Table 7 
Labour force characteristics by census metropolitan area, three-month moving average, seasonally adjusted 

Labour force characteristics by census metropolitan area, three-month moving average, seasonally adjusted
  June
2020
July
2020
Standard error1 June to July 2020 July 2019 to July 2020 June to July 2020 July 2019 to July 2020
  thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates) change in thousands (except rates)change in thousands (except rates) % change% change
St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador              
Population 187.4 187.5 ... 0.1 1.5 0.1 0.8
Labour force 117.8 121.4 0.9 3.6 -2.6 3.1 -2.1
Employment 104.1 107.2 1.0 3.1 -7.5 3.0 -6.5
Unemployment 13.7 14.2 0.5 0.5 4.9 3.6 52.7
Participation rate 62.9 64.7 0.5 1.8 -2.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 11.6 11.7 0.4 0.1 4.2 ... ...
Employment rate 55.5 57.2 0.5 1.7 -4.5 ... ...
Halifax, Nova Scotia              
Population 381.5 382.2 ... 0.7 9.0 0.2 2.4
Labour force 245.8 253.3 1.4 7.5 -4.9 3.1 -1.9
Employment 216.6 225.6 1.5 9.0 -18.8 4.2 -7.7
Unemployment 29.2 27.7 0.8 -1.5 13.9 -5.1 100.7
Participation rate 64.4 66.3 0.4 1.9 -2.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 11.9 10.9 0.3 -1.0 5.6 ... ...
Employment rate 56.8 59.0 0.4 2.2 -6.5 ... ...
Moncton, New Brunswick              
Population 133.6 133.8 ... 0.2 2.5 0.1 1.9
Labour force 88.1 88.6 0.9 0.5 1.7 0.6 2.0
Employment 80.1 81.3 0.9 1.2 -0.7 1.5 -0.9
Unemployment 8.0 7.3 0.4 -0.7 2.4 -8.8 49.0
Participation rate 65.9 66.2 0.7 0.3 0.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.1 8.2 0.5 -0.9 2.6 ... ...
Employment rate 60.0 60.8 0.7 0.8 -1.7 ... ...
Saint John, New Brunswick               
Population 107.9 108.0 ... 0.1 1.1 0.1 1.0
Labour force 65.2 67.1 0.9 1.9 -3.9 2.9 -5.5
Employment 57.6 60.5 0.9 2.9 -5.5 5.0 -8.3
Unemployment 7.5 6.6 0.4 -0.9 1.7 -12.0 34.7
Participation rate 60.4 62.1 0.8 1.7 -4.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 11.5 9.8 0.6 -1.7 2.9 ... ...
Employment rate 53.4 56.0 0.8 2.6 -5.7 ... ...
Saguenay, Quebec              
Population 133.1 133.0 ... -0.1 -0.8 -0.1 -0.6
Labour force 77.0 78.1 0.9 1.1 -2.7 1.4 -3.3
Employment 67.2 71.6 1.0 4.4 -4.8 6.5 -6.3
Unemployment 9.9 6.5 0.4 -3.4 2.1 -34.3 47.7
Participation rate 57.9 58.7 0.7 0.8 -1.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 12.9 8.3 0.5 -4.6 2.9 ... ...
Employment rate 50.5 53.8 0.7 3.3 -3.3 ... ...
Québec, Quebec              
Population 690.8 691.0 ... 0.2 3.8 0.0 0.6
Labour force 442.3 455.6 3.4 13.3 -23.8 3.0 -5.0
Employment 389.5 416.2 3.6 26.7 -52.1 6.9 -11.1
Unemployment 52.8 39.4 1.5 -13.4 28.2 -25.4 251.8
Participation rate 64.0 65.9 0.5 1.9 -3.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 11.9 8.6 0.3 -3.3 6.3 ... ...
Employment rate 56.4 60.2 0.5 3.8 -7.9 ... ...
Sherbrooke, Quebec              
Population 190.0 190.2 ... 0.2 2.6 0.1 1.4
Labour force 117.2 119.6 1.2 2.4 1.1 2.0 0.9
Employment 103.6 109.2 1.1 5.6 -4.2 5.4 -3.7
Unemployment 13.6 10.4 0.5 -3.2 5.3 -23.5 103.9
Participation rate 61.7 62.9 0.6 1.2 -0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 11.6 8.7 0.4 -2.9 4.4 ... ...
Employment rate 54.5 57.4 0.6 2.9 -3.0 ... ...
Trois-Rivières, Quebec               
Population 135.7 135.7 ... 0.0 0.6 0.0 0.4
Labour force 79.2 80.0 0.8 0.8 -1.4 1.0 -1.7
Employment 69.2 72.2 0.8 3.0 -4.6 4.3 -6.0
Unemployment 10.0 7.8 0.4 -2.2 3.2 -22.0 69.6
Participation rate 58.4 59.0 0.6 0.6 -1.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 12.6 9.8 0.4 -2.8 4.1 ... ...
Employment rate 51.0 53.2 0.6 2.2 -3.6 ... ...
Montréal, Quebec              
Population 3,559.7 3,563.5 ... 3.8 54.2 0.1 1.5
Labour force 2,297.1 2,346.9 8.7 49.8 20.2 2.2 0.9
Employment 1,949.2 2,041.6 9.0 92.4 -149.7 4.7 -6.8
Unemployment 347.9 305.3 5.2 -42.6 169.9 -12.2 125.5
Participation rate 64.5 65.9 0.2 1.4 -0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 15.1 13.0 0.2 -2.1 7.2 ... ...
Employment rate 54.8 57.3 0.3 2.5 -5.1 ... ...
Ottawa–Gatineau, Ontario/Quebec               
Population 1,191.0 1,192.4 ... 1.4 21.8 0.1 1.9
Labour force 768.8 782.8 4.6 14.0 -23.3 1.8 -2.9
Employment 696.0 711.2 4.8 15.2 -56.8 2.2 -7.4
Unemployment 72.8 71.6 2.2 -1.2 33.6 -1.6 88.4
Participation rate 64.6 65.6 0.4 1.0 -3.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.5 9.1 0.3 -0.4 4.4 ... ...
Employment rate 58.4 59.6 0.4 1.2 -6.0 ... ...
Ottawa–Gatineau, Quebec part, Ontario/Quebec              
Population 284.1 284.3 ... 0.2 3.1 0.1 1.1
Labour force 178.6 180.9 1.4 2.3 -10.7 1.3 -5.6
Employment 159.0 164.5 1.5 5.5 -19.2 3.5 -10.5
Unemployment 19.6 16.4 0.7 -3.2 8.4 -16.3 105.0
Participation rate 62.9 63.6 0.5 0.7 -4.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 11.0 9.1 0.4 -1.9 4.9 ... ...
Employment rate 56.0 57.9 0.5 1.9 -7.4 ... ...
Ottawa–Gatineau, Ontario part, Ontario/Quebec              
Population 907.0 908.2 ... 1.2 18.8 0.1 2.1
Labour force 590.2 601.9 4.4 11.7 -12.5 2.0 -2.0
Employment 537.0 546.7 4.6 9.7 -37.7 1.8 -6.5
Unemployment 53.2 55.2 2.1 2.0 25.2 3.8 84.0
Participation rate 65.1 66.3 0.5 1.2 -2.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.0 9.2 0.3 0.2 4.3 ... ...
Employment rate 59.2 60.2 0.5 1.0 -5.5 ... ...
Kingston, Ontario              
Population 147.8 147.9 ... 0.1 2.0 0.1 1.4
Labour force 88.1 90.2 0.8 2.1 -2.8 2.4 -3.0
Employment 77.2 80.0 0.9 2.8 -8.4 3.6 -9.5
Unemployment 10.9 10.2 0.3 -0.7 5.6 -6.4 121.7
Participation rate 59.6 61.0 0.6 1.4 -2.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 12.4 11.3 0.4 -1.1 6.4 ... ...
Employment rate 52.2 54.1 0.6 1.9 -6.5 ... ...
Peterborough, Ontario              
Population 108.6 108.7 ... 0.1 1.2 0.1 1.1
Labour force 55.5 56.7 1.5 1.2 -8.8 2.2 -13.4
Employment 50.3 50.7 1.5 0.4 -11.5 0.8 -18.5
Unemployment 5.3 6.0 0.6 0.7 2.8 13.2 87.5
Participation rate 51.1 52.2 1.4 1.1 -8.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.5 10.6 1.0 1.1 5.7 ... ...
Employment rate 46.3 46.6 1.3 0.3 -11.3 ... ...
Oshawa, Ontario              
Population 351.2 351.6 ... 0.4 6.1 0.1 1.8
Labour force 221.7 227.2 2.1 5.5 -5.7 2.5 -2.4
Employment 195.6 199.0 2.1 3.4 -21.6 1.7 -9.8
Unemployment 26.1 28.2 1.0 2.1 15.9 8.0 129.3
Participation rate 63.1 64.6 0.6 1.5 -2.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 11.8 12.4 0.4 0.6 7.1 ... ...
Employment rate 55.7 56.6 0.6 0.9 -7.2 ... ...
Toronto, Ontario              
Population 5,675.2 5,683.1 ... 7.9 126.4 0.1 2.3
Labour force 3,497.7 3,613.6 11.9 115.9 -84.7 3.3 -2.3
Employment 3,022.6 3,082.3 11.9 59.7 -405.2 2.0 -11.6
Unemployment 475.1 531.3 7.0 56.2 320.6 11.8 152.2
Participation rate 61.6 63.6 0.2 2.0 -3.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 13.6 14.7 0.2 1.1 9.0 ... ...
Employment rate 53.3 54.2 0.2 0.9 -8.6 ... ...
Hamilton, Ontario              
Population 686.1 686.5 ... 0.4 8.4 0.1 1.2
Labour force 422.0 428.8 4.0 6.8 -8.4 1.6 -1.9
Employment 371.0 380.3 4.1 9.3 -35.6 2.5 -8.6
Unemployment 51.0 48.4 1.8 -2.6 27.2 -5.1 128.3
Participation rate 61.5 62.5 0.6 1.0 -2.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 12.1 11.3 0.4 -0.8 6.5 ... ...
Employment rate 54.1 55.4 0.6 1.3 -5.9 ... ...
St. Catharines–Niagara, Ontario               
Population 360.9 361.1 ... 0.2 4.0 0.1 1.1
Labour force 195.4 199.6 2.3 4.2 -8.1 2.1 -3.9
Employment 170.0 174.7 2.3 4.7 -21.4 2.8 -10.9
Unemployment 25.3 25.0 1.0 -0.3 13.3 -1.2 113.7
Participation rate 54.1 55.3 0.6 1.2 -2.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 12.9 12.5 0.5 -0.4 6.9 ... ...
Employment rate 47.1 48.4 0.6 1.3 -6.5 ... ...
Kitchener–Cambridge–Waterloo, Ontario              
Population 455.6 456.0 ... 0.4 7.8 0.1 1.7
Labour force 297.2 303.2 2.4 6.0 -16.0 2.0 -5.0
Employment 260.9 264.2 2.5 3.3 -36.9 1.3 -12.3
Unemployment 36.3 39.0 1.3 2.7 20.8 7.4 114.3
Participation rate 65.2 66.5 0.5 1.3 -4.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 12.2 12.9 0.4 0.7 7.2 ... ...
Employment rate 57.3 57.9 0.6 0.6 -9.3 ... ...
Brantford, Ontario              
Population 119.5 119.6 ... 0.1 1.5 0.1 1.3
Labour force 79.3 80.4 0.9 1.1 -4.7 1.4 -5.5
Employment 69.3 71.9 0.9 2.6 -9.4 3.8 -11.6
Unemployment 10.0 8.5 0.4 -1.5 4.7 -15.0 123.7
Participation rate 66.4 67.2 0.8 0.8 -4.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 12.6 10.6 0.5 -2.0 6.1 ... ...
Employment rate 58.0 60.1 0.8 2.1 -8.7 ... ...
Guelph, Ontario              
Population 142.2 142.4 ... 0.2 3.3 0.1 2.4
Labour force 97.7 99.5 1.3 1.8 0.1 1.8 0.1
Employment 83.1 85.8 1.3 2.7 -8.7 3.2 -9.2
Unemployment 14.6 13.7 0.6 -0.9 8.8 -6.2 179.6
Participation rate 68.7 69.9 0.9 1.2 -1.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 14.9 13.8 0.6 -1.1 8.9 ... ...
Employment rate 58.4 60.3 0.9 1.9 -7.6 ... ...
London, Ontario              
Population 453.9 454.3 ... 0.4 7.2 0.1 1.6
Labour force 266.3 272.4 2.6 6.1 15.0 2.3 5.8
Employment 232.7 243.9 2.7 11.2 1.8 4.8 0.7
Unemployment 33.6 28.6 1.2 -5.0 13.4 -14.9 88.2
Participation rate 58.7 60.0 0.6 1.3 2.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 12.6 10.5 0.4 -2.1 4.6 ... ...
Employment rate 51.3 53.7 0.6 2.4 -0.4 ... ...
Windsor, Ontario              
Population 299.1 299.4 ... 0.3 4.5 0.1 1.5
Labour force 161.4 168.1 2.0 6.7 -12.3 4.2 -6.8
Employment 136.9 147.1 2.0 10.2 -22.6 7.5 -13.3
Unemployment 24.5 21.0 1.0 -3.5 10.4 -14.3 98.1
Participation rate 54.0 56.1 0.7 2.1 -5.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 15.2 12.5 0.6 -2.7 6.6 ... ...
Employment rate 45.8 49.1 0.7 3.3 -8.4 ... ...
Barrie, Ontario              
Population 183.1 183.3 ... 0.2 3.4 0.1 1.9
Labour force 131.1 135.0 1.9 3.9 9.8 3.0 7.8
Employment 116.9 121.9 2.0 5.0 3.4 4.3 2.9
Unemployment 14.2 13.1 1.0 -1.1 6.4 -7.7 95.5
Participation rate 71.6 73.6 1.0 2.0 4.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 10.8 9.7 0.8 -1.1 4.3 ... ...
Employment rate 63.8 66.5 1.1 2.7 0.6 ... ...
Greater Sudbury, Ontario              
Population 141.1 141.0 ... -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1
Labour force 82.2 84.4 0.8 2.2 -5.1 2.7 -5.7
Employment 74.6 76.7 0.9 2.1 -8.3 2.8 -9.8
Unemployment 7.7 7.8 0.4 0.1 3.3 1.3 73.3
Participation rate 58.3 59.9 0.6 1.6 -3.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.4 9.2 0.4 -0.2 4.2 ... ...
Employment rate 52.9 54.4 0.6 1.5 -5.8 ... ...
Thunder Bay, Ontario              
Population 104.4 104.4 ... 0.0 -0.3 0.0 -0.3
Labour force 58.6 59.5 0.6 0.9 -5.7 1.5 -8.7
Employment 52.1 53.4 0.6 1.3 -7.9 2.5 -12.9
Unemployment 6.5 6.1 0.3 -0.4 2.2 -6.2 56.4
Participation rate 56.1 57.0 0.6 0.9 -5.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 11.1 10.3 0.4 -0.8 4.3 ... ...
Employment rate 49.9 51.1 0.6 1.2 -7.4 ... ...
Winnipeg, Manitoba              
Population 705.7 706.1 ... 0.4 9.7 0.1 1.4
Labour force 459.8 470.8 1.5 11.0 1.0 2.4 0.2
Employment 406.1 418.4 1.6 12.3 -26.3 3.0 -5.9
Unemployment 53.6 52.4 0.9 -1.2 27.3 -2.2 108.8
Participation rate 65.2 66.7 0.2 1.5 -0.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 11.7 11.1 0.2 -0.6 5.8 ... ...
Employment rate 57.5 59.3 0.2 1.8 -4.6 ... ...
Regina, Saskatchewan              
Population 215.8 215.9 ... 0.1 3.8 0.0 1.8
Labour force 139.5 142.7 1.1 3.2 -9.0 2.3 -5.9
Employment 123.4 127.7 1.1 4.3 -16.0 3.5 -11.1
Unemployment 16.2 15.0 0.6 -1.2 7.0 -7.4 87.5
Participation rate 64.6 66.1 0.5 1.5 -5.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 11.6 10.5 0.4 -1.1 5.2 ... ...
Employment rate 57.2 59.1 0.5 1.9 -8.7 ... ...
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan              
Population 281.1 281.4 ... 0.3 6.1 0.1 2.2
Labour force 187.3 190.2 1.2 2.9 -0.3 1.5 -0.2
Employment 160.8 166.0 1.2 5.2 -13.3 3.2 -7.4
Unemployment 26.5 24.2 0.7 -2.3 13.1 -8.7 118.0
Participation rate 66.6 67.6 0.4 1.0 -1.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 14.1 12.7 0.4 -1.4 6.9 ... ...
Employment rate 57.2 59.0 0.4 1.8 -6.1 ... ...
Calgary, Alberta              
Population 1,299.0 1,300.8 ... 1.8 28.7 0.1 2.3
Labour force 881.7 916.0 4.7 34.3 -27.9 3.9 -3.0
Employment 744.2 774.4 4.9 30.2 -105.8 4.1 -12.0
Unemployment 137.5 141.7 3.2 4.2 78.0 3.1 122.4
Participation rate 67.9 70.4 0.4 2.5 -3.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 15.6 15.5 0.3 -0.1 8.8 ... ...
Employment rate 57.3 59.5 0.4 2.2 -9.7 ... ...
Edmonton, Alberta              
Population 1,208.4 1,210.1 ... 1.7 25.7 0.1 2.2
Labour force 791.7 814.6 4.5 22.9 -38.8 2.9 -4.5
Employment 667.4 692.4 4.8 25.0 -96.9 3.7 -12.3
Unemployment 124.3 122.2 3.1 -2.1 58.1 -1.7 90.6
Participation rate 65.5 67.3 0.4 1.8 -4.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 15.7 15.0 0.4 -0.7 7.5 ... ...
Employment rate 55.2 57.2 0.4 2.0 -9.4 ... ...
Kelowna, British Columbia               
Population 169.3 169.6 ... 0.3 3.8 0.2 2.3
Labour force 106.4 110.2 1.6 3.8 -0.6 3.6 -0.5
Employment 95.6 99.2 1.5 3.6 -6.8 3.8 -6.4
Unemployment 10.8 11.0 0.7 0.2 6.2 1.9 129.2
Participation rate 62.8 65.0 1.0 2.2 -1.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 10.2 10.0 0.6 -0.2 5.7 ... ...
Employment rate 56.5 58.5 0.9 2.0 -5.4 ... ...
Abbotsford–Mission, British Columbia              
Population 161.2 161.5 ... 0.3 4.4 0.2 2.8
Labour force 97.4 100.0 0.9 2.6 -6.1 2.7 -5.7
Employment 88.9 91.8 0.9 2.9 -8.6 3.3 -8.6
Unemployment 8.6 8.3 0.4 -0.3 2.6 -3.5 45.6
Participation rate 60.4 61.9 0.6 1.5 -5.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.8 8.3 0.4 -0.5 2.9 ... ...
Employment rate 55.1 56.8 0.6 1.7 -7.1 ... ...
Vancouver, British Columbia               
Population 2,313.0 2,316.6 ... 3.6 48.9 0.2 2.2
Labour force 1,419.6 1,464.4 6.3 44.8 -82.5 3.2 -5.3
Employment 1,233.8 1,269.5 6.5 35.7 -213.9 2.9 -14.4
Unemployment 185.9 194.9 3.7 9.0 131.4 4.8 206.9
Participation rate 61.4 63.2 0.3 1.8 -5.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 13.1 13.3 0.2 0.2 9.2 ... ...
Employment rate 53.3 54.8 0.3 1.5 -10.6 ... ...
Victoria, British Columbia               
Population 326.2 326.7 ... 0.5 6.4 0.2 2.0
Labour force 200.4 206.5 1.9 6.1 4.2 3.0 2.1
Employment 178.4 183.6 1.9 5.2 -11.1 2.9 -5.7
Unemployment 22.0 22.9 0.7 0.9 15.3 4.1 201.3
Participation rate 61.4 63.2 0.6 1.8 0.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 11.0 11.1 0.3 0.1 7.3 ... ...
Employment rate 54.7 56.2 0.6 1.5 -4.6 ... ...
...
not applicable
Note(s):
The sum of individual categories may not always add up to the total as a result of rounding.
Source(s):
Table 14-10-0294-02 (formerly CANSIM table 282-0135).
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