General notes

Conversion factors

The following factors are used to convert between different units of measurement:


Totals may not equal the sum of their parts due to the use of conversion factors or rounding of fractions to whole numbers.

Confidentiality procedures

All tabulated data have been subjected to either a "data suppression" or "random rounding" confidentiality procedure to prevent the possibility of associating statistical data with any identifiable agricultural operation or individual.

The "data suppression" procedure identified and deleted all cell values in the farm data tables that could result in the disclosure of information relating to a specific agricultural operation. In all cases, however, suppressed data were included in aggregate subtotals and totals in each of these tables.

The "random rounding" procedure was applied to all data appearing in the farm operator tables. Employing this technique, all figures in each of these tables, including totals, were randomly rounded either up or down to a multiple of 5. While providing protection against disclosure, this procedure does not add significant error to the data. It does, however, result in certain data inconsistencies which are outlined in the data inconsistencies paragraphs presented below.

Finally, data for those geographic areas with very few agricultural operations were not released separately, but were merged with data from one or more geographic areas.

Data inconsistencies

The application of the "random rounding" confidentiality procedure to data appearing in the farm operator tables, has resulted in the following data inconsistencies:

Headquarters rule

Many agricultural operations in Canada are composed of numerous parcels of land in a number of locations. These different locations are often situated in several geographic areas (such as townships or counties). In these situations, the "headquarters rule" assigns all data collected for the agricultural operation to the geographic area where the farm headquarters is located.

Incomplete enumeration of Indian reserves and Indian settlements

On some Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the 2016 Census, enumeration was not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed. Moreover, for some Indian reserves and Indian settlements, the quality of the enumeration was considered inadequate. These geographic areas (a total of 14) are called incompletely enumerated Indian reserves and Indian settlements.

Data for census farms located on these incompletely enumerated reserves and settlements are therefore not available. The impact of the missing data is very small for higher-level geographic areas (Canada, provinces, and census agricultural regions). However, the impact is more significant for those smaller areas (census divisions and census consolidated subdivisions) in which the affected reserves and settlements are located.

For a listing of the names and locations of the 14 incompletely enumerated Indian reserves and Indian settlements, please refer to Appendix 1.2 – Incompletely enumerated Indian reserves and Indian settlements.

Report a problem on this page

Is something not working? Is there information outdated? Can't find what you're looking for?

Please contact us and let us know how we can help you.

Privacy notice

Date modified: