Statistics Canada
Symbol of the Government of Canada


Warning View the most recent version.

Archived Content

Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. Please "contact us" to request a format other than those available.

  1. As of July 1, 2010, Canada’s population was estimated to be 34,108,800. This represents an annual growth rate of 1.1% during the period 2009/2010, slightly slower than in 2008/2009 (1.2%).
  2. About two-thirds of Canada’s growth during the 2009/2010 period was due to net international migration. The number of immigrants to Canada increased from 245,300 in 2008/2009 to 270,500 in 2009/2010 but a decreased net flow of non-permanent residents (71,300 in 2008/2009 falling to 33,100 in 2009/2010), resulted in the overall lower net international migration in 2009/2010 than in the previous year.
  3. Nunavut had the highest growth rate in Canada during the 2009/2010 period at 3.1%. Among the provinces, the growth rate in 2009/2010 was above that of the nation overall in Saskatchewan (1.6%), British Columbia (1.6%), Alberta (1.4%) and Manitoba (1.3%).
  4. The median age of the Canadian population on July 1, 2010 was 39.7 years, an increase of 0.2 years compared to one year earlier, and up from 26.2 years in 1971.
  5. As of July 1, 2010, seniors aged 65 years and over accounted for 14.1% of the Canadian population while 16.5% of the population was comprised of children aged 14 years and under. In 1971, it was 8.0% and 29.3%, respectively.
  6. Across Canada, the lowest median age was in Nunavut (24.6 years) and among the provinces it was lowest in Alberta (35.8 years). The highest median age of the country was found in Newfoundland and Labrador (43.3 years).
  7. Nova Scotia had the highest proportion of the population aged 65 and over (16.0%). Newfoundland and Labrador, along with Nova Scotia, had the lowest proportion of children in the country (14.8% each).