Table 7 
Labour force characteristics by census metropolitan area, three-month moving average, seasonally adjusted 

Labour force characteristics by census metropolitan area, three-month moving average, seasonally adjusted
  December
2019
January
2020
Standard error1 December 2019 to January 2020 January 2019 to January 2020 December 2019 to January 2020 January 2019 to January 2020
  thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates) change in thousands (except rates)change in thousands (except rates) % change% change
St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador              
Population 186.5 186.7 ... 0.2 0.9 0.1 0.5
Labour force 124.4 123.8 0.9 -0.6 1.1 -0.5 0.9
Employment 115.6 114.7 0.9 -0.9 1.1 -0.8 1.0
Unemployment 8.7 9.1 0.5 0.4 -0.1 4.6 -1.1
Participation rate 66.7 66.3 0.5 -0.4 0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.0 7.4 0.4 0.4 -0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 62.0 61.4 0.5 -0.6 0.3 ... ...
Halifax, Nova Scotia              
Population 377.6 378.3 ... 0.7 9.0 0.2 2.4
Labour force 256.6 256.9 1.4 0.3 6.4 0.1 2.6
Employment 239.7 240.4 1.4 0.7 2.4 0.3 1.0
Unemployment 16.9 16.4 0.7 -0.5 3.9 -3.0 31.2
Participation rate 68.0 67.9 0.4 -0.1 0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.6 6.4 0.3 -0.2 1.4 ... ...
Employment rate 63.5 63.5 0.4 0.0 -0.9 ... ...
Moncton, New Brunswick              
Population 132.4 132.6 ... 0.2 2.5 0.2 1.9
Labour force 85.9 88.1 0.9 2.2 1.5 2.6 1.7
Employment 81.4 83.7 0.9 2.3 2.0 2.8 2.4
Unemployment 4.4 4.5 0.4 0.1 -0.3 2.3 -6.3
Participation rate 64.9 66.4 0.7 1.5 -0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.1 5.1 0.4 0.0 -0.4 ... ...
Employment rate 61.5 63.1 0.7 1.6 0.3 ... ...
Saint John, New Brunswick               
Population 107.5 107.6 ... 0.1 1.3 0.1 1.2
Labour force 69.4 68.6 0.8 -0.8 -2.6 -1.2 -3.7
Employment 64.1 63.5 0.8 -0.6 -3.3 -0.9 -4.9
Unemployment 5.3 5.1 0.4 -0.2 0.7 -3.8 15.9
Participation rate 64.6 63.8 0.7 -0.8 -3.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.6 7.4 0.5 -0.2 1.2 ... ...
Employment rate 59.6 59.0 0.7 -0.6 -3.8 ... ...
Saguenay, Quebec              
Population 133.5 133.5 ... 0.0 -0.6 0.0 -0.4
Labour force 79.1 79.7 0.9 0.6 3.9 0.8 5.1
Employment 74.2 74.8 0.9 0.6 2.7 0.8 3.7
Unemployment 4.9 4.9 0.3 0.0 1.2 0.0 32.4
Participation rate 59.3 59.7 0.7 0.4 3.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.2 6.1 0.4 -0.1 1.2 ... ...
Employment rate 55.6 56.0 0.7 0.4 2.2 ... ...
Québec, Quebec              
Population 689.2 689.5 ... 0.3 3.8 0.0 0.6
Labour force 464.3 460.4 3.3 -3.9 -5.2 -0.8 -1.1
Employment 447.9 441.3 3.4 -6.6 -7.6 -1.5 -1.7
Unemployment 16.4 19.1 1.3 2.7 2.4 16.5 14.4
Participation rate 67.4 66.8 0.5 -0.6 -1.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.5 4.1 0.3 0.6 0.5 ... ...
Employment rate 65.0 64.0 0.5 -1.0 -1.5 ... ...
Sherbrooke, Quebec              
Population 188.7 188.9 ... 0.2 2.5 0.1 1.3
Labour force 117.8 117.8 1.1 0.0 5.1 0.0 4.5
Employment 112.3 112.4 1.1 0.1 5.1 0.1 4.8
Unemployment 5.5 5.4 0.4 -0.1 0.0 -1.8 0.0
Participation rate 62.4 62.4 0.6 0.0 1.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.7 4.6 0.4 -0.1 -0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 59.5 59.5 0.6 0.0 1.9 ... ...
