Annual Demographic Estimates: Subprovincial Areas 2015

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Release date: February 10, 2016 Correction date: (if required)

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Notice to readers

Estimates released in this publication are based on the 2011 Census counts adjusted for census net undercoverage and incompletely enumerated Indian reserves to which is added the estimated demographic growth for the period going from May 10, 2011 to the date of the  estimate.

These estimates are not to be mistaken with the 2011 Census counts.

The analysis in this publication is based on preliminary data. These data will be revised over the coming years, and it is possible that some trends described in this publication will change as a result of these revisions. Therefore, this publication should be interpreted with caution.

Most of the components, used to produce preliminary population estimates, are estimated using demographic models or based on data sources less complete or reliable, albeit more timely, than those used for updated or final estimates.

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Census metropolitan areas

  • On July 1, 2015, 25,164,100 people, or 7 Canadians out of 10 (70.2%), were living in a census metropolitan area (CMA).
  • Between July 1, 2014 and June 30, 2015, the seven CMAs with the highest population growth rates were all located in provinces west of Ontario.
  • The population growth rate was 20 per thousand or higher in four CMAs, Kelowna (31.3 per thousand), Calgary (23.7 per thousand), Edmonton (23.5 per thousand) and Saskatoon (20.0 per thousand). They were followed by the CMAs of Regina (18.5 per thousand), Abbotsford–Mission (14.0 per thousand) and Winnipeg (13.8 per thousand).
  • The population decreased in the CMAs of Saint John (-4.3 per thousand), Greater Sudbury (-2.6 per thousand), Saguenay (-2.5 per thousand), Peterborough (-2.1 per thousand) and Thunder Bay (-1.6 per thousand).
  • During the last year, the population of the Ontario part of the Ottawa–Gatineau CMA broke the 1 million threshold, reaching 1,001,200, while the population of the Vancouver CMA passed the 2.5 million mark (2,504,300).

Economic regions

  • With a population growth rate of 22.9 per thousand, the economic region (ER) of Nunavut was the fastest growing ER in 2014/2015. The strongest population decrease was recorded in the Cariboo ER (-17.1 per thousand) in British Columbia.
  • On July 1, 2015, Quebec’s Gaspésie-Îles-de-la-Madeleine ER had the oldest median age, at 51.3 years.

Census divisions

  • The fastest growing census division (CD) was Mirabel in Quebec with a population growth rate of 41.3 per thousand between July 1, 2014 and June 30, 2015. The CD with the largest population decrease was Guysborough, Nova Scotia, with a growth rate of -32.8 per thousand.
  • On July 1, 2015, Ontario’s Haliburton CD had the oldest median age, at 55.8 years, and the highest proportion of persons aged 65 years and older, at 31.3%. Nunavut’s Keewatin CD had the highest proportion of people aged under 15 years (34.3%) and the lowest median age (23.7 years).
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