Table 7 
Labour force characteristics by census metropolitan area, three-month moving average, seasonally adjusted 

Labour force characteristics by census metropolitan area, three-month moving average, seasonally adjusted
  July
2019
August
2019
Standard error1 July to August 2019 August 2018 to August 2019 July to August 2019 August 2018 to August 2019
  thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates)thousands (except rates) change in thousands (except rates)change in thousands (except rates) % change% change
St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador              
Population 186.0 186.0 ... 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.2
Labour force 124.0 123.4 0.9 -0.6 0.8 -0.5 0.7
Employment 114.4 113.8 1.0 -0.6 2.7 -0.5 2.4
Unemployment 9.5 9.7 0.5 0.2 -1.8 2.1 -15.7
Participation rate 66.7 66.3 0.5 -0.4 0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.7 7.9 0.4 0.2 -1.5 ... ...
Employment rate 61.5 61.2 0.5 -0.3 1.3 ... ...
Halifax, Nova Scotia              
Population 373.2 374.1 ... 0.9 8.1 0.2 2.2
Labour force 257.8 258.8 1.4 1.0 8.1 0.4 3.2
Employment 244.4 244.4 1.4 0.0 10.5 0.0 4.5
Unemployment 13.4 14.4 0.7 1.0 -2.4 7.5 -14.3
Participation rate 69.1 69.2 0.4 0.1 0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.2 5.6 0.3 0.4 -1.1 ... ...
Employment rate 65.5 65.3 0.4 -0.2 1.4 ... ...
Moncton, New Brunswick              
Population 131.3 131.5 ... 0.2 2.2 0.2 1.7
Labour force 87.1 86.6 0.9 -0.5 1.6 -0.6 1.9
Employment 82.1 81.9 0.9 -0.2 2.6 -0.2 3.3
Unemployment 5.0 4.7 0.4 -0.3 -0.9 -6.0 -16.1
Participation rate 66.3 65.9 0.7 -0.4 0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.7 5.4 0.4 -0.3 -1.2 ... ...
Employment rate 62.5 62.3 0.7 -0.2 1.0 ... ...
Saint John, New Brunswick               
Population 106.9 107.0 ... 0.1 0.9 0.1 0.8
Labour force 71.0 71.2 0.8 0.2 4.3 0.3 6.4
Employment 66.2 66.1 0.8 -0.1 2.9 -0.2 4.6
Unemployment 4.8 5.1 0.4 0.3 1.4 6.3 37.8
Participation rate 66.4 66.5 0.7 0.1 3.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.8 7.2 0.5 0.4 1.7 ... ...
Employment rate 61.9 61.8 0.7 -0.1 2.2 ... ...
Saguenay, Quebec              
Population 133.8 133.7 ... -0.1 -0.6 -0.1 -0.4
Labour force 80.9 81.0 0.9 0.1 2.0 0.1 2.5
Employment 76.6 75.8 0.9 -0.8 2.0 -1.0 2.7
Unemployment 4.3 5.1 0.3 0.8 -0.1 18.6 -1.9
Participation rate 60.5 60.6 0.7 0.1 1.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.3 6.3 0.4 1.0 -0.3 ... ...
Employment rate 57.2 56.7 0.7 -0.5 1.7 ... ...
Québec, Quebec              
Population 687.2 687.7 ... 0.5 3.8 0.1 0.6
Labour force 480.8 475.6 3.4 -5.2 5.5 -1.1 1.2
Employment 469.7 463.3 3.4 -6.4 10.8 -1.4 2.4
Unemployment 11.1 12.3 1.3 1.2 -5.3 10.8 -30.1
Participation rate 70.0 69.2 0.5 -0.8 0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 2.3 2.6 0.3 0.3 -1.1 ... ...
Employment rate 68.3 67.4 0.5 -0.9 1.2 ... ...
Sherbrooke, Quebec              
Population 187.6 187.8 ... 0.2 2.5 0.1 1.3
Labour force 118.7 118.3 1.1 -0.4 0.3 -0.3 0.3
Employment 113.6 112.2 1.1 -1.4 -0.7 -1.2 -0.6
Unemployment 5.1 6.2 0.4 1.1 1.1 21.6 21.6
Participation rate 63.3 63.0 0.6 -0.3 -0.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.3 5.2 0.4 0.9 0.9 ... ...
Employment rate 60.6 59.7 0.6 -0.9 -1.2 ... ...
Trois-Rivières, Quebec               
Population 135.1 135.2 ... 0.1 0.8 0.1 0.6
Labour force 81.5 79.3 0.9 -2.2 -3.1 -2.7 -3.8
Employment 76.9 74.9 0.9 -2.0 -3.6 -2.6 -4.6
Unemployment 4.6 4.4 0.3 -0.2 0.5 -4.3 12.8
Participation rate 60.3 58.7 0.7 -1.6 -2.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.6 5.5 0.4 -0.1 0.8 ... ...
Employment rate 56.9 55.4 0.7 -1.5 -3.0 ... ...
Montréal, Quebec              
Population 3,509.3 3,514.0 ... 4.7 51.5 0.1 1.5
Labour force 2,324.9 2,334.7 8.3 9.8 8.9 0.4 0.4
Employment 2,189.4 2,202.8 8.5 13.4 17.7 0.6 0.8
Unemployment 135.5 131.9 4.8 -3.6 -8.8 -2.7 -6.3
Participation rate 66.2 66.4 0.2 0.2 -0.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.8 5.6 0.2 -0.2 -0.4 ... ...
Employment rate 62.4 62.7 0.2 0.3 -0.4 ... ...
Ottawa–Gatineau, Ontario/Quebec               
Population 1,170.6 1,172.7 ... 2.1 23.5 0.2 2.0
Labour force 802.6 815.8 4.5 13.2 40.5 1.6 5.2
Employment 764.0 777.1 4.4 13.1 37.9 1.7 5.1
Unemployment 38.6 38.7 1.9 0.1 2.6 0.3 7.2
Participation rate 68.6 69.6 0.4 1.0 2.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.8 4.7 0.2 -0.1 0.0 ... ...
Employment rate 65.3 66.3 0.4 1.0 2.0 ... ...
Ottawa–Gatineau, Quebec part, Ontario/Quebec              
Population 281.2 281.5 ... 0.3 3.1 0.1 1.1
Labour force 191.5 192.5 1.5 1.0 2.5 0.5 1.3
Employment 183.4 184.4 1.6 1.0 3.3 0.5 1.8
Unemployment 8.1 8.1 0.6 0.0 -0.8 0.0 -9.0
Participation rate 68.1 68.4 0.5 0.3 0.2 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.2 4.2 0.3 0.0 -0.5 ... ...
Employment rate 65.2 65.5 0.6 0.3 0.4 ... ...
Ottawa–Gatineau, Ontario part, Ontario/Quebec              
Population 889.4 891.3 ... 1.9 20.5 0.2 2.4
Labour force 611.1 623.3 4.3 12.2 38.1 2.0 6.5
Employment 580.6 592.8 4.2 12.2 34.7 2.1 6.2
Unemployment 30.5 30.6 1.8 0.1 3.5 0.3 12.9
Participation rate 68.7 69.9 0.5 1.2 2.7 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.0 4.9 0.3 -0.1 0.3 ... ...
Employment rate 65.3 66.5 0.5 1.2 2.4 ... ...
Kingston, Ontario              
Population 145.9 146.2 ... 0.3 2.4 0.2 1.7
Labour force 93.2 93.0 0.8 -0.2 1.6 -0.2 1.8
Employment 88.7 87.7 0.8 -1.0 1.7 -1.1 2.0
Unemployment 4.5 5.3 0.3 0.8 -0.1 17.8 -1.9
Participation rate 63.9 63.6 0.6 -0.3 0.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.8 5.7 0.3 0.9 -0.2 ... ...
Employment rate 60.8 60.0 0.5 -0.8 0.2 ... ...
Peterborough, Ontario              
Population 107.5 107.6 ... 0.1 1.4 0.1 1.3
Labour force 65.9 64.8 1.3 -1.1 -2.2 -1.7 -3.3
Employment 62.6 62.0 1.2 -0.6 -1.6 -1.0 -2.5
Unemployment 3.3 2.8 0.5 -0.5 -0.6 -15.2 -17.6
Participation rate 61.3 60.2 1.2 -1.1 -2.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.0 4.3 0.7 -0.7 -0.8 ... ...
Employment rate 58.2 57.6 1.1 -0.6 -2.3 ... ...
Oshawa, Ontario              
Population 345.5 346.2 ... 0.7 6.7 0.2 2.0
Labour force 234.9 231.6 1.9 -3.3 -4.5 -1.4 -1.9
Employment 222.6 219.9 1.9 -2.7 -4.4 -1.2 -2.0
Unemployment 12.3 11.7 0.9 -0.6 -0.1 -4.9 -0.8
Participation rate 68.0 66.9 0.6 -1.1 -2.6 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.2 5.1 0.4 -0.1 0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 64.4 63.5 0.6 -0.9 -2.6 ... ...
Toronto, Ontario              
Population 5,556.7 5,570.1 ... 13.4 138.8 0.2 2.6
Labour force 3,693.0 3,713.5 11.1 20.5 139.1 0.6 3.9
Employment 3,482.7 3,495.2 11.3 12.5 136.9 0.4 4.1
Unemployment 210.3 218.3 6.1 8.0 2.1 3.8 1.0
Participation rate 66.5 66.7 0.2 0.2 0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.7 5.9 0.2 0.2 -0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 62.7 62.7 0.2 0.0 0.9 ... ...
Hamilton, Ontario              
Population 678.1 679.1 ... 1.0 9.8 0.1 1.5
Labour force 436.3 439.4 3.4 3.1 5.7 0.7 1.3
Employment 414.9 417.9 3.5 3.0 5.8 0.7 1.4
Unemployment 21.4 21.5 1.3 0.1 -0.1 0.5 -0.5
Participation rate 64.3 64.7 0.5 0.4 -0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.9 4.9 0.3 0.0 -0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 61.2 61.5 0.5 0.3 -0.1 ... ...
St. Catharines–Niagara, Ontario               
Population 357.1 357.6 ... 0.5 4.8 0.1 1.4
Labour force 207.0 209.2 2.4 2.2 -7.5 1.1 -3.5
Employment 195.3 197.1 2.4 1.8 -3.4 0.9 -1.7
Unemployment 11.7 12.1 0.9 0.4 -4.1 3.4 -25.3
Participation rate 58.0 58.5 0.7 0.5 -2.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.7 5.8 0.4 0.1 -1.7 ... ...
Employment rate 54.7 55.1 0.7 0.4 -1.7 ... ...
Kitchener–Cambridge–Waterloo, Ontario              
Population 448.2 449.1 ... 0.9 8.8 0.2 2.0
Labour force 318.2 317.1 2.4 -1.1 1.9 -0.3 0.6
Employment 300.6 298.5 2.4 -2.1 0.3 -0.7 0.1
Unemployment 17.5 18.7 1.0 1.2 1.7 6.9 10.0
Participation rate 71.0 70.6 0.6 -0.4 -1.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.5 5.9 0.3 0.4 0.5 ... ...
Employment rate 67.1 66.5 0.5 -0.6 -1.2 ... ...
Brantford, Ontario              
Population 118.1 118.2 ... 0.1 1.7 0.1 1.5
Labour force 85.0 84.5 0.9 -0.5 12.6 -0.6 17.5
Employment 81.2 81.2 0.9 0.0 12.9 0.0 18.9
Unemployment 3.8 3.3 0.4 -0.5 -0.3 -13.2 -8.3
Participation rate 72.0 71.5 0.8 -0.5 9.8 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.5 3.9 0.5 -0.6 -1.1 ... ...
Employment rate 68.8 68.7 0.8 -0.1 10.1 ... ...
Guelph, Ontario              
Population 139.1 139.4 ... 0.3 3.5 0.2 2.6
Labour force 100.8 99.6 1.1 -1.2 6.5 -1.2 7.0
Employment 95.8 94.3 1.2 -1.5 4.9 -1.6 5.5
Unemployment 5.1 5.3 0.4 0.2 1.6 3.9 43.2
Participation rate 72.5 71.4 0.8 -1.1 2.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.1 5.3 0.5 0.2 1.3 ... ...
Employment rate 68.9 67.6 0.9 -1.3 1.8 ... ...
London, Ontario              
Population 447.1 447.9 ... 0.8 8.2 0.2 1.9
Labour force 255.6 261.3 2.7 5.7 -8.6 2.2 -3.2
Employment 240.8 244.9 2.7 4.1 -11.1 1.7 -4.3
Unemployment 14.8 16.4 1.1 1.6 2.5 10.8 18.0
Participation rate 57.2 58.3 0.6 1.1 -3.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.8 6.3 0.4 0.5 1.1 ... ...
Employment rate 53.9 54.7 0.6 0.8 -3.5 ... ...
Windsor, Ontario              
Population 294.9 295.5 ... 0.6 5.1 0.2 1.8
Labour force 180.6 178.7 1.6 -1.9 5.8 -1.1 3.4
Employment 170.1 168.0 1.7 -2.1 6.6 -1.2 4.1
Unemployment 10.6 10.8 0.8 0.2 -0.7 1.9 -6.1
Participation rate 61.2 60.5 0.6 -0.7 1.0 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.9 6.0 0.5 0.1 -0.7 ... ...
Employment rate 57.7 56.9 0.6 -0.8 1.3 ... ...
Barrie, Ontario              
Population 179.9 180.3 ... 0.4 3.7 0.2 2.1
Labour force 124.9 125.0 1.7 0.1 -0.1 0.1 -0.1
Employment 118.3 118.6 1.7 0.3 1.8 0.3 1.5
Unemployment 6.7 6.5 0.9 -0.2 -1.8 -3.0 -21.7
Participation rate 69.4 69.3 1.0 -0.1 -1.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.4 5.2 0.7 -0.2 -1.4 ... ...
Employment rate 65.8 65.8 0.9 0.0 -0.3 ... ...
Greater Sudbury, Ontario              
Population 141.1 141.2 ... 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.2
Labour force 89.7 89.5 0.9 -0.2 2.9 -0.2 3.3
Employment 85.2 84.6 0.9 -0.6 3.8 -0.7 4.7
Unemployment 4.5 4.8 0.4 0.3 -1.0 6.7 -17.2
Participation rate 63.6 63.4 0.6 -0.2 1.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.0 5.4 0.4 0.4 -1.3 ... ...
Employment rate 60.4 59.9 0.6 -0.5 2.6 ... ...
Thunder Bay, Ontario              
Population 104.7 104.7 ... 0.0 -0.2 0.0 -0.2
Labour force 65.0 65.3 0.6 0.3 -2.6 0.5 -3.8
Employment 61.2 61.1 0.6 -0.1 -3.2 -0.2 -5.0
Unemployment 3.8 4.2 0.2 0.4 0.6 10.5 16.7
Participation rate 62.1 62.4 0.6 0.3 -2.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.8 6.4 0.4 0.6 1.1 ... ...
Employment rate 58.5 58.4 0.5 -0.1 -2.9 ... ...
Winnipeg, Manitoba              
Population 696.4 697.5 ... 1.1 11.0 0.2 1.6
Labour force 470.1 469.3 1.4 -0.8 -1.8 -0.2 -0.4
Employment 444.9 443.5 1.4 -1.4 2.5 -0.3 0.6
Unemployment 25.2 25.8 0.8 0.6 -4.2 2.4 -14.0
Participation rate 67.5 67.3 0.2 -0.2 -1.3 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.4 5.5 0.2 0.1 -0.9 ... ...
Employment rate 63.9 63.6 0.2 -0.3 -0.6 ... ...
Regina, Saskatchewan              
Population 212.1 212.5 ... 0.4 3.6 0.2 1.7
Labour force 152.1 152.4 0.9 0.3 2.5 0.2 1.7
Employment 144.1 144.4 0.9 0.3 4.0 0.2 2.8
Unemployment 8.0 8.0 0.5 0.0 -1.5 0.0 -15.8
Participation rate 71.7 71.7 0.4 0.0 -0.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.3 5.2 0.3 -0.1 -1.1 ... ...
Employment rate 67.9 68.0 0.4 0.1 0.8 ... ...
