Infographic 1
Sun Safety and Ultraviolet Radiation in Canada

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Infographic description

The title of the infographic is "Sun Safety and Ultraviolet Radiation in Canada"

Title: Sun Safety and Ultraviolet Radiation (UVR) in Canada

On a typical summer day off between 11 am and 4 pm, 13% of Canadians spent no time in the sun; 41% spent less than 2 hours in the sun; 29% spent 2 to 4 hours in the sun; and 17% spent 4 or more hours in the sun.

During the past year, 33% of adult Canadians reported a sunburn (30% of women and 37% of men).

Mean Ultraviolet Radiation (UVR)

The map of Canada shows the average zone levels of ultraviolet radiation (UVR) from north to south from June 1980 to August 1990. Northern Canada generally has the low UVR, while moving further south the level of UVR increases. The highest UVR are closest to the US Canada border.

The overall risk of melanoma increases by 22% per UVR zone from North to South. The risk increases by 26% for men and 17% for women.

Sun protection

Among people who spend at least 30 minutes in the sun, 46% of women and 36% of men seek shade; 63% of women and 29% of men wear sunscreen on the face; 51% of women and 26% of men wear sunscreen on the body; 27% of women and 50% of men wear a hat; and 19% of women and 35% of men wear pants or a long skirt.

Associations between melanoma and UVR exposure were higher for people with outdoor occupations, lower income and lower education.

Women living in regions with higher UVR were more likely to protect themselves against the sun. This was not true for men.

Source:Pinault L, Bushnik T, Fioletov V, et al. The risk of melanoma associated with ambient summer ultraviolet radiation. Health Reports 2017; 28(5): 3-11.

Pinault L, Fioletov V. Sun exposure, sun protection and sunburn among Canadian adults. Health Reports 2017; 28(5): 12-19.


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