Table 5 
Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia) 

Labour force characteristics by province, age group and sex, seasonally adjusted (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia)
  December
2019
January
2020
Standard error1 December 2019 to January 2020 January 2019 to January 2020 December 2019 to January 2020 January 2019 to January 2020
  thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates) change in thousands (except rates)change in thousands (except rates) % change% change
Quebec              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 7,083.0 7,089.1 ... 6.1 65.8 0.1 0.9
Labour force 4,586.4 4,597.2 15.4 10.8 50.1 0.2 1.1
Employment 4,345.4 4,364.5 15.6 19.1 60.3 0.4 1.4
Full-time employment 3,531.9 3,563.1 21.2 31.2 68.6 0.9 2.0
Unemployment 240.9 232.7 12.6 -8.2 -10.2 -3.4 -4.2
Participation rate 64.8 64.8 0.2 0.0 0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.3 5.1 0.3 -0.2 -0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 61.3 61.6 0.2 0.3 0.3 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 892.0 891.7 ... -0.3 -7.7 0.0 -0.9
Labour force 637.0 632.1 8.0 -4.9 18.5 -0.8 3.0
Employment 576.4 576.8 7.7 0.4 19.2 0.1 3.4
Unemployment 60.6 55.3 6.7 -5.3 -0.7 -8.7 -1.3
Participation rate 71.4 70.9 0.9 -0.5 2.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.5 8.7 1.0 -0.8 -0.4 ... ...
Employment rate 64.6 64.7 0.9 0.1 2.7 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 3,060.1 3,063.7 ... 3.6 39.7 0.1 1.3
Labour force 2,083.9 2,090.4 8.8 6.5 10.4 0.3 0.5
Employment 1,981.1 1,983.2 9.6 2.1 6.6 0.1 0.3
Unemployment 102.8 107.2 8.3 4.4 3.7 4.3 3.6
Participation rate 68.1 68.2 0.3 0.1 -0.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.9 5.1 0.4 0.2 0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 64.7 64.7 0.3 0.0 -0.7 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 3,131.0 3,133.7 ... 2.7 33.9 0.1 1.1
Labour force 1,865.5 1,874.7 8.9 9.2 21.2 0.5 1.1
Employment 1,787.9 1,804.5 8.8 16.6 34.5 0.9 1.9
Unemployment 77.6 70.2 7.0 -7.4 -13.3 -9.5 -15.9
Participation rate 59.6 59.8 0.3 0.2 0.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.2 3.7 0.4 -0.5 -0.8 ... ...
Employment rate 57.1 57.6 0.3 0.5 0.5 ... ...
Ontario              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 12,239.1 12,253.3 ... 14.2 232.0 0.1 1.9
Labour force 7,965.8 7,973.6 21.3 7.8 175.9 0.1 2.3
Employment 7,542.4 7,558.3 21.0 15.9 209.2 0.2 2.8
Full-time employment 6,163.7 6,173.7 28.1 10.0 197.0 0.2 3.3
Unemployment 423.5 415.3 17.9 -8.2 -33.3 -1.9 -7.4
Participation rate 65.1 65.1 0.2 0.0 0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.3 5.2 0.2 -0.1 -0.6 ... ...
Employment rate 61.6 61.7 0.2 0.1 0.6 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 1,842.0 1,842.5 ... 0.5 28.3 0.0 1.6
Labour force 1,126.1 1,127.3 12.9 1.2 26.9 0.1 2.4
Employment 995.6 1,012.8 12.2 17.2 47.3 1.7 4.9
Unemployment 130.6 114.5 10.8 -16.1 -20.4 -12.3 -15.1
Participation rate 61.1 61.2 0.7 0.1 0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 11.6 10.2 0.9 -1.4 -2.1 ... ...
Employment rate 54.0 55.0 0.7 1.0 1.8 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 5,035.2 5,042.2 ... 7.0 104.8 0.1 2.1
Labour force 3,587.1 3,584.7 10.7 -2.4 88.8 -0.1 2.5
Employment 3,436.5 3,433.7 11.1 -2.8 107.3 -0.1 3.2
Unemployment 150.6 151.0 10.0 0.4 -18.5 0.3 -10.9
Participation rate 71.2 71.1 0.2 -0.1 0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.2 4.2 0.3 0.0 -0.6 ... ...
Employment rate 68.2 68.1 0.2 -0.1 0.7 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 5,361.9 5,368.7 ... 6.8 99.0 0.1 1.9
Labour force 3,252.5 3,261.6 11.8 9.1 60.2 0.3 1.9
Employment 3,110.3 3,111.7 11.7 1.4 54.5 0.0 1.8
Unemployment 142.3 149.9 9.7 7.6 5.6 5.3 3.9
Participation rate 60.7 60.8 0.2 0.1 0.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.4 4.6 0.3 0.2 0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 58.0 58.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 ... ...
Manitoba              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 1,043.7 1,044.2 ... 0.5 13.0 0.0 1.3
Labour force 688.9 696.7 2.9 7.8 0.6 1.1 0.1
Employment 654.5 661.0 2.8 6.5 3.5 1.0 0.5
Full-time employment 522.8 524.3 4.0 1.5 -2.6 0.3 -0.5
Unemployment 34.4 35.7 2.2 1.3 -2.9 3.8 -7.5
Participation rate 66.0 66.7 0.3 0.7 -0.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.0 5.1 0.3 0.1 -0.4 ... ...
Employment rate 62.7 63.3 0.3 0.6 -0.5 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 167.2 167.0 ... -0.2 0.8 -0.1 0.5
Labour force 110.4 111.8 1.6 1.4 0.2 1.3 0.2
Employment 99.9 101.5 1.6 1.6 4.2 1.6 4.3
Unemployment 10.4 10.3 1.3 -0.1 -4.0 -1.0 -28.0
Participation rate 66.0 66.9 1.0 0.9 -0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 9.4 9.2 1.2 -0.2 -3.6 ... ...
Employment rate 59.7 60.8 0.9 1.1 2.3 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 430.8 431.1 ... 0.3 6.2 0.1 1.5
Labour force 313.6 316.8 1.5 3.2 2.8 1.0 0.9
Employment 300.6 302.7 1.5 2.1 2.2 0.7 0.7
Unemployment 13.0 14.2 1.4 1.2 0.7 9.2 5.2
Participation rate 72.8 73.5 0.3 0.7 -0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.1 4.5 0.4 0.4 0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 69.8 70.2 0.4 0.4 -0.5 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 445.7 446.2 ... 0.5 6.2 0.1 1.4
Labour force 265.0 268.1 1.6 3.1 -2.5 1.2 -0.9
Employment 253.9 256.8 1.6 2.9 -2.9 1.1 -1.1
Unemployment 11.0 11.3 1.2 0.3 0.4 2.7 3.7
Participation rate 59.5 60.1 0.4 0.6 -1.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.2 4.2 0.4 0.0 0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 57.0 57.6 0.4 0.6 -1.4 ... ...
Saskatchewan              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 893.1 893.1 ... 0.0 5.6 0.0 0.6
Labour force 614.2 617.5 2.5 3.3 6.6 0.5 1.1
Employment 579.0 580.2 2.5 1.2 3.5 0.2 0.6
Full-time employment 477.7 477.0 3.6 -0.7 5.0 -0.1 1.1
Unemployment 35.2 37.3 2.2 2.1 3.2 6.0 9.4
Participation rate 68.8 69.1 0.3 0.3 0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.7 6.0 0.3 0.3 0.4 ... ...
Employment rate 64.8 65.0 0.3 0.2 0.0 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 131.5 131.4 ... -0.1 -0.5 -0.1 -0.4
Labour force 87.1 87.7 1.4 0.6 2.9 0.7 3.4
Employment 75.1 74.4 1.3 -0.7 -1.7 -0.9 -2.2
Unemployment 11.9 13.2 1.3 1.3 4.4 10.9 50.0
Participation rate 66.2 66.7 1.1 0.5 2.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 13.7 15.1 1.4 1.4 4.7 ... ...
Employment rate 57.1 56.6 1.0 -0.5 -1.1 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 381.5 381.5 ... 0.0 3.2 0.0 0.8
Labour force 286.6 287.9 1.4 1.3 3.4 0.5 1.2
Employment 273.8 273.3 1.5 -0.5 2.3 -0.2 0.8
Unemployment 12.8 14.6 1.3 1.8 1.1 14.1 8.1
Participation rate 75.1 75.5 0.4 0.4 0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.5 5.1 0.4 0.6 0.4 ... ...
Employment rate 71.8 71.6 0.4 -0.2 0.0 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 380.0 380.1 ... 0.1 2.7 0.0 0.7
Labour force 240.5 241.9 1.4 1.4 0.4 0.6 0.2
Employment 230.1 232.5 1.5 2.4 2.9 1.0 1.3
Unemployment 10.4 9.4 1.1 -1.0 -2.5 -9.6 -21.0
Participation rate 63.3 63.6 0.4 0.3 -0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.3 3.9 0.5 -0.4 -1.0 ... ...
Employment rate 60.6 61.2 0.4 0.6 0.4 ... ...
Alberta              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 3,554.4 3,557.7 ... 3.3 58.8 0.1 1.7
Labour force 2,513.6 2,500.1 9.7 -13.5 2.5 -0.5 0.1
Employment 2,337.4 2,318.5 10.3 -18.9 -9.3 -0.8 -0.4
Full-time employment 1,898.6 1,895.0 14.3 -3.6 -12.2 -0.2 -0.6
Unemployment 176.3 181.7 9.2 5.4 11.9 3.1 7.0
Participation rate 70.7 70.3 0.3 -0.4 -1.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.0 7.3 0.4 0.3 0.5 ... ...
Employment rate 65.8 65.2 0.3 -0.6 -1.3 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 510.1 510.1 ... 0.0 4.3 0.0 0.9
Labour force 334.8 323.4 5.7 -11.4 7.4 -3.4 2.3
Employment 285.6 278.5 5.2 -7.1 -0.4 -2.5 -0.1
Unemployment 49.2 45.0 5.0 -4.2 7.9 -8.5 21.3
Participation rate 65.6 63.4 1.1 -2.2 0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 14.7 13.9 1.4 -0.8 2.2 ... ...
Employment rate 56.0 54.6 1.0 -1.4 -0.5 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,524.9 1,526.5 ... 1.6 24.2 0.1 1.6
Labour force 1,194.7 1,189.1 5.3 -5.6 -1.1 -0.5 -0.1
Employment 1,123.0 1,118.2 6.0 -4.8 7.4 -0.4 0.7
Unemployment 71.7 71.0 5.7 -0.7 -8.4 -1.0 -10.6
Participation rate 78.3 77.9 0.3 -0.4 -1.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.0 6.0 0.5 0.0 -0.7 ... ...
Employment rate 73.6 73.3 0.4 -0.3 -0.6 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 1,519.4 1,521.1 ... 1.7 30.3 0.1 2.0
Labour force 984.1 987.6 6.0 3.5 -3.8 0.4 -0.4
Employment 928.8 921.9 6.1 -6.9 -16.2 -0.7 -1.7
Unemployment 55.3 65.7 4.9 10.4 12.4 18.8 23.3
Participation rate 64.8 64.9 0.4 0.1 -1.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.6 6.7 0.5 1.1 1.3 ... ...
Employment rate 61.1 60.6 0.4 -0.5 -2.3 ... ...
British Columbia              
Both sexes, 15 years and over              
Population 4,134.7 4,140.3 ... 5.6 76.6 0.1 1.9
Labour force 2,670.2 2,664.5 11.0 -5.7 -8.0 -0.2 -0.3
Employment 2,542.2 2,545.6 10.9 3.4 -1.5 0.1 -0.1
Full-time employment 1,997.2 1,991.1 15.3 -6.1 18.8 -0.3 1.0
Unemployment 128.0 118.8 8.5 -9.2 -6.5 -7.2 -5.2
Participation rate 64.6 64.4 0.3 -0.2 -1.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.8 4.5 0.3 -0.3 -0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 61.5 61.5 0.3 0.0 -1.2 ... ...
Both sexes, 15 to 24 years               
Population 594.4 595.0 ... 0.6 10.2 0.1 1.7
Labour force 372.6 367.1 6.4 -5.5 -18.9 -1.5 -4.9
Employment 340.1 335.6 6.0 -4.5 -14.5 -1.3 -4.1
Unemployment 32.5 31.5 5.1 -1.0 -4.4 -3.1 -12.3
Participation rate 62.7 61.7 1.1 -1.0 -4.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.7 8.6 1.3 -0.1 -0.7 ... ...
Employment rate 57.2 56.4 1.0 -0.8 -3.5 ... ...
Men, 25 years and over              
Population 1,730.9 1,733.4 ... 2.5 34.3 0.1 2.0
Labour force 1,210.4 1,213.7 5.6 3.3 19.0 0.3 1.6
Employment 1,160.7 1,170.3 5.9 9.6 21.5 0.8 1.9
Unemployment 49.7 43.4 4.8 -6.3 -2.5 -12.7 -5.4
Participation rate 69.9 70.0 0.3 0.1 -0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.1 3.6 0.4 -0.5 -0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 67.1 67.5 0.3 0.4 -0.1 ... ...
Women, 25 years and over              
Population 1,809.4 1,811.9 ... 2.5 32.1 0.1 1.8
Labour force 1,087.2 1,083.7 6.1 -3.5 -8.0 -0.3 -0.7
Employment 1,041.5 1,039.7 6.2 -1.8 -8.5 -0.2 -0.8
Unemployment 45.8 44.0 4.6 -1.8 0.5 -3.9 1.1
Participation rate 60.1 59.8 0.3 -0.3 -1.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.2 4.1 0.4 -0.1 0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 57.6 57.4 0.3 -0.2 -1.5 ... ...
...
not applicable
Note(s):
The sum of individual categories may not always add up to the total as a result of rounding.
Source(s):
Table 14-10-0287-03 (formerly CANSIM table 282-0087).
Date modified: