Illustrated Glossary
Standard Geographical Classification (SGC)


The Standard Geographical Classification (SGC) 2021 is Statistics Canada's official classification of geographic areas in Canada. It is designed to enable the production of integrated statistics by geographic areas. The classification provides names and codes for four levels of geography: geographical regions of Canada, provinces and territories, census divisions (such as counties and regional municipalities) and census subdivisions (such as municipalities). The four geographic levels are hierarchically related and a seven-digit code is used to represent this relationship.

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For more information on Standard Geographical Classification, consult the Dictionary, Census of Population, 2021.

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