Table 9 
Labour force characteristics by province and economic region,1 three-month moving average ending in February 2021 and February 2022, unadjusted for seasonality 

Labour force characteristics by province and economic region, three-month moving average ending in February 2021 and February 2022, unadjusted for seasonality
  Population Labour force Employment Unemployment Participation rate Unemployment rate Employment rate
  thousandsthousandsthousandsthousands %%%
Canada              
2021 31,195.0 19,968.2 18,208.8 1,759.5 64.0 8.8 58.4
2022 31,548.6 20,317.9 19,110.9 1,207.0 64.4 5.9 60.6
Newfoundland and Labrador              
2021 445.3 244.9 208.8 36.1 55.0 14.7 46.9
2022 446.4 248.1 215.6 32.5 55.6 13.1 48.3
Avalon Peninsula              
2021 236.7 139.2 122.1 17.1 58.8 12.3 51.6
2022 238.0 144.4 129.5 15.0 60.7 10.4 54.4
South Coast–Burin Peninsula and Notre Dame–Central Bonavista Bay               
2021 121.2 56.5 45.3 11.2 46.6 19.8 37.4
2022 121.0 58.1 48.2 10.0 48.0 17.2 39.8
West Coast–Northern Peninsula–Labrador              
2021 87.3 49.2 41.5 7.8 56.4 15.9 47.5
2022 87.3 45.5 37.9 7.6 52.1 16.7 43.4
Prince Edward Island              
2021 133.1 82.8 73.8 9.0 62.2 10.9 55.4
2022 136.8 87.5 78.4 9.1 64.0 10.4 57.3
Nova Scotia              
2021 817.2 495.3 451.8 43.5 60.6 8.8 55.3
2022 830.0 501.2 465.2 35.9 60.4 7.2 56.0
Cape Breton              
2021 109.2 51.5 44.2 7.3 47.2 14.2 40.5
2022 109.2 57.0 49.6 7.4 52.2 13.0 45.4
North Shore              
2021 127.2 72.7 66.7 6.0 57.2 8.3 52.4
2022 128.1 70.8 66.3 4.5 55.3 6.4 51.8
Annapolis Valley              
2021 105.9 60.4 55.9 4.5 57.0 7.5 52.8
2022 107.3 65.3 60.6 4.7 60.9 7.2 56.5
Southern              
2021 98.1 52.3 47.6 4.6 53.3 8.8 48.5
2022 98.7 53.4 48.3 5.1 54.1 9.6 48.9
Halifax              
2021 376.8 258.4 237.4 21.0 68.6 8.1 63.0
2022 386.7 254.7 240.4 14.3 65.9 5.6 62.2
New Brunswick              
2021 648.3 388.3 349.1 39.2 59.9 10.1 53.8
2022 656.3 383.4 350.9 32.5 58.4 8.5 53.5
Campbellton–Miramichi              
2021 131.0 69.8 60.4 9.4 53.3 13.5 46.1
2022 131.2 63.1 54.1 9.1 48.1 14.4 41.2
Moncton–Richibucto              
2021 188.7 117.7 105.9 11.8 62.4 10.0 56.1
2022 192.3 119.1 109.1 10.0 61.9 8.4 56.7
Saint John–St. Stephen              
2021 146.3 91.0 80.7 10.4 62.2 11.4 55.2
2022 147.9 88.1 80.8 7.3 59.6 8.3 54.6
Fredericton–Oromocto              
2021 117.8 74.7 69.5 5.2 63.4 7.0 59.0
2022 120.1 76.1 72.6 3.5 63.4 4.6 60.4
Edmundston–Woodstock              
2021 64.5 35.1 32.6 2.5 54.4 7.1 50.5
2022 64.7 37.0 34.4 2.6 57.2 7.0 53.2
Quebec              
2021 7,081.4 4,453.0 4,110.2 342.7 62.9 7.7 58.0
2022 7,123.5 4,501.3 4,273.9 227.4 63.2 5.1 60.0
Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine              
2021 76.3 33.7 29.2 4.5 44.2 13.4 38.3
2022 76.3 39.1 32.9 6.2 51.2 15.9 43.1
Bas-Saint-Laurent              
2021 165.9 94.0 87.9 6.1 56.7 6.5 53.0
2022 165.6 90.0 83.4 6.6 54.3 7.3 50.4
Capitale-Nationale              
2021 624.5 390.5 363.9 26.7 62.5 6.8 58.3
2022 626.9 390.4 371.2 19.2 62.3 4.9 59.2
Chaudière-Appalaches              
2021 355.9 228.5 218.2 10.3 64.2 4.5 61.3
2022 357.9 220.5 214.0 6.5 61.6 2.9 59.8
Estrie              
2021 277.7 172.8 159.0 13.8 62.2 8.0 57.3
2022 280.1 164.9 159.5 5.3 58.9 3.2 56.9
Centre-du-Québec              
2021 207.1 131.1 119.9 11.2 63.3 8.5 57.9
2022 208.6 138.9 133.8 5.1 66.6 3.7 64.1
Montérégie              
2021 1,310.2 834.2 770.7 63.4 63.7 7.6 58.8
2022 1,323.9 841.0 801.3 39.6 63.5 4.7 60.5
Montréal              
2021 1,761.8 1,131.1 1,036.4 94.7 64.2 8.4 58.8
2022 1,765.0 1,195.5 1,122.6 72.9 67.7 6.1 63.6
Laval              
2021 364.8 242.8 220.7 22.1 66.6 9.1 60.5
2022 367.8 239.6 232.9 6.7 65.1 2.8 63.3
Lanaudière              
2021 425.3 265.1 248.4 16.7 62.3 6.3 58.4
2022 429.4 277.0 260.8 16.2 64.5 5.8 60.7
Laurentides              
2021 523.4 338.5 309.4 29.0 64.7 8.6 59.1
2022 530.8 326.6 312.2 14.4 61.5 4.4 58.8
Outaouais              
2021 327.9 202.1 186.1 16.0 61.6 7.9 56.8
2022 331.2 212.7 202.7 10.0 64.2 4.7 61.2
Abitibi-Témiscamingue              
2021 118.5 75.8 69.4 6.4 64.0 8.4 58.6
2022 118.4 72.1 69.1 3.0 60.9 4.2 58.4
Mauricie              
2021 227.3 124.2 114.4 9.7 54.6 7.8 50.3
2022 227.5 116.1 110.1 6.0 51.0 5.2 48.4
Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean              
2021 229.2 135.8 126.4 9.4 59.2 6.9 55.1
2022 228.8 126.1 119.2 6.8 55.1 5.4 52.1
Côte-Nord and Nord-du-Québec              
2021 85.7 52.9 50.2 2.7 61.7 5.1 58.6
2022 85.3 51.0 48.2 2.8 59.8 5.5 56.5
Ontario              
2021 12,282.5 7,832.0 7,107.3 724.7 63.8 9.3 57.9
2022 12,436.9 8,027.6 7,541.3 486.2 64.5 6.1 60.6
Ottawa              
2021 1,193.2 774.2 727.0 47.2 64.9 6.1 60.9
2022 1,212.0 764.0 728.1 35.9 63.0 4.7 60.1
Kingston–Pembroke              
2021 395.2 233.4 213.5 20.0 59.1 8.6 54.0
2022 399.5 236.8 225.8 11.0 59.3 4.6 56.5
Muskoka–Kawarthas              
2021 347.6 202.6 185.5 17.0 58.3 8.4 53.4
2022 351.6 175.9 167.8 8.0 50.0 4.5 47.7
Toronto              
2021 5,797.6 3,807.7 3,410.1 397.5 65.7 10.4 58.8
2022 5,873.3 3,953.0 3,680.3 272.7 67.3 6.9 62.7
Kitchener–Waterloo–Barrie              
2021 1,208.3 797.6 721.1 76.5 66.0 9.6 59.7
2022 1,229.9 807.3 766.1 41.2 65.6 5.1 62.3
Hamilton–Niagara Peninsula              
2021 1,274.6 787.5 718.5 69.0 61.8 8.8 56.4
2022 1,287.8 816.4 772.2 44.2 63.4 5.4 60.0
London              
2021 607.4 386.5 359.0 27.5 63.6 7.1 59.1
2022 616.7 406.7 384.1 22.7 65.9 5.6 62.3
Windsor–Sarnia              
2021 559.0 311.5 281.9 29.6 55.7 9.5 50.4
2022 562.6 333.7 310.4 23.2 59.3 7.0 55.2
Stratford–Bruce Peninsula              
2021 263.8 165.0 153.3 11.7 62.5 7.1 58.1
2022 267.4 161.7 154.3 7.4 60.5 4.6 57.7
Northeast              
2021 462.0 262.3 241.2 21.1 56.8 8.0 52.2
2022 462.3 268.4 254.6 13.8 58.1 5.1 55.1
Northwest              
2021 173.9 103.7 96.4 7.4 59.6 7.1 55.4
2022 173.7 103.8 97.6 6.2 59.8 6.0 56.2
Manitoba              
2021 1,049.7 678.8 627.7 51.1 64.7 7.5 59.8
2022 1,055.7 692.7 659.7 33.0 65.6 4.8 62.5
Southeast              
2021 98.7 63.7 59.6 4.1 64.5 6.4 60.4
2022 100.1 66.8 63.5 3.3 66.7 4.9 63.4
South Central and North Central              
2021 90.9 61.2 58.5 2.6 67.3 4.2 64.4
2022 91.7 57.8 55.8 2.0 63.0 3.5 60.9
Southwest              
2021 90.6 59.2 56.0 3.2 65.3 5.4 61.8
2022 90.7 57.6 54.2 3.4 63.5 5.9 59.8
Winnipeg              
2021 638.7 419.0 383.6 35.3 65.6 8.4 60.1
2022 642.8 430.0 409.1 20.8 66.9 4.8 63.6
Interlake              
2021 76.3 42.6 39.6 3.1 55.8 7.3 51.9
2022 76.8 47.2 45.2 2.0 61.5 4.2 58.9
Parklands and North              
2021 54.5 33.0 30.3 2.7 60.6 8.2 55.6
2022 53.6 33.4 31.9 1.5 62.3 4.5 59.5
Saskatchewan              
2021 888.4 585.6 540.7 45.0 65.9 7.7 60.9
2022 891.8 597.8 566.2 31.6 67.0 5.3 63.5
Regina–Moose Mountain              
2021 275.2 182.5 167.7 14.8 66.3 8.1 60.9
2022 277.2 187.3 178.5 8.8 67.6 4.7 64.4
Swift Current–Moose Jaw              
2021 83.1 55.0 51.4 3.6 66.2 6.5 61.9
2022 82.7 53.3 49.3 4.0 64.4 7.5 59.6
Saskatoon–Biggar              
2021 311.3 208.2 191.6 16.6 66.9 8.0 61.5
2022 315.2 218.4 207.6 10.8 69.3 4.9 65.9
Yorkton–Melville              
2021 62.1 37.6 35.5 2.1 60.5 5.6 57.2
2022 61.3 37.3 35.0 2.4 60.8 6.4 57.1
Prince Albert and Northern              
2021 156.7 102.4 94.4 7.9 65.3 7.7 60.2
2022 155.4 101.5 95.9 5.7 65.3 5.6 61.7
Alberta              
2021 3,528.0 2,418.4 2,159.3 259.1 68.5 10.7 61.2
2022 3,574.1 2,451.7 2,278.3 173.4 68.6 7.1 63.7
Lethbridge–Medicine Hat              
2021 239.3 146.3 130.1 16.2 61.1 11.1 54.4
2022 240.6 147.7 137.8 9.8 61.4 6.6 57.3
Camrose–Drumheller              
2021 162.2 91.5 82.8 8.7 56.4 9.5 51.0
2022 162.0 97.2 91.2 5.9 60.0 6.1 56.3
Calgary              
2021 1,347.2 942.6 843.8 98.8 70.0 10.5 62.6
2022 1,368.7 959.6 887.0 72.7 70.1 7.6 64.8
Banff–Jasper–Rocky Mountain House and Athabasca–Grande Prairie–Peace River               
2021 274.4 193.3 174.3 19.0 70.4 9.8 63.5
2022 275.5 194.5 184.4 10.1 70.6 5.2 66.9
Red Deer              
2021 175.6 114.5 103.2 11.3 65.2 9.9 58.8
2022 177.6 114.4 106.2 8.1 64.4 7.1 59.8
Edmonton              
2021 1,224.7 854.1 756.1 98.0 69.7 11.5 61.7
2022 1,245.0 860.2 798.8 61.3 69.1 7.1 64.2
Wood Buffalo–Cold Lake              
2021 104.6 76.2 69.0 7.2 72.8 9.4 66.0
2022 104.7 78.1 72.8 5.4 74.6 6.9 69.5
British Columbia              
2021 4,321.0 2,789.1 2,580.0 209.2 64.5 7.5 59.7
2022 4,397.1 2,826.7 2,681.2 145.5 64.3 5.1 61.0
Vancouver Island and Coast              
2021 740.4 429.1 398.6 30.5 58.0 7.1 53.8
2022 757.2 451.5 428.0 23.5 59.6 5.2 56.5
Lower Mainland–Southwest              
2021 2,676.7 1,785.8 1,649.1 136.6 66.7 7.6 61.6
2022 2,719.3 1,814.1 1,721.0 93.1 66.7 5.1 63.3
Thompson–Okanagan              
2021 502.6 308.9 285.7 23.2 61.5 7.5 56.8
2022 513.2 307.7 289.6 18.1 60.0 5.9 56.4
Kootenay              
2021 137.9 84.3 78.6 5.8 61.1 6.9 57.0
2022 140.1 79.5 75.1 4.4 56.7 5.5 53.6
Cariboo              
2021 139.9 92.8 85.5 7.3 66.3 7.9 61.1
2022 142.3 92.5 89.7 2.8 65.0 3.0 63.0
North Coast and Nechako              
2021 68.8 46.8 42.8 4.0 68.0 8.5 62.2
2022 69.6 44.0 41.7 2.3 63.2 5.2 59.9
Northeast              
2021 54.8 41.5 39.7 1.8 75.7 4.3 72.4
2022 55.4 37.4 36.2 x 67.5 x 65.3
x
suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act
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