Table 5 
Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia) 

Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia)
  March
2021
April
2021
Standard error1 March to April 2021 April 2020 to April 2021 March to April 2021 April 2020 to April 2021
  thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates) change in thousands (except rates)change in thousands (except rates) % change% change
Quebec              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 7,088.3 7,090.2 ... 1.9 47.3 0.0 0.7
Labour force 4,529.9 4,523.7 19.0 -6.2 240.3 -0.1 5.6
Employment 4,240.6 4,227.3 21.2 -13.3 699.9 -0.3 19.8
Full-time employment 3,527.2 3,510.9 25.2 -16.3 517.7 -0.5 17.3
Unemployment 289.3 296.4 19.1 7.1 -459.6 2.5 -60.8
Participation rate 63.9 63.8 0.3 -0.1 3.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.4 6.6 0.4 0.2 -11.0 ... ...
Employment rate 59.8 59.6 0.3 -0.2 9.5 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 907.6 907.0 ... -0.6 -3.1 -0.1 -0.3
Labour force 616.2 619.9 10.6 3.7 40.1 0.6 6.9
Employment 539.6 538.8 10.6 -0.8 157.4 -0.1 41.3
Unemployment 76.6 81.0 10.5 4.4 -117.4 5.7 -59.2
Participation rate 67.9 68.3 1.2 0.4 4.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 12.4 13.1 1.5 0.7 -21.1 ... ...
Employment rate 59.5 59.4 1.2 -0.1 17.5 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 3,066.5 3,067.8 ... 1.3 27.6 0.0 0.9
Labour force 2,090.6 2,089.0 10.9 -1.6 155.9 -0.1 8.1
Employment 1,965.0 1,972.3 12.6 7.3 338.3 0.4 20.7
Unemployment 125.5 116.6 11.2 -8.9 -182.5 -7.1 -61.0
Participation rate 68.2 68.1 0.4 -0.1 4.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.0 5.6 0.5 -0.4 -9.9 ... ...
Employment rate 64.1 64.3 0.4 0.2 10.6 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 3,114.2 3,115.3 ... 1.1 22.7 0.0 0.7
Labour force 1,823.1 1,814.8 10.9 -8.3 44.3 -0.5 2.5
Employment 1,736.0 1,716.1 12.1 -19.9 204.1 -1.1 13.5
Unemployment 87.2 98.7 10.7 11.5 -159.8 13.2 -61.8
Participation rate 58.5 58.3 0.4 -0.2 1.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.8 5.4 0.6 0.6 -9.2 ... ...
Employment rate 55.7 55.1 0.4 -0.6 6.2 ... ...
Ontario              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 12,301.8 12,311.3 ... 9.5 119.8 0.1 1.0
Labour force 7,964.5 7,932.2 29.0 -32.3 709.6 -0.4 9.8
Employment 7,368.1 7,215.4 28.2 -152.7 805.5 -2.1 12.6
Full-time employment 6,110.2 5,976.2 33.6 -134.0 553.0 -2.2 10.2
Unemployment 596.4 716.8 26.9 120.4 -96.0 20.2 -11.8
Participation rate 64.7 64.4 0.2 -0.3 5.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.5 9.0 0.3 1.5 -2.3 ... ...
Employment rate 59.9 58.6 0.2 -1.3 6.0 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 1,863.2 1,861.3 ... -1.9 -10.2 -0.1 -0.5
Labour force 1,100.8 1,082.3 17.0 -18.5 174.5 -1.7 19.2
Employment 934.8 861.8 15.4 -73.0 174.5 -7.8 25.4
Unemployment 166.0 220.5 16.0 54.5 0.0 32.8 0.0
Participation rate 59.1 58.1 0.9 -1.0 9.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 15.1 20.4 1.3 5.3 -3.9 ... ...
Employment rate 50.2 46.3 0.8 -3.9 9.6 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 5,077.3 5,083.0 ... 5.7 66.7 0.1 1.3
Labour force 3,627.4 3,612.1 14.9 -15.3 252.7 -0.4 7.5
Employment 3,401.4 3,383.0 15.4 -18.4 316.2 -0.5 10.3
Unemployment 226.0 229.1 14.4 3.1 -63.5 1.4 -21.7
Participation rate 71.4 71.1 0.3 -0.3 4.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.2 6.3 0.4 0.1 -2.4 ... ...
Employment rate 67.0 66.6 0.3 -0.4 5.5 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 5,361.4 5,367.1 ... 5.7 63.5 0.1 1.2
Labour force 3,236.4 3,237.8 16.5 1.4 282.3 0.0 9.6
Employment 3,031.9 2,970.6 16.5 -61.3 314.8 -2.0 11.9
Unemployment 204.4 267.2 14.0 62.8 -32.4 30.7 -10.8
Participation rate 60.4 60.3 0.3 -0.1 4.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.3 8.3 0.4 2.0 -1.8 ... ...
Employment rate 56.6 55.3 0.3 -1.3 5.2 ... ...
Manitoba              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 1,050.8 1,050.8 ... 0.0 3.6 0.0 0.3
Labour force 700.9 709.3 3.4 8.4 62.4 1.2 9.6
Employment 653.5 656.7 3.4 3.2 82.7 0.5 14.4
Full-time employment 534.9 531.2 4.6 -3.7 52.9 -0.7 11.1
Unemployment 47.4 52.7 3.1 5.3 -20.1 11.2 -27.6
Participation rate 66.7 67.5 0.3 0.8 5.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.8 7.4 0.4 0.6 -3.9 ... ...
Employment rate 62.2 62.5 0.3 0.3 7.7 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 168.1 167.9 ... -0.2 -1.8 -0.1 -1.1
Labour force 114.0 116.3 2.1 2.3 24.1 2.0 26.1
Employment 97.8 99.1 2.0 1.3 29.6 1.3 42.6
Unemployment 16.2 17.2 1.9 1.0 -5.6 6.2 -24.6
Participation rate 67.8 69.3 1.3 1.5 15.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 14.2 14.8 1.6 0.6 -9.9 ... ...
Employment rate 58.2 59.0 1.2 0.8 18.0 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 433.2 433.3 ... 0.1 2.7 0.0 0.6
Labour force 316.2 317.5 1.8 1.3 16.3 0.4 5.4
Employment 299.9 300.9 1.9 1.0 26.3 0.3 9.6
Unemployment 16.3 16.7 1.7 0.4 -9.9 2.5 -37.2
Participation rate 73.0 73.3 0.4 0.3 3.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.2 5.3 0.5 0.1 -3.5 ... ...
Employment rate 69.2 69.4 0.4 0.2 5.6 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 449.5 449.7 ... 0.2 2.8 0.0 0.6
Labour force 270.7 275.5 2.0 4.8 22.1 1.8 8.7
Employment 255.8 256.7 2.0 0.9 26.8 0.4 11.7
Unemployment 15.0 18.8 1.7 3.8 -4.7 25.3 -20.0
Participation rate 60.2 61.3 0.4 1.1 4.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.5 6.8 0.6 1.3 -2.5 ... ...
Employment rate 56.9 57.1 0.5 0.2 5.7 ... ...
Saskatchewan              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 889.4 889.4 ... 0.0 0.9 0.0 0.1
Labour force 593.1 598.6 3.2 5.5 34.7 0.9 6.2
Employment 549.7 559.2 3.3 9.5 58.7 1.7 11.7
Full-time employment 447.5 449.0 4.3 1.5 25.1 0.3 5.9
Unemployment 43.4 39.4 3.0 -4.0 -24.0 -9.2 -37.9
Participation rate 66.7 67.3 0.4 0.6 3.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.3 6.6 0.5 -0.7 -4.6 ... ...
Employment rate 61.8 62.9 0.4 1.1 6.6 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 134.5 134.4 ... -0.1 -0.3 -0.1 -0.2
Labour force 86.9 86.6 1.8 -0.3 10.8 -0.3 14.2
Employment 74.9 75.5 1.8 0.6 17.6 0.8 30.4
Unemployment 11.9 11.1 1.8 -0.8 -6.9 -6.7 -38.3
Participation rate 64.6 64.4 1.4 -0.2 8.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 13.7 12.8 1.9 -0.9 -10.9 ... ...
Employment rate 55.7 56.2 1.4 0.5 13.2 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 376.8 376.9 ... 0.1 0.7 0.0 0.2
Labour force 277.7 278.7 1.7 1.0 12.9 0.4 4.9
Employment 258.8 262.4 1.9 3.6 19.1 1.4 7.9
Unemployment 18.8 16.4 1.8 -2.4 -6.1 -12.8 -27.1
Participation rate 73.7 73.9 0.4 0.2 3.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.8 5.9 0.6 -0.9 -2.6 ... ...
Employment rate 68.7 69.6 0.5 0.9 4.9 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 378.1 378.1 ... 0.0 0.5 0.0 0.1
Labour force 228.6 233.2 1.8 4.6 11.0 2.0 5.0
Employment 215.9 221.3 1.8 5.4 22.0 2.5 11.0
Unemployment 12.7 11.9 1.5 -0.8 -11.0 -6.3 -48.0
Participation rate 60.5 61.7 0.5 1.2 2.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.6 5.1 0.6 -0.5 -5.2 ... ...
Employment rate 57.1 58.5 0.5 1.4 5.7 ... ...
Alberta              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 3,533.5 3,535.3 ... 1.8 36.1 0.1 1.0
Labour force 2,458.7 2,441.5 13.8 -17.2 210.0 -0.7 9.4
Employment 2,235.3 2,222.7 13.8 -12.6 290.5 -0.6 15.0
Full-time employment 1,792.9 1,818.8 16.5 25.9 178.0 1.4 10.8
Unemployment 223.4 218.8 13.4 -4.6 -80.5 -2.1 -26.9
Participation rate 69.6 69.1 0.4 -0.5 5.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.1 9.0 0.5 -0.1 -4.4 ... ...
Employment rate 63.3 62.9 0.4 -0.4 7.7 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 523.3 523.1 ... -0.2 0.8 -0.0 0.2
Labour force 321.3 320.1 7.8 -1.2 62.4 -0.4 24.2
Employment 274.1 268.4 7.1 -5.7 85.4 -2.1 46.7
Unemployment 47.2 51.6 7.5 4.4 -23.1 9.3 -30.9
Participation rate 61.4 61.2 1.5 -0.2 11.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 14.7 16.1 2.1 1.4 -12.9 ... ...
Employment rate 52.4 51.3 1.4 -1.1 16.3 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,497.5 1,498.4 ... 0.9 16.7 0.1 1.1
Labour force 1,147.5 1,142.9 7.2 -4.6 69.7 -0.4 6.5
Employment 1,055.0 1,053.5 7.9 -1.5 95.1 -0.1 9.9
Unemployment 92.5 89.5 7.7 -3.0 -25.3 -3.2 -22.0
Participation rate 76.6 76.3 0.5 -0.3 3.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.1 7.8 0.7 -0.3 -2.9 ... ...
Employment rate 70.5 70.3 0.5 -0.2 5.6 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 1,512.7 1,513.9 ... 1.2 18.7 0.1 1.3
Labour force 989.8 978.5 7.9 -11.3 77.8 -1.1 8.6
Employment 906.2 900.8 8.0 -5.4 110.0 -0.6 13.9
Unemployment 83.7 77.7 7.0 -6.0 -32.1 -7.2 -29.2
Participation rate 65.4 64.6 0.5 -0.8 4.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.5 7.9 0.7 -0.6 -4.3 ... ...
Employment rate 59.9 59.5 0.5 -0.4 6.6 ... ...
British Columbia              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 4,325.8 4,329.2 ... 3.4 40.4 0.1 0.9
Labour force 2,859.3 2,817.0 15.7 -42.3 295.4 -1.5 11.7
Employment 2,661.2 2,618.1 15.8 -43.1 387.4 -1.6 17.4
Full-time employment 2,047.6 2,041.9 20.3 -5.7 222.8 -0.3 12.2
Unemployment 198.1 198.9 14.1 0.8 -92.0 0.4 -31.6
Participation rate 66.1 65.1 0.4 -1.0 6.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.9 7.1 0.5 0.2 -4.4 ... ...
Employment rate 61.5 60.5 0.4 -1.0 8.5 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 601.3 600.5 ... -0.8 -5.4 -0.1 -0.9
Labour force 412.4 379.7 9.3 -32.7 83.9 -7.9 28.4
Employment 362.3 335.6 8.4 -26.7 114.2 -7.4 51.6
Unemployment 50.1 44.1 8.1 -6.0 -30.2 -12.0 -40.6
Participation rate 68.6 63.2 1.5 -5.4 14.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 12.1 11.6 2.0 -0.5 -13.5 ... ...
Employment rate 60.3 55.9 1.4 -4.4 19.4 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,813.1 1,815.1 ... 2.0 22.1 0.1 1.2
Labour force 1,281.7 1,281.3 8.0 -0.4 107.2 -0.0 9.1
Employment 1,206.8 1,194.1 8.5 -12.7 131.1 -1.1 12.3
Unemployment 74.9 87.2 7.8 12.3 -23.8 16.4 -21.4
Participation rate 70.7 70.6 0.4 -0.1 5.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.8 6.8 0.6 1.0 -2.7 ... ...
Employment rate 66.6 65.8 0.5 -0.8 6.5 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 1,911.4 1,913.6 ... 2.2 23.7 0.1 1.3
Labour force 1,165.2 1,156.0 8.5 -9.2 104.2 -0.8 9.9
Employment 1,092.2 1,088.4 8.9 -3.8 142.1 -0.3 15.0
Unemployment 73.0 67.5 7.4 -5.5 -38.0 -7.5 -36.0
Participation rate 61.0 60.4 0.4 -0.6 4.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.3 5.8 0.6 -0.5 -4.2 ... ...
Employment rate 57.1 56.9 0.5 -0.2 6.8 ... ...
...
not applicable
Note(s):
The sum of individual categories may not always add up to the total as a result of rounding.
Source(s):
Table 14-10-0287-03 (formerly CANSIM table 282-0087).
Date modified: