ... 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.3
Labour force 90.5 90.2 1.1 -0.3 1.3 -0.3 1.5
Employment 86.5 86.3 1.1 -0.2 4.2 -0.2 5.1
Unemployment 4.0 3.9 0.5 -0.1 -2.9 -2.5 -42.6
Participation rate 62.0 61.8 0.8 -0.2 0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.4 4.3 0.6 -0.1 -3.3 ... ...
Employment rate 59.2 59.1 0.8 -0.1 2.7 ... ...
Thunder Bay, Ontario              
Population 106.6 106.6 ... 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1
Labour force 66.5 65.4 0.7 -1.1 0.1 -1.7 0.2
Employment 63.8 62.6 0.7 -1.2 1.8 -1.9 3.0
Unemployment 2.7 2.8 0.3 0.1 -1.6 3.7 -36.4
Participation rate 62.4 61.4 0.6 -1.0 0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.1 4.3 0.5 0.2 -2.4 ... ...
Employment rate 59.8 58.7 0.7 -1.1 1.6 ... ...
Winnipeg, Manitoba              
Population 711.2 712.2 ... 1.0 9.3 0.1 1.3
Labour force 482.8 481.4 1.6 -1.4 1.6 -0.3 0.3
Employment 457.1 457.8 1.6 0.7 15.5 0.2 3.5
Unemployment 25.7 23.6 1.0 -2.1 -13.9 -8.2 -37.1
Participation rate 67.9 67.6 0.2 -0.3 -0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.3 4.9 0.2 -0.4 -2.9 ... ...
Employment rate 64.3 64.3 0.2 0.0 1.4 ... ...
Regina, Saskatchewan              
Population 218.7 219.2 ... 0.5 3.6 0.2 1.7
Labour force 151.8 151.0 1.2 -0.8 0.3 -0.5 0.2
Employment 143.2 143.1 1.2 -0.1 2.6 -0.1 1.9
Unemployment 8.6 7.9 0.6 -0.7 -2.4 -8.1 -23.3
Participation rate 69.4 68.9 0.5 -0.5 -1.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.7 5.2 0.4 -0.5 -1.6 ... ...
Employment rate 65.5 65.3 0.5 -0.2 0.1 ... ...
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan              
Population 278.4 279.1 ... 0.7 6.0 0.3 2.2
Labour force 204.0 202.7 1.3 -1.3 16.8 -0.6 9.0
Employment 194.4 193.9 1.3 -0.5 21.6 -0.3 12.5
Unemployment 9.6 8.9 0.7 -0.7 -4.7 -7.3 -34.6
Participation rate 73.3 72.6 0.5 -0.7 4.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.7 4.4 0.3 -0.3 -2.9 ... ...
Employment rate 69.8 69.5 0.5 -0.3 6.4 ... ...
Lethbridge, Alberta              
Population 107.0 107.2 ... 0.2 2.1 0.2 2.0
Labour force 70.3 70.7 1.1 0.4 3.6 0.6 5.4
Employment 66.8 66.7 1.1 -0.1 3.5 -0.1 5.5
Unemployment 3.5 3.9 0.5 0.4 0.0 11.4 0.0
Participation rate 65.7 66.0 1.0 0.3 2.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.0 5.5 0.7 0.5 -0.3 ... ...
Employment rate 62.4 62.2 1.0 -0.2 2.1 ... ...
Calgary, Alberta              
Population 1,288.8 1,291.9 ... 3.1 28.1 0.2 2.2
Labour force 922.1 926.6 5.5 4.5 37.3 0.5 4.2
Employment 861.6 875.1 5.7 13.5 67.3 1.6 8.3
Unemployment 60.5 51.4 3.5 -9.1 -30.1 -15.0 -36.9
Participation rate 71.5 71.7 0.4 0.2 1.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.6 5.5 0.4 -1.1 -3.7 ... ...
Employment rate 66.9 67.7 0.4 0.8 3.8 ... ...
Edmonton, Alberta              
Population 1,224.3 1,227.3 ... 3.0 27.9 0.2 2.3
Labour force 851.8 854.8 5.0 3.0 12.4 0.4 1.5
Employment 798.7 804.0 5.3 5.3 44.3 0.7 5.8
Unemployment 53.1 50.8 3.1 -2.3 -31.9 -4.3 -38.6
Participation rate 69.6 69.6 0.4 0.0 -0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.2 5.9 0.4 -0.3 -3.9 ... ...
Employment rate 65.2 65.5 0.4 0.3 2.2 ... ...
Kelowna, British Columbia               
Population 187.9 188.3 ... 0.4 5.0 0.2 2.7
Labour force 117.4 117.4 1.8 0.0 5.6 0.0 5.0
Employment 112.1 112.7 1.8 0.6 7.2 0.5 6.8
Unemployment 5.3 4.7 0.8 -0.6 -1.7 -11.3 -26.6
Participation rate 62.5 62.3 1.0 -0.2 1.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.5 4.0 0.7 -0.5 -1.7 ... ...
Employment rate 59.7 59.9 1.0 0.2 2.3 ... ...
Abbotsford–Mission, British Columbia              
Population 173.8 174.0 ... 0.2 3.4 0.1 2.0
Labour force 115.8 116.5 1.2 0.7 -0.7 0.6 -0.6
Employment 110.8 111.3 1.2 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.7
Unemployment 5.1 5.2 0.6 0.1 -1.5 2.0 -22.4
Participation rate 66.6 67.0 0.7 0.4 -1.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.4 4.5 0.5 0.1 -1.2 ... ...
Employment rate 63.8 64.0 0.7 0.2 -0.8 ... ...
Vancouver, British Columbia               
Population 2,385.5 2,388.4 ... 2.9 42.9 0.1 1.8
Labour force 1,624.0 1,619.5 7.1 -4.5 12.9 -0.3 0.8
Employment 1,539.9 1,539.2 7.2 -0.7 52.5 -0.0 3.5
Unemployment 84.1 80.4 4.7 -3.7 -39.5 -4.4 -32.9
Participation rate 68.1 67.8 0.3 -0.3 -0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.2 5.0 0.3 -0.2 -2.5 ... ...
Employment rate 64.6 64.4 0.3 -0.2 1.0 ... ...
Victoria, British Columbia               
Population 353.8 354.3 ... 0.5 8.8 0.1 2.5
Labour force 224.6 223.9 2.3 -0.7 0.3 -0.3 0.1
Employment 215.7 214.8 2.4 -0.9 3.0 -0.4 1.4
Unemployment 8.9 9.1 0.9 0.2 -2.7 2.2 -22.9
Participation rate 63.5 63.2 0.7 -0.3 -1.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.0 4.1 0.4 0.1 -1.2 ... ...
Employment rate 61.0 60.6 0.7 -0.4 -0.7 ... ...
...
not applicable
Note(s):
The sum of individual categories may not always add up to the total as a result of rounding.
Source(s):
Date modified: