Table 7 
Labour force characteristics by census metropolitan area, three-month moving average, seasonally adjusted 

Labour force characteristics by census metropolitan area, three-month moving average, seasonally adjusted
  November
2019
December
2019
Standard error1 November to December 2019 December 2018 to December 2019 November to December 2019 December 2018 to December 2019
  thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates) change in thousands (except rates)change in thousands (except rates) % change% change
St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador              
Population 186.4 186.5 ... 0.1 0.8 0.1 0.4
Labour force 124.9 124.9 0.9 0.0 3.8 0.0 3.1
Employment 116.5 116.2 1.0 -0.3 4.1 -0.3 3.7
Unemployment 8.4 8.7 0.5 0.3 -0.3 3.6 -3.3
Participation rate 67.0 67.0 0.5 0.0 1.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.7 7.0 0.4 0.3 -0.4 ... ...
Employment rate 62.5 62.3 0.5 -0.2 1.9 ... ...
Halifax, Nova Scotia              
Population 376.8 377.6 ... 0.8 8.9 0.2 2.4
Labour force 257.2 256.8 1.4 -0.4 6.3 -0.2 2.5
Employment 241.8 240.1 1.4 -1.7 3.6 -0.7 1.5
Unemployment 15.3 16.7 0.7 1.4 2.7 9.2 19.3
Participation rate 68.3 68.0 0.4 -0.3 0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.9 6.5 0.3 0.6 0.9 ... ...
Employment rate 64.2 63.6 0.4 -0.6 -0.5 ... ...
Moncton, New Brunswick              
Population 132.3 132.4 ... 0.1 2.5 0.1 1.9
Labour force 85.5 85.7 0.9 0.2 -0.9 0.2 -1.0
Employment 80.7 81.3 0.9 0.6 -0.9 0.7 -1.1
Unemployment 4.8 4.5 0.4 -0.3 0.0 -6.3 0.0
Participation rate 64.6 64.7 0.7 0.1 -2.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.6 5.3 0.4 -0.3 0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 61.0 61.4 0.7 0.4 -1.9 ... ...
Saint John, New Brunswick               
Population 107.4 107.5 ... 0.1 1.2 0.1 1.1
Labour force 70.5 69.5 0.8 -1.0 -0.5 -1.4 -0.7
Employment 64.7 64.2 0.8 -0.5 -1.3 -0.8 -2.0
Unemployment 5.8 5.4 0.4 -0.4 1.0 -6.9 22.7
Participation rate 65.6 64.7 0.7 -0.9 -1.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 8.2 7.8 0.5 -0.4 1.5 ... ...
Employment rate 60.2 59.7 0.7 -0.5 -1.9 ... ...
Saguenay, Quebec              
Population 133.6 133.5 ... -0.1 -0.7 -0.1 -0.5
Labour force 80.1 79.2 0.9 -0.9 2.9 -1.1 3.8
Employment 75.2 74.3 0.9 -0.9 2.0 -1.2 2.8
Unemployment 4.9 4.9 0.3 0.0 1.0 0.0 25.6
Participation rate 60.0 59.3 0.7 -0.7 2.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.1 6.2 0.4 0.1 1.1 ... ...
Employment rate 56.3 55.7 0.7 -0.6 1.8 ... ...
Québec, Quebec              
Population 688.8 689.2 ... 0.4 3.7 0.1 0.5
Labour force 470.7 465.9 3.4 -4.8 5.5 -1.0 1.2
Employment 455.3 449.8 3.4 -5.5 7.3 -1.2 1.6
Unemployment 15.5 16.1 1.3 0.6 -1.7 3.9 -9.6
Participation rate 68.3 67.6 0.5 -0.7 0.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.3 3.5 0.3 0.2 -0.4 ... ...
Employment rate 66.1 65.3 0.5 -0.8 0.7 ... ...
Sherbrooke, Quebec              
Population 188.5 188.7 ... 0.2 2.5 0.1 1.3
Labour force 118.8 118.1 1.1 -0.7 5.8 -0.6 5.2
Employment 112.5 112.5 1.1 0.0 6.4 0.0 6.0
Unemployment 6.3 5.6 0.4 -0.7 -0.5 -11.1 -8.2
Participation rate 63.0 62.6 0.6 -0.4 2.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.3 4.7 0.4 -0.6 -0.7 ... ...
Employment rate 59.7 59.6 0.6 -0.1 2.6 ... ...
Trois-Rivières, Quebec               
Population 135.3 135.4 ... 0.1 0.7 0.1 0.5
Labour force 79.5 81.8 0.9 2.3 3.1 2.9 3.9
Employment 75.2 77.5 0.9 2.3 2.9 3.1 3.9
Unemployment 4.3 4.2 0.3 -0.1 0.0 -2.3 0.0
Participation rate 58.8 60.4 0.7 1.6 2.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.4 5.1 0.4 -0.3 -0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 55.6 57.2 0.7 1.6 1.8 ... ...
Montréal, Quebec              
Population 3,527.5 3,531.7 ... 4.2 51.4 0.1 1.5
Labour force 2,345.4 2,346.1 8.3 0.7 0.6 0.0 0.0
Employment 2,209.1 2,205.3 8.5 -3.8 -0.2 -0.2 0.0
Unemployment 136.3 140.8 4.8 4.5 0.7 3.3 0.5
Participation rate 66.5 66.4 0.2 -0.1 -1.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.8 6.0 0.2 0.2 0.0 ... ...
Employment rate 62.6 62.4 0.2 -0.2 -1.0 ... ...
Ottawa–Gatineau, Ontario/Quebec               
Population 1,179.3 1,181.2 ... 1.9 24.6 0.2 2.1
Labour force 837.3 835.9 4.5 -1.4 60.9 -0.2 7.9
Employment 800.7 799.1 4.4 -1.6 62.6 -0.2 8.5
Unemployment 36.6 36.8 1.9 0.2 -1.7 0.5 -4.4
Participation rate 71.0 70.8 0.4 -0.2 3.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.4 4.4 0.2 0.0 -0.6 ... ...
Employment rate 67.9 67.7 0.4 -0.2 4.0 ... ...
Ottawa–Gatineau, Quebec part, Ontario/Quebec              
Population 282.3 282.6 ... 0.3 3.1 0.1 1.1
Labour force 195.7 194.4 1.5 -1.3 1.7 -0.7 0.9
Employment 186.5 184.7 1.6 -1.8 1.3 -1.0 0.7
Unemployment 9.2 9.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 5.4 4.3
Participation rate 69.3 68.8 0.5 -0.5 -0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.7 5.0 0.3 0.3 0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 66.1 65.4 0.6 -0.7 -0.2 ... ...
Ottawa–Gatineau, Ontario part, Ontario/Quebec              
Population 897.0 898.6 ... 1.6 21.5 0.2 2.5
Labour force 641.6 641.5 4.3 -0.1 59.2 0.0 10.2
Employment 614.1 614.3 4.2 0.2 61.3 0.0 11.1
Unemployment 27.4 27.2 1.8 -0.2 -2.0 -0.7 -6.8
Participation rate 71.5 71.4 0.5 -0.1 5.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.3 4.2 0.3 -0.1 -0.8 ... ...
Employment rate 68.5 68.4 0.5 -0.1 5.4 ... ...
Kingston, Ontario              
Population 146.9 147.1 ... 0.2 2.7 0.1 1.9
Labour force 91.7 91.7 0.8 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.1
Employment 86.4 86.5 0.8 0.1 1.2 0.1 1.4
Unemployment 5.3 5.2 0.3 -0.1 -0.2 -1.9 -3.7
Participation rate 62.4 62.3 0.6 -0.1 -0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.8 5.7 0.3 -0.1 -0.3 ... ...
Employment rate 58.8 58.8 0.5 0.0 -0.3 ... ...
Peterborough, Ontario              
Population 108.1 108.2 ... 0.1 1.6 0.1 1.5
Labour force 62.4 61.7 1.3 -0.7 -9.9 -1.1 -13.8
Employment 58.6 57.2 1.2 -1.4 -10.8 -2.4 -15.9
Unemployment 3.9 4.6 0.5 0.7 1.0 17.9 27.8
Participation rate 57.7 57.0 1.2 -0.7 -10.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.3 7.5 0.7 1.2 2.5 ... ...
Employment rate 54.2 52.9 1.1 -1.3 -10.9 ... ...
Oshawa, Ontario              
Population 348.2 348.7 ... 0.5 7.1 0.1 2.1
Labour force 223.9 226.6 1.9 2.7 -6.2 1.2 -2.7
Employment 210.9 212.8 1.9 1.9 -6.7 0.9 -3.1
Unemployment 13.0 13.8 0.9 0.8 0.5 6.2 3.8
Participation rate 64.3 65.0 0.6 0.7 -3.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.8 6.1 0.4 0.3 0.4 ... ...
Employment rate 60.6 61.0 0.6 0.4 -3.3 ... ...
Toronto, Ontario              
Population 5,609.1 5,619.5 ... 10.4 145.0 0.2 2.6
Labour force 3,742.2 3,741.3 11.1 -0.9 147.7 0.0 4.1
Employment 3,530.6 3,529.7 11.3 -0.9 152.6 0.0 4.5
Unemployment 211.6 211.6 6.1 0.0 -4.9 0.0 -2.3
Participation rate 66.7 66.6 0.2 -0.1 1.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.7 5.7 0.2 0.0 -0.3 ... ...
Employment rate 62.9 62.8 0.2 -0.1 1.1 ... ...
Hamilton, Ontario              
Population 682.1 682.8 ... 0.7 10.4 0.1 1.5
Labour force 448.6 449.6 3.4 1.0 9.5 0.2 2.2
Employment 427.0 429.3 3.5 2.3 8.1 0.5 1.9
Unemployment 21.6 20.3 1.3 -1.3 1.5 -6.0 8.0
Participation rate 65.8 65.8 0.5 0.0 0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.8 4.5 0.3 -0.3 0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 62.6 62.9 0.5 0.3 0.3 ... ...
St. Catharines–Niagara, Ontario               
Population 359.0 359.4 ... 0.4 5.1 0.1 1.4
Labour force 215.6 216.5 2.4 0.9 2.4 0.4 1.1
Employment 204.0 206.0 2.4 2.0 6.8 1.0 3.4
Unemployment 11.6 10.6 0.9 -1.0 -4.3 -8.6 -28.9
Participation rate 60.1 60.2 0.7 0.1 -0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.4 4.9 0.4 -0.5 -2.1 ... ...
Employment rate 56.8 57.3 0.7 0.5 1.1 ... ...
Kitchener–Cambridge–Waterloo, Ontario              
Population 451.6 452.3 ... 0.7 9.3 0.2 2.1
Labour force 322.2 322.4 2.4 0.2 9.8 0.1 3.1
Employment 305.5 305.9 2.4 0.4 9.2 0.1 3.1
Unemployment 16.7 16.6 1.0 -0.1 0.7 -0.6 4.4
Participation rate 71.3 71.3 0.6 0.0 0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.2 5.1 0.3 -0.1 0.0 ... ...
Employment rate 67.6 67.6 0.5 0.0 0.6 ... ...
Brantford, Ontario              
Population 118.8 118.9 ... 0.1 1.8 0.1 1.5
Labour force 81.0 80.6 0.9 -0.4 4.5 -0.5 5.9
Employment 78.5 77.6 0.9 -0.9 6.4 -1.1 9.0
Unemployment 2.5 3.1 0.4 0.6 -1.7 24.0 -35.4
Participation rate 68.2 67.8 0.8 -0.4 2.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.1 3.8 0.5 0.7 -2.5 ... ...
Employment rate 66.1 65.3 0.8 -0.8 4.5 ... ...
Guelph, Ontario              
Population 140.4 140.7 ... 0.3 3.7 0.2 2.7
Labour force 93.0 92.6 1.1 -0.4 -1.9 -0.4 -2.0
Employment 88.1 87.4 1.2 -0.7 -5.0 -0.8 -5.4
Unemployment 4.9 5.2 0.4 0.3 3.0 6.1 136.4
Participation rate 66.2 65.8 0.8 -0.4 -3.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.3 5.6 0.5 0.3 3.3 ... ...
Employment rate 62.7 62.1 0.9 -0.6 -5.3 ... ...
London, Ontario              
Population 450.3 450.9 ... 0.6 8.6 0.1 1.9
Labour force 273.7 275.6 2.7 1.9 10.0 0.7 3.8
Employment 257.9 259.9 2.7 2.0 7.7 0.8 3.1
Unemployment 15.8 15.7 1.1 -0.1 2.3 -0.6 17.2
Participation rate 60.8 61.1 0.6 0.3 1.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.8 5.7 0.4 -0.1 0.7 ... ...
Employment rate 57.3 57.6 0.6 0.3 0.6 ... ...
Windsor, Ontario              
Population 297.0 297.3 ... 0.3 5.3 0.1 1.8
Labour force 180.6 180.7 1.6 0.1 3.9 0.1 2.2
Employment 167.9 167.2 1.7 -0.7 -0.2 -0.4 -0.1
Unemployment 12.7 13.5 0.8 0.8 4.1 6.3 43.6
Participation rate 60.8 60.8 0.6 0.0 0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.0 7.5 0.5 0.5 2.2 ... ...
Employment rate 56.5 56.2 0.6 -0.3 -1.1 ... ...
Barrie, Ontario              
Population 181.4 181.7 ... 0.3 3.9 0.2 2.2
Labour force 129.4 131.4 1.7 2.0 8.4 1.5 6.8
Employment 121.8 124.5 1.7 2.7 7.5 2.2 6.4
Unemployment 7.6 6.8 0.9 -0.8 0.8 -10.5 13.3
Participation rate 71.3 72.3 1.0 1.0 3.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.9 5.2 0.7 -0.7 0.3 ... ...
Employment rate 67.1 68.5 0.9 1.4 2.7 ... ...
Greater Sudbury, Ontario              
Population 141.3 141.4 ... 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.3
Labour force 88.3 89.2 0.9 0.9 0.4 1.0 0.5
Employment 83.1 84.3 0.9 1.2 1.1 1.4 1.3
Unemployment 5.2 4.9 0.4 -0.3 -0.7 -5.8 -12.5
Participation rate 62.5 63.1 0.6 0.6 0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.9 5.5 0.4 -0.4 -0.8 ... ...
Employment rate 58.8 59.6 0.6 0.8 0.6 ... ...
Thunder Bay, Ontario              
Population 104.8 104.7 ... -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1
Labour force 65.7 66.4 0.6 0.7 0.8 1.1 1.2
Employment 62.4 63.1 0.6 0.7 0.9 1.1 1.4
Unemployment 3.3 3.3 0.2 0.0 -0.1 0.0 -2.9
Participation rate 62.7 63.4 0.6 0.7 0.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.0 5.0 0.4 0.0 -0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 59.5 60.3 0.5 0.8 0.9 ... ...
Winnipeg, Manitoba              
Population 701.0 701.8 ... 0.8 12.4 0.1 1.8
Labour force 470.2 471.6 1.4 1.4 0.4 0.3 0.1
Employment 445.4 446.7 1.4 1.3 2.9 0.3 0.7
Unemployment 24.9 25.0 0.8 0.1 -2.4 0.4 -8.8
Participation rate 67.1 67.2 0.2 0.1 -1.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.3 5.3 0.2 0.0 -0.5 ... ...
Employment rate 63.5 63.7 0.2 0.2 -0.7 ... ...
Regina, Saskatchewan              
Population 213.7 214.0 ... 0.3 4.0 0.1 1.9
Labour force 149.9 149.1 0.9 -0.8 0.6 -0.5 0.4
Employment 140.9 140.1 0.9 -0.8 0.2 -0.6 0.1
Unemployment 9.0 8.9 0.5 -0.1 0.4 -1.1 4.7
Participation rate 70.1 69.7 0.4 -0.4 -1.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.0 6.0 0.3 0.0 0.3 ... ...
Employment rate 65.9 65.5 0.4 -0.4 -1.1 ... ...
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan              
Population 277.7 278.2 ... 0.5 6.4 0.2 2.4
Labour force 191.6 191.9 1.0 0.3 1.9 0.2 1.0
Employment 181.2 181.0 1.1 -0.2 1.7 -0.1 0.9
Unemployment 10.5 10.9 0.6 0.4 0.3 3.8 2.8
Participation rate 69.0 69.0 0.4 0.0 -0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.5 5.7 0.3 0.2 0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 65.3 65.1 0.4 -0.2 -0.9 ... ...
Calgary, Alberta              
Population 1,283.6 1,286.0 ... 2.4 30.8 0.2 2.5
Labour force 942.1 936.6 4.3 -5.5 25.8 -0.6 2.8
Employment 876.7 870.1 4.4 -6.6 27.5 -0.8 3.3
Unemployment 65.4 66.5 2.5 1.1 -1.7 1.7 -2.5
Participation rate 73.4 72.8 0.3 -0.6 0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.9 7.1 0.3 0.2 -0.4 ... ...
Employment rate 68.3 67.7 0.4 -0.6 0.6 ... ...
Edmonton, Alberta              
Population 1,194.9 1,197.0 ... 2.1 27.6 0.2 2.4
Labour force 852.2 859.0 3.8 6.8 3.7 0.8 0.4
Employment 787.0 790.1 4.1 3.1 -11.1 0.4 -1.4
Unemployment 65.3 68.9 2.2 3.6 14.8 5.5 27.4
Participation rate 71.3 71.8 0.3 0.5 -1.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.7 8.0 0.3 0.3 1.7 ... ...
Employment rate 65.9 66.0 0.3 0.1 -2.5 ... ...
Kelowna, British Columbia               
Population 167.3 167.6 ... 0.3 3.8 0.2 2.3
Labour force 108.8 108.1 1.3 -0.7 2.5 -0.6 2.4
Employment 104.7 103.7 1.4 -1.0 1.6 -1.0 1.6
Unemployment 4.1 4.4 0.5 0.3 0.9 7.3 25.7
Participation rate 65.0 64.5 0.8 -0.5 0.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.8 4.1 0.5 0.3 0.8 ... ...
Employment rate 62.6 61.9 0.8 -0.7 -0.4 ... ...
Abbotsford–Mission, British Columbia              
Population 158.7 159.1 ... 0.4 4.4 0.3 2.8
Labour force 106.1 106.9 0.9 0.8 5.3 0.8 5.2
Employment 100.9 101.6 0.9 0.7 4.6 0.7 4.7
Unemployment 5.3 5.2 0.4 -0.1 0.6 -1.9 13.0
Participation rate 66.9 67.2 0.6 0.3 1.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.0 4.9 0.4 -0.1 0.4 ... ...
Employment rate 63.6 63.9 0.6 0.3 1.2 ... ...
Vancouver, British Columbia               
Population 2,286.9 2,290.9 ... 4.0 47.9 0.2 2.1
Labour force 1,544.1 1,548.8 5.8 4.7 25.8 0.3 1.7
Employment 1,468.6 1,474.2 6.0 5.6 19.4 0.4 1.3
Unemployment 75.4 74.6 3.1 -0.8 6.4 -1.1 9.4
Participation rate 67.5 67.6 0.3 0.1 -0.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.9 4.8 0.2 -0.1 0.3 ... ...
Employment rate 64.2 64.4 0.3 0.2 -0.5 ... ...
Victoria, British Columbia               
Population 322.9 323.4 ... 0.5 6.2 0.2 2.0
Labour force 203.7 205.2 1.7 1.5 5.3 0.7 2.7
Employment 196.6 198.3 1.7 1.7 5.7 0.9 3.0
Unemployment 7.1 6.9 0.6 -0.2 -0.3 -2.8 -4.2
Participation rate 63.1 63.5 0.5 0.4 0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.5 3.4 0.3 -0.1 -0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 60.9 61.3 0.5 0.4 0.6 ... ...
...
not applicable
Note(s):
The sum of individual categories may not always add up to the total as a result of rounding.
Source(s):
Table 14-10-0294-02 (formerly CANSIM table 282-0135).
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