Ethnicity, Language and Immigration Thematic Series
French in Prince Edward Island, 2001 to 2016

by Alejandro A. Páez Silva and Émilie Lavoie

Release date: March 25, 2019

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The purpose of this document is to present an overview of the trends observed between 2001 and 2016 for the French language and the official language minority populationNote 1 in Prince Edward Island. To this end, it provides census-based information on the population who reported having French as their mother tongue, French spoken at home or used at work, French as their first official language spoken as well as for those who speak French well enough to sustain a conversation.


Table 1
Knowledge of English and French, Prince Edward Island, 2001 to 2016
Table summary
This table displays the results of Knowledge of English and French 2001, 2006, 2011, 2016 and 2001 to 2016
growth, calculated using number and percent units of measure (appearing as column headers).
2001 2006 2011 2016 2001 to 2016
growth
number percent number percent number percent number percent percent
Total population 133,070 100.0 133,325 100.0 137,375 100.0 139,685 100.0 5.0
Official language minority population 5,250 3.9 5,080 3.8 4,670 3.4 4,590 3.3 -12.6
English-French bilingualism 5,155 98.2 5,035 99.1 4,610 98.7 4,465 97.3 -13.4
Rest of the population 127,820 96.1 128,235 96.2 132,710 96.6 135,095 96.7 5.7
English-French bilingualism 10,790 8.4 11,960 9.3 12,490 9.4 13,290 9.8 23.2

Map 1 Official language minority population, census subdivisions, Prince Edward Island, 2016

Description for Map

This map shows the proportion of the Official Language Minority Population found in each Census Subdivision in Prince Edward Island in 2016.

In this map we use seven distinct colours to signify different values. Blue stripes are used to represent areas for which no data are available. There is 1 Census Subdivision in this group.

A solid teal colour is used to represent areas in which no one of the Official Language Minority Population resides. There are 18 Census Subdivisions in this group.

A solid green colour is used to represent areas in which the Official Language Minority Population constitutes less than 2.5% of the total population. There are 65 Census Subdivisions in this group.

A solid yellow colour is used to represent areas in which the Official Language Minority Population constitutes between 2.5% and less than 5.0% of the total population. There are 15 Census Subdivisions in this group.

A solid orange colour was used to represent areas in which the Official Language Minority Population constitutes between 5% and less than 10% of the total population. There are 5 Census Subdivisions in this group.

A solid red colour was used to represent areas in which the Official Language Minority Population constitutes between 50% and less than 75% of the total population. There are 3 Census Subdivisions in this group.

A solid red colour was used to represent areas in which the Official Language Minority Population constitutes 50% or more of the total population. There are 86 Census Subdivisions in this group.

The borders of each Census Subdivision are delineated by a grey line and each Census Subdivision is assigned a colour based on the table below:


Data Table
Table summary
This table displays the results of Data Table. The information is grouped by Census Subdivisions (appearing as row headers), Official Language Minority Population, Total Population and Official Language Minority Population , calculated using percent units of measure (appearing as column headers).
Census Subdivisions Official Language Minority Population Total Population Official Language Minority Population
percent
1101001 5 930 0.5
1101002 5 260 1.9
1101004 0 300 0.0
1101006 0 815 0.0
1101008 0 745 0.0
1101009 15 1,185 1.3
1101011 0 205 0.0
1101014 5 790 0.6
1101016 10 740 1.4
1101018 10 1,885 0.5
1101019 10 490 2.0
1101021 0 270 0.0
1101022 0 280 0.0
1101024 5 555 0.9
1101026 5 320 1.6
1101028 5 400 1.3
1101029 0 330 0.0
1101031 5 690 0.7
1101032 15 770 1.9
1101034 5 460 1.1
1101036 23 995 2.3
1101038 5 350 1.4
1101039 5 475 1.1
1101041 0 250 0.0
1101042 5 405 1.2
1101044 5 235 2.1
1101046 5 430 1.2
1101048 5 300 1.7
1101049 15 620 2.4
1101051 10 530 1.9
1102001 0 555 0.0
1102004 5 305 1.6
1102006 10 440 2.3
1102008 10 895 1.1
1102009 5 945 0.5
1102012 10 1,095 0.9
1102014 35 2,045 1.7
1102026 30 1,765 1.7
1102028 50 2,345 2.1
1102029 10 850 1.2
1102030 0 50 0.0
1102031 20 920 2.2
1102032 0 75 0.0
1102033 5 355 1.4
1102034 0 265 0.0
1102036 13 825 1.5
1102037 28 655 4.2
1102038 15 805 1.9
1102039 15 860 1.7
1102040 23 1,130 2.0
1102041 20 605 3.3
1102042 10 985 1.0
1102043 5 355 1.4
1102044 68 1,735 3.9
1102045 13 330 3.8
1102046 25 605 4.1
1102048 10 375 2.7
1102049 28 1,320 2.1
1102050 5 200 2.5
1102051 0 170 0.0
1102052 38 2,850 1.3
1102054 25 1,640 1.5
1102056 10 745 1.3
1102057 0 200 0.0
1102058 5 585 0.9
1102059 0 210 0.0
1102065 5 225 2.2
1102070 8 355 2.1
1102075 758 35,115 2.2
1102080 198 9,650 2.0
1102085 93 5,350 1.7
1103001 5 835 0.6
1103005 15 725 2.1
1103006 10 720 1.4
1103008 10 335 3.0
1103009 13 1,000 1.3
1103011 35 1,155 3.0
1103012 20 1,790 1.1
1103014 35 1,615 2.2
1103015 10 300 3.3
1103016 35 1,065 3.3
1103018 10 160 6.3
1103019 40 575 7.0
1103023 15 310 4.8
1103024 75 870 8.6
1103025 638 14,510 4.4
1103026 680 1,110 61.3
1103027 200 270 74.1
1103028 130 705 18.4
1103029 235 415 56.6
1103031 118 755 15.6
1103032 20 715 2.8
1103033 5 225 2.2
1103034 10 810 1.2
1103035 5 325 1.5
1103036 10 495 2.0
1103038 0 260 0.0
1103041 10 815 1.2
1103042 5 765 0.7
1103044 0 285 0.0
1103046 0 555 0.0
1103048 5 460 1.1
1103049 25 1,285 1.9
1103051 15 1,110 1.4
1103052 30 1,040 2.9
1103054 15 770 1.9
1103056 183 1,455 12.5
1103057 10 65 15.4
1103058 130 1,670 7.8
1103059 80 715 11.2
1103062 10 145 6.9
1101050 0 0 0.0

Table 2
Selected French language indicators, Prince Edward Island, 2001 to 2016
Table summary
This table displays the results of Selected French language indicators 2001, 2006, 2011, 2016 and 2001 to 2016
growth, calculated using number and percent units of measure (appearing as column headers).
2001 2006 2011 2016 2001 to 2016
growth
number percent number percent number percent number percent percent
Total population 133,070 100.0 133,325 100.0 137,375 100.0 139,685 100.0 5.0
Official language minority populationTable 2 Note 1 5,250 3.9 5,080 3.8 4,670 3.4 4,590 3.3 -12.6
Knowledge of FrenchTable 2 Note 2 16,040 12.1 17,045 12.8 17,155 12.5 17,875 12.8 11.4
French as mother tongueTable 2 Note 2 6,070 4.6 5,825 4.4 5,010 3.6 5,400 3.9 -11.0
French spoken at homeTable 2 Note 2 5,190 3.9 5,205 3.9 5,295 3.9 5,590 4.0 7.7
French primarily spokenTable 2 Note 3 2,710 2.0 2,640 2.0 2,400 1.7 2,200 1.6 -18.8
Working populationTable 2 Note 4 79,985 100.0 82,405 100.0 85,310 100.0 85,275 100.0 6.6
French used at workTable 2 Note 2 4,015 5.0 4,555 5.5 3,855 4.5 3,910 4.6 -2.6
French primarily usedTable 2 Note 3 1,105 1.4 1,055 1.3 1,190 1.4 1,060 1.2 -4.1

Chart 1 French spoken at home, Prince Edward Island, 2001 to 2016

Data table for Chart 1 
Data table for Chart 1
Table summary
This table displays the results of Data table for Chart 1 2001, 2006, 2011 and 2016, calculated using percent units of measure (appearing as column headers).
2001 2006 2011 2016
percent
OnlyData table Note 1 1.2 1.1 0.8 0.8
MostlyData table Note 2 0.8 0.9 1.0 0.8
Equally with another languageData table Note 3 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.3
Regularly (in addition to the main language)Data table Note 4 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.1

Notes


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