Ethnicity, Language and Immigration Thematic Series
French in New Brunswick, 2001 to 2016

by Alejandro A. Páez Silva and Émilie Lavoie

Release date: March 25, 2019

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The purpose of this document is to present an overview of the trends observed between 2001 and 2016 for the French language and the official language minority populationNote 1 in New Brunswick. To this end, it provides census-based information on the population who reported having French as their mother tongue, French spoken at home or used at work, French as their first official language spoken as well as for those who speak French well enough to sustain a conversation.


Table 1
Knowledge of English and French, New Brunswick, 2001 to 2016
Table summary
This table displays the results of Knowledge of English and French 2001, 2006, 2011, 2016 and 2001 to 2016
growth, calculated using number and percent units of measure (appearing as column headers).
2001 2006 2011 2016 2001 to 2016
growth
number percent number percent number percent number percent percent
Total population 717,535 100.0 716,870 100.0 735,835 100.0 730,710 100.0 1.8
Official language minority population 237,800 33.1 234,310 32.7 231,440 31.5 231,610 31.7 -2.6
English-French bilingualism 171,545 72.1 160,855 68.7 166,465 71.9 169,585 73.2 -1.1
Rest of the population 479,740 66.9 482,560 67.3 504,410 68.5 499,100 68.3 4.0
English-French bilingualism 73,610 15.3 78,420 16.3 78,795 15.6 78,975 15.8 7.3

Map 1 Official language minority population, census subdivisions, New Brunswick, 2016

Description for Map

This map shows the proportion of the Official Language Minority Population found in each Census Subdivision in New Brunswick in 2016.

In this map we use seven distinct colours to signify different values. Blue stripes are used to represent areas for which no data are available. There are 5 Census Subdivisions in this group.

A solid teal colour is used to represent areas in which no one of the Official Language Minority Population resides. There are 8 Census Subdivisions in this group.

A solid green colour is used to represent areas in which the Official Language Minority Population constitutes less than 5% of the total population. There are 124 Census Subdivisions in this group.

A solid yellow colour is used to represent areas in which the Official Language Minority Population constitutes between 5% and less than 10% of the total population. There are 26 Census Subdivisions in this group.

A solid orange colour was used to represent areas in which the Official Language Minority Population constitutes between 10% and less than 25% of the total population. There are 12 Census Subdivisions in this group.

A solid dark orange colour was used to represent areas in which the Official Language Minority Population constitutes between 25% and less than 50% of the total population. There are 12 Census Subdivisions in this group.

A solid red colour was used to represent areas in which the Official Language Minority Population constitutes 50% or more of the total population. There are 86 Census Subdivisions in this group.

The borders of each Census Subdivision are delineated by a grey line and each Census Subdivision is assigned a colour based on the table below:


