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 Chart 14 Aboriginal identity people as a proportion of admissions to adult correctional services, 2007/2008

Aboriginal adults overrepresented in custody and community programs

In 2006 Aboriginal people represented 3.1% of all adults 18 years of age and older. The representation of Aboriginal adults in custody and community correctional programs is much higher. In 2007/2008 Aboriginal adults accounted for 20% of adults admitted to remand (detention while awaiting trial or sentencing), 25% admitted to provincial/territorial sentenced custody and 18% of all adults admitted to federal custody. With respect to community correctional programs, Aboriginal adults accounted for 20% of all adults admitted to probation as well as 21% of those admitted to a conditional sentence.

The representation of Aboriginal adults among female admissions is greater than among males. For instance, in 2007/2008, Aboriginal peoples represented nearly one-third of women admitted to provincial/territorial custody. In comparison, the same was true of 21% of males admitted to provincial/territorial sentenced custody.1

Aboriginal people more likely to be the victim of a violent crime

The 2004 General Social Survey (GSS) found that Aboriginal people were much more likely than their non-Aboriginal counterparts to have been violently victimized. That year, there were 319 violent incidents for every 1,000 Aboriginal people compared to 101 incidences for every 1,000 non-Aboriginal people.

Aboriginal people were more likely that non-Aboriginal people to be victimized by someone that they knew. Over half (56%) of violent incidences committed against Aboriginal people were perpetrated by someone they knew, compared to 41% of violent incidences committed against non-Aboriginal people.2

Related data:

Juristat July 2009 ' The incarceration of Aboriginal people in adult correctional services'.
Data for this chart was located in a table in the referenced publication. Provided is the link to that table within the analytical text.

Related articles:

Juristat July 2009 ' The incarceration of Aboriginal people in adult correctional services'

This Juristat article first presents a brief overview of all admissions to Canadian correctional services facilities and programs in 2007/2008 as well as a more detailed analysis of the factors related to the incarceration of Aboriginal adults.

Juristat June 2006 'Victimization and offending among the Aboriginal population in Canada'

Using data from victimization, police and corrections surveys, this report provides a statistical portrait of the extent and nature of victimization and offending among Aboriginal people in Canada during the past few years. According to the 2004 General Social Survey (GSS), Aboriginal people were three times more likely than non-Aboriginal people to experience a violent victimization (319 versus 101 incidents per 1,000 population).


  1. Data on remand excludes Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan and Nunavut. Data on sentenced custody excludes Prince Edward Island, Quebec and Nunavut. Data on probation excludes Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia and Nunavut.).
  2. Brzozowski, Jodi-Anne, Andrea Taylor-Butts and Sara Johnson. 2006. 'Victimization and offending among the Aboriginal population in Canada.' Juristat. Vol. 26, no. 3 (catalogue no.85-002-x).
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