Table 5-20
Business enterprise research and development intramural expenditures — By field of science or technology

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Business enterprise research and development intramural expenditures — By field of science or technology
  2012 r 2013 p
  millions of dollars
Total 16,700 A 16,032 A
Natural and formal sciences 1,559 A 1,368 A
Mathematics 39 B 36 A
Computer and information sciences 675 A 581 A
Physical sciences 92 B 122 A
Chemical sciences 278 A 259 A
Earth and related environmental sciences 274 B 182 A
Biological sciences 190 A 158 A
Other natural sciences 10 A 30 A
Engineering and technology 13,280 A 12,897 A
Civil engineering 126 A 99 A
Software engineering 2,859 A 2,624 A
Electrical engineering, electronic engineering and information technology 3,705 A 3,453 A
Mechanical engineering 2,355 A 1,960 A
Chemical engineering 506 A 548 A
Materials engineering 717 A 640 A
Medical engineering 61 A 63 A
Environmental engineering 755 A 744 A
Environmental biotechnology 16 E 17 A
Industrial biotechnology 64 B 38 A
Nano-technology 14 A 18 A
Other engineering and technologies 2,100 A 2,694 A
Medical and health sciences 1,552 A 1,364 A
Basic medicine 425 A 454 A
Clinical medicine 343 A 245 A
Health sciences 117 A 111 A
Medical biotechnology 312 A 295 A
Other medical sciences 355 A 261 A
Agricultural sciences 309 A 402 A
Agriculture, forestry, and fisheries 142 A 272 A
Animal and dairy science 54 A 54 A
Veterinary science C A
Agricultural biotechnology 53 A 36 A
Other agricultural sciences 56 A 35 A
Note(s):
Components may not add to totals due to rounding.
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