In 2012, 45% of Inuit aged 15 and older reported excellent or very good health; the comparable figure for the total population of Canada was 63%.
In 2012, an estimated 43% of Inuit had been diagnosed with a chronic condition by a health professional.
The chronic conditions most commonly reported by Inuit were high blood pressure (12%), arthritis (12%), asthma (7%), mood disorders (7%), and diabetes (5%).
Just over half (52%) of Inuit aged 15 and older reported that they smoked cigarettes daily, compared with 16% of Canadians overall.
While 33% of Inuit reported that they had not consumed alcohol in the past 12 months, 26% reported heavy drinking, that is, five or more drinks on a single occasion at least once a month.
In the previous year, 59% of Inuit aged 15 and older had seen or talked to a medical doctor and 49% had consulted a nurse.
An estimated 14% of Inuit reported needing health care in the past year, but not receiving it. The most common reason for not receiving this care was that it was not available in the area.
Four in ten (41%) Inuit aged 15 and older lived in households that experienced food insecurity, compared with 8% of the total population of Canada. Furthermore, 22% reported that in the previous 12 months they had personally experienced hunger because they could not afford to buy enough food.
In 2011, 25% of Inuit lived in households with more than one person per room, and 29% were in dwellings that needed major repairs; the corresponding figures for Canada overall were 3% and 7%, respectively.