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan              
Population 275.3 275.8 ... 0.5 5.7 0.2 2.1
Labour force 190.5 190.6 1.0 0.1 1.4 0.1 0.7
Employment 179.4 179.6 1.1 0.2 4.0 0.1 2.3
Unemployment 11.2 11.0 0.6 -0.2 -2.6 -1.8 -19.1
Participation rate 69.2 69.1 0.4 -0.1 -0.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.9 5.8 0.3 -0.1 -1.4 ... ...
Employment rate 65.2 65.1 0.4 -0.1 0.1 ... ...
Calgary, Alberta              
Population 1,272.1 1,275.0 ... 2.9 28.8 0.2 2.3
Labour force 946.7 948.4 4.3 1.7 51.7 0.2 5.8
Employment 881.6 879.1 4.4 -2.5 55.1 -0.3 6.7
Unemployment 65.2 69.3 2.5 4.1 -3.4 6.3 -4.7
Participation rate 74.4 74.4 0.3 0.0 2.4 ... ...
Unemployment rate 6.9 7.3 0.3 0.4 -0.8 ... ...
Employment rate 69.3 68.9 0.4 -0.4 2.8 ... ...
Edmonton, Alberta              
Population 1,184.4 1,187.0 ... 2.6 25.8 0.2 2.2
Labour force 854.4 849.2 3.8 -5.2 5.7 -0.6 0.7
Employment 790.1 786.2 4.1 -3.9 -3.4 -0.5 -0.4
Unemployment 64.2 63.0 2.2 -1.2 9.2 -1.9 17.1
Participation rate 72.1 71.5 0.3 -0.6 -1.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 7.5 7.4 0.3 -0.1 1.0 ... ...
Employment rate 66.7 66.2 0.3 -0.5 -1.8 ... ...
Kelowna, British Columbia               
Population 165.8 166.2 ... 0.4 3.4 0.2 2.1
Labour force 111.0 111.5 1.3 0.5 3.1 0.5 2.9
Employment 106.1 106.6 1.4 0.5 4.6 0.5 4.5
Unemployment 4.8 4.9 0.5 0.1 -1.5 2.1 -23.4
Participation rate 66.9 67.1 0.8 0.2 0.5 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.3 4.4 0.5 0.1 -1.5 ... ...
Employment rate 64.0 64.1 0.8 0.1 1.4 ... ...
Abbotsford–Mission, British Columbia              
Population 157.1 157.5 ... 0.4 3.9 0.3 2.5
Labour force 106.0 105.0 0.9 -1.0 5.4 -0.9 5.4
Employment 100.2 99.6 0.9 -0.6 4.9 -0.6 5.2
Unemployment 5.8 5.4 0.4 -0.4 0.4 -6.9 8.0
Participation rate 67.5 66.7 0.6 -0.8 1.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 5.5 5.1 0.4 -0.4 0.1 ... ...
Employment rate 63.8 63.2 0.6 -0.6 1.5 ... ...
Vancouver, British Columbia               
Population 2,267.7 2,272.6 ... 4.9 41.9 0.2 1.9
Labour force 1,546.8 1,547.1 5.8 0.3 74.0 0.0 5.0
Employment 1,484.9 1,478.9 6.0 -6.0 74.9 -0.4 5.3
Unemployment 61.9 68.2 3.1 6.3 -0.9 10.2 -1.3
Participation rate 68.2 68.1 0.3 -0.1 2.1 ... ...
Unemployment rate 4.0 4.4 0.2 0.4 -0.3 ... ...
Employment rate 65.5 65.1 0.3 -0.4 2.2 ... ...
Victoria, British Columbia               
Population 320.3 320.9 ... 0.6 5.4 0.2 1.7
Labour force 202.0 203.0 1.7 1.0 -2.6 0.5 -1.3
Employment 194.3 196.2 1.7 1.9 -0.6 1.0 -0.3
Unemployment 7.7 6.8 0.6 -0.9 -2.1 -11.7 -23.6
Participation rate 63.1 63.3 0.5 0.2 -1.9 ... ...
Unemployment rate 3.8 3.3 0.3 -0.5 -1.0 ... ...
Employment rate 60.7 61.1 0.5 0.4 -1.3 ... ...
...
not applicable
Note(s):
The sum of individual categories may not always add up to the total as a result of rounding.
Source(s):
Table 14-10-0294-02 (formerly CANSIM table 282-0135).
Date modified: