Appendix II: Source and remarks

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Base population

May 10, 2011 Census of Population adjusted for census net undercoverage and incompletely enumerated Indian reserves.

2011 Census: Statistics Canada, Census of Canada, 2011, Catalogue no. 98-310-X.

Census net undercoverage: See The Daily, September 26, 2013.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserves: See The Daily, September 26, 2013.

Births and deaths

Statistics Canada, Health Statistics Division.

Statistics Canada, Demography Division, Catalogue no. 91-002-X, Quarterly.

Births
Fertility rates for 2012 based on births by age of mother provided by Health Statistics Division applied to the female population estimates at the beginning of the quarter. Births for Quebec and British Columbia were provided by their respective agencies.
Deaths
Mortality rates for 2012 based on deaths by age group and sex provided by Health Statistics Division applied to the population estimates by age group and sex at the beginning of the quarter. Deaths for Quebec and British Columbia were provided by their respective agencies.

Immigration

Estimates are based on the immigrant files provided by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) received on February 21, 2017.

Emigration

The estimates are produced by Demography Division using:

  1. data from Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) Canada Child Tax Benefit files (CCTB) program. From 2014/2015, we used 2013/2014 data;
  2. tax data calculated using T1FF file provided by the Income Statistics Division of Statistics Canada. From 2014/2015, we used 2013/2014 data;
  3. data provided by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Office of Immigration Statistics. From 2015/2016, we used 2014/2015 data;
  4. data on the number of adult and children emigrants from T1FF file used for the provincial distribution of adults. From 2014/2015, we used 2013/2014 data.

From July 2016, data from the 2015/2016 period are repeated.

Returning emigration

The estimates are produced by Demography Division using:

  1. data from Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) Canada Child Tax Benefit files (CCTB) program. From 2014/2015, we used 2013/2014 data;
  2. 2011 National Household Survey – question on the place of residence one year ago.

From July 2016, data from the 2015/2016 period are repeated.

Net temporary emigration

The estimates are produced by Demography Division using:

  1. data from the Reverse Record Check (RRC) of the 2011 Census;
  2. 2011 National Household Survey – question on the place of residence 5 years ago;
  3. estimates of returning emigrants for 2006 to 2011 intercensal period
  4. distribution by age and sex of emigrants.

From July 2016, data from the 2015/2016 period are repeated.

Non-permanent residents

The estimates are produced by Demography Division using the Global Case Management System (GCMS) files from IRCC. These files, received on February 21, 2017, document the number of persons holding permits/authorizations or claiming refugee status.

Interprovincial migration

The estimates are produced by Demography Division using:

  1. Canada child benefit (CCB) (formerly Canada child tax benefit (CCTB)) adjusted migration data for children;
  2. factors (jG) corresponding to the ratio of the migration rate of all children to the migration rate of children who are registered to the CCB program calculated using 2014/2015 tax file data;
  3. factors (jkF) used to calculate adult migration and corresponding to the ratio of the adult to child migration rates, calculated on a three-year basis using tax file data for 2012/2013, 2013/2014 and 2014/2015.

Note: We remind you that it is normal for the sum of the monthly in- and out- interprovincial migrants not to be equal to the number of quarterly or yearly interprovincial in- and out- migrants.

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