Police-reported Crime Severity Index and crime rate, by census metropolitan area, 2019
|2019 – Crime Severity Index||2018 to 2019 – Crime Severity Index||2019 – Crime rate||2018 to 2019 – Crime rate|
|index||% change||rate||% change|
|Census metropolitan area1,2,3|
true zero or a value rounded to zero
value rounded to 0 (zero) where there is a meaningful distinction between true zero and the value that was rounded
Police-reported statistics may be affected by differences in the way police services deal with offences. In some instances, police or municipalities might choose to deal with some offences using municipal bylaws or provincial provisions rather than Criminal Code provisions. Crime Severity Indexes are based on Criminal Code incidents, including traffic offences, as well as other federal statute violations. The base index was set at 100 for 2006 for Canada. Data on the Crime Severity Indexes by census metropolitan area are available beginning in 1998. Percent changes are based on unrounded rates. Populations are based upon July 1st estimates from Statistics Canada, Centre for Demography.
A census metropolitan area (CMA) consists of one or more neighbouring municipalities situated around a major urban core. A CMA must have a total population of at least 100,000 of which 50,000 or more live in the urban core. To be included in the CMA, other adjacent municipalities must have a high degree of integration with the central urban area, as measured by commuting flows derived from census data. A CMA typically comprises more than one police service.
CMA populations have been adjusted to follow policing boundaries.
The Oshawa CMA is excluded from this table due to the incongruity between the police service jurisdictional boundaries and the CMA boundaries.
Gatineau refers to the Quebec part of the Ottawa–Gatineau CMA.
Ottawa refers to the Ontario part of the Ottawa–Gatineau CMA.
As of the 2016 Census, Belleville and Lethbridge became new CMAs.
Part of the overall increase in police-reported crime in British Columbia and some of its census metropolitan areas in 2019 may be attributed to the implementation of new reporting standards for classifying incidents. While the effective date was January 2018 and many police services adopted the new standards that year, some police services, including all of the RCMP detachments across Canada and the municipal police services in British Columbia, transitioned to the new standards on January 1, 2019. Additionally, police services in British Columbia undertook a uniform training strategy to further standardize reporting throughout the province. The new reporting standards were expected to result in an increase in crime rates over time.