Table 5 
Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia) 

Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia)
  October
2020
November
2020
Standard error1 October to November 2020 November 2019 to November 2020 October to November 2020 November 2019 to November 2020
  thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates) change in thousands (except rates)change in thousands (except rates) % change% change
Quebec              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 7,137.5 7,142.7 ... 5.2 65.7 0.1 0.9
Labour force 4,612.2 4,603.4 17.3 -8.8 24.1 -0.2 0.5
Employment 4,258.0 4,273.7 19.0 15.7 -50.8 0.4 -1.2
Full-time employment 3,498.4 3,513.8 23.4 15.4 -0.4 0.4 -0.0
Unemployment 354.2 329.7 16.1 -24.5 75.0 -6.9 29.4
Participation rate 64.6 64.4 0.2 -0.2 -0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.7 7.2 0.3 -0.5 1.6 ... ...
Employment rate 59.7 59.8 0.3 0.1 -1.3 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 889.9 889.9 ... 0.0 -2.2 0.0 -0.2
Labour force 619.5 616.0 9.0 -3.5 -23.0 -0.6 -3.6
Employment 527.6 537.2 9.3 9.6 -46.0 1.8 -7.9
Unemployment 91.9 78.8 8.6 -13.1 23.0 -14.3 41.2
Participation rate 69.6 69.2 1.0 -0.4 -2.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 14.8 12.8 1.3 -2.0 4.1 ... ...
Employment rate 59.3 60.4 1.0 1.1 -5.0 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 3,092.1 3,095.0 ... 2.9 38.3 0.1 1.3
Labour force 2,140.6 2,131.9 10.0 -8.7 63.3 -0.4 3.1
Employment 1,991.3 1,978.7 11.6 -12.6 16.3 -0.6 0.8
Unemployment 149.3 153.2 9.8 3.9 46.9 2.6 44.1
Participation rate 69.2 68.9 0.3 -0.3 1.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.0 7.2 0.5 0.2 2.1 ... ...
Employment rate 64.4 63.9 0.4 -0.5 -0.3 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 3,155.6 3,157.8 ... 2.2 29.6 0.1 0.9
Labour force 1,852.0 1,855.5 10.1 3.5 -16.2 0.2 -0.9
Employment 1,739.0 1,757.8 11.1 18.8 -21.2 1.1 -1.2
Unemployment 113.0 97.7 9.2 -15.3 5.0 -13.5 5.4
Participation rate 58.7 58.8 0.3 0.1 -1.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.1 5.3 0.5 -0.8 0.3 ... ...
Employment rate 55.1 55.7 0.4 0.6 -1.2 ... ...
Ontario              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 12,367.2 12,378.9 ... 11.7 154.3 0.1 1.3
Labour force 8,035.2 8,037.5 25.7 2.3 71.9 0.0 0.9
Employment 7,267.2 7,303.8 25.0 36.6 -221.5 0.5 -2.9
Full-time employment 5,952.8 6,012.1 31.0 59.3 -116.1 1.0 -1.9
Unemployment 768.0 733.7 22.1 -34.3 293.4 -4.5 66.6
Participation rate 65.0 64.9 0.2 -0.1 -0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.6 9.1 0.3 -0.5 3.6 ... ...
Employment rate 58.8 59.0 0.2 0.2 -2.6 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 1,843.1 1,843.4 ... 0.3 2.1 0.0 0.1
Labour force 1,151.0 1,138.7 14.9 -12.3 10.8 -1.1 1.0
Employment 897.0 909.1 13.8 12.1 -78.8 1.3 -8.0
Unemployment 254.0 229.7 12.8 -24.3 89.7 -9.6 64.1
Participation rate 62.4 61.8 0.8 -0.6 0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 22.1 20.2 1.1 -1.9 7.8 ... ...
Employment rate 48.7 49.3 0.8 0.6 -4.4 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 5,100.6 5,106.4 ... 5.8 78.3 0.1 1.6
Labour force 3,618.1 3,613.9 13.2 -4.2 22.2 -0.1 0.6
Employment 3,353.7 3,367.6 13.4 13.9 -62.1 0.4 -1.8
Unemployment 264.5 246.3 12.2 -18.2 84.3 -6.9 52.0
Participation rate 70.9 70.8 0.3 -0.1 -0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.3 6.8 0.3 -0.5 2.3 ... ...
Employment rate 65.8 65.9 0.3 0.1 -2.3 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 5,423.5 5,429.1 ... 5.6 73.9 0.1 1.4
Labour force 3,266.1 3,284.9 14.6 18.8 38.9 0.6 1.2
Employment 3,016.6 3,027.2 14.4 10.6 -80.5 0.4 -2.6
Unemployment 249.5 257.7 12.1 8.2 119.4 3.3 86.3
Participation rate 60.2 60.5 0.3 0.3 -0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.6 7.8 0.4 0.2 3.5 ... ...
Employment rate 55.6 55.8 0.3 0.2 -2.2 ... ...
Manitoba              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 1,047.9 1,048.2 ... 0.3 5.2 0.0 0.5
Labour force 700.2 683.4 3.3 -16.8 -7.3 -2.4 -1.1
Employment 650.5 632.4 3.3 -18.1 -19.9 -2.8 -3.1
Full-time employment 517.0 514.5 4.4 -2.5 -13.3 -0.5 -2.5
Unemployment 49.7 50.9 2.7 1.2 12.5 2.4 32.6
Participation rate 66.8 65.2 0.3 -1.6 -1.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.1 7.4 0.4 0.3 1.8 ... ...
Employment rate 62.1 60.3 0.3 -1.8 -2.2 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 165.7 165.6 ... -0.1 -1.6 -0.1 -1.0
Labour force 110.3 101.7 1.9 -8.6 -8.6 -7.8 -7.8
Employment 95.3 85.6 1.8 -9.7 -11.8 -10.2 -12.1
Unemployment 15.0 16.2 1.6 1.2 3.3 8.0 25.6
Participation rate 66.6 61.4 1.1 -5.2 -4.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 13.6 15.9 1.4 2.3 4.2 ... ...
Employment rate 57.5 51.7 1.1 -5.8 -6.6 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 433.4 433.7 ... 0.3 3.3 0.1 0.8
Labour force 320.0 317.0 1.7 -3.0 3.1 -0.9 1.0
Employment 300.3 297.9 1.8 -2.4 -1.5 -0.8 -0.5
Unemployment 19.7 19.1 1.6 -0.6 4.6 -3.0 31.7
Participation rate 73.8 73.1 0.4 -0.7 0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.2 6.0 0.5 -0.2 1.4 ... ...
Employment rate 69.3 68.7 0.4 -0.6 -0.9 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 448.7 449.0 ... 0.3 3.7 0.1 0.8
Labour force 269.9 264.7 1.8 -5.2 -1.8 -1.9 -0.7
Employment 254.9 249.0 1.9 -5.9 -6.5 -2.3 -2.5
Unemployment 15.0 15.7 1.5 0.7 4.7 4.7 42.7
Participation rate 60.2 59.0 0.4 -1.2 -0.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.6 5.9 0.5 0.3 1.8 ... ...
Employment rate 56.8 55.5 0.4 -1.3 -1.9 ... ...
Saskatchewan              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 893.8 894.0 ... 0.2 1.2 0.0 0.1
Labour force 601.2 601.8 2.9 0.6 -15.0 0.1 -2.4
Employment 562.9 560.1 3.0 -2.8 -20.8 -0.5 -3.6
Full-time employment 459.8 461.3 3.9 1.5 -14.0 0.3 -2.9
Unemployment 38.2 41.7 2.6 3.5 5.9 9.2 16.5
Participation rate 67.3 67.3 0.3 0.0 -1.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.4 6.9 0.4 0.5 1.1 ... ...
Employment rate 63.0 62.7 0.3 -0.3 -2.4 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 131.4 131.5 ... 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0
Labour force 85.1 84.4 1.6 -0.7 -2.7 -0.8 -3.1
Employment 73.7 73.2 1.5 -0.5 -2.8 -0.7 -3.7
Unemployment 11.4 11.2 1.5 -0.2 0.1 -1.8 0.9
Participation rate 64.8 64.2 1.2 -0.6 -2.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 13.4 13.3 1.7 -0.1 0.6 ... ...
Employment rate 56.1 55.7 1.2 -0.4 -2.1 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 381.7 381.7 ... 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.1
Labour force 284.9 285.2 1.5 0.3 -2.5 0.1 -0.9
Employment 267.7 266.3 1.7 -1.4 -7.6 -0.5 -2.8
Unemployment 17.3 18.9 1.6 1.6 5.1 9.2 37.0
Participation rate 74.6 74.7 0.4 0.1 -0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.1 6.6 0.5 0.5 1.8 ... ...
Employment rate 70.1 69.8 0.5 -0.3 -2.0 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 380.7 380.8 ... 0.1 1.0 0.0 0.3
Labour force 231.2 232.3 1.6 1.1 -9.7 0.5 -4.0
Employment 221.5 220.7 1.6 -0.8 -10.3 -0.4 -4.5
Unemployment 9.6 11.6 1.3 2.0 0.6 20.8 5.5
Participation rate 60.7 61.0 0.4 0.3 -2.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.2 5.0 0.5 0.8 0.5 ... ...
Employment rate 58.2 58.0 0.4 -0.2 -2.8 ... ...
Alberta              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 3,585.8 3,588.7 ... 2.9 37.9 0.1 1.1
Labour force 2,494.6 2,493.4 12.3 -1.2 -28.2 -0.0 -1.1
Employment 2,227.4 2,216.6 12.6 -10.8 -122.5 -0.5 -5.2
Full-time employment 1,803.4 1,774.0 15.5 -29.4 -145.5 -1.6 -7.6
Unemployment 267.1 276.7 11.6 9.6 94.2 3.6 51.6
Participation rate 69.6 69.5 0.3 -0.1 -1.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 10.7 11.1 0.5 0.4 3.9 ... ...
Employment rate 62.1 61.8 0.4 -0.3 -4.1 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 512.3 512.6 ... 0.3 2.8 0.1 0.5
Labour force 323.4 323.0 6.7 -0.4 -12.1 -0.1 -3.6
Employment 249.1 247.0 6.3 -2.1 -37.2 -0.8 -13.1
Unemployment 74.3 76.1 6.2 1.8 25.2 2.4 49.5
Participation rate 63.1 63.0 1.3 -0.1 -2.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 23.0 23.6 1.8 0.6 8.4 ... ...
Employment rate 48.6 48.2 1.2 -0.4 -7.5 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,538.4 1,539.6 ... 1.2 16.1 0.1 1.1
Labour force 1,195.3 1,190.3 6.4 -5.0 -8.2 -0.4 -0.7
Employment 1,075.3 1,072.3 7.4 -3.0 -51.5 -0.3 -4.6
Unemployment 120.0 118.0 6.9 -2.0 43.3 -1.7 58.0
Participation rate 77.7 77.3 0.4 -0.4 -1.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 10.0 9.9 0.6 -0.1 3.7 ... ...
Employment rate 69.9 69.6 0.5 -0.3 -4.2 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 1,535.1 1,536.5 ... 1.4 18.9 0.1 1.2
Labour force 975.9 980.0 7.4 4.1 -8.0 0.4 -0.8
Employment 903.1 897.3 7.5 -5.8 -33.9 -0.6 -3.6
Unemployment 72.8 82.7 6.1 9.9 25.9 13.6 45.6
Participation rate 63.6 63.8 0.5 0.2 -1.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.5 8.4 0.6 0.9 2.7 ... ...
Employment rate 58.8 58.4 0.5 -0.4 -3.0 ... ...
British Columbia              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 4,189.4 4,193.4 ... 4.0 64.1 0.1 1.6
Labour force 2,692.8 2,694.1 13.2 1.3 11.0 0.0 0.4
Employment 2,477.8 2,501.7 13.1 23.9 -46.8 1.0 -1.8
Full-time employment 1,895.5 1,937.6 17.3 42.1 -59.8 2.2 -3.0
Unemployment 215.0 192.4 11.0 -22.6 57.9 -10.5 43.0
Participation rate 64.3 64.2 0.3 -0.1 -0.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.0 7.1 0.4 -0.9 2.1 ... ...
Employment rate 59.1 59.7 0.3 0.6 -2.0 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 596.5 596.4 ... -0.1 2.4 -0.0 0.4
Labour force 364.7 364.3 7.7 -0.4 -13.4 -0.1 -3.5
Employment 307.7 313.0 7.2 5.3 -28.9 1.7 -8.5
Unemployment 57.0 51.3 6.3 -5.7 15.4 -10.0 42.9
Participation rate 61.1 61.1 1.3 0.0 -2.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 15.6 14.1 1.7 -1.5 4.6 ... ...
Employment rate 51.6 52.5 1.2 0.9 -5.1 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,757.9 1,760.1 ... 2.2 31.7 0.1 1.8
Labour force 1,219.2 1,227.2 6.7 8.0 11.4 0.7 0.9
Employment 1,125.3 1,147.9 7.2 22.6 -14.2 2.0 -1.2
Unemployment 93.9 79.3 6.0 -14.6 25.6 -15.5 47.7
Participation rate 69.4 69.7 0.4 0.3 -0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.7 6.5 0.5 -1.2 2.1 ... ...
Employment rate 64.0 65.2 0.4 1.2 -2.0 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 1,834.9 1,837.0 ... 2.1 30.1 0.1 1.7
Labour force 1,108.9 1,102.5 7.3 -6.4 12.9 -0.6 1.2
Employment 1,044.8 1,040.8 7.4 -4.0 -3.8 -0.4 -0.4
Unemployment 64.1 61.7 6.0 -2.4 16.7 -3.7 37.1
Participation rate 60.4 60.0 0.4 -0.4 -0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.8 5.6 0.5 -0.2 1.5 ... ...
Employment rate 56.9 56.7 0.4 -0.2 -1.1 ... ...
...
not applicable
Note(s):
The sum of individual categories may not always add up to the total as a result of rounding.
Source(s):
Table 14-10-0287-03 (formerly CANSIM table 282-0087).
Date modified: