Table 7 
Labour force characteristics by census metropolitan area, three-month moving average, seasonally adjusted 

Labour force characteristics by census metropolitan area, three-month moving average, seasonally adjusted
  August
2020
September
2020
Standard error1 August to September 2020 September 2019 to September 2020 August to September 2020 September 2019 to September 2020
  thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates) change in thousands (except rates)change in thousands (except rates) % change% change
St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador              
Population 187.7 187.8 ... 0.1 1.7 0.1 0.9
Labour force 122.0 122.0 0.9 0.0 -1.7 0.0 -1.4
Employment 109.1 110.0 1.0 0.9 -4.7 0.8 -4.1
Unemployment 12.8 12.0 0.5 -0.8 3.0 -6.3 33.3
Participation rate 65.0 65.0 0.5 0.0 -1.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 10.5 9.8 0.4 -0.7 2.5 ... ...
Employment rate 58.1 58.6 0.5 0.5 -3.0 ... ...
Halifax, Nova Scotia              
Population 382.9 383.7 ... 0.8 8.6 0.2 2.3
Labour force 259.6 258.6 1.4 -1.0 1.5 -0.4 0.6
Employment 233.5 236.9 1.5 3.4 -5.3 1.5 -2.2
Unemployment 26.1 21.6 0.8 -4.5 6.6 -17.2 44.0
Participation rate 67.8 67.4 0.4 -0.4 -1.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 10.1 8.4 0.3 -1.7 2.6 ... ...
Employment rate 61.0 61.7 0.4 0.7 -2.9 ... ...
Moncton, New Brunswick              
Population 134.0 134.2 ... 0.2 2.4 0.1 1.8
Labour force 88.4 88.3 0.9 -0.1 2.3 -0.1 2.7
Employment 82.2 81.9 0.9 -0.3 0.5 -0.4 0.6
Unemployment 6.2 6.3 0.4 0.1 1.7 1.6 37.0
Participation rate 66.0 65.8 0.7 -0.2 0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.0 7.1 0.5 0.1 1.8 ... ...
Employment rate 61.3 61.0 0.7 -0.3 -0.8 ... ...
Saint John, New Brunswick               
Population 108.1 108.2 ... 0.1 1.0 0.1 0.9
Labour force 67.3 66.2 0.9 -1.1 -4.9 -1.6 -6.9
Employment 60.8 59.5 0.9 -1.3 -5.9 -2.1 -9.0
Unemployment 6.5 6.7 0.4 0.2 1.0 3.1 17.5
Participation rate 62.3 61.2 0.8 -1.1 -5.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.7 10.1 0.6 0.4 2.1 ... ...
Employment rate 56.2 55.0 0.8 -1.2 -6.0 ... ...
Saguenay, Quebec              
Population 133.0 132.9 ... -0.1 -0.8 -0.1 -0.6
Labour force 78.9 79.5 0.9 0.6 -1.0 0.8 -1.2
Employment 73.9 75.3 1.0 1.4 -0.2 1.9 -0.3
Unemployment 5.0 4.3 0.4 -0.7 -0.7 -14.0 -14.0
Participation rate 59.3 59.8 0.7 0.5 -0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.3 5.4 0.5 -0.9 -0.8 ... ...
Employment rate 55.6 56.7 0.7 1.1 0.2 ... ...
Québec, Quebec              
Population 691.3 691.7 ... 0.4 3.6 0.1 0.5
Labour force 462.9 461.3 3.4 -1.6 -12.4 -0.3 -2.6
Employment 433.6 438.3 3.6 4.7 -20.9 1.1 -4.6
Unemployment 29.2 23.0 1.5 -6.2 8.4 -21.2 57.5
Participation rate 67.0 66.7 0.5 -0.3 -2.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.3 5.0 0.3 -1.3 1.9 ... ...
Employment rate 62.7 63.4 0.5 0.7 -3.3 ... ...
Sherbrooke, Quebec              
Population 190.4 190.6 ... 0.2 2.5 0.1 1.3
Labour force 119.9 119.7 1.2 -0.2 2.1 -0.2 1.8
Employment 110.2 110.9 1.1 0.7 -0.2 0.6 -0.2
Unemployment 9.8 8.9 0.5 -0.9 2.4 -9.2 36.9
Participation rate 63.0 62.8 0.6 -0.2 0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.2 7.4 0.4 -0.8 1.9 ... ...
Employment rate 57.9 58.2 0.6 0.3 -0.9 ... ...
Trois-Rivières, Quebec               
Population 135.8 135.8 ... 0.0 0.6 0.0 0.4
Labour force 81.6 83.6 0.8 2.0 5.1 2.5 6.5
Employment 75.4 78.4 0.8 3.0 4.2 4.0 5.7
Unemployment 6.2 5.3 0.4 -0.9 1.0 -14.5 23.3
Participation rate 60.1 61.6 0.6 1.5 3.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.6 6.3 0.4 -1.3 0.8 ... ...
Employment rate 55.5 57.7 0.6 2.2 2.8 ... ...
Montréal, Quebec              
Population 3,567.3 3,571.4 ... 4.1 52.6 0.1 1.5
Labour force 2,398.1 2,413.1 8.7 15.0 68.6 0.6 2.9
Employment 2,114.1 2,154.9 9.0 40.8 -59.3 1.9 -2.7
Unemployment 284.0 258.1 5.2 -25.9 127.8 -9.1 98.1
Participation rate 67.2 67.6 0.2 0.4 1.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 11.8 10.7 0.2 -1.1 5.1 ... ...
Employment rate 59.3 60.3 0.3 1.0 -2.6 ... ...
Ottawa–Gatineau, Ontario/Quebec               
Population 1,193.7 1,195.0 ... 1.3 20.0 0.1 1.7
Labour force 794.0 798.9 4.6 4.9 -27.7 0.6 -3.4
Employment 721.1 730.2 4.8 9.1 -60.5 1.3 -7.7
Unemployment 72.9 68.6 2.2 -4.3 32.7 -5.9 91.1
Participation rate 66.5 66.9 0.4 0.4 -3.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.2 8.6 0.3 -0.6 4.3 ... ...
Employment rate 60.4 61.1 0.4 0.7 -6.2 ... ...
Ottawa–Gatineau, Quebec part, Ontario/Quebec              
Population 284.5 284.8 ... 0.3 3.0 0.1 1.1
Labour force 183.1 183.6 1.4 0.5 -9.8 0.3 -5.1
Employment 168.3 168.8 1.5 0.5 -16.4 0.3 -8.9
Unemployment 14.8 14.8 0.7 0.0 6.6 0.0 80.5
Participation rate 64.4 64.5 0.5 0.1 -4.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.1 8.1 0.4 0.0 3.9 ... ...
Employment rate 59.2 59.3 0.5 0.1 -6.4 ... ...
Ottawa–Gatineau, Ontario part, Ontario/Quebec              
Population 909.2 910.3 ... 1.1 17.0 0.1 1.9
Labour force 610.9 615.3 4.4 4.4 -17.9 0.7 -2.8
Employment 552.9 561.5 4.6 8.6 -44.0 1.6 -7.3
Unemployment 58.0 53.8 2.1 -4.2 26.1 -7.2 94.2
Participation rate 67.2 67.6 0.5 0.4 -3.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.5 8.7 0.3 -0.8 4.3 ... ...
Employment rate 60.8 61.7 0.5 0.9 -6.1 ... ...
Kingston, Ontario              
Population 148.0 148.0 ... 0.0 1.5 0.0 1.0
Labour force 91.5 91.3 0.8 -0.2 -0.7 -0.2 -0.8
Employment 82.3 83.0 0.9 0.7 -3.5 0.9 -4.0
Unemployment 9.2 8.3 0.3 -0.9 2.8 -9.8 50.9
Participation rate 61.8 61.7 0.6 -0.1 -1.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 10.1 9.1 0.4 -1.0 3.1 ... ...
Employment rate 55.6 56.1 0.6 0.5 -2.9 ... ...
Peterborough, Ontario              
Population 108.8 108.8 ... 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.9
Labour force 56.9 58.0 1.5 1.1 -5.0 1.9 -7.9
Employment 51.2 51.6 1.5 0.4 -8.5 0.8 -14.1
Unemployment 5.7 6.5 0.6 0.8 3.6 14.0 124.1
Participation rate 52.3 53.3 1.4 1.0 -5.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 10.0 11.2 1.0 1.2 6.6 ... ...
Employment rate 47.1 47.4 1.3 0.3 -8.4 ... ...
Oshawa, Ontario              
Population 352.0 352.4 ... 0.4 5.5 0.1 1.6
Labour force 232.8 237.2 2.1 4.4 10.7 1.9 4.7
Employment 206.2 214.5 2.1 8.3 -0.1 4.0 -0.0
Unemployment 26.6 22.7 1.0 -3.9 10.8 -14.7 90.8
Participation rate 66.1 67.3 0.6 1.2 2.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 11.4 9.6 0.4 -1.8 4.3 ... ...
Employment rate 58.6 60.9 0.6 2.3 -1.0 ... ...
Toronto, Ontario              
Population 5,690.7 5,698.5 ... 7.8 114.4 0.1 2.0
Labour force 3,729.9 3,800.0 11.9 70.1 61.1 1.9 1.6
Employment 3,211.8 3,313.1 11.9 101.3 -209.8 3.2 -6.0
Unemployment 518.1 487.0 7.0 -31.1 271.0 -6.0 125.5
Participation rate 65.5 66.7 0.2 1.2 -0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 13.9 12.8 0.2 -1.1 7.0 ... ...
Employment rate 56.4 58.1 0.2 1.7 -5.0 ... ...
Hamilton, Ontario              
Population 686.9 687.3 ... 0.4 7.1 0.1 1.0
Labour force 434.6 429.3 4.0 -5.3 -12.5 -1.2 -2.8
Employment 391.1 391.1 4.1 0.0 -28.8 0.0 -6.9
Unemployment 43.4 38.2 1.8 -5.2 16.3 -12.0 74.4
Participation rate 63.3 62.5 0.6 -0.8 -2.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 10.0 8.9 0.4 -1.1 3.9 ... ...
Employment rate 56.9 56.9 0.6 0.0 -4.8 ... ...
St. Catharines–Niagara, Ontario               
Population 361.3 361.5 ... 0.2 3.4 0.1 0.9
Labour force 206.2 207.3 2.3 1.1 -5.2 0.5 -2.4
Employment 182.9 189.3 2.3 6.4 -10.9 3.5 -5.4
Unemployment 23.3 18.0 1.0 -5.3 5.7 -22.7 46.3
Participation rate 57.1 57.3 0.6 0.2 -2.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 11.3 8.7 0.5 -2.6 2.9 ... ...
Employment rate 50.6 52.4 0.6 1.8 -3.5 ... ...
Kitchener–Cambridge–Waterloo, Ontario              
Population 456.5 457.0 ... 0.5 7.0 0.1 1.6
Labour force 310.4 312.8 2.4 2.4 -6.7 0.8 -2.1
Employment 270.6 274.7 2.5 4.1 -25.6 1.5 -8.5
Unemployment 39.9 38.1 1.3 -1.8 18.9 -4.5 98.4
Participation rate 68.0 68.4 0.5 0.4 -2.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 12.9 12.2 0.4 -0.7 6.2 ... ...
Employment rate 59.3 60.1 0.6 0.8 -6.6 ... ...
Brantford, Ontario              
Population 119.7 119.7 ... 0.0 1.3 0.0 1.1
Labour force 81.0 81.4 0.9 0.4 -1.8 0.5 -2.2
Employment 73.1 74.7 0.9 1.6 -5.5 2.2 -6.9
Unemployment 7.9 6.6 0.4 -1.3 3.6 -16.5 120.0
Participation rate 67.7 68.0 0.8 0.3 -2.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.8 8.1 0.5 -1.7 4.5 ... ...
Employment rate 61.1 62.4 0.8 1.3 -5.3 ... ...
Guelph, Ontario              
Population 142.6 142.8 ... 0.2 3.0 0.1 2.1
Labour force 99.0 98.6 1.3 -0.4 1.6 -0.4 1.6
Employment 88.0 89.1 1.3 1.1 -2.8 1.3 -3.0
Unemployment 11.0 9.5 0.6 -1.5 4.4 -13.6 86.3
Participation rate 69.4 69.0 0.9 -0.4 -0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 11.1 9.6 0.6 -1.5 4.3 ... ...
Employment rate 61.7 62.4 0.9 0.7 -3.3 ... ...
London, Ontario              
Population 454.7 455.1 ... 0.4 6.3 0.1 1.4
Labour force 276.5 279.8 2.6 3.3 13.5 1.2 5.1
Employment 250.8 255.0 2.7 4.2 5.7 1.7 2.3
Unemployment 25.7 24.8 1.2 -0.9 7.8 -3.5 45.9
Participation rate 60.8 61.5 0.6 0.7 2.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.3 8.9 0.4 -0.4 2.5 ... ...
Employment rate 55.2 56.0 0.6 0.8 0.5 ... ...
Windsor, Ontario              
Population 299.6 299.9 ... 0.3 3.9 0.1 1.3
Labour force 171.3 171.1 2.0 -0.2 -8.7 -0.1 -4.8
Employment 153.9 154.4 2.0 0.5 -14.0 0.3 -8.3
Unemployment 17.3 16.7 1.0 -0.6 5.4 -3.5 47.8
Participation rate 57.2 57.1 0.7 -0.1 -3.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 10.1 9.8 0.6 -0.3 3.5 ... ...
Employment rate 51.4 51.5 0.7 0.1 -5.4 ... ...
Barrie, Ontario              
Population 183.5 183.8 ... 0.3 3.1 0.2 1.7
Labour force 136.5 135.7 1.9 -0.8 9.8 -0.6 7.8
Employment 124.0 123.0 2.0 -1.0 4.5 -0.8 3.8
Unemployment 12.5 12.7 1.0 0.2 5.3 1.6 71.6
Participation rate 74.4 73.8 1.0 -0.6 4.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.2 9.4 0.8 0.2 3.5 ... ...
Employment rate 67.6 66.9 1.1 -0.7 1.3 ... ...
Greater Sudbury, Ontario              
Population 141.0 141.0 ... 0.0 -0.2 0.0 -0.1
Labour force 85.1 86.1 0.8 1.0 -3.3 1.2 -3.7
Employment 77.9 78.7 0.9 0.8 -5.6 1.0 -6.6
Unemployment 7.3 7.3 0.4 0.0 2.2 0.0 43.1
Participation rate 60.4 61.1 0.6 0.7 -2.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.6 8.5 0.4 -0.1 2.8 ... ...
Employment rate 55.2 55.8 0.6 0.6 -3.9 ... ...
Thunder Bay, Ontario              
Population 104.3 104.2 ... -0.1 -0.5 -0.1 -0.5
Labour force 61.0 62.5 0.6 1.5 -2.6 2.5 -4.0
Employment 55.5 57.3 0.6 1.8 -3.9 3.2 -6.4
Unemployment 5.6 5.2 0.3 -0.4 1.3 -7.1 33.3
Participation rate 58.5 60.0 0.6 1.5 -2.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.2 8.3 0.4 -0.9 2.3 ... ...
Employment rate 53.2 55.0 0.6 1.8 -3.5 ... ...
Winnipeg, Manitoba              
Population 706.6 707.0 ... 0.4 8.1 0.1 1.2
Labour force 477.8 479.7 1.5 1.9 11.2 0.4 2.4
Employment 428.0 434.4 1.6 6.4 -9.4 1.5 -2.1
Unemployment 49.8 45.3 0.9 -4.5 20.6 -9.0 83.4
Participation rate 67.6 67.9 0.2 0.3 0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 10.4 9.4 0.2 -1.0 4.1 ... ...
Employment rate 60.6 61.4 0.2 0.8 -2.1 ... ...
Regina, Saskatchewan              
Population 216.1 216.4 ... 0.3 3.5 0.1 1.6
Labour force 145.3 147.1 1.1 1.8 -4.1 1.2 -2.7
Employment 131.8 136.2 1.1 4.4 -6.6 3.3 -4.6
Unemployment 13.5 10.9 0.6 -2.6 2.5 -19.3 29.8
Participation rate 67.2 68.0 0.5 0.8 -3.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.3 7.4 0.4 -1.9 1.8 ... ...
Employment rate 61.0 62.9 0.5 1.9 -4.2 ... ...
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan              
Population 281.8 282.2 ... 0.4 5.7 0.1 2.1
Labour force 192.1 193.2 1.2 1.1 2.0 0.6 1.0
Employment 171.4 175.5 1.2 4.1 -4.7 2.4 -2.6
Unemployment 20.8 17.7 0.7 -3.1 6.7 -14.9 60.9
Participation rate 68.2 68.5 0.4 0.3 -0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 10.8 9.2 0.4 -1.6 3.4 ... ...
Employment rate 60.8 62.2 0.4 1.4 -3.0 ... ...
Calgary, Alberta              
Population 1,302.6 1,304.1 ... 1.5 26.1 0.1 2.0
Labour force 936.2 948.0 4.7 11.8 3.5 1.3 0.4
Employment 801.3 828.3 4.9 27.0 -48.9 3.4 -5.6
Unemployment 134.9 119.7 3.2 -15.2 52.4 -11.3 77.9
Participation rate 71.9 72.7 0.4 0.8 -1.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 14.4 12.6 0.3 -1.8 5.5 ... ...
Employment rate 61.5 63.5 0.4 2.0 -5.1 ... ...
Edmonton, Alberta              
Population 1,211.6 1,213.1 ... 1.5 23.3 0.1 2.0
Labour force 829.4 824.7 4.5 -4.7 -20.9 -0.6 -2.5
Employment 716.8 720.6 4.8 3.8 -62.9 0.5 -8.0
Unemployment 112.6 104.2 3.1 -8.4 42.1 -7.5 67.8
Participation rate 68.5 68.0 0.4 -0.5 -3.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 13.6 12.6 0.4 -1.0 5.3 ... ...
Employment rate 59.2 59.4 0.4 0.2 -6.5 ... ...
Kelowna, British Columbia               
Population 170.0 170.3 ... 0.3 3.8 0.2 2.3
Labour force 108.8 108.0 1.6 -0.8 -3.7 -0.7 -3.3
Employment 98.9 99.4 1.5 0.5 -7.6 0.5 -7.1
Unemployment 9.8 8.6 0.7 -1.2 4.0 -12.2 87.0
Participation rate 64.0 63.4 1.0 -0.6 -3.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.0 8.0 0.6 -1.0 3.9 ... ...
Employment rate 58.2 58.4 0.9 0.2 -5.9 ... ...
Abbotsford–Mission, British Columbia              
Population 161.9 162.3 ... 0.4 4.4 0.2 2.8
Labour force 101.8 102.7 0.9 0.9 -2.7 0.9 -2.6
Employment 93.5 94.5 0.9 1.0 -5.7 1.1 -5.7
Unemployment 8.3 8.2 0.4 -0.1 2.9 -1.2 54.7
Participation rate 62.9 63.3 0.6 0.4 -3.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.2 8.0 0.4 -0.2 3.0 ... ...
Employment rate 57.8 58.2 0.6 0.4 -5.3 ... ...
Vancouver, British Columbia               
Population 2,320.1 2,323.5 ... 3.4 45.8 0.1 2.0
Labour force 1,498.7 1,500.3 6.3 1.6 -37.8 0.1 -2.5
Employment 1,307.4 1,334.5 6.5 27.1 -131.3 2.1 -9.0
Unemployment 191.3 165.9 3.7 -25.4 93.6 -13.3 129.5
Participation rate 64.6 64.6 0.3 0.0 -2.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 12.8 11.1 0.2 -1.7 6.4 ... ...
Employment rate 56.4 57.4 0.3 1.0 -7.0 ... ...
Victoria, British Columbia               
Population 327.2 327.6 ... 0.4 6.0 0.1 1.9
Labour force 210.6 210.5 1.9 -0.1 6.7 -0.0 3.3
Employment 189.0 191.4 1.9 2.4 -6.0 1.3 -3.0
Unemployment 21.6 19.1 0.7 -2.5 12.7 -11.6 198.4
Participation rate 64.4 64.3 0.6 -0.1 0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 10.3 9.1 0.3 -1.2 6.0 ... ...
Employment rate 57.8 58.4 0.6 0.6 -3.0 ... ...
...
not applicable
Note(s):
The sum of individual categories may not always add up to the total as a result of rounding.
Source(s):
Table 14-10-0294-02 (formerly CANSIM table 282-0135).
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