Trois-Rivières, Quebec               
Population 135.4 135.4 ... 0.0 0.6 0.0 0.4
Labour force 82.1 83.7 0.8 1.6 5.2 1.9 6.6
Employment 77.8 79.3 0.9 1.5 5.1 1.9 6.9
Unemployment 4.3 4.4 0.3 0.1 0.1 2.3 2.3
Participation rate 60.6 61.8 0.6 1.2 3.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.2 5.3 0.4 0.1 -0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 57.5 58.6 0.6 1.1 3.6 ... ...
Montréal, Quebec              
Population 3,531.7 3,536.2 ... 4.5 51.2 0.1 1.5
Labour force 2,348.7 2,353.2 8.3 4.5 7.4 0.2 0.3
Employment 2,207.2 2,213.0 8.5 5.8 8.1 0.3 0.4
Unemployment 141.5 140.2 4.6 -1.3 -0.7 -0.9 -0.5
Participation rate 66.5 66.5 0.2 0.0 -0.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.0 6.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 ... ...
Employment rate 62.5 62.6 0.2 0.1 -0.7 ... ...
Ottawa–Gatineau, Ontario/Quebec               
Population 1,181.2 1,182.9 ... 1.7 24.3 0.1 2.1
Labour force 834.7 821.8 4.5 -12.9 41.5 -1.5 5.3
Employment 798.1 786.5 4.5 -11.6 46.8 -1.5 6.3
Unemployment 36.5 35.4 2.0 -1.1 -5.1 -3.0 -12.6
Participation rate 70.7 69.5 0.4 -1.2 2.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.4 4.3 0.2 -0.1 -0.9 ... ...
Employment rate 67.6 66.5 0.4 -1.1 2.7 ... ...
Ottawa–Gatineau, Quebec part, Ontario/Quebec              
Population 282.6 282.8 ... 0.2 3.0 0.1 1.1
Labour force 193.9 190.6 1.5 -3.3 -2.6 -1.7 -1.3
Employment 184.2 181.5 1.5 -2.7 -2.1 -1.5 -1.1
Unemployment 9.6 9.1 0.6 -0.5 -0.6 -5.2 -6.2
Participation rate 68.6 67.4 0.5 -1.2 -1.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.0 4.8 0.3 -0.2 -0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 65.2 64.2 0.5 -1.0 -1.4 ... ...
Ottawa–Gatineau, Ontario part, Ontario/Quebec              
Population 898.6 900.1 ... 1.5 21.3 0.2 2.4
Labour force 640.8 631.2 4.3 -9.6 44.2 -1.5 7.5
Employment 613.9 605.0 4.3 -8.9 48.9 -1.4 8.8
Unemployment 26.9 26.3 1.9 -0.6 -4.6 -2.2 -14.9
Participation rate 71.3 70.1 0.5 -1.2 3.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.2 4.2 0.3 0.0 -1.1 ... ...
Employment rate 68.3 67.2 0.5 -1.1 3.9 ... ...
Kingston, Ontario              
Population 147.1 147.2 ... 0.1 2.7 0.1 1.9
Labour force 91.7 91.9 0.8 0.2 0.7 0.2 0.8
Employment 86.5 86.7 0.8 0.2 0.6 0.2 0.7
Unemployment 5.3 5.2 0.3 -0.1 0.1 -1.9 2.0
Participation rate 62.3 62.4 0.6 0.1 -0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.8 5.7 0.3 -0.1 0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 58.8 58.9 0.6 0.1 -0.7 ... ...
Peterborough, Ontario              
Population 108.2 108.3 ... 0.1 1.5 0.1 1.4
Labour force 61.5 60.7 1.3 -0.8 -11.2 -1.3 -15.6
Employment 56.8 56.1 1.3 -0.7 -11.6 -1.2 -17.1
Unemployment 4.7 4.6 0.5 -0.1 0.4 -2.1 9.5
Participation rate 56.8 56.0 1.2 -0.8 -11.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.6 7.6 0.7 0.0 1.8 ... ...
Employment rate 52.5 51.8 1.2 -0.7 -11.6 ... ...
Oshawa, Ontario              
Population 348.7 349.1 ... 0.4 6.9 0.1 2.0
Labour force 227.0 229.4 2.0 2.4 -6.9 1.1 -2.9
Employment 213.1 214.0 2.0 0.9 -9.2 0.4 -4.1
Unemployment 13.9 15.4 0.9 1.5 2.3 10.8 17.6
Participation rate 65.1 65.7 0.6 0.6 -3.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.1 6.7 0.4 0.6 1.2 ... ...
Employment rate 61.1 61.3 0.6 0.2 -3.9 ... ...
Toronto, Ontario              
Population 5,619.5 5,629.3 ... 9.8 143.1 0.2 2.6
Labour force 3,743.1 3,763.3 11.0 20.2 145.3 0.5 4.0
Employment 3,532.0 3,555.9 11.1 23.9 161.0 0.7 4.7
Unemployment 211.1 207.3 6.3 -3.8 -15.9 -1.8 -7.1
Participation rate 66.6 66.9 0.2 0.3 1.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.6 5.5 0.2 -0.1 -0.7 ... ...
Employment rate 62.9 63.2 0.2 0.3 1.3 ... ...
Hamilton, Ontario              
Population 682.8 683.4 ... 0.6 10.2 0.1 1.5
Labour force 449.6 448.2 3.5 -1.4 10.5 -0.3 2.4
Employment 429.5 426.7 3.7 -2.8 6.1 -0.7 1.5
Unemployment 20.1 21.5 1.4 1.4 4.4 7.0 25.7
Participation rate 65.8 65.6 0.5 -0.2 0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.5 4.8 0.3 0.3 0.9 ... ...
Employment rate 62.9 62.4 0.5 -0.5 -0.1 ... ...
St. Catharines–Niagara, Ontario               
Population 359.4 359.7 ... 0.3 5.0 0.1 1.4
Labour force 217.0 216.2 2.2 -0.8 2.7 -0.4 1.3
Employment 206.5 205.0 2.2 -1.5 5.9 -0.7 3.0
Unemployment 10.5 11.2 0.9 0.7 -3.2 6.7 -22.2
Participation rate 60.4 60.1 0.6 -0.3 -0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.8 5.2 0.4 0.4 -1.5 ... ...
Employment rate 57.5 57.0 0.6 -0.5 0.9 ... ...
Kitchener–Cambridge–Waterloo, Ontario              
Population 452.3 452.9 ... 0.6 9.1 0.1 2.1
Labour force 322.3 323.1 2.4 0.8 10.4 0.2 3.3
Employment 305.8 305.9 2.4 0.1 8.5 0.0 2.9
Unemployment 16.6 17.3 1.1 0.7 2.0 4.2 13.1
Participation rate 71.3 71.3 0.5 0.0 0.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.2 5.4 0.3 0.2 0.5 ... ...
Employment rate 67.6 67.5 0.5 -0.1 0.5 ... ...
Brantford, Ontario              
Population 118.9 119.0 ... 0.1 1.8 0.1 1.5
Labour force 80.6 79.9 0.8 -0.7 1.7 -0.9 2.2
Employment 77.5 76.5 0.9 -1.0 2.9 -1.3 3.9
Unemployment 3.1 3.4 0.4 0.3 -1.2 9.7 -26.1
Participation rate 67.8 67.1 0.7 -0.7 0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.8 4.3 0.5 0.5 -1.6 ... ...
Employment rate 65.2 64.3 0.7 -0.9 1.5 ... ...
Guelph, Ontario              
Population 140.7 141.0 ... 0.3 3.7 0.2 2.7
Labour force 92.7 92.4 1.1 -0.3 -4.2 -0.3 -4.3
Employment 87.6 87.7 1.2 0.1 -6.8 0.1 -7.2
Unemployment 5.2 4.6 0.5 -0.6 2.5 -11.5 119.0
Participation rate 65.9 65.5 0.8 -0.4 -4.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.6 5.0 0.5 -0.6 2.8 ... ...
Employment rate 62.3 62.2 0.8 -0.1 -6.6 ... ...
London, Ontario              
Population 450.9 451.5 ... 0.6 8.6 0.1 1.9
Labour force 275.6 277.6 2.6 2.0 12.2 0.7 4.6
Employment 260.1 263.8 2.6 3.7 11.9 1.4 4.7
Unemployment 15.5 13.8 1.1 -1.7 0.3 -11.0 2.2
Participation rate 61.1 61.5 0.6 0.4 1.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.6 5.0 0.4 -0.6 -0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 57.7 58.4 0.6 0.7 1.5 ... ...
Windsor, Ontario              
Population 297.3 297.7 ... 0.4 5.3 0.1 1.8
Labour force 180.5 180.3 1.9 -0.2 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1
Employment 166.8 165.3 1.9 -1.5 -5.4 -0.9 -3.2
Unemployment 13.7 15.0 0.9 1.3 5.2 9.5 53.1
Participation rate 60.7 60.6 0.7 -0.1 -1.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.6 8.3 0.5 0.7 2.9 ... ...
Employment rate 56.1 55.5 0.7 -0.6 -2.9 ... ...
Barrie, Ontario              
Population 181.7 181.9 ... 0.2 3.8 0.1 2.1
Labour force 131.7 132.4 2.0 0.7 8.6 0.5 6.9
Employment 124.9 125.8 1.9 0.9 8.3 0.7 7.1
Unemployment 6.8 6.6 0.9 -0.2 0.3 -2.9 4.8
Participation rate 72.5 72.8 1.1 0.3 3.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.2 5.0 0.7 -0.2 -0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 68.7 69.2 1.1 0.5 3.2 ... ...
Greater Sudbury, Ontario              
Population 141.4 141.3 ... -0.1 0.3 -0.1 0.2
Labour force 89.4 89.5 0.8 0.1 -1.1 0.1 -1.2
Employment 84.6 85.0 0.8 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5
Unemployment 4.8 4.5 0.4 -0.3 -1.5 -6.3 -25.0
Participation rate 63.2 63.3 0.6 0.1 -1.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.4 5.0 0.4 -0.4 -1.6 ... ...
Employment rate 59.8 60.2 0.6 0.4 0.2 ... ...
Thunder Bay, Ontario              
Population 104.7 104.7 ... 0.0 -0.1 0.0 -0.1
Labour force 66.4 66.4 0.6 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.5
Employment 63.1 63.0 0.6 -0.1 1.2 -0.2 1.9
Unemployment 3.3 3.4 0.2 0.1 -0.2 3.0 -5.6
Participation rate 63.4 63.4 0.6 0.0 1.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.0 5.1 0.4 0.1 -0.4 ... ...
Employment rate 60.3 60.2 0.5 -0.1 1.2 ... ...
Winnipeg, Manitoba              
Population 701.8 702.6 ... 0.8 12.3 0.1 1.8
Labour force 471.6 473.6 1.4 2.0 3.3 0.4 0.7
Employment 446.7 448.9 1.5 2.2 5.1 0.5 1.1
Unemployment 24.9 24.7 0.8 -0.2 -1.8 -0.8 -6.8
Participation rate 67.2 67.4 0.2 0.2 -0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.3 5.2 0.2 -0.1 -0.4 ... ...
Employment rate 63.7 63.9 0.2 0.2 -0.4 ... ...
Regina, Saskatchewan              
Population 214.0 214.3 ... 0.3 3.9 0.1 1.9
Labour force 149.0 148.5 1.0 -0.5 -0.6 -0.3 -0.4
Employment 140.1 138.5 1.0 -1.6 -3.3 -1.1 -2.3
Unemployment 9.0 9.9 0.5 0.9 2.7 10.0 37.5
Participation rate 69.6 69.3 0.5 -0.3 -1.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.0 6.7 0.3 0.7 1.9 ... ...
Employment rate 65.5 64.6 0.5 -0.9 -2.8 ... ...
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan              
Population 278.2 278.8 ... 0.6 6.4 0.2 2.3
Labour force 192.1 193.5 1.1 1.4 3.2 0.7 1.7
Employment 181.1 182.2 1.1 1.1 3.2 0.6 1.8
Unemployment 11.0 11.3 0.6 0.3 0.0 2.7 0.0
Participation rate 69.1 69.4 0.4 0.3 -0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.7 5.8 0.3 0.1 -0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 65.1 65.4 0.4 0.3 -0.3 ... ...
Calgary, Alberta              
Population 1,286.0 1,288.2 ... 2.2 30.8 0.2 2.4
Labour force 934.3 927.0 4.3 -7.3 10.8 -0.8 1.2
Employment 868.3 860.2 4.4 -8.1 10.8 -0.9 1.3
Unemployment 66.0 66.8 2.6 0.8 0.0 1.2 0.0
Participation rate 72.7 72.0 0.3 -0.7 -0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.1 7.2 0.3 0.1 -0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 67.5 66.8 0.3 -0.7 -0.8 ... ...
Edmonton, Alberta              
Population 1,197.0 1,199.0 ... 2.0 27.6 0.2 2.4
Labour force 860.1 859.2 3.8 -0.9 4.9 -0.1 0.6
Employment 790.8 789.0 4.1 -1.8 -10.5 -0.2 -1.3
Unemployment 69.4 70.1 2.5 0.7 15.3 1.0 27.9
Participation rate 71.9 71.7 0.3 -0.2 -1.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.1 8.2 0.3 0.1 1.8 ... ...
Employment rate 66.1 65.8 0.3 -0.3 -2.5 ... ...
Kelowna, British Columbia               
Population 167.6 167.9 ... 0.3 3.8 0.2 2.3
Labour force 108.1 108.0 1.4 -0.1 1.7 -0.1 1.6
Employment 103.6 103.5 1.5 -0.1 0.6 -0.1 0.6
Unemployment 4.5 4.5 0.6 0.0 1.1 0.0 32.4
Participation rate 64.5 64.3 0.9 -0.2 -0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.2 4.2 0.5 0.0 1.0 ... ...
Employment rate 61.8 61.6 0.9 -0.2 -1.1 ... ...
Abbotsford–Mission, British Columbia              
Population 159.1 159.4 ... 0.3 4.4 0.2 2.8
Labour force 107.1 106.4 0.9 -0.7 3.4 -0.7 3.3
Employment 101.9 101.2 0.9 -0.7 3.3 -0.7 3.4
Unemployment 5.2 5.3 0.4 0.1 0.1 1.9 1.9
Participation rate 67.3 66.8 0.6 -0.5 0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.9 5.0 0.3 0.1 0.0 ... ...
Employment rate 64.0 63.5 0.6 -0.5 0.3 ... ...
Vancouver, British Columbia               
Population 2,290.9 2,294.6 ... 3.7 48.5 0.2 2.2
Labour force 1,546.8 1,540.9 5.8 -5.9 4.4 -0.4 0.3
Employment 1,472.4 1,471.4 5.9 -1.0 8.4 -0.1 0.6
Unemployment 74.5 69.5 3.2 -5.0 -4.0 -6.7 -5.4
Participation rate 67.5 67.2 0.3 -0.3 -1.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.8 4.5 0.2 -0.3 -0.3 ... ...
Employment rate 64.3 64.1 0.3 -0.2 -1.0 ... ...
Victoria, British Columbia               
Population 323.4 323.8 ... 0.4 6.2 0.1 2.0
Labour force 205.7 208.2 1.8 2.5 10.0 1.2 5.0
Employment 198.8 201.0 1.7 2.2 9.9 1.1 5.2
Unemployment 6.9 7.2 0.6 0.3 0.1 4.3 1.4
Participation rate 63.6 64.3 0.5 0.7 1.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.4 3.5 0.3 0.1 -0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 61.5 62.1 0.5 0.6 1.9 ... ...
...
not applicable
Note(s):
The sum of individual categories may not always add up to the total as a result of rounding.
Source(s):
Table 14-10-0294-02 (formerly CANSIM table 282-0135).
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