Data Table
Table summary
This table displays the results of Map 1. The information is grouped by Census Subdivisions (appearing as row headers), Official Language Minority Population and Total Population, calculated using percent units of measure (appearing as column headers).
Census Subdivisions Official Language Minority Population Total Population Official Language Minority Population
percent
1301001 15 1,130 1.3
1301002 0 275 0.0
1301004 105 3,840 2.7
1301006 2,778 66,205 4.2
1301016 40 1,190 3.4
1302001 5 145 3.4
1302004 10 845 1.2
1302006 25 795 3.1
1302008 20 710 2.8
1302011 75 2,155 3.5
1302012 60 870 6.9
1302014 5 60 8.3
1302016 25 2,340 1.1
1302018 25 1,505 1.7
1302021 15 690 2.2
1302024 15 550 2.7
1302026 50 1,730 2.9
1302028 10 660 1.5
1302031 10 570 1.8
1302034 25 1,810 1.4
1302037 75 4,310 1.7
1302039 10 1,185 0.8
1302042 45 1,515 3.0
1302044 0 335 0.0
1302052 15 2,330 0.6
1303001 20 820 2.4
1303004 15 450 3.3
1303005 10 590 1.7
1303006 25 665 3.8
1303008 565 7,175 7.9
1303011 403 5,105 7.9
1303012 1,490 9,215 16.2
1303013 0 285 0.0
1303014 25 805 3.1
1303016 95 1,830 5.2
1303018 15 620 2.4
1304001 30 685 4.4
1304004 10 310 3.2
1304005 25 640 3.9
1304006 10 280 3.6
1304008 10 430 2.3
1304011 10 565 1.8
1304013 15 560 2.7
1304014 10 560 1.8
1304016 20 205 9.8
1304018 15 840 1.8
1304021 40 925 4.3
1304022 150 2,290 6.6
1304024 20 910 2.2
1304025 25 1,105 2.3
1305001 5 250 2.0
1305004 20 1,270 1.6
1305006 103 2,780 3.7
1305007 110 4,210 2.6
1305008 30 325 9.2
1305011 58 1,935 3.0
1305014 65 2,890 2.2
1305015 180 4,950 3.6
1305016 30 1,290 2.3
1305018 15 1,370 1.1
1305021 48 2,500 1.9
1305022 68 4,220 1.6
1305023 35 1,460 2.4
1305024 5 470 1.1
1305026 30 1,350 2.2
1305028 23 1,065 2.1
1305031 45 3,495 1.3
1305034 30 1,515 2.0
1305036 5 320 1.6
1305038 10 1,060 0.9
1305045 473 11,660 4.1
1305057 838 18,110 4.6
1306001 15 640 2.3
1306003 5 300 1.7
1306004 10 325 3.1
1306006 10 215 4.7
1306008 38 890 4.2
1306011 40 1,305 3.1
1306014 258 4,465 5.8
1306020 1,593 19,525 8.2
1306025 35 1,260 2.8
1307001 28 910 3.0
1307002 20 375 5.3
1307004 53 1,055 5.0
1307005 4,998 6,375 78.4
1307007 1,810 2,350 77.0
1307008 60 1,185 5.1
1307009 198 5,195 3.8
1307011 75 425 17.6
1307012 35 435 8.0
1307013 3,810 4,750 80.2
1307014 0 40 0.0
1307016 2,658 4,790 55.5
1307019 3,038 9,790 31.0
1307022 22,420 70,670 31.7
1307024 78 3,340 2.3
1307028 98 2,265 4.3
1307029 20 1,380 1.4
1307045 18,203 25,030 72.7
1307052 4,515 6,255 72.2
1308001 2,990 3,915 76.4
1308002 2,123 2,630 80.7
1308003 10 95 10.5
1308004 2,545 3,070 82.9
1308005 2,088 2,310 90.4
1308006 1,615 1,965 82.2
1308007 1,445 1,645 87.8
1308008 480 840 57.1
1308010 65 345 18.8
1308014 193 1,335 14.4
1308015 23 1,940 1.2
1308016 1,130 1,880 60.1
1308017 245 795 30.8
1308018 815 1,270 64.2
1308019 1,653 2,000 82.6
1308020 5 135 3.7
1308021 1,623 1,805 89.9
1308022 713 835 85.3
1308024 615 700 87.9
1308026 578 710 81.3
1309001 1,433 2,195 65.3
1309004 98 1,560 6.3
1309006 25 515 4.9
1309011 25 955 2.6
1309014 55 955 5.8
1309016 928 1,100 84.3
1309017 985 1,080 91.2
1309018 25 1,895 1.3
1309019 15 945 1.6
1309021 5 450 1.1
1309022 15 790 1.9
1309023 0 310 0.0
1309026 68 1,670 4.0
1309027 25 2,190 1.1
1309028 78 2,260 3.4
1309031 348 1,135 30.6
1309034 0 50 0.0
1309035 10 530 1.9
1309036 2,675 3,610 74.1
1309038 1,430 1,630 87.7
1309044 40 1,175 3.4
1309050 1,468 17,255 8.5
1310001 248 2,595 9.5
1310002 500 4,175 12.0
1310004 40 1,775 2.3
1310005 15 340 4.4
1310006 10 1,115 0.9
1310007 0 70 0.0
1310008 10 230 4.3
1310011 10 525 1.9
1310012 15 340 4.4
1310013 5 175 2.9
1310014 10 360 2.8
1310016 35 930 3.8
1310017 533 4,735 11.2
1310018 240 2,810 8.5
1310019 5 485 1.0
1310021 40 1,175 3.4
1310024 35 1,480 2.4
1310025 0 275 0.0
1310026 128 3,290 3.9
1310028 333 6,140 5.4
1310031 358 4,830 7.4
1310032 4,100 57,490 7.1
1310034 5 1,035 0.5
1310036 15 835 1.8
1310037 5 380 1.3
1310054 63 940 6.6
1311001 15 1,305 1.1
1311004 43 2,190 1.9
1311005 5 325 1.5
1311006 93 5,085 1.8
1311008 38 1,725 2.2
1311011 30 1,725 1.7
1311012 20 905 2.2
1311014 38 2,755 1.4
1311018 15 1,015 1.5
1311019 5 560 0.9
1311021 8 475 1.6
1311024 20 1,185 1.7
1311026 35 780 4.5
1311027 50 1,605 3.1
1311028 23 2,155 1.0
1311030 10 435 2.3
1311031 30 1,700 1.8
1312001 35 890 3.9
1312002 15 305 4.9
1312004 68 1,080 6.3
1312006 53 1,500 3.5
1312007 10 970 1.0
1312008 110 1,490 7.4
1312009 55 995 5.5
1312011 60 465 12.9
1312014 375 1,470 25.5
1312016 398 1,110 35.8
1312019 4,260 5,210 81.8
1312021 1,860 2,145 86.7
1312023 665 735 90.5
1313001 1,000 1,075 93.0
1313002 673 770 87.3
1313004 883 960 91.9
1313006 1,170 1,245 94.0
1313008 245 275 89.1
1313011 935 965 96.9
1313012 865 905 95.6
1313014 690 715 96.5
1313015 695 710 97.9
1313018 580 595 97.5
1313020 165 210 78.6
1313022 1,485 1,525 97.4
1313024 1,535 1,595 96.2
1313027 15,263 16,270 93.8
1313032 465 480 96.9
1313033 230 240 95.8
1313034 253 275 91.8
1313035 473 490 96.4
1313037 640 675 94.8
1313038 248 270 91.7
1313039 705 780 90.4
1313041 568 610 93.0
1313042 438 470 93.1
1314001 223 1,075 20.7
1314003 50 225 22.2
1314004 848 1,310 64.7
1314005 245 280 87.5
1314006 1,555 1,670 93.1
1314008 560 1,055 53.1
1314010 23 330 6.8
1314011 1,590 1,925 82.6
1314012 175 655 26.7
1314013 3,140 3,535 88.8
1314014 3,483 6,455 54.0
1314015 418 935 44.7
1314016 318 660 48.1
1314017 1,358 2,960 45.9
1314020 1,903 1,950 97.6
1314021 1,500 1,520 98.7
1314022 2,085 2,115 98.6
1314025 185 1,415 13.1
1314026 3 90 2.8
1315002 15,420 15,795 97.6
1315006 1,930 2,015 95.8
1315008 2,378 4,785 49.7
1315010 15 135 11.1
1315011 5,713 11,465 49.8
1315012 5,595 6,135 91.2
1315013 793 885 89.5
1315014 1,715 1,855 92.5
1315015 3,528 4,270 82.6
1315016 685 1,215 56.4
1315017 630 645 97.7
1315019 2,255 2,305 97.8
1315020 670 690 97.1
1315021 1,340 1,360 98.5
1315022 745 765 97.4
1315024 2,200 2,280 96.5
1315026 1,293 1,325 97.5
1315027 1,280 1,300 98.5
1315028 4,020 4,095 98.2
1315029 4,630 4,800 96.5
1315030 765 775 98.7
1315031 2,478 2,535 97.7
1315032 1,215 1,230 98.8
1315033 870 880 98.9
1315036 1,135 1,165 97.4
1315037 880 960 91.7
1315038 808 900 89.7
1315040 480 495 97.0
1306007 0 0 0.0
1308012 0 0 0.0
1309047 0 0 0.0
1313028 0 0 0.0
1313036 0 0 0.0

Table 2
Selected French language indicators, New Brunswick, 2001 to 2016
Table summary
This table displays the results of Selected French language indicators 2001, 2006, 2011, 2016 and 2001 to 2016
growth, calculated using number and percent units of measure (appearing as column headers).
2001 2006 2011 2016 2001 to 2016
growth
number percent number percent number percent number percent percent
Total population 717,535 100.0 716,870 100.0 735,835 100.0 730,710 100.0 1.8
Official language minority populationTable 2 Note 1 237,800 33.1 234,310 32.7 231,440 31.5 231,610 31.7 -2.6
Knowledge of FrenchTable 2 Note 2 311,385 43.4 312,710 43.6 310,190 42.2 310,555 42.5 -0.3
French as mother tongueTable 2 Note 2 241,380 33.6 236,725 33.0 233,870 31.8 235,685 32.3 -2.4
French spoken at homeTable 2 Note 2 244,995 34.1 243,280 33.9 241,210 32.8 241,745 33.1 -1.3
French primarily spokenTable 2 Note 3 214,475 29.9 210,940 29.4 210,610 28.6 203,685 27.9 -5.0
Working populationTable 2 Note 4 404,255 100.0 417,320 100.0 428,790 100.0 413,695 100.0 2.3
French used at workTable 2 Note 2 149,790 37.1 156,375 37.5 153,790 35.9 151,915 36.7 1.4
French primarily usedTable 2 Note 3 94,185 23.3 99,090 23.7 93,970 21.9 89,240 21.6 -5.3

Chart 1 French spoken at home, New Brunswick, 2001 to 2016

Data table for Chart 1 
Data table for Chart 1
Table summary
This table displays the results of Data table for Chart 1 2001, 2006, 2011 and 2016, calculated using percent units of measure (appearing as column headers).
2001 2006 2011 2016
percent
OnlyData table Note 1 24.3 23.7 22.3 21.7
MostlyData table Note 2 5.6 5.8 6.3 6.2
Equally with another languageData table Note 3 0.8 0.6 0.4 1.0
Regularly (in addition to the main language)Data table Note 4 3.5 3.9 3.7 4.2

Notes


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