Inuit: Fact Sheet for Nunavut
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The 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) and the 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey (APS) are the main data sources for this fact sheet. The 2011 NHS collected social and economic data about the Canadian population. The 2012 APS was a national survey of First Nations people living off reserve, Métis, and Inuit aged 6 and older. The data are for the Aboriginal identity population, which refers to people who reported identifying with at least one Aboriginal group, that is, First Nations, Métis or Inuit, and/or those who reported being a Treaty Indian or a Registered Indian as defined by the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported they were members of an Indian band or First Nation. It was possible to report both single and multiple responses to the Aboriginal identity questions on the NHS and the APS. The NHS data in this fact sheet are based on single responses only. The APS data represent a combination of the single and multiple Aboriginal identity populations. Nearly all off-reserve First Nations, Métis, and Inuit respondents reported a single identity.
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Aboriginal people account for the majority of the population in Nunavut
- Numbering 27,360, 2% of the Aboriginal identity population in Canada lived in Nunavut in 2011. They made up 86% of the total population of the territory.
- Nunavut was home to 27,070 Inuit, 130 First Nations people, and 130 Métis Note 1 with the rest reporting otherNote 2 Aboriginal identities (15) or more than one Aboriginal identity (20). From 2006 to 2011, the Inuit population in Nunavut increased by 10%, while the First Nations population increased by 30%, and the Métis population did not change. Note 3
Inuit population younger than non-Aboriginal
- Over half (57%) of Inuit in Nunavut were under the age of 25, compared with 19% of the non-Aboriginal population.
- In 2011, the median age of Inuit was 21.2. This was younger than the non-Aboriginal population, whose median age was 38.8.
Two-thirds of Inuit children live with both parents
- In Nunavut, 67% of Inuit children aged 14 and younger lived in a family with both their parents in 2011. The corresponding percentage for non-Aboriginal children was 84%. About a quarter (23%) of Inuit children lived in a lone-parent family, a rate that was higher than that for their non-Aboriginal peers (13%).
|Inuit single identity||Non-Aboriginal identity populationTable 1 Note 1|
|Children of both parentsTable 1 Note 2||66.5||84.2|
|Children of lone parent||23.2||12.6|
|Grandchildren in skip-generation family||2.4||0.0|
|Children living with other relativesTable 1 Note 3||1.2||0.0|
Four in ten Inuit live in crowded homes
- In 2011, 39% of Inuit in Nunavut lived in crowded homes, that is, with more than one person per room. The comparable figure for the non-Aboriginal population was 4%.
- Just over a third of Inuit (35%) lived in homes in need of major repairs. The corresponding percentage for the non-Aboriginal population was 14%.
|Inuit single identity||Non-Aboriginal identity populationTable 2 Note 1|
|CrowdingTable 2 Note 2||39.2||4.3|
|Home in need of majorTable 2 Note 3 repairs||35.4||13.7|
Nine in ten Inuit report ability to speak an Aboriginal language
- In Nunavut, 89% of Inuit reported the ability to conduct a conversation in an Aboriginal language. The Aboriginal languages most commonly spoken by Inuit were Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun and Innu/Montagnais. At the same time, 80% of Inuit reported an Aboriginal language as their mother tongue.
- The number of Inuit who reported being able to converse in an Aboriginal language exceeded the number who reported an Aboriginal mother tongue, which suggests acquisition of an Aboriginal language as a second language.
- Based on results of the Aboriginal Peoples Survey, 94% of Inuit aged 6 and older reported that speaking and understanding an Aboriginal language was important to them.
Three in ten Inuit have postsecondary qualifications
- In 2011, 29% of Inuit aged 25 to 64 in Nunavut had a certificate, diploma or degree from a trade school, college or university. The comparable percentage for their non-Aboriginal counterparts was 80%.
- Among those with postsecondary credentials, Inuit were more likely than non-Aboriginal graduates to have completed programs below the bachelor’s level (trades or college programs).
- There was also a difference in the proportion of Inuit and non-Aboriginal people with “no certificate, diploma or degree”. In 2011, 60% of Inuit aged 25 to 64 did not have a certificate, diploma or degree. The corresponding percentage for the non-Aboriginal population was 5%.
|Inuit single identity||Non-Aboriginal identity populationTable 3 Note 1|
|No certificate, diploma or degree||59.7||5.1|
|High school diploma or equivalent||11.6||14.8|
|Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree||28.8||80.2|
|Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma||10.9||7.2|
|College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma||15.2||22.0|
|University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelTable 3 Note 2||0.9||3.5|
|University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above||1.8||47.4|
Employment rates and median total income increase with education
- In 2011, the employment rate of Inuit aged 25 to 64 in Nunavut who did not have a certificate, diploma or degree was 44.2%. Employment rates were higher for those with further education. For example, the employment rate of Inuit with postsecondary credentials was 69.1%.
|Inuit single identity||Non-Aboriginal identity populationTable 4 Note 1|
|employment rate (percent)|
|No certificate, diploma or degree||44.2||76.5|
|High school diploma or equivalent||66.4||92.0|
|Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree||69.1||94.0|
- Median total incomeNote 4 was also higher for those with higher education levels. Among Inuit aged 25 to 64, median total income (rounded to the nearest $1,000) ranged from $21,000 for those with no certificate, diploma or degree to $47,000 for those with postsecondary credentials.
About four in ten Inuit rated their health as excellent or very good
- Based on results of the Aboriginal Peoples Survey, just over four in ten (42%) Inuit aged 12 and older in Nunavut rated their health as excellent or very good in 2012.
Description for Chart 1
The title of the graph is "Chart 1 Excellent or very good self-rated overall health of population aged 12 and over, by selected Aboriginal identity group and age group, Nunavut, 2012."
This is a column clustered chart.
There are in total 2 categories in the horizontal axis. The vertical axis starts at 0 and ends at 85 with ticks every 10 points.
There are 4 series in this graph.
The vertical axis is "percent."
The horizontal axis is "Aboriginal identity groups."
The title of series 1 is "Total."
The minimum value is 42.4 and it corresponds to "Inuit."
The maximum value is 58.0 and it corresponds to "Non-Aboriginal identity populationChart 1 Note 1."
The title of series 2 is "12 to 24 years."
The minimum value is 56.5 and it corresponds to "Inuit."
The maximum value is 76.5E and it corresponds to "Non-Aboriginal identity populationChart 1 Note 1."
The title of series 3 is "25 to 44 years."
The minimum value is 40.2 and it corresponds to "Inuit."
The maximum value is 70.4 and it corresponds to "Non-Aboriginal identity populationChart 1 Note 1."
The title of series 4 is "45 years and over."
The minimum value is 23.4 and it corresponds to "Inuit."
The maximum value is 39.5E and it corresponds to "Non-Aboriginal identity populationChart 1 Note 1."
|Total||12 to 24 years||25 to 44 years||45 years and over|
|Non-Aboriginal identity populationChart 1 Note 1||58.0||76.5Note E: Use with caution||70.4||39.5Note E: Use with caution|
E use with caution
- Almost half (47%) of Inuit aged 18 and older reported excellent or very good mental healthNote 5 compared with 81% for the non-Aboriginal population.Note 6
- Just over one-third (36%) of Inuit 12 and older reported that they had been diagnosed with at least one chronic condition. The corresponding percentage for the non-Aboriginal population was 52%.
- Among Inuit, commonly reported conditions included arthritis excluding fibromyalgia (10%) and high blood pressure (9%).
|Inuit||Non-Aboriginal identity populationTable 5 Note 1|
|18 to 24||49.6||81.0Table 5 Note E: Use with caution|
|25 to 44||45.0||80.1|
|45 and over||48.5||82.7|
E use with caution
About six in ten Inuit smoked daily
- In 2012, 59% of Inuit aged 12 and older in Nunavut reported that they smoked daily. At ages 25 to 44, 71% of Inuit reported daily smoking.
- For those 12 and older, the rate of heavy drinking (five or more drinks on one occasion at least once a month in the 12 months preceding the survey) was 36% for Inuit. At the same time, half of Inuit aged 12 and older were non-drinkers; that is, consumed no alcohol in the 12 months preceding the survey.
|Heavy drinkingNote 1||36.4|
|12 to 24|
|25 to 44|
|45 and over|
|Heavy drinking||32.8Note E: Use with caution|
E use with caution
This fact sheet was prepared by Paula Arriagada of the Social and Aboriginal Statistics Division of Statistics Canada.