Change in predicted probability of past-year suicidal thoughts among off-reserve First Nations, Métis and Inuit adults, aged 18 to 25, by selected characteristics, Canada, 2012
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|Off-reserve First Nations||Métis||Inuit|
|Adjusted probability||Fold-change||Adjusted probability||Fold-change||Adjusted probability||Fold-change|
mood and/or anxiety disorder(s)
|NoNote †||0.06||Note ...: not applicable||0.03||Note ...: not applicable||0.10||Note ...: not applicable|
|Yes||0.08||1.3Note *||0.09||3.0Note *||0.25||2.5Note *|
|Drug use (prescription/street drugs for recreation use)|
|NoNote †||0.05||Note ...: not applicable||0.03||Note ...: not applicable||0.09||Note ...: not applicable|
|Yes||0.10||2.0Note *||0.09||3.0Note *||0.20||2.2Note *|
|Heavy, frequent drinking (five or more drinks at least once a week)|
|NoNote †||0.07||Note ...: not applicable||0.05||Note ...: not applicable||0.12||Note ...: not applicable|
|NoNote †||—||Note ...: not applicable||—||Note ...: not applicable||0.08||Note ...: not applicable|
|Hopelessness (felt hopeless all or most of the time in past month)|
|NoNote †||0.07||Note ...: not applicable||0.05||Note ...: not applicable||0.11||Note ...: not applicable|
|Yes||0.06||0.9||0.09||1.8Note *||0.23||2.1Note *|
|High self-worth (no feelings of worthlessness in past month)|
|NoNote †||0.20||Note ...: not applicable||0.14||Note ...: not applicable||0.20||Note ...: not applicable|
|Yes||0.01||0.1Note *||0.02||0.1Note *||0.08||0.4Note *|
|Personal/parent/grandparent history of residential school attendance|
|NoNote †||0.05||Note ...: not applicable||—||Note ...: not applicable||0.16||Note ...: not applicable|
|Don't know, refusal, not stated||0.07||1.4||—||—||0.13||0.8|
|NoNote †||0.08||Note ...: not applicable||0.06||—||0.16||—|
|High social support|
|NoNote †||0.10||Note ...: not applicable||0.07||Note ...: not applicable||0.13||Note ...: not applicable|
|Strong extended family ties|
|NoNote †||0.09||Note ...: not applicable||0.04||Note ...: not applicable||0.11||Note ...: not applicable|
|Perceived bullying problem in school|
|NoNote †||0.06||Note ...: not applicable||0.06||—||0.11||—|
|Currently attending school|
|Not attendingNote †||0.08||Note ...: not applicable||0.06||Note ...: not applicable||0.11||Note ...: not applicable|
|Attending high school or high school equivalency||0.07||0.9||0.07||1.2||0.14||1.3|
|Attending post-secondary institution||0.04||0.5Note *||0.04||0.7||0.10||0.9|
|MaleNote †||0.07||Note ...: not applicable||0.06||Note ...: not applicable||0.11||Note ...: not applicable|
| ... not applicable
Notes: Changes in the predicted probability (marginal prevalence ratio) of suicidal thoughts for those with a characteristic compared with those without the characteristic were calculated
while simultaneously including other characteristics in the analysis. A probability of 0.25 indicates that, on average, an individual has 25% adjusted probability of suicidal thoughts. In the text, these are presented as percentages. For example, 0.25 is presented as 25%.
Adjusted, after-tax household income was also included as a control characteristic (not shown) that may account for other unknown or unmeasured characteristics that may explain suicidal thoughts. For more details on regression results, see appendix (Table A.4).
The fold-changes were not statistically compared between Aboriginal groups. For example, fold-change for mood and/or anxiety disorders among First Nations young adults was not compared with the same in other groups.
Parental/family involvement defined here as having had homework checked by or received help with homework from parents or other family members, at the time of the survey among respondents in school, or otherwise during their last year of school. Please see the Methods section for more details.
High social support was defined as having family alone or also non-relatives to turn to in times of need. Having no one to turn to or only non-relatives was characterized as not having high social support.
Strong extended family ties was defined as having reported strength of ties among family members living in their city, town or community but in another household of 4 or 5 on a scale of 1-5.
Source: Statistics Canada, Aboriginal Peoples Survey, 2012.