Table 5 
Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia) 

Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia)
  February
2020
March
2020
Standard error1 February to March 2020 March 2019 to March 2020 February to March 2020 March 2019 to March 2020
  thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates) change in thousands (except rates)change in thousands (except rates) % change% change
Quebec              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 7,095.0 7,102.4 ... 7.4 72.0 0.1 1.0
Labour force 4,589.2 4,483.3 15.4 -105.9 -59.6 -2.3 -1.3
Employment 4,384.5 4,120.5 15.6 -264.0 -187.9 -6.0 -4.4
Full-time employment 3,577.0 3,485.4 21.2 -91.6 -7.2 -2.6 -0.2
Unemployment 204.7 362.8 12.6 158.1 128.3 77.2 54.7
Participation rate 64.7 63.1 0.2 -1.6 -1.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.5 8.1 0.3 3.6 2.9 ... ...
Employment rate 61.8 58.0 0.2 -3.8 -3.3 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 891.6 891.5 ... -0.1 -6.8 0.0 -0.8
Labour force 633.1 611.3 8.0 -21.8 -0.1 -3.4 0.0
Employment 590.3 501.6 7.7 -88.7 -61.5 -15.0 -10.9
Unemployment 42.8 109.7 6.7 66.9 61.3 156.3 126.7
Participation rate 71.0 68.6 0.9 -2.4 0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.8 17.9 1.0 11.1 10.0 ... ...
Employment rate 66.2 56.3 0.9 -9.9 -6.4 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 3,067.1 3,071.3 ... 4.2 42.8 0.1 1.4
Labour force 2,084.9 2,050.4 8.8 -34.5 -35.3 -1.7 -1.7
Employment 1,993.2 1,938.1 9.6 -55.1 -37.1 -2.8 -1.9
Unemployment 91.7 112.3 8.3 20.6 1.8 22.5 1.6
Participation rate 68.0 66.8 0.3 -1.2 -2.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.4 5.5 0.4 1.1 0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 65.0 63.1 0.3 -1.9 -2.1 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 3,136.3 3,139.6 ... 3.3 36.0 0.1 1.2
Labour force 1,871.2 1,821.6 8.9 -49.6 -24.1 -2.7 -1.3
Employment 1,801.0 1,680.8 8.8 -120.2 -89.3 -6.7 -5.0
Unemployment 70.2 140.8 7.0 70.6 65.2 100.6 86.2
Participation rate 59.7 58.0 0.3 -1.7 -1.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.8 7.7 0.4 3.9 3.6 ... ...
Employment rate 57.4 53.5 0.3 -3.9 -3.5 ... ...
Ontario              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 12,267.5 12,289.1 ... 21.6 237.0 0.2 2.0
Labour force 7,991.5 7,737.9 21.3 -253.6 -101.3 -3.2 -1.3
Employment 7,555.1 7,152.3 21.0 -402.8 -227.6 -5.3 -3.1
Full-time employment 6,194.0 5,945.5 28.1 -248.5 -74.4 -4.0 -1.2
Unemployment 436.4 585.6 17.9 149.2 126.3 34.2 27.5
Participation rate 65.1 63.0 0.2 -2.1 -2.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.5 7.6 0.2 2.1 1.7 ... ...
Employment rate 61.6 58.2 0.2 -3.4 -3.0 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 1,843.2 1,844.6 ... 1.4 26.4 0.1 1.5
Labour force 1,129.7 1,005.2 12.9 -124.5 -106.3 -11.0 -9.6
Employment 1,005.2 846.4 12.2 -158.8 -128.8 -15.8 -13.2
Unemployment 124.5 158.9 10.8 34.4 22.7 27.6 16.7
Participation rate 61.3 54.5 0.7 -6.8 -6.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 11.0 15.8 0.9 4.8 3.5 ... ...
Employment rate 54.5 45.9 0.7 -8.6 -7.7 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 5,049.1 5,059.5 ... 10.4 108.3 0.2 2.2
Labour force 3,613.0 3,567.0 10.7 -46.0 45.5 -1.3 1.3
Employment 3,456.0 3,367.0 11.1 -89.0 14.3 -2.6 0.4
Unemployment 157.1 200.0 10.0 42.9 31.2 27.3 18.5
Participation rate 71.6 70.5 0.2 -1.1 -0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.3 5.6 0.3 1.3 0.8 ... ...
Employment rate 68.4 66.5 0.2 -1.9 -1.2 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 5,375.2 5,385.1 ... 9.9 102.5 0.2 1.9
Labour force 3,248.7 3,165.7 11.8 -83.0 -40.6 -2.6 -1.3
Employment 3,093.9 2,939.0 11.7 -154.9 -113.0 -5.0 -3.7
Unemployment 154.8 226.7 9.7 71.9 72.3 46.4 46.8
Participation rate 60.4 58.8 0.2 -1.6 -1.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.8 7.2 0.3 2.4 2.4 ... ...
Employment rate 57.6 54.6 0.2 -3.0 -3.2 ... ...
Manitoba              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 1,045.0 1,046.3 ... 1.3 13.1 0.1 1.3
Labour force 699.5 682.7 2.9 -16.8 -6.4 -2.4 -0.9
Employment 664.2 638.9 2.8 -25.3 -15.6 -3.8 -2.4
Full-time employment 525.0 515.3 4.0 -9.7 -7.8 -1.8 -1.5
Unemployment 35.3 43.9 2.2 8.6 9.3 24.4 26.9
Participation rate 66.9 65.2 0.3 -1.7 -1.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.0 6.4 0.3 1.4 1.4 ... ...
Employment rate 63.6 61.1 0.3 -2.5 -2.2 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 167.1 167.1 ... 0.0 0.7 0.0 0.4
Labour force 112.4 102.2 1.6 -10.2 -7.0 -9.1 -6.4
Employment 101.7 88.3 1.6 -13.4 -10.0 -13.2 -10.2
Unemployment 10.8 13.9 1.3 3.1 3.0 28.7 27.5
Participation rate 67.3 61.2 1.0 -6.1 -4.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.6 13.6 1.2 4.0 3.6 ... ...
Employment rate 60.9 52.8 0.9 -8.1 -6.3 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 431.4 432.1 ... 0.7 6.2 0.2 1.5
Labour force 317.2 315.4 1.5 -1.8 3.4 -0.6 1.1
Employment 303.1 298.6 1.5 -4.5 -0.2 -1.5 -0.1
Unemployment 14.1 16.8 1.4 2.7 3.7 19.1 28.2
Participation rate 73.5 73.0 0.3 -0.5 -0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.4 5.3 0.4 0.9 1.1 ... ...
Employment rate 70.3 69.1 0.4 -1.2 -1.1 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 446.5 447.1 ... 0.6 6.2 0.1 1.4
Labour force 269.9 265.0 1.6 -4.9 -2.9 -1.8 -1.1
Employment 259.4 251.9 1.6 -7.5 -5.4 -2.9 -2.1
Unemployment 10.5 13.1 1.2 2.6 2.5 24.8 23.6
Participation rate 60.4 59.3 0.4 -1.1 -1.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.9 4.9 0.4 1.0 0.9 ... ...
Employment rate 58.1 56.3 0.4 -1.8 -2.1 ... ...
Saskatchewan              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 893.6 894.7 ... 1.1 6.6 0.1 0.7
Labour force 619.0 603.6 2.5 -15.4 -6.1 -2.5 -1.0
Employment 580.7 559.8 2.5 -20.9 -19.3 -3.6 -3.3
Full-time employment 475.3 469.2 3.6 -6.1 -5.2 -1.3 -1.1
Unemployment 38.3 43.8 2.2 5.5 13.2 14.4 43.1
Participation rate 69.3 67.5 0.3 -1.8 -1.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.2 7.3 0.3 1.1 2.3 ... ...
Employment rate 65.0 62.6 0.3 -2.4 -2.6 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 131.6 131.7 ... 0.1 -0.1 0.1 -0.1
Labour force 89.1 83.0 1.4 -6.1 -2.5 -6.8 -2.9
Employment 76.5 69.4 1.3 -7.1 -7.9 -9.3 -10.2
Unemployment 12.6 13.6 1.3 1.0 5.4 7.9 65.9
Participation rate 67.7 63.0 1.1 -4.7 -1.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 14.1 16.4 1.4 2.3 6.8 ... ...
Employment rate 58.1 52.7 1.0 -5.4 -5.9 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 381.7 382.2 ... 0.5 3.5 0.1 0.9
Labour force 287.6 285.4 1.4 -2.2 0.9 -0.8 0.3
Employment 272.0 268.3 1.5 -3.7 -4.0 -1.4 -1.5
Unemployment 15.6 17.2 1.3 1.6 5.0 10.3 41.0
Participation rate 75.3 74.7 0.4 -0.6 -0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.4 6.0 0.4 0.6 1.7 ... ...
Employment rate 71.3 70.2 0.4 -1.1 -1.7 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 380.3 380.9 ... 0.6 3.3 0.2 0.9
Labour force 242.3 235.1 1.4 -7.2 -4.7 -3.0 -2.0
Employment 232.2 222.0 1.5 -10.2 -7.5 -4.4 -3.3
Unemployment 10.1 13.0 1.1 2.9 2.8 28.7 27.5
Participation rate 63.7 61.7 0.4 -2.0 -1.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.2 5.5 0.5 1.3 1.2 ... ...
Employment rate 61.1 58.3 0.4 -2.8 -2.5 ... ...
Alberta              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 3,561.4 3,566.7 ... 5.3 61.4 0.1 1.8
Labour force 2,510.2 2,423.3 9.7 -86.9 -79.5 -3.5 -3.2
Employment 2,329.9 2,212.8 10.3 -117.1 -118.4 -5.0 -5.1
Full-time employment 1,898.3 1,854.8 14.3 -43.5 -71.1 -2.3 -3.7
Unemployment 180.3 210.5 9.2 30.2 38.9 16.7 22.7
Participation rate 70.5 67.9 0.3 -2.6 -3.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.2 8.7 0.4 1.5 1.8 ... ...
Employment rate 65.4 62.0 0.3 -3.4 -4.5 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 510.4 510.8 ... 0.4 5.4 0.1 1.1
Labour force 329.4 291.0 5.7 -38.4 -27.6 -11.7 -8.7
Employment 284.9 231.1 5.2 -53.8 -53.0 -18.9 -18.7
Unemployment 44.5 60.0 5.0 15.5 25.6 34.8 74.4
Participation rate 64.5 57.0 1.1 -7.5 -6.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 13.5 20.6 1.4 7.1 9.8 ... ...
Employment rate 55.8 45.2 1.0 -10.6 -11.0 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,528.0 1,530.3 ... 2.3 25.2 0.2 1.7
Labour force 1,193.0 1,170.9 5.3 -22.1 -21.7 -1.9 -1.8
Employment 1,117.2 1,092.6 6.0 -24.6 -21.4 -2.2 -1.9
Unemployment 75.8 78.3 5.7 2.5 -0.3 3.3 -0.4
Participation rate 78.1 76.5 0.3 -1.6 -2.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.4 6.7 0.5 0.3 0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 73.1 71.4 0.4 -1.7 -2.6 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 1,523.0 1,525.6 ... 2.6 30.8 0.2 2.1
Labour force 987.9 961.4 6.0 -26.5 -30.3 -2.7 -3.1
Employment 927.9 889.2 6.1 -38.7 -43.9 -4.2 -4.7
Unemployment 60.0 72.2 4.9 12.2 13.6 20.3 23.2
Participation rate 64.9 63.0 0.4 -1.9 -3.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.1 7.5 0.5 1.4 1.6 ... ...
Employment rate 60.9 58.3 0.4 -2.6 -4.1 ... ...
British Columbia              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 4,146.5 4,154.4 ... 7.9 82.9 0.2 2.0
Labour force 2,673.8 2,593.4 11.0 -80.4 -90.1 -3.0 -3.4
Employment 2,539.1 2,406.7 10.9 -132.4 -151.0 -5.2 -5.9
Full-time employment 1,994.5 1,937.6 15.3 -56.9 -42.3 -2.9 -2.1
Unemployment 134.7 186.7 8.5 52.0 60.8 38.6 48.3
Participation rate 64.5 62.4 0.3 -2.1 -3.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.0 7.2 0.3 2.2 2.5 ... ...
Employment rate 61.2 57.9 0.3 -3.3 -4.9 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 595.6 596.0 ... 0.4 10.1 0.1 1.7
Labour force 375.2 346.8 6.4 -28.4 -41.9 -7.6 -10.8
Employment 341.1 290.8 6.0 -50.3 -59.0 -14.7 -16.9
Unemployment 34.1 56.0 5.1 21.9 17.1 64.2 44.0
Participation rate 63.0 58.2 1.1 -4.8 -8.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.1 16.1 1.3 7.0 6.1 ... ...
Employment rate 57.3 48.8 1.0 -8.5 -10.9 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,736.2 1,739.9 ... 3.7 37.3 0.2 2.2
Labour force 1,208.8 1,186.7 5.6 -22.1 -8.8 -1.8 -0.7
Employment 1,157.3 1,126.0 5.9 -31.3 -27.7 -2.7 -2.4
Unemployment 51.5 60.7 4.8 9.2 18.8 17.9 44.9
Participation rate 69.6 68.2 0.3 -1.4 -2.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.3 5.1 0.4 0.8 1.6 ... ...
Employment rate 66.7 64.7 0.3 -2.0 -3.1 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 1,814.8 1,818.4 ... 3.6 35.5 0.2 2.0
Labour force 1,089.8 1,059.9 6.1 -29.9 -39.4 -2.7 -3.6
Employment 1,040.7 989.9 6.2 -50.8 -64.3 -4.9 -6.1
Unemployment 49.1 70.0 4.6 20.9 24.9 42.6 55.2
Participation rate 60.1 58.3 0.3 -1.8 -3.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.5 6.6 0.4 2.1 2.5 ... ...
Employment rate 57.3 54.4 0.3 -2.9 -4.7 ... ...
...
not applicable
Note(s):
The sum of individual categories may not always add up to the total as a result of rounding.
Source(s):
Table 14-10-0287-03 (formerly CANSIM table 282-0087).
Report a problem on this page

Is something not working? Is there information outdated? Can't find what you're looking for?

Please contact us and let us know how we can help you.

Privacy notice

Date modified: