Monthly Survey of Manufacturing, December 2012
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Manufacturing sales declined 3.1% in December to $48.0 billion, the largest decline since May 2009. Just over half of the decrease reflected lower sales in the transportation equipment industry. Sales were also down in the chemical, petroleum and coal product as well as the fabricated metal product industries.
Sales decreased in 16 of 21 industries, representing 82% of the manufacturing sector. Durable goods sales were down 4.2% while non-durable goods sales declined 2.0%.
Constant dollar sales decreased 3.8%, indicating that the decline in manufactured goods sold was a result of lower volumes.
Manufacturing sales decrease
Sales drop in the transportation equipment industry
Manufacturing sales fell 9.1% in the transportation equipment industry to $7.8 billion, the largest percentage decrease since February 2011. A 15.4% decline in the motor vehicle assembly industry was the main reason for the decline in transportation equipment sales. Motor vehicle assembly plants are often shutdown in December for a portion of the month. However, in December 2012, the reduction in production was greater than usually observed.
Sales in the motor vehicle parts industry were down 2.7% to $1.9 billion, the fourth decrease in five months.
In the chemical manufacturing industry, sales declined 4.2% to $3.9 billion. Most manufacturers in the industry reported lower sales.
Petroleum and coal product sales decreased 2.2% to $7.2 billion, reflecting lower volumes of product sold.
In the fabricated metal product industry, sales were down 4.0% to $2.8 billion. The drop largely stemmed from lower sales volumes.
Sales declines concentrated in Ontario
More than two-thirds of the decline in Canadian manufacturing sales was concentrated in Ontario. In total, six provinces posted lower sales in December.
In Ontario, sales fell 4.6% to $21.9 billion, the largest drop in percentage terms since May 2009. The decline mostly reflected decreases in the motor vehicle assembly industry (-15.9%). The aerospace product and parts (-41.2%), chemical, (-4.3%), computer and electronic product (-9.8%), and motor vehicle parts (-2.7%) industries were also down.
In Alberta, sales fell 4.5% to $5.8 billion, the third consecutive monthly decrease. The drop reflected declines in the machinery (-16.0%), fabricated metal product (-14.5%) and chemical (-4.8%) industries.
Sales were down in New Brunswick (-6,7%) and British Columbia (-3.3%). In New Brunswick, lower sales in the non-durable goods industries were mostly responsible for the decline. In British Columbia, sales were down in 18 of 21 industries.
In Quebec, sales were up 0.7% to $11.6 billion, offsetting a small portion of the overall national decline. Higher production in the aerospace product and parts industry was responsible for the provincial gain.
Inventories decreased 1.0% to $64.5 billion, primarily reflecting declines in the transportation equipment as well as the petroleum and coal product industries.
In the transportation equipment industry, inventories were down 2.7% to $9.1 billion. Lower inventory levels in the aerospace product and parts, motor vehicle assembly, and motor vehicle parts industries were responsible for most of the decrease.
In the petroleum and coal product industry, inventories declined 4.6% to $4.9 billion. The decline largely reflected lower inventory volumes for all three stages of fabrication held by manufacturers.
The inventory-to-sales ratio rose to 1.34 in December from 1.32 in November. The ratio is a measure of the time, in months, that would be required to exhaust inventories if sales were to remain at their current level.
The inventory-to-sales ratio rises
Unfilled orders rise
Unfilled orders rose 2.6% to $65.8 billion. The increase stemmed from a 5.0% gain in the aerospace product and parts industry. Unfilled orders in the aerospace industry stood at $35.9 billion in December. A 3.2% decline in the machinery industry offset a small portion of the gain.
Unfilled orders rise
New orders declined 4.4% to $49.7 billion in December.
Manufacturing at a glance: Slower sales growth in 2012
For 2012 as a whole, Canadian manufacturing sales reached $590.5 billion, up 3.4% from 2011. This was less than half the rate of growth of 7.8% in 2011 and 8.9% in 2010.
The largest contributor to the 3.4% increase in 2012 was the transportation equipment industry, where sales rose 12.6% during the year to $102.5 billion. Over two-thirds of the annual gain stemmed from higher sales in the motor vehicle assembly industry — a result that contrasts with the decrease in sales for the industry in December 2012. Another major contributor to the annual sales increase in 2012 was the petroleum and coal products industry, where sales were up 6.6%.
The slowdown in growth for the manufacturing sector in 2012 was the result of sales trends in some key industries. In the primary metals industry, annual sales fell 3.4% to $46.9 billion in 2012, following a 15.6% increase the year before. Sales in the petroleum and coal products industry increased 6.6% in 2012, compared with a 17.0% gain in 2011. Sales in the food industry fell 0.8% in 2012, following a 4.0% advance in 2011. Finally, sales gains in the machinery and chemical industries in 2012 were less than half those in 2011.
Note to readers
Monthly data in this release are seasonally adjusted and are expressed in current dollars unless otherwise specified. Preliminary data are provided for the current reference month. Revised data, based on late responses, are updated for the three previous months. The annual data in this release are not seasonally adjusted.
Non-durable goods industries include food, beverage and tobacco products, textile mills, textile product mills, clothing, leather and allied products, paper, printing and related support activities, petroleum and coal products, chemicals, and plastics and rubber products.
Durable goods industries include wood products, non-metallic mineral products, primary metal, fabricated metal products, machinery, computer and electronic products, electrical equipment, appliances and components, transportation equipment, furniture and related products and miscellaneous manufacturing.
For the aerospace industry and shipbuilding industries, the value of production is used instead of sales of goods manufactured. This value is calculated by adjusting monthly sales of goods manufactured by the monthly change in inventories of goods in process and finished products manufactured.
Unfilled orders are a stock of orders that will contribute to future sales assuming that the orders are not cancelled.
New orders are those received whether sold in the current month or not. New orders are measured as the sum of sales for the current month plus the change in unfilled orders from the previous month to the current month.
Definitions, data sources and methods: survey number survey number2101.
Data from the January Monthly Survey of Manufacturing will be released on March 19.
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