Table 7 
Labour force characteristics by census metropolitan area, three-month moving average, seasonally adjusted 

Labour force characteristics by census metropolitan area, three-month moving average, seasonally adjusted
  April
2020
May
2020
Standard error1 April to May 2020 May 2019 to May 2020 April to May 2020 May 2019 to May 2020
  thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates) change in thousands (except rates)change in thousands (except rates) % change% change
St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador              
Population 187.2 187.3 ... 0.1 1.3 0.1 0.7
Labour force 118.7 117.2 0.9 -1.5 -8.9 -1.3 -7.1
Employment 107.2 105.0 0.9 -2.2 -11.2 -2.1 -9.6
Unemployment 11.5 12.3 0.5 0.8 2.4 7.0 24.2
Participation rate 63.4 62.6 0.5 -0.8 -5.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.7 10.5 0.4 0.8 2.6 ... ...
Employment rate 57.3 56.1 0.5 -1.2 -6.4 ... ...
Halifax, Nova Scotia              
Population 380.3 380.9 ... 0.6 9.2 0.2 2.5
Labour force 248.2 241.6 1.4 -6.6 -11.5 -2.7 -4.5
Employment 226.0 216.3 1.4 -9.7 -23.3 -4.3 -9.7
Unemployment 22.2 25.3 0.7 3.1 11.8 14.0 87.4
Participation rate 65.3 63.4 0.4 -1.9 -4.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.9 10.5 0.3 1.6 5.2 ... ...
Employment rate 59.4 56.8 0.4 -2.6 -7.7 ... ...
Moncton, New Brunswick              
Population 133.2 133.4 ... 0.2 2.6 0.2 2.0
Labour force 86.0 86.6 0.9 0.6 -0.9 0.7 -1.0
Employment 80.0 79.1 0.9 -0.9 -3.3 -1.1 -4.0
Unemployment 6.0 7.6 0.4 1.6 2.5 26.7 49.0
Participation rate 64.6 64.9 0.7 0.3 -2.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.0 8.8 0.4 1.8 3.0 ... ...
Employment rate 60.1 59.3 0.7 -0.8 -3.7 ... ...
Saint John, New Brunswick               
Population 107.8 107.9 ... 0.1 1.3 0.1 1.2
Labour force 66.6 64.8 0.8 -1.8 -6.2 -2.7 -8.7
Employment 60.3 57.6 0.8 -2.7 -9.1 -4.5 -13.6
Unemployment 6.3 7.2 0.4 0.9 2.9 14.3 67.4
Participation rate 61.8 60.1 0.7 -1.7 -6.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.5 11.1 0.5 1.6 5.0 ... ...
Employment rate 55.9 53.4 0.7 -2.5 -9.2 ... ...
Saguenay, Quebec              
Population 133.3 133.2 ... -0.1 -0.6 -0.1 -0.4
Labour force 77.6 76.7 0.9 -0.9 -2.3 -1.2 -2.9
Employment 69.0 66.5 0.9 -2.5 -9.2 -3.6 -12.2
Unemployment 8.6 10.2 0.3 1.6 6.9 18.6 209.1
Participation rate 58.2 57.6 0.7 -0.6 -1.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 11.1 13.3 0.4 2.2 9.1 ... ...
Employment rate 51.8 49.9 0.7 -1.9 -6.7 ... ...
Québec, Quebec              
Population 690.4 690.6 ... 0.2 4.1 0.0 0.6
Labour force 441.8 435.5 3.3 -6.3 -48.0 -1.4 -9.9
Employment 400.0 383.6 3.4 -16.4 -86.6 -4.1 -18.4
Unemployment 41.8 51.9 1.3 10.1 38.6 24.2 290.2
Participation rate 64.0 63.1 0.5 -0.9 -7.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.5 11.9 0.3 2.4 9.1 ... ...
Employment rate 57.9 55.5 0.5 -2.4 -13.0 ... ...
Sherbrooke, Quebec              
Population 189.6 189.8 ... 0.2 2.7 0.1 1.4
Labour force 115.9 116.4 1.1 0.5 -0.6 0.4 -0.5
Employment 105.1 103.7 1.1 -1.4 -9.3 -1.3 -8.2
Unemployment 10.7 12.7 0.4 2.0 8.7 18.7 217.5
Participation rate 61.1 61.3 0.6 0.2 -1.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.2 10.9 0.4 1.7 7.5 ... ...
Employment rate 55.4 54.6 0.6 -0.8 -5.8 ... ...
Trois-Rivières, Quebec               
Population 135.6 135.7 ... 0.1 0.8 0.1 0.6
Labour force 82.7 80.3 0.8 -2.4 -2.0 -2.9 -2.4
Employment 74.6 70.0 0.9 -4.6 -7.7 -6.2 -9.9
Unemployment 8.1 10.4 0.3 2.3 5.9 28.4 131.1
Participation rate 61.0 59.2 0.6 -1.8 -1.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.8 13.0 0.4 3.2 7.5 ... ...
Employment rate 55.0 51.6 0.6 -3.4 -6.0 ... ...
Montréal, Quebec              
Population 3,551.0 3,555.5 ... 4.5 54.8 0.1 1.6
Labour force 2,290.0 2,265.5 8.3 -24.5 -57.1 -1.1 -2.5
Employment 2,049.6 1,947.5 8.5 -102.1 -247.8 -5.0 -11.3
Unemployment 240.4 318.0 4.6 77.6 190.7 32.3 149.8
Participation rate 64.5 63.7 0.2 -0.8 -2.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 10.5 14.0 0.2 3.5 8.5 ... ...
Employment rate 57.7 54.8 0.2 -2.9 -7.9 ... ...
Ottawa–Gatineau, Ontario/Quebec               
Population 1,188.2 1,189.7 ... 1.5 23.5 0.1 2.0
Labour force 783.5 770.7 4.5 -12.8 -22.6 -1.6 -2.8
Employment 729.6 705.6 4.5 -24.0 -45.2 -3.3 -6.0
Unemployment 53.9 65.1 2.0 11.2 22.6 20.8 53.2
Participation rate 65.9 64.8 0.4 -1.1 -3.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.9 8.4 0.2 1.5 3.0 ... ...
Employment rate 61.4 59.3 0.4 -2.1 -5.1 ... ...
Ottawa–Gatineau, Quebec part, Ontario/Quebec              
Population 283.6 283.9 ... 0.3 3.3 0.1 1.2
Labour force 186.2 181.1 1.5 -5.1 -11.5 -2.7 -6.0
Employment 169.7 161.2 1.5 -8.5 -21.4 -5.0 -11.7
Unemployment 16.5 19.9 0.6 3.4 9.9 20.6 99.0
Participation rate 65.7 63.8 0.5 -1.9 -4.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.9 11.0 0.3 2.1 5.8 ... ...
Employment rate 59.8 56.8 0.5 -3.0 -8.3 ... ...
Ottawa–Gatineau, Ontario part, Ontario/Quebec              
Population 904.5 905.8 ... 1.3 20.3 0.1 2.3
Labour force 597.3 589.6 4.3 -7.7 -11.0 -1.3 -1.8
Employment 559.9 544.4 4.3 -15.5 -23.8 -2.8 -4.2
Unemployment 37.4 45.2 1.9 7.8 12.7 20.9 39.1
Participation rate 66.0 65.1 0.5 -0.9 -2.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.3 7.7 0.3 1.4 2.3 ... ...
Employment rate 61.9 60.1 0.5 -1.8 -4.1 ... ...
Kingston, Ontario              
Population 147.6 147.7 ... 0.1 2.4 0.1 1.7
Labour force 88.4 86.8 0.8 -1.6 -6.3 -1.8 -6.8
Employment 81.4 77.4 0.8 -4.0 -11.5 -4.9 -12.9
Unemployment 7.0 9.4 0.3 2.4 5.2 34.3 123.8
Participation rate 59.9 58.8 0.6 -1.1 -5.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.9 10.8 0.3 2.9 6.3 ... ...
Employment rate 55.1 52.4 0.6 -2.7 -8.8 ... ...
Peterborough, Ontario              
Population 108.5 108.6 ... 0.1 1.4 0.1 1.3
Labour force 56.1 53.8 1.3 -2.3 -12.9 -4.1 -19.3
Employment 51.8 48.7 1.3 -3.1 -14.1 -6.0 -22.5
Unemployment 4.3 5.1 0.5 0.8 1.2 18.6 30.8
Participation rate 51.7 49.5 1.2 -2.2 -12.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.7 9.5 0.7 1.8 3.7 ... ...
Employment rate 47.7 44.8 1.2 -2.9 -13.8 ... ...
Oshawa, Ontario              
Population 350.5 350.9 ... 0.4 6.6 0.1 1.9
Labour force 231.3 224.5 2.0 -6.8 -11.2 -2.9 -4.8
Employment 211.6 201.9 2.0 -9.7 -21.2 -4.6 -9.5
Unemployment 19.7 22.6 0.9 2.9 10.0 14.7 79.4
Participation rate 66.0 64.0 0.6 -2.0 -4.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.5 10.1 0.4 1.6 4.8 ... ...
Employment rate 60.4 57.5 0.6 -2.9 -7.3 ... ...
Toronto, Ontario              
Population 5,658.8 5,667.6 ... 8.8 136.3 0.2 2.5
Labour force 3,581.1 3,481.3 11.0 -99.8 -208.8 -2.8 -5.7
Employment 3,298.9 3,089.7 11.1 -209.2 -372.0 -6.3 -10.7
Unemployment 282.2 391.5 6.3 109.3 163.2 38.7 71.5
Participation rate 63.3 61.4 0.2 -1.9 -5.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.9 11.2 0.2 3.3 5.0 ... ...
Employment rate 58.3 54.5 0.2 -3.8 -8.1 ... ...
Hamilton, Ontario              
Population 685.2 685.7 ... 0.5 9.5 0.1 1.4
Labour force 440.4 426.1 3.5 -14.3 -8.2 -3.2 -1.9
Employment 407.4 382.0 3.7 -25.4 -33.7 -6.2 -8.1
Unemployment 32.9 44.0 1.4 11.1 25.4 33.7 136.6
Participation rate 64.3 62.1 0.5 -2.2 -2.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.5 10.3 0.3 2.8 6.0 ... ...
Employment rate 59.5 55.7 0.5 -3.8 -5.8 ... ...
St. Catharines–Niagara, Ontario               
Population 360.5 360.8 ... 0.3 4.7 0.1 1.3
Labour force 203.5 195.9 2.2 -7.6 -11.0 -3.7 -5.3
Employment 183.3 171.3 2.2 -12.0 -23.7 -6.5 -12.2
Unemployment 20.2 24.6 0.9 4.4 12.7 21.8 106.7
Participation rate 56.4 54.3 0.6 -2.1 -3.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.9 12.6 0.4 2.7 6.8 ... ...
Employment rate 50.8 47.5 0.6 -3.3 -7.3 ... ...
Kitchener–Cambridge–Waterloo, Ontario              
Population 454.6 455.2 ... 0.6 8.7 0.1 1.9
Labour force 314.7 301.1 2.4 -13.6 -19.8 -4.3 -6.2
Employment 290.2 270.0 2.4 -20.2 -35.1 -7.0 -11.5
Unemployment 24.5 31.1 1.1 6.6 15.3 26.9 96.8
Participation rate 69.2 66.1 0.5 -3.1 -5.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.8 10.3 0.3 2.5 5.4 ... ...
Employment rate 63.8 59.3 0.5 -4.5 -9.0 ... ...
Brantford, Ontario              
Population 119.4 119.4 ... 0.0 1.7 0.0 1.4
Labour force 77.3 78.0 0.8 0.7 -6.1 0.9 -7.3
Employment 70.0 69.2 0.9 -0.8 -10.4 -1.1 -13.1
Unemployment 7.3 8.8 0.4 1.5 4.3 20.5 95.6
Participation rate 64.7 65.3 0.7 0.6 -6.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.4 11.3 0.5 1.9 5.9 ... ...
Employment rate 58.6 58.0 0.7 -0.6 -9.6 ... ...
Guelph, Ontario              
Population 141.7 142.0 ... 0.3 3.5 0.2 2.5
Labour force 93.9 96.2 1.1 2.3 -3.6 2.4 -3.6
Employment 85.8 83.8 1.2 -2.0 -11.5 -2.3 -12.1
Unemployment 8.1 12.4 0.5 4.3 7.8 53.1 169.6
Participation rate 66.3 67.7 0.8 1.4 -4.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.6 12.9 0.5 4.3 8.3 ... ...
Employment rate 60.6 59.0 0.8 -1.6 -9.8 ... ...
London, Ontario              
Population 453.1 453.5 ... 0.4 8.0 0.1 1.8
Labour force 270.6 266.7 2.6 -3.9 9.5 -1.4 3.7
Employment 246.4 235.4 2.6 -11.0 -8.8 -4.5 -3.6
Unemployment 24.1 31.3 1.1 7.2 18.3 29.9 140.8
Participation rate 59.7 58.8 0.6 -0.9 1.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.9 11.7 0.4 2.8 6.6 ... ...
Employment rate 54.4 51.9 0.6 -2.5 -2.9 ... ...
Windsor, Ontario              
Population 298.6 298.9 ... 0.3 4.9 0.1 1.7
Labour force 169.6 162.5 1.9 -7.1 -23.5 -4.2 -12.6
Employment 147.8 135.4 1.9 -12.4 -39.9 -8.4 -22.8
Unemployment 21.8 27.1 0.9 5.3 16.4 24.3 153.3
Participation rate 56.8 54.4 0.7 -2.4 -8.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 12.9 16.7 0.5 3.8 10.9 ... ...
Employment rate 49.5 45.3 0.7 -4.2 -14.3 ... ...
Barrie, Ontario              
Population 182.7 182.9 ... 0.2 3.7 0.1 2.1
Labour force 134.9 131.5 2.0 -3.4 6.5 -2.5 5.2
Employment 122.6 116.2 1.9 -6.4 0.3 -5.2 0.3
Unemployment 12.3 15.3 0.9 3.0 6.2 24.4 68.1
Participation rate 73.8 71.9 1.1 -1.9 2.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.1 11.6 0.7 2.5 4.3 ... ...
Employment rate 67.1 63.5 1.1 -3.6 -1.2 ... ...
Greater Sudbury, Ontario              
Population 141.2 141.2 ... 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.1
Labour force 85.2 83.0 0.8 -2.2 -8.0 -2.6 -8.8
Employment 79.4 76.0 0.8 -3.4 -10.3 -4.3 -11.9
Unemployment 5.8 7.0 0.4 1.2 2.3 20.7 48.9
Participation rate 60.3 58.8 0.6 -1.5 -5.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.8 8.4 0.4 1.6 3.2 ... ...
Employment rate 56.2 53.8 0.6 -2.4 -7.4 ... ...
Thunder Bay, Ontario              
Population 104.6 104.5 ... -0.1 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2
Labour force 62.7 59.7 0.6 -3.0 -5.0 -4.8 -7.7
Employment 57.5 53.5 0.6 -4.0 -7.8 -7.0 -12.7
Unemployment 5.2 6.2 0.2 1.0 2.9 19.2 87.9
Participation rate 59.9 57.1 0.6 -2.8 -4.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.3 10.4 0.4 2.1 5.3 ... ...
Employment rate 55.0 51.2 0.5 -3.8 -7.3 ... ...
Winnipeg, Manitoba              
Population 704.9 705.5 ... 0.6 11.1 0.1 1.6
Labour force 465.4 458.4 1.4 -7.0 -11.9 -1.5 -2.5
Employment 429.5 411.2 1.5 -18.3 -35.0 -4.3 -7.8
Unemployment 35.8 47.2 0.8 11.4 23.1 31.8 95.9
Participation rate 66.0 65.0 0.2 -1.0 -2.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.7 10.3 0.2 2.6 5.2 ... ...
Employment rate 60.9 58.3 0.2 -2.6 -6.0 ... ...
Regina, Saskatchewan              
Population 215.4 215.6 ... 0.2 4.0 0.1 1.9
Labour force 142.5 139.1 1.0 -3.4 -11.7 -2.4 -7.8
Employment 130.2 124.4 1.0 -5.8 -19.6 -4.5 -13.6
Unemployment 12.2 14.7 0.5 2.5 8.0 20.5 119.4
Participation rate 66.2 64.5 0.5 -1.7 -6.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.6 10.6 0.3 2.0 6.2 ... ...
Employment rate 60.4 57.7 0.5 -2.7 -10.4 ... ...
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan              
Population 280.4 280.8 ... 0.4 6.5 0.1 2.4
Labour force 192.2 189.2 1.1 -3.0 -2.1 -1.6 -1.1
Employment 173.3 165.8 1.1 -7.5 -14.0 -4.3 -7.8
Unemployment 18.9 23.4 0.6 4.5 11.9 23.8 103.5
Participation rate 68.5 67.4 0.4 -1.1 -2.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.8 12.4 0.3 2.6 6.4 ... ...
Employment rate 61.8 59.0 0.4 -2.8 -6.5 ... ...
Calgary, Alberta              
Population 1,295.0 1,297.1 ... 2.1 30.7 0.2 2.4
Labour force 888.2 876.3 4.3 -11.9 -61.3 -1.3 -6.5
Employment 792.4 758.5 4.4 -33.9 -114.6 -4.3 -13.1
Unemployment 95.7 117.8 2.6 22.1 53.3 23.1 82.6
Participation rate 68.6 67.6 0.3 -1.0 -6.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 10.8 13.4 0.3 2.6 6.5 ... ...
Employment rate 61.2 58.5 0.3 -2.7 -10.4 ... ...
Edmonton, Alberta              
Population 1,204.9 1,206.8 ... 1.9 27.4 0.2 2.3
Labour force 803.6 781.5 3.8 -22.1 -72.6 -2.8 -8.5
Employment 723.6 675.4 4.1 -48.2 -119.8 -6.7 -15.1
Unemployment 80.0 106.1 2.5 26.1 47.2 32.6 80.1
Participation rate 66.7 64.8 0.3 -1.9 -7.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 10.0 13.6 0.3 3.6 6.7 ... ...
Employment rate 60.1 56.0 0.3 -4.1 -11.4 ... ...
Kelowna, British Columbia               
Population 168.8 169.1 ... 0.3 4.0 0.2 2.4
Labour force 105.1 105.3 1.4 0.2 -6.2 0.2 -5.6
Employment 96.6 95.2 1.5 -1.4 -11.6 -1.4 -10.9
Unemployment 8.5 10.1 0.6 1.6 5.4 18.8 114.9
Participation rate 62.3 62.3 0.9 0.0 -5.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.1 9.6 0.5 1.5 5.4 ... ...
Employment rate 57.2 56.3 0.9 -0.9 -8.4 ... ...
Abbotsford–Mission, British Columbia              
Population 160.5 160.9 ... 0.4 4.6 0.2 2.9
Labour force 100.7 98.2 0.9 -2.5 -7.6 -2.5 -7.2
Employment 94.8 90.8 0.9 -4.0 -9.2 -4.2 -9.2
Unemployment 5.9 7.4 0.4 1.5 1.5 25.4 25.4
Participation rate 62.7 61.0 0.6 -1.7 -6.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.9 7.5 0.3 1.6 1.9 ... ...
Employment rate 59.1 56.4 0.6 -2.7 -7.6 ... ...
Vancouver, British Columbia               
Population 2,306.4 2,309.8 ... 3.4 51.0 0.1 2.3
Labour force 1,458.0 1,412.2 5.8 -45.8 -132.6 -3.1 -8.6
Employment 1,348.8 1,260.5 5.9 -88.3 -219.4 -6.5 -14.8
Unemployment 109.2 151.7 3.2 42.5 86.8 38.9 133.7
Participation rate 63.2 61.1 0.3 -2.1 -7.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.5 10.7 0.2 3.2 6.5 ... ...
Employment rate 58.5 54.6 0.3 -3.9 -10.9 ... ...
Victoria, British Columbia               
Population 325.3 325.7 ... 0.4 6.5 0.1 2.0
Labour force 202.2 199.3 1.8 -2.9 -0.4 -1.4 -0.2
Employment 187.7 179.2 1.7 -8.5 -13.3 -4.5 -6.9
Unemployment 14.5 20.1 0.6 5.6 12.9 38.6 179.2
Participation rate 62.2 61.2 0.5 -1.0 -1.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.2 10.1 0.3 2.9 6.5 ... ...
Employment rate 57.7 55.0 0.5 -2.7 -5.3 ... ...
...
not applicable
Note(s):
The sum of individual categories may not always add up to the total as a result of rounding.
Source(s):
Table 14-10-0294-02 (formerly CANSIM table 282-0135).
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