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Crowding is most prevalent on reserve and in the north
Housing characteristics vary greatly from one Aboriginal group to another as well as within Aboriginal groups. The 2011 National Household Survey found that First Nations people living on reserve and Inuit living in Inuit Nunangat were more likely than the non-Aboriginal population to live in crowded dwellings, that is, dwellings with more than one person per room.
Nearly 4 in 10 (39%) Inuit living in Inuit Nunangat lived in crowded homes, about 10 times the proportion of non-Aboriginal people (4%) nationally. More than one-quarter (27%) of First Nations people living on reserve were living in crowded conditions in 2011, about 7 times the proportion of non-Aboriginal people nationally. Outside these areas, more First Nations people living off reserve and Inuit living outside Nunangat experienced crowded conditions (7% and 6% respectively) than did the non-Aboriginal population.
On the other hand, fewer Métis (3%) than non-Aboriginal people (4%) lived in crowded conditions.
For additional information on crowding, see the 2011 National Household Survey: Data tables.
Need for major repairs
Need for major repairs greatest for First Nations living on reserve and for Inuit living in Inuit Nunangat
The 2011 National Household Survey found that Aboriginal people were much more likely to live in dwellings that were in need of major repair.
More than 1 in 3 (36%) Inuit living in Inuit Nunangat, and more than 2 in 5 (43%) First Nations people living on reserve reported living in homes that they identified as needing major repairs, compared with 7% of the non-Aboriginal population in Canada.
Outside these areas, First Nations people living off reserve, Métis, and Inuit living outside Inuit Nunangat were more likely to live in dwellings in need of major repairs (15%, 13%, and 14% respectively) than the non-Aboriginal population (7%).
For additional information on need for major repairs, see the 2011 National Household Survey: Data tables.
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