Canadian Agriculture at a Glance

The agriculture industry plays an important role in Canada’s economy, society and environment. This edition of Canadian Agriculture at a Glance looks at key findings and emerging trends in agriculture with succinct and accessible articles that provide useful information for Canadians and more specifically policy makers, industry associations, and farm operators.

The Census of Agriculture is the primary source of data for this publication; it not only provides a snapshot in time of the agriculture industry, but is also essential for understanding changes over time. In addition, other economic, environmental and social data sources are also used to derive a more comprehensive picture of the country’s agriculture sector.

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The socioeconomic portrait of the Indigenous farm population in Canada, 2021

by Michelle St. Pierre and Zong Jia Chen

Release date: March 7, 2024

Indigenous Peoples are an integral part of the farm population and have been contributing to the agricultural landscape of what is now Canada for many centuries before the arrival of settlers. This article provides a socioeconomic portrait of the Indigenous farm population, touching on population changes, gender, age, education, type of farming activity and income.

A closer look at dairy goat farming in Ontario

by Michael Campbell and Kathryn Reid

Release date: January 30, 2024

Goats are raised to produce dairy, meat, fibre and skin products. The demand for these products has risen over time in Canada. Results from the Census of Agriculture show that despite a decline in the number of farms reporting goats, the overall number of goats reported on farms in Canada has significantly increased over the last 30 years—largely because of increases in Ontario, where the greatest share of goats has been reported.

The farm operator gender pay gap is narrowing

by Zong Jia Chen

Release date: December 8, 2023

The gender pay gap is a longstanding issue that exists in various industries across Canada, including the agricultural sector. This article provides analysis on the gender pay gap among Canada’s farm operators over time and explores the gender pay gap in 2020 by geography, farm type, revenue class, level of education, field of study, racialized group and population centre.

A story about the diversity of Canada’s farm operators

by Zong Jia Chen

Release date: October 27, 2023

This article provides insights on the ethnocultural diversity of farm operators, according to various socioeconomic characteristics, such as racialized group or Indigenous self-identification, mother tongue, place of birth, immigrant status, gender, age, educational attainment, farm type, and revenue class.

Canada’s farms integrate renewable energy production and technologies toward a future of sustainable and efficient agriculture

by Zong Jia Chen and Allyson Jewitt

Release date: May 17, 2023

Under the backdrop of climate change and national and global commitments to combat its causes and effects, farms in Canada are increasingly transitioning toward sustainable practices. Data from the 2021 Census of Agriculture show an increased number of farms reporting renewable energy production and the use of select technologies on farms.

Canada’s farms were more profitable in 2020 than in 2015

by Zong Jia Chen and Justin Clark

Release date: March 16, 2023

Information on farm operating revenues and expenses help paint a portrait of Canada's agricultural businesses. This article sheds light on farm profitability (by revenue class, operating arrangement, total farm area and farm type) and some potential driving forces behind the profitability trends observed.

Canada’s farms are adjusting the ways they sell their products to consumers

by Michelle St. Pierre

Release date: February 9, 2023

Canada's farmers have been adjusting the way they sell their goods to the public to adapt to evolving consumer needs under the backdrop of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Female farm operator numbers increase for the first time in 30 years

by Susana Aclan and Zong Jia Chen

Release date: November 23, 2022

Female farm operators play a pivotal role in Canadian agriculture. Their tireless work ethic, leadership skills and organizational expertise are shaping the landscape of the agriculture industry across Canada. This article identifies where the net increase in female farm operators is coming from. It then looks at how female farm operator numbers are reflected in the face of the modernization and adaptation of the agriculture industry.

Comparing Canada’s agriculture with other developed nations: Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States

by Zong Jia Chen

Release date: October 20, 2022

This article sheds light on the competitiveness of Canada’s agriculture in the global market by drawing cross-country comparisons of selected agricultural commodities.

Vegetable and melon farms make up the biggest share of farms in Newfoundland and Labrador

by Michelle St. Pierre and Mike McComb

Release date: June 15, 2022

This article presents the highlights and a brief analysis of the results from the 2021 Census of Agriculture for the province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

Prince Edward Island leads the way in potato production

by Michelle St. Pierre

Release date: June 15, 2022

This article presents the highlights and a brief analysis of the results from the 2021 Census of Agriculture for the province of Prince Edward Island.

Lowbush blueberries, apples, mink and poultry play a large role in Nova Scotia farming

by Saneliso Mhlanga

Release date: June 15, 2022

This article presents the highlights and a brief analysis of the results from the 2021 Census of Agriculture for the province of Nova Scotia.

New Brunswick leads Atlantic Canada in maple taps and lowbush blueberries

by Michelle St. Pierre

Release date: June 15, 2022

This article presents the highlights and a brief analysis of the results from the 2021 Census of Agriculture for the province of New Brunswick.

Quebec continues to be the main force behind maple, blueberries, cranberries, dairy cows and pigs

by Martin-S Beaulieu

Release date: June 15, 2022

This article presents the highlights and a brief analysis of the results from the 2021 Census of Agriculture for the province of Quebec.

Ontario is an agricultural powerhouse that leads in many farming categories

by Zong Jia Chen

Release date: June 15, 2022

This article presents the highlights and a brief analysis of the results from the 2021 Census of Agriculture for the province of Ontario.

Manitoba has the highest proportion of young farm operators

by Michelle St. Pierre and Mike McComb

Release date: June 15, 2022

This article presents the highlights and a brief analysis of the results from the 2021 Census of Agriculture for the province of Manitoba.

Saskatchewan continues to live up to the title of breadbasket of Canada

by Michelle St. Pierre and Saneliso Mhlanga

Release date: June 15, 2022

This article presents the highlights and a brief analysis of the results from the 2021 Census of Agriculture for the province of Saskatchewan.

Alberta has the highest farm operating revenues in Canada

by Michelle St. Pierre and Mike McComb

Release date: June 15, 2022

This article presents the highlights and a brief analysis of the results from the 2021 Census of Agriculture for the province of Alberta.

Mushroom, greenhouse and highbush blueberry farming play pivotal role in British Columbia

by Saneliso Mhlanga

Release date: June 15, 2022

This article presents the highlights and a brief analysis of the results from the 2021 Census of Agriculture for the province of British Columbia.

Small-scale diversified farming prominent in Yukon and the Northwest Territories

by Michelle St. Pierre, Mike McComb and Saneliso Mhlanga

Release date: June 15, 2022

This article presents the highlights and a brief analysis of the results from the 2021 Census of Agriculture for the Yukon and the Northwest Territories.


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