Population Projections for Canada (2018 to 2068), Provinces and Territories (2018 to 2043)
Section 2 – Results at the Canada level, 2018 to 2068

Text begins

Growth of the Canadian population from 2018 to 2068

The Canadian population has grown substantially in recent years, increasing from 30.7 million in 2000 to 37.1 million in 2018. Recently, the annual growth rate in Canada was higher than other G7 countries (Table 2.1). The results of the various projection scenarios show that growth would continue over the next 50 years, albeit at a slower pace than that recently observed. According to the medium-growth (M1) scenario, the Canadian population would grow steadily, increasing from 37.1 million in 2018 to 55.2 million in 2068 (Figure 2.1). From an annual growth rate of 14.2 per thousand in 2017/2018, the rate of growth would slowly diminish and then plateau to around 7.3 per thousand by 2067/2068 (Figure 2.2), considerably lower than the average rate recorded over the past 30 years (10.9 per thousand for the period 1987/1988 to 2017/2018).


Table 2.1
Population growth rate, most recent annual period available, G7 countries
Table summary
This table displays the results of Population growth rate. The information is grouped by Country (appearing as row headers), Rate, calculated using percent units of measure (appearing as column headers).
Country Rate
percent
Canada 1.4
United States 0.7
United Kingdom 0.6
France 0.3
Germany 0.3
Italy -0.2
Japan -0.2

The continued growth projected for Canada is noteworthy, as the populations of many other developed countries are expected to decrease in the coming decades. For instance, recent projections from the United Nations suggest that the majority of countries in “more developed regions” are projected to decrease in size between 2018 and 2068.Note Note

According to the high-growth (HG) scenario, the Canadian population would almost double to 70.2 million in 2068, mainly a result of rises in immigration, fertility and life expectancy. By 2067/2068, the annual growth rate would be 13.3 per thousand, slightly below the rate most recently observed.

The low-growth (LG) scenario offers a different picture; Canada would still experience population growth, but the rate of growth would decline rapidly over the next 50 years. Under this scenario, the Canadian population would increase to 44.4 million in 2068, a growth of about 20% from its 2018 level. The pace of growth would decrease to 1.9 per thousand in 2067/2068.

Together, the three main population growth scenarios contain within their bounds the values recently projected for 2025 and 2050 for Canada by two international organisms (the United Nations and the World Bank) (Table 2.2). Variations relate in part to the different base (or launch) years from the various sources, as well as different assumptions for the various components of population growth.

Figure 2-1 Population, historic (1971 to 2018) and projected (2019 to 2068) according to the low-growth (LG), medium-growth (M1) and high-growth (HG) scenarios, Canada

Description for Figure 2.1 
Data table for Figure 2.1
Population, historic (1971 to 2018) and projected (2019 to 2068) according to the low-growth (LG), medium-growth (M1) and high-growth (HG) scenarios, Canada
Table summary
This table displays the results of Population. The information is grouped by Year (appearing as row headers), Historic, Projected, Low-growth scenario (LG), Medium-growth scenario (M1) and High-growth scenario (HG), calculated using in thousands units of measure (appearing as column headers).
Year Historic Projected
Low-growth scenario (LG) Medium-growth scenario (M1) High-growth scenario (HG)
in thousands
1971 21,962.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1972 22,218.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1973 22,491.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1974 22,808.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1975 23,143.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1976 23,449.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1977 23,725.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1978 23,963.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1979 24,201.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1980 24,515.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1981 24,819.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1982 25,116.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1983 25,366.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1984 25,607.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1985 25,842.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1986 26,100.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1987 26,446.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1988 26,791.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1989 27,276.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1990 27,691.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1991 28,037.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1992 28,371.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1993 28,684.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1994 29,000.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1995 29,302.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1996 29,610.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1997 29,905.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1998 30,155.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1999 30,401.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2000 30,685.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2001 31,020.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2002 31,360.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2003 31,644.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2004 31,940.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2005 32,243.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2006 32,571.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2007 32,889.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2008 33,247.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2009 33,628.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2010 34,004.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2011 34,339.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2012 34,714.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2013 35,083.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2014 35,437.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2015 35,702.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2016 36,109.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2017 36,540.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2018 37,058.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2019 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 37,383.7 37,466.8 37,584.5
2020 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 37,705.1 37,873.7 38,094.2
2021 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 38,019.2 38,284.6 38,609.9
2022 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 38,322.8 38,694.3 39,133.6
2023 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 38,615.6 39,102.6 39,665.6
2024 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 38,897.4 39,509.1 40,206.0
2025 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 39,168.4 39,913.5 40,754.2
2026 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 39,428.5 40,315.2 41,309.8
2027 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 39,677.7 40,713.9 41,872.3
2028 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 39,915.9 41,109.2 42,441.1
2029 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 40,143.2 41,500.7 43,015.6
2030 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 40,359.5 41,888.1 43,595.5
2031 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 40,564.9 42,271.0 44,180.1
2032 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 40,759.5 42,649.3 44,769.2
2033 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 40,943.6 43,022.8 45,362.4
2034 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 41,117.5 43,391.5 45,959.5
2035 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 41,281.5 43,755.5 46,560.4
2036 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 41,436.1 44,114.7 47,165.0
2037 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 41,581.7 44,469.4 47,773.2
2038 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 41,718.7 44,819.5 48,384.8
2039 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 41,847.6 45,165.3 49,000.0
2040 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 41,968.7 45,506.8 49,618.5
2041 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 42,082.5 45,843.9 50,240.2
2042 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 42,189.0 46,176.9 50,865.1
2043 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 42,288.8 46,505.6 51,493.2
2044 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 42,388.3 46,831.8 52,117.5
2045 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 42,484.4 47,156.2 52,746.3
2046 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 42,577.0 47,479.1 53,380.3
2047 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 42,666.5 47,800.8 54,019.9
2048 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 42,752.9 48,121.7 54,665.8
2049 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 42,836.6 48,442.3 55,319.1
2050 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 42,917.8 48,763.1 55,980.4
2051 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 42,996.9 49,084.7 56,650.8
2052 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 43,074.3 49,407.9 57,331.4
2053 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 43,150.4 49,733.2 58,023.0
2054 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 43,225.9 50,061.4 58,726.7
2055 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 43,301.1 50,393.2 59,443.5
2056 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 43,376.5 50,729.2 60,174.2
2057 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 43,452.6 51,070.0 60,919.5
2058 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 43,529.7 51,416.0 61,680.1
2059 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 43,608.0 51,767.6 62,456.5
2060 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 43,687.6 52,125.0 63,249.0
2061 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 43,768.5 52,488.2 64,057.9
2062 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 43,850.7 52,857.2 64,883.1
2063 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 43,934.0 53,231.9 65,724.8
2064 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 44,018.1 53,611.9 66,582.7
2065 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 44,102.7 53,997.0 67,456.6
2066 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 44,187.5 54,386.7 68,346.2
2067 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 44,272.1 54,780.6 69,251.1
2068 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 44,356.3 55,178.3 70,171.1

Figure 2-2 Annual growth rate, historic (1971/1972 to 2017/2018) and projected (2018/2019 to 2067/2068) according to the low-growth (LG), medium-growth (M1) and high-growth (HG) scenarios, Canada

Description for Figure 2.2 
Data table for Figure 2.2
Annual growth rate, historic (1971/1972 to 2017/2018) and projected (2018/2019 to 2067/2068) according to the low-growth (LG), medium-growth (M1) and high-growth (HG) scenarios, Canada
Table summary
This table displays the results of Annual growth rate. The information is grouped by Period (appearing as row headers), Historic, Projected, Low-growth scenario (LG), Medium-growth scenario (M1) and High-growth scenario (HG), calculated using per thousand units of measure (appearing as column headers).
Period Historic Projected
Low-growth scenario (LG) Medium-growth scenario (M1) High-growth scenario (HG)
per thousand
1971/1972 11.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1972/1973 12.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1973/1974 14.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1974/1975 14.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1975/1976 13.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1976/1977 11.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1977/1978 10.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1978/1979 9.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1979/1980 13.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1980/1981 12.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1981/1982 12.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1982/1983 9.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1983/1984 9.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1984/1985 9.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1985/1986 10.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1986/1987 13.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1987/1988 13.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1988/1989 18.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1989/1990 15.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1990/1991 12.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1991/1992 11.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1992/1993 11.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1993/1994 11.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1994/1995 10.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1995/1996 10.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1996/1997 10.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1997/1998 8.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1998/1999 8.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1999/2000 9.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2000/2001 10.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2001/2002 10.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2002/2003 9.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2003/2004 9.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2004/2005 9.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2005/2006 10.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2006/2007 9.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2007/2008 10.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2008/2009 11.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2009/2010 11.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2010/2011 9.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2011/2012 10.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2012/2013 10.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2013/2014 10.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2014/2015 7.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2015/2016 11.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2016/2017 11.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2017/2018 14.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2018/2019 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 8.8 11.0 14.2
2019/2020 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 8.6 10.9 13.6
2020/2021 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 8.3 10.8 13.5
2021/2022 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 8.0 10.7 13.6
2022/2023 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 7.6 10.6 13.6
2023/2024 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 7.3 10.4 13.6
2024/2025 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 7.0 10.2 13.6
2025/2026 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 6.6 10.1 13.6
2026/2027 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 6.3 9.9 13.6
2027/2028 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 6.0 9.7 13.6
2028/2029 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 5.7 9.5 13.5
2029/2030 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 5.4 9.3 13.5
2030/2031 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 5.1 9.1 13.4
2031/2032 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 4.8 8.9 13.3
2032/2033 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 4.5 8.8 13.3
2033/2034 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 4.2 8.6 13.2
2034/2035 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 4.0 8.4 13.1
2035/2036 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 3.7 8.2 13.0
2036/2037 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 3.5 8.0 12.9
2037/2038 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 3.3 7.9 12.8
2038/2039 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 3.1 7.7 12.7
2039/2040 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 2.9 7.6 12.6
2040/2041 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 2.7 7.4 12.5
2041/2042 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 2.5 7.3 12.4
2042/2043 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 2.4 7.1 12.3
2043/2044 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 2.4 7.0 12.1
2044/2045 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 2.3 6.9 12.1
2045/2046 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 2.2 6.8 12.0
2046/2047 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 2.1 6.8 12.0
2047/2048 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 2.0 6.7 12.0
2048/2049 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 2.0 6.7 11.9
2049/2050 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1.9 6.6 12.0
2050/2051 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1.8 6.6 12.0
2051/2052 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1.8 6.6 12.0
2052/2053 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1.8 6.6 12.1
2053/2054 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1.7 6.6 12.1
2054/2055 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1.7 6.6 12.2
2055/2056 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1.7 6.7 12.3
2056/2057 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1.8 6.7 12.4
2057/2058 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1.8 6.8 12.5
2058/2059 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1.8 6.8 12.6
2059/2060 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1.8 6.9 12.7
2060/2061 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1.9 7.0 12.8
2061/2062 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1.9 7.0 12.9
2062/2063 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1.9 7.1 13.0
2063/2064 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1.9 7.1 13.1
2064/2065 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1.9 7.2 13.1
2065/2066 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1.9 7.2 13.2
2066/2067 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1.9 7.2 13.2
2067/2068 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1.9 7.3 13.3

Table 2.2
Total projected population of Canada (in thousands) in 2025 and 2050 according to various projection scenarios
Table summary
This table displays the results of Total projected population of Canada (in thousands) in 2025 and 2050 according to various projection scenarios. The information is grouped by Source (appearing as row headers), Scenario, 2025 and 2050, calculated using in thousands units of measure (appearing as column headers).
Source Scenario 2025 2050
in thousands
Statistics Canada - 2013 to 2063 edition Low-growth scenario (L) 37,879 39,809
Medium-growth scenario (M1) 39,386 46,903
High-growth scenario (H) 40,915 54,589
Statistics Canada - 2018 to 2068 edition Low-growth scenario (LG) 39,168 42,918
Medium-growth scenario (M1) 39,913 48,763
High-growth scenario (HG) 40,754 55,980
United Nations Medium variant 39,327 45,669
World Bank 39,092 43,768

Components of population change

The components of population growth and their interaction impact not only the size of the Canadian population but also its composition, including its age structure. It is therefore useful to analyze the impacts of different components of population change when they are combined in various scenarios.

Figure 2.3 shows the projected number of births and deaths according to the low-growth (LG), medium-growth (M1) and high-growth (HG) scenarios. Results from the medium-growth (M1) scenario show a gradual rise in the number of births in the early years of the projection. This rise is mainly due to the increasing number of women of childbearing age within the population, as under this scenario, nearly all the provinces and territories would experience a slight decrease in their fertility rates in the early years of the projection, following recent trends.Note The relatively strong weight of these cohorts of women of childbearing age in the early years of the projection could be explained by several related factors: relatively high fertility rates in the 1990s, increasing immigration levels that began in the mid-1980s and the fact that many of the daughters of parents belonging to the large baby-boom cohort would be in the childbearing ages during this period. According to the medium-growth (M1) scenario, the number of births would increase from 385,800 in 2017/2018 to 525,700 in 2067/2068.

Figure 2-3 Number of births and deaths, historic (1971/1972 to 2017/2018) and projected (2018/2019 to 2067/2068) according to the low-growth (LG), medium-growth (M1) and high-growth (HG) scenarios, Canada

Description for Figure 2.3 
Data table for Figure 2.3
Number of births and deaths, historic (1971/1972 to 2017/2018) and projected (2018/2019 to 2067/2068) according to the low-growth (LG), medium-growth (M1) and high-growth (HG) scenarios, Canada
Table summary
This table displays the results of Number of births and deaths. The information is grouped by Period (appearing as row headers), Births, Deaths, Historic, Projected, Low-growth scenario (LG), Medium-growth scenario (M1) and High-growth scenario (HG), calculated using in thousands units of measure (appearing as column headers).
Period Births Deaths
Historic Projected Historic Projected
Low-growth scenario (LG) Medium-growth scenario (M1) High-growth scenario (HG) Low-growth scenario (LG) Medium-growth scenario (M1) High-growth scenario (HG)
in thousands
1971/1972 351.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 159.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1972/1973 345.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 162.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1973/1974 342.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 166.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1974/1975 356.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 168.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1975/1976 364.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 166.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1976/1977 357.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 165.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1977/1978 359.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 169.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1978/1979 362.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 165.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1979/1980 367.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 171.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1980/1981 372.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 170.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1981/1982 372.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 172.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1982/1983 373.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 176.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1983/1984 374.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 174.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1984/1985 376.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 179.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1985/1986 375.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 183.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1986/1987 373.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 182.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1987/1988 370.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 189.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1988/1989 384.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 188.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1989/1990 403.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 192.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1990/1991 402.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 192.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1991/1992 403.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 197.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1992/1993 392.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 201.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1993/1994 386.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 206.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1994/1995 382.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 209.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1995/1996 372.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 209.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1996/1997 357.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 217.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1997/1998 345.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 217.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1998/1999 338.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 217.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1999/2000 336.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 217.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2000/2001 327.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 219.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2001/2002 328.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 220.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2002/2003 330.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 223.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2003/2004 337.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 228.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2004/2005 339.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 229.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2005/2006 346.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 225.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2006/2007 360.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 233.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2007/2008 373.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 236.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2008/2009 379.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 237.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2009/2010 379.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 237.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2010/2011 377.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 245.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2011/2012 378.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 242.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2012/2013 381.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 251.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2013/2014 382.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 253.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2014/2015 383.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 266.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2015/2016 383.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 262.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2016/2017 383.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 273.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2017/2018 385.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 279.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2018/2019 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 373.5 383.6 394.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 293.1 285.2 278.5
2019/2020 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 368.4 385.6 404.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 299.9 289.5 280.3
2020/2021 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 365.2 387.7 412.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 306.7 293.8 282.4
2021/2022 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 363.0 389.8 419.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 313.6 298.1 284.9
2022/2023 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 361.2 392.0 426.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 320.6 302.7 287.8
2023/2024 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 359.6 394.0 432.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 327.6 307.5 291.1
2024/2025 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 358.2 395.9 438.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 334.8 312.5 294.7
2025/2026 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 357.0 397.8 443.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 342.1 317.8 298.8
2026/2027 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 355.8 399.7 449.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 349.5 323.5 303.3
2027/2028 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 354.8 401.6 455.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 357.1 329.5 308.4
2028/2029 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 354.0 403.6 460.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 364.8 335.8 313.9
2029/2030 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 353.4 405.8 466.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 372.6 342.4 319.9
2030/2031 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 353.1 408.1 472.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 380.6 349.4 326.5
2031/2032 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 353.1 410.7 479.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 388.6 356.7 333.6
2032/2033 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 353.4 413.7 486.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 396.7 364.3 341.3
2033/2034 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 354.1 417.0 493.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 404.8 372.2 349.4
2034/2035 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 355.3 420.8 500.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 412.8 380.3 358.0
2035/2036 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 356.8 424.9 509.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 420.7 388.5 367.0
2036/2037 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 358.6 429.4 517.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 428.4 396.8 376.4
2037/2038 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 360.6 434.1 526.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 435.8 405.1 386.0
2038/2039 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 362.8 439.0 535.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 442.9 413.4 395.8
2039/2040 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 364.9 444.0 545.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 449.5 421.5 405.7
2040/2041 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 367.0 448.9 554.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 455.6 429.3 415.7
2041/2042 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 368.8 453.7 564.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 461.2 436.9 425.7
2042/2043 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 370.5 458.3 573.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 466.3 444.2 435.5
2043/2044 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 371.0 461.0 580.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 470.9 451.1 444.4
2044/2045 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 371.3 463.5 586.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 475.2 457.6 452.2
2045/2046 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 371.3 465.8 593.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 479.1 463.6 459.5
2046/2047 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 371.0 468.0 599.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 482.5 469.3 466.4
2047/2048 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 370.4 470.1 606.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 485.4 474.4 472.9
2048/2049 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 369.5 472.2 613.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 487.9 479.0 478.8
2049/2050 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 368.5 474.3 621.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 489.9 483.1 484.2
2050/2051 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 367.3 476.4 628.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 491.3 486.6 489.0
2051/2052 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 366.0 478.5 636.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 492.3 489.4 493.2
2052/2053 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 364.7 480.7 645.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 492.7 491.7 496.8
2053/2054 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 363.4 483.0 653.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 492.6 493.4 499.6
2054/2055 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 362.1 485.3 662.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 492.1 494.4 501.9
2055/2056 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 360.9 487.8 671.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 491.2 494.9 503.5
2056/2057 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 359.8 490.3 680.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 490.0 495.0 504.7
2057/2058 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 358.9 492.9 689.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 488.6 494.8 505.4
2058/2059 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 358.1 495.6 698.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 487.1 494.3 505.9
2059/2060 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 357.5 498.4 707.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 485.7 493.8 506.3
2060/2061 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 357.0 501.4 716.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 484.5 493.4 506.8
2061/2062 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 356.8 504.5 726.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 483.5 493.1 507.4
2062/2063 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 356.7 507.7 735.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 482.8 493.3 508.3
2063/2064 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 356.8 511.0 745.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 482.6 493.8 509.8
2064/2065 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 357.0 514.5 755.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 482.9 494.9 511.7
2065/2066 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 357.4 518.1 765.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 483.6 496.5 514.4
2066/2067 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 358.0 521.8 776.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 484.8 498.7 517.7
2067/2068 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 358.6 525.7 786.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 486.4 501.4 521.6

In the high-growth scenario, the higher number of births is explained mainly by higher fertility rates, but also to some extent by higher levels of immigration. Indeed, as a large proportion of immigrants are of childbearing age, immigration has a positive and immediate impact on the number of births. In contrast, in the low-growth scenario, lower levels of immigration combined with lower fertility rates would lead to a slight decrease in the number of births compared to recently observed levels.

In comparison to the number of births, there is relatively small variation across the projection scenarios regarding the number of deaths. This relates to the age structure of the Canadian population (more details are presented in the following section “Age structure of the Canadian population”), as mortality patterns will closely mimic the aging process of the baby-boom cohort. The number of deaths will increase steadily until approximately 2054/2055, when the baby-boom cohort will reach older ages where mortality rates are relatively high. In the remaining years of the projection, the number of deaths will generally stabilize.

Natural increase is the difference between births and deaths, and its change over time is determined by the intensity of fertility and mortality as well as the age structure of the Canadian population. Levels of natural increase would decrease in the coming years according to the low-growth (LG) and medium-growth (M1) scenarios (Figure 2.4), mainly due to the rise in the number of deaths. While natural increase remains positive throughout the next 50 years under the high-growth (HG) scenario, it becomes negative from 2046/2047 to 2057/2058 in the medium-growth (M1) scenario and becomes negative from 2027/2028 onward under the low-growth scenario (LG). Several countries have already registered negative natural increase in recent years, including Greece, Portugal, the Russian Federation, Italy, Germany and Japan.Note

For most of the 20th century, natural increase was the main driver of population growth in Canada. However, migratory increase (the balance of immigration minus emigration) has been the main source of population growth in Canada for the last two decades. A substantial increase in immigration levels in the middle of the 1990s while fertility remained relatively unchanged contributed to this shift. In 2017/2018, migratory increase accounted for four-fifths of population growth (80.0%) while natural increase accounted for the remaining 20.0% of growth.

Migratory increase would continue to be the key factor behind Canada’s population growth in the coming years according to all projection scenarios (Figure 2.4). However, its importance would vary from one scenario to the next: in 2067/2068, migration would account for all population growth in the low-growth (LG) scenario, 93.9% of total population growth in the medium-growth (M1) scenario, and 71.2% of total population growth in the high-growth (HG) scenario.

Table 2.3 displays the individual contributions of births, deaths, immigration, emigration and non-permanent residents to the growth of the Canadian population over time. Over the past 40 years, declines in the crude rate of natural increase were driven mainly by steady declines in the crude birth rate, as the crude death rate was in comparison quite stable. In addition, the contribution of international migration to population growth has amplified since the 1990s, driven by a steady increase in the crude rate of immigration.

The next 50 years could evolve differently, however. In the low-growth (LG) and the medium-growth (M1) scenarios, the annual crude growth rate declines significantly, before a slight upswing towards the end of the projection period. This decrease would be mostly a result of the increase in crude death rates in the first four decades of the projection, related to the aging of the baby-boom cohort. The same phenomenon also affects the high-growth (HG) scenario, though less so than in the low (LG) and medium-growth (M1) scenarios. This occurs due to a combination of lower age-specific death rates with higher rates of net international migration and births; as a result, annual growth rates remain close to those observed before the projection.

Figure 2-4 Migratory increase and natural increase, historic (1971/1972 to 2017/2018) and projected (2018/2019 to 2067/2068) according to the low-growth (LG), medium-growth (M1) and high-growth (HG) scenarios, Canada

Description for Figure 2.4 
Data table for figure 2.4 Migratory increase and natural increase, historic (1971/1972 to 2017/2018) and projected (2018/2019 to 2067/2068) according to the low-growth (LG), medium-growth (M1) and high-growth (HG) scenarios, Canada
Table summary
This table displays the results of Data table for figure 2.4 Migratory increase and natural increase. The information is grouped by Period (appearing as row headers), Natural increase, Migratory increase, Historic, Projected, Low-growth scenario (LG), Medium-growth scenario (M1) and High-growth scenario (HG), calculated using in thousands units of measure (appearing as column headers).
Period Natural increase Migratory increase
Historic Projected Historic Projected
Low-growth scenario (LG) Medium-growth scenario (M1) High-growth scenario (HG) Low-growth scenario (LG) Medium-growth scenario (M1) High-growth scenario (HG)
in thousands
1971/1972 191.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 93.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1972/1973 183.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 118.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1973/1974 176.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 168.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1974/1975 187.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 176.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1975/1976 197.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 136.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1976/1977 192.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 103.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1977/1978 190.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 66.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1978/1979 196.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 61.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1979/1980 195.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 138.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1980/1981 201.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 122.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1981/1982 200.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 118.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1982/1983 197.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 74.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1983/1984 200.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 61.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1984/1985 197.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 59.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1985/1986 192.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 86.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1986/1987 190.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 158.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1987/1988 180.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 167.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1988/1989 195.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 292.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1989/1990 210.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 206.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1990/1991 210.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 140.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1991/1992 206.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 151.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1992/1993 190.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 147.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1993/1994 179.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 160.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1994/1995 172.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 153.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1995/1996 162.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 167.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1996/1997 140.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 165.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1997/1998 127.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 131.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1998/1999 120.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 135.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1999/2000 119.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 174.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2000/2001 108.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 236.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2001/2002 107.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 237.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2002/2003 106.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 183.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2003/2004 108.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 194.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2004/2005 109.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 200.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2005/2006 120.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 216.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2006/2007 127.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 219.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2007/2008 137.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 250.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2008/2009 141.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 269.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2009/2010 142.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 262.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2010/2011 131.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 231.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2011/2012 136.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 260.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2012/2013 130.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 260.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2013/2014 129.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 247.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2014/2015 117.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 170.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2015/2016 121.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 304.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2016/2017 110.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 320.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2017/2018 105.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 412.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2018/2019 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 80.4 98.4 116.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 244.5 309.5 409.2
2019/2020 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 68.5 96.2 124.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 252.9 310.7 385.5
2020/2021 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 58.5 93.9 129.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 255.6 317.0 385.8
2021/2022 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 49.4 91.7 134.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 254.2 318.0 389.1
2022/2023 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 40.6 89.3 138.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 252.1 319.0 393.8
2023/2024 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 32.0 86.5 141.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 249.9 320.0 399.2
2024/2025 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 23.5 83.4 143.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 247.6 320.9 404.8
2025/2026 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 14.9 80.0 145.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 245.2 321.8 410.6
2026/2027 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 6.3 76.2 146.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 242.9 322.5 416.3
2027/2028 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period -2.2 72.1 146.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 240.5 323.2 422.0
2028/2029 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period -10.7 67.8 147.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 238.0 323.7 427.6
2029/2030 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period -19.2 63.3 146.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 235.5 324.0 433.0
2030/2031 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period -27.5 58.7 146.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 232.9 324.2 438.3
2031/2032 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period -35.5 54.0 145.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 230.2 324.3 443.5
2032/2033 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period -43.3 49.4 144.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 227.4 324.2 448.5
2033/2034 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period -50.7 44.8 143.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 224.5 323.9 453.4
2034/2035 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period -57.6 40.5 142.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 221.6 323.4 458.1
2035/2036 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period -64.0 36.4 142.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 218.5 322.8 462.6
2036/2037 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period -69.8 32.6 141.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 215.4 322.1 467.0
2037/2038 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period -75.2 29.0 140.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 212.2 321.2 471.2
2038/2039 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period -80.1 25.7 139.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 209.0 320.1 475.3
2039/2040 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period -84.6 22.5 139.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 205.7 318.9 479.2
2040/2041 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period -88.6 19.6 138.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 202.4 317.6 483.0
2041/2042 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period -92.4 16.8 138.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 199.0 316.1 486.5
2042/2043 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period -95.8 14.2 138.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 195.5 314.5 489.9
2043/2044 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period -99.9 9.9 135.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 199.4 316.3 488.5
2044/2045 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period -103.9 5.9 134.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 199.9 318.5 494.4
2045/2046 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period -107.8 2.2 133.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 200.5 320.7 500.3
2046/2047 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period -111.5 -1.3 133.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 201.0 323.0 506.3
2047/2048 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period -115.1 -4.3 133.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 201.5 325.2 512.3
2048/2049 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period -118.4 -6.8 134.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 202.0 327.4 518.4
2049/2050 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period -121.4 -8.8 136.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 202.6 329.6 524.5
2050/2051 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period -124.0 -10.2 139.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 203.1 331.8 530.7
2051/2052 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period -126.2 -11.0 143.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 203.6 334.1 537.0
2052/2053 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period -128.0 -11.0 148.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 204.2 336.3 543.3
2053/2054 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period -129.3 -10.4 153.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 204.7 338.6 549.8
2054/2055 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period -130.0 -9.1 160.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 205.2 340.9 556.4
2055/2056 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period -130.3 -7.2 167.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 205.8 343.2 563.1
2056/2057 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period -130.2 -4.7 175.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 206.3 345.5 570.0
2057/2058 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period -129.7 -1.9 183.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 206.8 347.9 577.0
2058/2059 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period -129.1 1.3 192.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 207.4 350.3 584.1
2059/2060 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period -128.3 4.6 201.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 207.9 352.7 591.4
2060/2061 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period -127.5 8.0 210.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 208.4 355.2 598.8
2061/2062 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period -126.7 11.3 218.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 208.9 357.7 606.4
2062/2063 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period -126.2 14.4 227.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 209.5 360.3 614.2
2063/2064 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period -125.9 17.2 235.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 210.0 362.8 622.1
2064/2065 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period -125.8 19.6 243.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 210.5 365.4 630.1
2065/2066 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period -126.2 21.6 251.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 211.0 368.1 638.3
2066/2067 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period -126.8 23.2 258.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 211.4 370.7 646.6
2067/2068 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period -127.8 24.3 264.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 211.9 373.4 655.1

Table 2.3
Decomposition of annual crude growth rates, historic (1977/1978 to 2017/2018) and projected (2027/2028 to 2067/2068) according to selected scenarios, Canada
Table summary
This table displays the results of Decomposition of annual crude growth rates. The information is grouped by Scenario / Period (appearing as row headers), Total growth, Natural increase, Net migration increase, Total, Births, Deaths, Immigration, Net emigration and Net non-permanent residents, calculated using crude rate per thousand units of measure (appearing as column headers).
Scenario / Period Total growth Natural increase Net migration increase
Total Births Deaths Total Immigration Net emigration Net non-permanent residents
crude rate per thousand
Historic
1977/1978 10.8 8.0 15.2 7.1 2.8 4.3 1.3 -0.1
1987/1988 13.2 6.8 14.0 7.2 6.3 5.8 1.0 1.6
1997/1998 8.7 4.3 11.5 7.3 4.4 6.5 2.0 -0.1
2007/2008 11.8 4.2 11.4 7.2 7.6 7.6 1.6 1.6
2017/2018 14.2 2.9 10.6 7.7 11.3 8.3 1.5 4.5
Projected
Low-growth scenario (LG)
2027/2028 6.0 -0.1 8.9 9.0 6.1 7.6 1.6 0.1
2037/2038 3.3 -1.8 8.7 10.5 5.1 6.9 1.7 0.0
2047/2048 2.0 -2.7 8.7 11.4 4.7 6.5 1.8 0.0
2057/2058 1.8 -3.0 8.3 11.2 4.8 6.5 1.7 0.0
2067/2068 1.9 -2.9 8.1 11.0 4.8 6.5 1.7 0.0
Medium-growth scenario (M1)
2027/2028 9.7 1.8 9.9 8.1 7.9 9.1 1.5 0.3
2037/2038 7.9 0.7 9.8 9.1 7.2 8.6 1.5 0.1
2047/2048 6.7 -0.1 9.8 9.9 6.8 8.3 1.5 0.0
2057/2058 6.8 0.0 9.7 9.7 6.8 8.3 1.5 0.0
2067/2068 7.3 0.4 9.6 9.2 6.8 8.3 1.5 0.0
High-growth scenario (HG)
2027/2028 13.6 3.5 10.9 7.4 10.1 10.6 1.3 0.8
2037/2038 12.8 2.9 11.0 8.1 9.9 10.9 1.3 0.3
2047/2048 12.0 2.5 11.2 8.8 9.5 10.8 1.3 0.0
2057/2058 12.5 3.0 11.3 8.3 9.5 10.8 1.3 0.0
2067/2068 13.3 3.8 11.4 7.5 9.5 10.8 1.3 0.0
Slow-aging scenario (SA)
2027/2028 12.4 2.3 10.9 8.6 10.1 10.6 1.3 0.8
2037/2038 11.6 1.7 11.2 9.5 9.9 10.9 1.3 0.3
2047/2048 11.3 1.9 11.5 9.6 9.5 10.8 1.3 0.0
2057/2058 12.1 2.7 11.6 8.9 9.5 10.8 1.3 0.0
2067/2068 12.9 3.4 11.6 8.2 9.4 10.8 1.4 0.0
Fast-aging scenario (FA)
2027/2028 7.3 1.2 8.9 7.7 6.1 7.6 1.6 0.1
2037/2038 4.7 -0.4 8.5 8.9 5.1 6.9 1.7 0.0
2047/2048 2.8 -2.0 8.5 10.4 4.8 6.5 1.7 0.0
2057/2058 2.2 -2.6 8.0 10.6 4.8 6.5 1.7 0.0
2067/2068 2.4 -2.4 7.9 10.3 4.8 6.5 1.7 0.0

Age structure of the Canadian population

Along with the size of the population, the age structure of the population has important consequences for society and the evolution of population change. For example, the age structure of a population often affects the economy, as high proportions of working-age people, or small demographic dependency ratios, are thought to have beneficial effects which have sometimes been referred to as the “demographic dividend”.Note Beyond the size of the working-age population, the composition of the remainder of the population also has important impacts on society, notably on public expenditures.

Population aging has emerged as a defining demographic trend in most industrialized countries including Canada. The proportion of the population aged 65 and over has been slowly increasing since the early 20th century, a result of decreases in mortality as well as fertility (Figure 2.5). Projection results show that population aging in Canada will continue over the coming decades. According to all projection scenarios, the proportion of the population aged 65 and over will continue at an accelerated pace over the next decade in particular: just as the baby-boom cohort temporarily interrupted population aging in the 1950s and 1960s, this cohort will accelerate the phenomenon over the next two decades. By 2030 (the year when the youngest baby boomers turn 65 years), the proportion of the total population aged 65 and over would increase to between 21.4% (slow-aging (SA) scenario) and 23.4% (fast-aging (FA) scenario), from 17.2% in 2018. In most projection scenarios, this proportion would continue to increase in the remaining years of the projections, but at a slower pace, reaching between 21.4% (scenario SA) and 29.5% (scenario FA) by 2068.

Figure 2-5 Distribution of the total population by age group, historic (1921 to 2018) and projected (2019 to 2068) according to the fast-aging (FA), medium-growth (M1) and slow-aging (SA) scenarios, Canada

Description for Figure 2.5 
Data table for Figure 2.5
Distribution of the total population by age group, historic (1921 to 2018) and projected (2019 to 2068) according to the fast-aging (FA), medium-growth (M1) and slow-aging (SA) scenarios, Canada
Table summary
This table displays the results of Distribution of the total population by age group. The information is grouped by Year (appearing as row headers), 14 years and under, 15 to 64 years, 65 years and over, Historic, Projected, Fast-aging scenario (FA), Medium-growth scenario (M1) and Slow-aging scenario (SA), calculated using percent units of measure (appearing as column headers).
Year 14 years and under 15 to 64 years 65 years and over
Historic Projected Historic Projected Historic Projected
Fast-aging scenario (FA) Medium-growth scenario (M1) Slow-aging scenario (SA) Fast-aging scenario (FA) Medium-growth scenario (M1) Slow-aging scenario (SA) Fast-aging scenario (FA) Medium-growth scenario (M1) Slow-aging scenario (SA)
percent
1921 34.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 60.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 4.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1922 34.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 61.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 4.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1923 34.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 61.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 4.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1924 33.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 61.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 5.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1925 33.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 61.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 5.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1926 33.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 61.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 5.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1927 32.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 61.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 5.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1928 32.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 62.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 5.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1929 32.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 62.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 5.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1930 31.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 62.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 5.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1931 31.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 62.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 5.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1932 31.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 63.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 5.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1933 31.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 63.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 5.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1934 30.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 63.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 5.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1935 30.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 63.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 6.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1936 29.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 64.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 6.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1937 29.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 64.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 6.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1938 28.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 65.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 6.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1939 28.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 65.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 6.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1940 27.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 65.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 6.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1941 27.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 65.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 6.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1942 27.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 65.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 6.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1943 27.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 65.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 6.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1944 27.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 65.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 7.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1945 27.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 65.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 7.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1946 27.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 65.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 7.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1947 28.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 64.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 7.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1948 28.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 63.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 7.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1949 29.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 63.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 7.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1950 29.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 62.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 7.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1951 30.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 61.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 7.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1952 30.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 61.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 7.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1953 31.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 61.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 7.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1954 31.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 60.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 7.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1955 32.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 60.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 7.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1956 32.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 59.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 7.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1957 32.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 59.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 7.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1958 33.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 59.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 7.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1959 33.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 58.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 7.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1960 33.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 58.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 7.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1961 34.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 58.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 7.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1962 34.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 58.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 7.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1963 33.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 58.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 7.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1964 33.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 58.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 7.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1965 33.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 59.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 7.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1966 32.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 59.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 7.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1967 32.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 59.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 7.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1968 31.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 60.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 7.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1969 31.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 61.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 7.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1970 30.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 61.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 8.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1971 29.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 62.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 8.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1972 28.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 63.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 8.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1973 27.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 64.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 8.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1974 26.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 64.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 8.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1975 26.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 65.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 8.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1976 25.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 66.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 8.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1977 24.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 66.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 8.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1978 24.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 67.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 9.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1979 23.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 67.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 9.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1980 22.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 67.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 9.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1981 22.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 68.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 9.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1982 22.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 68.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 9.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1983 21.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 68.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 9.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1984 21.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 68.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 10.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1985 21.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 68.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 10.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1986 21.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 68.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 10.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1987 20.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 68.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 10.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1988 20.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 68.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 10.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1989 20.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 68.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 11.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1990 20.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 68.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 11.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1991 20.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 67.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 11.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1992 20.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 67.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 11.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1993 20.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 67.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 11.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1994 20.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 67.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 11.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1995 20.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 67.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 12.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1996 20.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 67.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 12.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1997 20.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 67.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 12.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1998 19.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 67.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 12.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1999 19.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 68.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 12.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2000 19.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 68.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 12.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2001 18.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 68.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 12.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2002 18.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 68.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 12.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2003 18.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 68.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 12.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2004 18.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 69.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2005 17.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 69.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2006 17.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 69.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2007 17.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 69.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2008 16.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 69.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2009 16.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 69.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2010 16.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 69.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 14.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2011 16.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 69.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 14.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2012 16.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 68.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 14.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2013 16.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 68.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 15.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2014 16.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 68.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 15.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2015 16.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 67.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 16.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2016 16.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 67.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 16.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2017 16.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 67.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 16.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2018 16.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 66.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 17.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2019 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 16.1 16.1 16.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 66.3 66.3 66.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 17.6 17.6 17.5
2020 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 16.0 16.0 16.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 65.9 65.9 66.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 18.1 18.0 17.9
2021 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 15.9 16.0 16.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 65.5 65.5 65.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 18.6 18.5 18.3
2022 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 15.8 15.9 16.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 65.1 65.1 65.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 19.2 19.0 18.7
2023 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 15.6 15.8 16.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 64.7 64.8 64.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 19.7 19.4 19.1
2024 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 15.4 15.7 16.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 64.3 64.4 64.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 20.2 19.9 19.5
2025 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 15.2 15.6 16.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 64.0 64.0 64.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 20.8 20.4 19.9
2026 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 15.1 15.5 16.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 63.6 63.6 63.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 21.3 20.8 20.2
2027 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 14.9 15.4 16.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 63.2 63.3 63.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 21.9 21.3 20.6
2028 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 14.7 15.4 16.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 62.9 62.9 63.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 22.4 21.7 20.9
2029 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 14.6 15.3 16.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 62.5 62.6 62.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 22.9 22.1 21.2
2030 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 14.4 15.2 16.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 62.2 62.3 62.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 23.4 22.5 21.4
2031 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 14.2 15.2 16.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 62.0 62.1 62.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 23.7 22.7 21.5
2032 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 14.1 15.1 16.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 61.9 62.0 62.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.0 22.9 21.6
2033 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.9 15.1 16.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 61.8 61.9 62.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.3 23.0 21.6
2034 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.8 15.0 16.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 61.7 61.8 62.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.5 23.2 21.6
2035 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.7 15.0 16.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 61.6 61.7 62.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.8 23.3 21.7
2036 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.6 14.9 16.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 61.4 61.6 62.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 25.0 23.4 21.7
2037 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.5 14.9 16.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 61.3 61.6 62.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 25.2 23.5 21.6
2038 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.5 14.9 16.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 61.3 61.6 62.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 25.3 23.5 21.5
2039 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.4 14.9 16.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 61.2 61.5 62.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 25.4 23.6 21.4
2040 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.4 14.9 16.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 61.1 61.5 62.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 25.6 23.6 21.4
2041 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.3 14.9 16.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 61.0 61.5 62.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 25.7 23.6 21.3
2042 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.3 14.9 16.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 60.9 61.4 62.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 25.8 23.7 21.2
2043 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.3 14.9 16.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 60.8 61.4 62.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 25.9 23.7 21.1
2044 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.3 14.9 16.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 60.7 61.3 62.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 26.0 23.7 21.0
2045 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.3 15.0 16.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 60.5 61.3 62.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 26.2 23.8 21.0
2046 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.3 15.0 16.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 60.4 61.2 62.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 26.3 23.8 21.0
2047 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.3 15.0 16.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 60.3 61.1 62.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 26.5 23.9 20.9
2048 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.3 15.0 17.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 60.1 61.0 62.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 26.6 24.0 20.9
2049 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.3 15.0 17.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 60.0 60.9 62.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 26.8 24.0 20.9
2050 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.3 15.1 17.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 59.8 60.8 62.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 26.9 24.1 20.9
2051 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.3 15.1 17.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 59.6 60.7 62.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 27.1 24.2 20.9
2052 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.3 15.1 17.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 59.5 60.7 62.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 27.2 24.3 20.9
2053 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.3 15.1 17.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 59.4 60.6 62.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 27.3 24.3 20.9
2054 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.2 15.1 17.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 59.3 60.5 61.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 27.5 24.4 20.9
2055 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.2 15.1 17.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 59.1 60.4 61.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 27.7 24.5 21.0
2056 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.2 15.1 17.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 58.9 60.3 61.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 27.9 24.7 21.0
2057 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.1 15.0 17.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 58.8 60.2 61.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 28.0 24.8 21.1
2058 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.1 15.0 17.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 58.7 60.1 61.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 28.2 24.9 21.1
2059 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.0 15.0 17.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 58.6 60.0 61.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 28.4 25.0 21.2
2060 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.0 14.9 17.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 58.5 60.0 61.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 28.5 25.1 21.2
2061 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 12.9 14.9 17.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 58.4 59.9 61.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 28.7 25.2 21.3
2062 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 12.9 14.9 17.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 58.3 59.8 61.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 28.8 25.3 21.3
2063 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 12.8 14.9 17.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 58.2 59.8 61.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 29.0 25.3 21.3
2064 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 12.8 14.8 17.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 58.1 59.7 61.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 29.1 25.4 21.4
2065 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 12.7 14.8 17.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 58.0 59.7 61.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 29.2 25.5 21.4
2066 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 12.7 14.8 17.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 58.0 59.6 61.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 29.3 25.6 21.4
2067 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 12.6 14.8 17.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 57.9 59.6 61.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 29.4 25.6 21.4
2068 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 12.6 14.8 17.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 57.9 59.6 61.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 29.5 25.7 21.4

Another indicator of the aging of Canada’s population is the increase in its median age. Between 1921 and 2018, the median age increased about 16 years, from 23.9 years to 40.8 years. Projection scenarios indicate that the median age would continue to increase steadily at least until 2034. Later in the projection period, the median age of the population would continue to rise gradually in the fast-aging (FA) scenario, would decrease slightly in the slow-aging (SA) scenario and would stabilize in the medium-growth (M1) scenario, reflecting in large part the various fertility assumptions across scenarios. According to the projection scenarios, the median age of the Canadian population would fall between 40.8 years (scenario SA) and 48.3 years (scenario FA) in 2068 (Figure 2.6).

Figure 2-6 Median age, historic (1921 to 2018) and projected (2019 to 2068) according to the fast-aging (FA), medium-growth (M1) and slow-aging (SA) scenarios, Canada

Description for Figure 2.6 
Data table for figure 2.6
Median age, historic (1921 to 2018) and projected (2019 to 2068) according to the fast-aging (FA), medium-growth (M1) and slow-aging (SA) scenarios, Canada
Table summary
This table displays the results of Median age. The information is grouped by Year (appearing as row headers), Historic, Projected, Fast-aging scenario (FA), Medium-growth scenario (M1) and Slow-aging scenario (SA), calculated using in years units of measure (appearing as column headers).
Year Historic Projected
Fast-aging scenario (FA) Medium-growth scenario (M1) Slow-aging scenario (SA)
in years
1921 23.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1922 24.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1923 24.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1924 24.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1925 24.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1926 24.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1927 24.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1928 24.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1929 24.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1930 24.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1931 24.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1932 24.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1933 25.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1934 25.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1935 25.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1936 25.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1937 26.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1938 26.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1939 26.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1940 26.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1941 27.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1942 27.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1943 27.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1944 27.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1945 27.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1946 27.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1947 27.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1948 27.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1949 27.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1950 27.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1951 27.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1952 27.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1953 27.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1954 27.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1955 27.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1956 27.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1957 27.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1958 26.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1959 26.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1960 26.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1961 26.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1962 26.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1963 25.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1964 25.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1965 25.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1966 25.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1967 25.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1968 25.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1969 25.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1970 25.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1971 26.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1972 26.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1973 26.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1974 27.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1975 27.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1976 27.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1977 28.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1978 28.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1979 28.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1980 29.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1981 29.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1982 29.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1983 30.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1984 30.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1985 31.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1986 31.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1987 31.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1988 32.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1989 32.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1990 32.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1991 33.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1992 33.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1993 34.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1994 34.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1995 34.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1996 35.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1997 35.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1998 36.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1999 36.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2000 36.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2001 37.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2002 37.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2003 38.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2004 38.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2005 38.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2006 38.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2007 39.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2008 39.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2009 39.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2010 39.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2011 40.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2012 40.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2013 40.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2014 40.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2015 40.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2016 40.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2017 40.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2018 40.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2019 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 40.9 40.9 40.8
2020 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 41.1 41.0 40.8
2021 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 41.3 41.1 40.8
2022 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 41.5 41.2 40.9
2023 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 41.7 41.4 41.0
2024 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 41.9 41.5 41.0
2025 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 42.1 41.7 41.1
2026 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 42.4 41.8 41.1
2027 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 42.6 41.9 41.2
2028 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 42.8 42.1 41.2
2029 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 43.1 42.2 41.2
2030 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 43.3 42.4 41.3
2031 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 43.5 42.5 41.3
2032 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 43.8 42.7 41.4
2033 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 44.0 42.8 41.4
2034 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 44.2 43.0 41.5
2035 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 44.5 43.1 41.5
2036 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 44.7 43.2 41.5
2037 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 44.9 43.3 41.5
2038 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 45.1 43.4 41.5
2039 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 45.3 43.5 41.5
2040 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 45.4 43.6 41.4
2041 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 45.6 43.7 41.4
2042 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 45.7 43.7 41.3
2043 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 45.9 43.8 41.3
2044 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 46.0 43.8 41.2
2045 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 46.1 43.8 41.1
2046 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 46.2 43.8 41.1
2047 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 46.3 43.8 41.0
2048 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 46.3 43.8 41.0
2049 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 46.4 43.8 41.0
2050 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 46.5 43.8 40.9
2051 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 46.5 43.9 40.9
2052 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 46.6 43.9 40.9
2053 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 46.7 43.9 40.9
2054 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 46.8 44.0 40.8
2055 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 46.9 44.0 40.8
2056 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 47.0 44.1 40.8
2057 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 47.1 44.1 40.8
2058 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 47.2 44.1 40.7
2059 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 47.3 44.2 40.7
2060 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 47.4 44.2 40.7
2061 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 47.5 44.3 40.7
2062 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 47.7 44.3 40.7
2063 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 47.8 44.4 40.7
2064 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 47.9 44.4 40.7
2065 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 48.0 44.4 40.7
2066 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 48.1 44.5 40.8
2067 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 48.2 44.5 40.8
2068 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 48.3 44.6 40.8

The age structure of the population is also often examined in terms of its impact on the balance between the working-age and other portions of the population. The presence of the large cohort of baby boomers in the age group 15 to 64 years resulted in a sustained period—from about the mid-1970s to present—in which the proportion of the population that was working-age was relatively high. Indeed, Canada has benefited in recent years from a relatively low level of demographic dependence: in 2018, Canada’s demographic dependency ratio was 49.9, lower than many other countries in recent years.Note

According to all projection scenarios, Canada’s demographic dependency ratio would increase rapidly up to 2030 as the baby-boom cohort gradually exits the 15 to 64 age group and enters the 65 and over age group (Figure 2.7). In subsequent years, the total dependency ratio would continue to increase, but at a more gradual pace. By 2068, the demographic dependency ratio would reach between 62.8 (scenario SA) and 72.8 (scenario FA) dependent-aged persons per 100 persons aged 15 to 64.

Figure 2-7 Demographic dependency ratio, historic (1921 to 2018) and projected (2019 to 2068) according to the medium-growth (M1) scenario, Canada

Description for Figure 2.7 
Data table for figure 2.7
Demographic dependency ratio, historic (1921 to 2018) and projected (2019 to 2068) according to the medium-growth (M1) scenario, Canada
Table summary
This table displays the results of Demographic dependency ratio. The information is grouped by Year (appearing as row headers), 14 years and under, 65 years and over, Historic and Projected - Medium-growth scenario (M1), calculated using per 100 persons aged 15 to 64 units of measure (appearing as column headers).
Year 14 years and under 65 years and over
Historic Projected - Medium-growth scenario (M1) Historic Projected - Medium-growth scenario (M1)
per 100 persons aged 15 to 64
1921 56.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 7.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1922 56.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 7.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1923 55.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 8.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1924 55.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 8.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1925 54.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 8.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1926 54.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 8.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1927 53.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 8.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1928 52.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 8.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1929 51.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 8.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1930 50.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 8.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1931 50.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 8.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1932 49.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 8.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1933 48.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 9.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1934 48.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 9.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1935 47.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 9.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1936 46.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 9.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1937 45.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 9.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1938 44.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 9.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1939 43.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 9.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1940 42.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 10.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1941 42.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 10.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1942 42.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 10.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1943 42.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 10.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1944 42.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 10.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1945 42.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 10.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1946 42.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 11.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1947 43.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 11.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1948 44.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 11.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1949 46.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 12.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1950 47.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 12.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1951 49.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 12.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1952 50.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 12.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1953 51.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 12.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1954 52.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 12.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1955 53.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 12.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1956 54.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 12.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1957 55.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 12.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1958 56.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 12.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1959 56.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 12.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1960 57.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1961 58.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1962 58.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1963 58.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1964 57.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1965 56.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1966 55.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1967 53.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 12.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1968 52.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 12.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1969 50.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 12.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1970 49.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 12.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1971 46.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 12.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1972 45.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 12.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1973 43.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 12.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1974 41.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 12.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1975 40.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 12.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1976 38.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1977 37.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1978 35.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1979 34.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1980 33.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1981 32.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 14.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1982 32.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 14.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1983 31.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 14.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1984 31.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 14.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1985 31.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 15.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1986 30.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 15.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1987 30.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 15.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1988 30.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 16.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1989 30.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 16.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1990 30.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 16.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1991 30.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 16.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1992 30.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 17.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1993 30.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 17.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1994 30.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 17.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1995 30.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 17.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1996 29.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 17.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1997 29.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 18.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1998 29.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 18.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1999 28.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 18.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2000 28.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 18.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2001 27.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 18.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2002 27.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 18.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2003 26.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 18.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2004 26.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 18.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2005 25.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 18.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2006 25.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 19.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2007 24.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 19.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2008 24.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 19.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2009 24.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 20.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2010 23.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 20.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2011 23.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 20.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2012 23.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 21.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2013 23.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 22.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2014 23.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 23.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2015 24.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 23.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2016 24.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2017 24.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 25.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2018 24.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 25.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2019 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 26.5
2020 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 27.4
2021 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 28.2
2022 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 29.1
2023 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 30.0
2024 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 30.9
2025 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 31.8
2026 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 32.7
2027 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 33.6
2028 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 34.5
2029 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 35.3
2030 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 36.0
2031 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 36.6
2032 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 36.9
2033 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 37.2
2034 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 37.5
2035 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 37.8
2036 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 38.0
2037 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 38.2
2038 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 38.2
2039 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 38.3
2040 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 38.4
2041 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 38.5
2042 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 38.5
2043 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 38.6
2044 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 38.7
2045 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 38.8
2046 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 39.0
2047 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 39.1
2048 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 39.3
2049 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 39.5
2050 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 39.6
2051 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 39.8
2052 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 40.0
2053 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 40.2
2054 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 40.4
2055 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 25.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 40.6
2056 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 25.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 40.9
2057 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 25.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 41.2
2058 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 25.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 41.4
2059 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 41.6
2060 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 41.8
2061 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 42.1
2062 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 42.2
2063 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 42.4
2064 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 42.6
2065 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 42.7
2066 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 42.9
2067 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 43.0
2068 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 43.1

Notably, in all projection scenarios, total demographic dependency in 2068 would not drastically exceed that experienced 140 years earlier in 1928 (Table 2.4). However, the composition of the ratio would have changed markedly: in 1928, seniors accounted for just 14.0% of the non-working age population, compared to between 55.6% (scenario SA) and 70.1% (scenario FA) in 2068.


Table 2.4
Selected age structure indicators, historic (1928 to 2018) and projected (2028 to 2068) according to the fast-aging (FA), medium-growth (M1) and slow-aging (SA) scenarios, Canada
Table summary
This table displays the results of Selected age structure indicators. The information is grouped by Scenario / Year (appearing as row headers), Age group, Median age, Demographic dependency ratio, 14 years and under, 15 to 24 years, 15 to 64 years, 55 to 64 years, 65 years and over, 80 years and over and Total, calculated using percentage of the total population, in years and per hundred persons aged 15 to 64 units of measure (appearing as column headers).
Scenario / Year Age group Median age Demographic dependency ratio
14 years and under 15 to 24 years 15 to 64 years 55 to 64 years 65 years and over 80 years and over 14 years and under 65 years and over Total
percentage of the total population in years per hundred persons aged 15 to 64
Historic
1928 32.5 18.1 62.2 6.3 5.3 0.7 24.6 52.3 8.5 60.8
1938 28.7 19.0 65.0 7.5 6.3 0.9 26.3 44.1 9.7 53.8
1948 28.7 16.8 63.8 8.1 7.5 1.1 27.7 44.9 11.7 56.6
1958 33.3 14.3 59.1 7.0 7.6 1.1 26.7 56.3 12.8 69.1
1968 31.7 17.5 60.5 7.6 7.8 1.5 25.6 52.3 12.9 65.2
1978 24.0 19.9 67.0 8.5 9.0 1.7 28.4 35.8 13.4 49.2
1988 20.8 15.7 68.3 9.0 10.9 2.2 32.2 30.5 16.0 46.5
1998 19.8 13.5 67.9 8.8 12.3 2.8 36.0 29.1 18.2 47.3
2008 16.9 13.6 69.4 11.9 13.7 3.7 39.4 24.3 19.7 44.0
2018 16.1 12.3 66.7 14.0 17.2 4.3 40.8 24.2 25.7 49.9
Projected
Fast-aging scenario (FA)
2028 14.7 11.9 62.9 12.2 22.4 5.9 42.8 23.4 35.7 59.1
2038 13.5 11.5 61.3 11.7 25.3 8.8 45.1 22.0 41.3 63.3
2048 13.3 10.6 60.1 12.5 26.6 10.9 46.3 22.1 44.3 66.4
2058 13.1 10.5 58.7 12.1 28.2 11.1 47.2 22.3 48.1 70.4
2068 12.6 10.4 57.9 12.2 29.5 12.3 48.3 21.8 51.0 72.8
Medium-growth scenario (M1)
2028 15.4 12.1 62.9 12.0 21.7 5.6 42.1 24.4 34.5 58.9
2038 14.9 11.8 61.6 11.3 23.5 8.0 43.4 24.2 38.2 62.4
2048 15.0 11.5 61.0 12.1 24.0 9.4 43.8 24.6 39.3 63.9
2058 15.0 11.5 60.1 11.7 24.9 9.2 44.1 25.0 41.4 66.4
2068 14.8 11.4 59.6 11.6 25.7 10.0 44.6 24.8 43.1 67.9
Slow-aging scenario (SA)
2028 16.0 12.3 63.1 11.7 20.9 5.3 41.2 25.4 33.1 58.5
2038 16.5 12.2 62.0 10.9 21.5 7.0 41.5 26.6 34.7 61.3
2048 17.0 12.4 62.1 11.5 20.9 7.8 41.0 27.3 33.7 61.0
2058 17.2 12.5 61.7 11.1 21.1 7.2 40.7 27.8 34.2 62.0
2068 17.1 12.4 61.4 11.0 21.4 7.6 40.8 27.9 34.9 62.8

According to the medium-growth scenario (M1), in 2065, both Canada’s senior demographic dependency ratio and its median age (Table 2.5) would fall below the average projected for “more developed regions” according to the most recent edition of United Nations’ World Population Prospects.


Table 2.5
Median age of the population and senior dependency ratio, 2065, selected countries and regions
Table summary
This table displays the results of Median age of the population and senior dependency ratio. The information is grouped by Country / Region (appearing as row headers), Median age and Senior dependency, calculated using in years and ratio units of measure (appearing as column headers).
Country / Region Median age Senior dependency
in years ratio
World 38.2 29.8
Russian Federation 43.1 38.6
Australia 43.3 41.9
United States 43.7 42.2
Canada (Statistics Canada, medium-growth (M1) scenario) 44.4 42.7
Sweden 44.9 46.1
United Kingdom 45.8 47.4
Canada (World Population Prospects, medium variant) 46.2 46.8
More developed regionsTable 2.5 Note 1 46.7 49.6
France 47.2 51.1
Iceland 48.1 50.8
Germany 48.2 55.6
China 48.8 53.4
Italy 54.3 68.8
Japan 55.1 75.9

An evolving population pyramid

The population pyramid is a graphical representation of a population’s structure by age and sex. The pyramids for 2018 (in number and proportion, Figure 2.8) highlight the sizeable demographic weight of the baby-boom generation, whose members were aged 53 to 72 that year.

Figure 2-8 Population in absolute and relative (per thousand) values, historic (2018) and projected (2068) according to the fast-aging (FA), medium-growth (M1) and slow-aging (SA) scenarios, by age and sex, Canada

Description for Figure 2.8

This figure shows two population pyramids showing the age and sex structures of the 2018 and 2068 Canadian populations according to three scenarios. In 2018, the pyramid is shown as a solid grey colour, while the 2028 pyramids are shown by purple, blue and orange lines, each corresponding respectively to the slow-aging scenario (SA), the medium-growth scenario (M1) and the fast-aging scenario (FA). The top of the figure shows four pyramids where the counts by age and sex are expressed in absolute values, while at the bottom, the four other pyramids express these same numbers but this time in relative values (per thousand) in relation to the total population.

The y-axis is in the middle of the figure, separating the pyramids in two and showing the ages from 0 to 100 years. Males are shown on the left side of the axis, and females are shown on the right side.

For the upper pyramids, the x-axis shows the absolute numbers for each age, from 0 to 500,000 persons, and this is the same for the left-handed and right-handed sides of the y-axis.

For the lower pyramids, the x-axis shows the proportion of persons for each ages, expressed per thousand, from 0 to 9, and this is the same for the left-handed and right-handed sides of the y-axis.

For the upper part, the shape of the population pyramid in absolute numbers of the 2018 population is diverging from the typical pyramid shape. It looks more like a mushroom with a narrow base, wider at ages from 20 to 40 years, and a pointed apex between 55 and 100 years. The lines representing the age and sex structure of the 2068 population according to three scenarios are much wider than the 2018 pyramid, showing the probable overall growth of the Canadian population in the next five decades. The apex of the 2068 pyramid is higher and the base is more or less narrow, depending on the projection scenario, a consequence of the aging population structure projected.

For the lower part, the 2018 population pyramid in relative value is close to the same shape as the one above where the pyramid is expressed in absolute numbers. The relative value pyramids projected for 2068 show that the proportion of the older population will grow compared to the younger ages in the coming decades.

In the pyramid expressed in absolute numbers, it can be seen that according to the medium-growth (M1) and slow-aging (SA) scenarios, the base of the population pyramid in 2068 would be broader than it was in 2018. This broadening is a result of an increase in the number of births, reflecting in part a slight increase in the total fertility rate, the effects of which are magnified by sustained immigration. In comparison, under the fast-aging (FA) scenario, the base of the population pyramid would stay close to its size in 2018 while the top of the pyramid would become comparatively broader. Although the baby-boom cohort would be nearly extinct by 2068, the top of the pyramid would continue to broaden due to improvements in life expectancy under all scenarios.

In the pyramid expressed in terms of proportion, the degree of population aging and the manner in which occurs can be more clearly viewed. In all scenarios, the population aged 65 and over accounts for a larger share of the total population in 2068 compared to 2018. In the fast-aging (FA) and medium-growth (M1) scenarios, population aging is also evident at the bottom of the pyramid, as the population aged 14 and under would represent a smaller share of the total population than in 2018.

A closer look at the senior population

In 2018, Canada had 6.4 million seniors (persons aged 65 and over), four times the number recorded 50 years earlier in 1968 (1.6 million). The growth of this group would accelerate in the coming years as the large baby-boom cohort gradually occupies these ages. By 2068, the number of seniors would reach between 12.3 million and 16.1 million depending on the scenario (Figure 2.9).

Figure 2-9 Population aged 14 years and under, 15 to 64 years and 65 years and over, historic (1921 to 2018) and projected 
 (2019 to 2068) according to the low-growth (LG), medium-growth (M1) and high-growth (HG) scenarios, Canada

Description for Figure 2.9 
Data table for Figure 2.9
Population aged 14 years and under, 15 to 64 years and 65 years and over, historic (1921 to 2018) and projected
(2019 to 2068) according to the low-growth (LG), medium-growth (M1) and high-growth (HG) scenarios, Canada
Table summary
This table displays the results of Population aged 14 years and under. The information is grouped by Year (appearing as row headers), 14 years and under, 15 to 64 years, 65 years and over, Historic, Projected, Low-growth scenario (LG), Medium-growth scenario (M1) and High-growth scenario (HG), calculated using in thousands units of measure (appearing as column headers).
Year 14 years and under 15 to 64 years 65 years and over
Historic Projected Historic Projected Historic Projected
Low-growth scenario (LG) Medium-growth scenario (M1) High-growth scenario (HG) Low-growth scenario (LG) Medium-growth scenario (M1) High-growth scenario (HG) Low-growth scenario (LG) Medium-growth scenario (M1) High-growth scenario (HG)
in thousands
1921 3,023.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 5,343.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 420.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1922 3,048.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 5,438.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 432.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1923 3,060.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 5,508.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 441.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1924 3,084.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 5,603.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 454.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1925 3,112.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 5,711.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 470.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1926 3,146.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 5,818.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 486.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1927 3,171.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 5,962.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 503.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1928 3,199.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 6,113.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 521.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1929 3,229.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 6,259.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 540.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1930 3,256.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 6,393.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 557.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1931 3,281.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 6,518.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 576.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1932 3,285.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 6,634.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 590.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1933 3,292.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 6,733.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 607.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1934 3,282.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 6,830.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 627.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1935 3,270.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 6,925.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 649.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1936 3,246.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 7,034.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 669.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1937 3,219.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 7,137.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 687.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1938 3,196.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 7,250.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 705.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1939 3,186.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 7,358.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 722.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1940 3,179.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 7,456.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 744.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1941 3,198.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 7,540.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 768.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1942 3,219.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 7,644.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 789.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1943 3,251.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 7,731.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 812.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1944 3,291.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 7,819.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 834.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1945 3,335.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 7,883.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 853.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1946 3,420.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 7,992.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 879.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1947 3,538.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 8,094.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 918.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1948 3,678.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 8,186.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 957.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1949 3,938.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 8,492.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1,016.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1950 4,070.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 8,590.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1,051.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1951 4,250.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 8,672.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1,086.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1952 4,452.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 8,886.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1,120.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1953 4,628.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 9,065.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1,151.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1954 4,834.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 9,267.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1,184.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1955 5,038.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 9,444.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1,214.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1956 5,225.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 9,611.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1,243.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1957 5,456.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 9,883.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1,270.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1958 5,685.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 10,099.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1,295.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1959 5,857.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 10,296.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1,328.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1960 6,030.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 10,482.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1,357.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1961 6,191.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 10,655.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1,391.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1962 6,309.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 10,854.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1,419.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1963 6,417.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 11,064.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1,447.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1964 6,499.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 11,314.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1,476.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1965 6,556.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 11,581.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1,506.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1966 6,591.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 11,883.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1,539.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1967 6,586.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 12,216.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1,575.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1968 6,558.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 12,532.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1,610.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1969 6,511.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 12,836.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1,652.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1970 6,453.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13,147.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1,695.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1971 6,433.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 13,766.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1,762.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1972 6,339.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 14,072.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1,807.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1973 6,239.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 14,397.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1,855.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1974 6,143.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 14,760.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1,904.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1975 6,059.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 15,126.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 1,957.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1976 5,960.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 15,466.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 2,022.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1977 5,866.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 15,770.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 2,089.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1978 5,754.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 16,053.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 2,155.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1979 5,645.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 16,326.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 2,230.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1980 5,573.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 16,636.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 2,305.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1981 5,532.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 16,910.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 2,377.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1982 5,525.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 17,150.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 2,441.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1983 5,523.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 17,344.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 2,498.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1984 5,518.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 17,525.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 2,563.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1985 5,504.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 17,689.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 2,648.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1986 5,485.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 17,878.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 2,736.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1987 5,525.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 18,082.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 2,839.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1988 5,574.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 18,288.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 2,928.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1989 5,654.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 18,594.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 3,027.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1990 5,729.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 18,837.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 3,124.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1991 5,795.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 19,029.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 3,212.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1992 5,872.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 19,207.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 3,291.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1993 5,926.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 19,392.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 3,366.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1994 5,961.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 19,605.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 3,434.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1995 5,974.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 19,821.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 3,506.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1996 5,985.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 20,045.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 3,579.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1997 5,977.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 20,273.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 3,654.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1998 5,958.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 20,472.6 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 3,724.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
1999 5,919.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 20,696.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 3,785.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
2000 5,883.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period N