Police-reported crime for selected offences, Canada
|Number – 2017||Rate – 2017||% change in rate – 2016 to 2017||% change in rate – 2007 to 2017|
|Total Criminal Code (excluding traffic) – "Crime rate"||1,958,023||5,334||1||-23|
|Total violent crime||403,201||1,098||3||-19|
|Other violations causing death||78||0s||-29||-18|
|Sexual assault - level 3 - aggravated||161||0s||42||2|
|Sexual assault - level 2 - weapon or bodily harm||417||1||4||-3|
|Sexual assault - level 1||24,094||66||13||3|
|Sexual violations against children1||8,046||22||8||...|
|Assault - level 3 - aggravated||3,541||10||1||-9|
|Assault - level 2 - weapon or bodily harm||51,853||141||3||-15|
|Assault - level 1||163,034||444||1||-19|
|Assault against a peace officer||10,847||30||3||-2|
|Firearms - use of, discharge, pointing||2,734||7||7||49|
|Forcible confinement or kidnapping||3,778||10||-1||-27|
|Trafficking in persons2||271||1||8||...|
|Indecent and harassing communications||16,199||44||5||-45|
|Nonconsensual distribution of intimate images3||1,469||4||74||...|
|Commodification of sexual activity4||1,106||3||44||...|
|Other violent Criminal Code violations||4,750||13||3||-3|
|Total property crime||1,191,089||3,245||1||-28|
|Breaking and entering||159,336||434||-2||-38|
|Possess stolen property||23,869||65||15||-36|
|Theft of motor vehicle||85,020||232||6||-48|
|Theft over $5,000 (non-motor vehicle)||17,255||47||10||-11|
|Theft of $5,000 or under (non-motor vehicle)||504,557||1,375||0s||-22|
|Fraud (excluding identity theft and fraud)5||112,863||307||2||14|
|Total other Criminal Code offences||363,733||991||1||-4|
|Disturb the peace||96,381||263||-3||-26|
|Administration of justice violations||216,836||591||4||18|
|Total Criminal Code traffic violations||125,378||342||-1||-15|
|Alcohol impaired driving||65,558||179||-5||-26|
|Drug impaired driving7||3,489||10||10||...|
|Other Criminal Code traffic violations||56,331||153||4||-5|
|Total drug offences||90,625||247||-7||-20|
|Possession - cannabis||38,498||105||-15||-27|
|Possession - cocaine||7,108||19||-2||-46|
|Possession - methamphetamines or ecstasy8||9,269||25||13||...|
|Possession - heroin||2,219||6||0s||...|
|Possession - other drugs8||7,990||22||3||-15|
|Trafficking, production or import/export - cannabis||9,494||26||-13||-45|
|Trafficking, production or import/export - cocaine||6,803||19||-8||-46|
|Trafficking, production or import/export - methamphetamines or ecstasy8||2,666||7||11||...|
|Trafficking, production or import/export - heroin||1,015||3||9||...|
|Trafficking, production or import/export - other drugs8||5,563||15||5||-10|
|Total other federal statute violations||30,786||84||10||-6|
|Human trafficking under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act9||104||0s||1||...|
|Youth Criminal Justice Act||5,452||15||-12||-52|
|Other federal statutes||25,230||69||17||17|
|Total - all violations||2,204,812||6,006||1||-22|
true zero or a value rounded to zero
value rounded to 0 (zero) where there is a meaningful distinction between true zero and the value that was rounded
Police-reported statistics may be affected by differences in the way police services deal with offences. In some instances, police or municipalities might choose to deal with some offences using municipal by-laws or provincial provisions rather than Criminal Code provisions. Counts are based on the most serious violation in the incident. One incident may involve multiple violations. Data for specific types of crime are available, in most cases, from 1977. Rates are calculated on the basis of 100,000 population. Percentage changes are based on unrounded rates. Populations are based upon July 1 estimates.
Statistics Canada, Uniform Crime Reporting Survey (3302).
Sexual violations against children is a relatively new crime category with only partial data available prior to 2010, therefore the percentage change from 2007 to 2017 is not shown.
Changes to the Criminal Code, including the introduction of new offences related to trafficking in persons were made in 2005, 2010, 2012, and 2014. Therefore, the percentage change from 2007 to 2017 is not shown.
Nonconsensual distribution of intimate images is an offence created by the Protecting Canadians from Online Crime Act: Bill C-13 (2015), therefore the percentage change from 2007 to 2017 is not shown.
In December 2014, new legislation came into effect governing prostitution-related activities. The new legislation targets "the exploitation that is inherent in prostitution and the risks of violence posed to those who engage in it" (C.C. Chapter 25, preamble). New violations classified as "Commodification of Sexual Activity" under "Violent Crime" include: the purchasing of sexual services or communicating for that purpose, receiving a material benefit deriving from the purchase of sexual services, procuring of persons for the purpose of prostitution, and advertising sexual services offered for sale. In addition, a number of other offences related to prostitution continue to be considered non-violent offences and are classified under "Other Criminal Code offences". These include communicating to provide sexual services for consideration, and stopping or impeding traffic for the purpose of offering, providing or obtaining sexual services for consideration. Therefore, the percentage change from 2007 to 2017 is not shown.
In January 2010, the Uniform Crime Reporting Survey was modified to create new violation codes for identity fraud and identity theft. Prior to 2010, those offences would have been coded as fraud. Therefore, the percentage change from 2007 to 2017 for fraud includes identity fraud and identity theft.
Includes seven new terrorism violations which were introduced mid-year 2013, as a result of the enactment of Bill S-7 (An Act to amend the Criminal Code, the Canada Evidence Act and the Security of Information Act). An additional terrorism violation code was introduced in late 2015, as a result of the enactment of Bill C-51 Anti-terrorism Act (2015). Therefore, comparisons to previous years should be made with caution. Terrorism is a relatively new crime category with only partial data available prior to 2010; therefore, the percentage change from 2006 to 2016 is not shown. Due to the length of time for investigations to confirm whether or not the incident is founded, annual counts of terrorism offences are subject to revisions downwards when revised data are released one year after the initial release. Therefore, changes between the current year of data and the previous year should be interpreted with caution.
In 2008, the Uniform Crime Reporting Survey was modified to create new violation codes for drug impaired operation of a vehicle, drug impaired operation of a vehicle causing death or bodily harm, failure or refusal to comply with testing for the presence of drugs and failure or refusal to provide a breath or blood sample. Prior to 2008, those offences would have been coded together with alcohol impaired driving violations. Therefore, the percentage change from 2007 to 2017 is not shown.
In April 2008, the Uniform Crime Reporting Survey began counting violations involving methamphetamines (e.g., crystal meth) and ecstasy (MDA or MDMA) under their own unique violation codes. Prior to this, violations involving methamphetamines and ecstasy were counted within the category of "Other Drugs". Therefore, the percentage change from 2007 to 2017 for violations involving methamphetamines, ecstasy or "Other Drugs" are not shown.
Includes human trafficking and human smuggling violations under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act. Data specific to these offences is not available prior to 2011, therefore, the percentage change from 2007 to 2017 is not shown.
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