Table 13
Energy research and development expenditures and extramural payments made outside of Canada, 2011p

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Energy research and development expenditures and extramural payments made outside of Canada, 2011p
  Total intramural research and development Total extramural payments outside of Canada
  millions of dollars
Total energy 1,708 16
Fossil fuels 1,191 12
Crude oils and natural gas 553 2
Oil sands and heavy crude oil 577 x
Refining, processing and upgrading 53 x
Coal production, preparation and processing x 0
Transportation of fossil fuels x x
Renewable energy resources 106 0
Solar 4 x
Wind-energy 4 x
Bio-energy 54 x
Hydro 35 x
Other renewable energy 9 x
Nuclear fission and fusion 68 x
Electric Power 91 x
Generation in utility sector x x
Combine heat and power in industry, buildings x x
Electricity transmission, distribution and storage 75 x
Hydrogen and fuel cells 35 x
Hydrogen 12 0
Fuel cells 23 x
Energy efficiency 85 1
Industry 47 x
Residential, institutional and commercial 11 x
Transportation of fossil fuels 13 x
Other energy efficiency 13 0
Other related technologies 132 1
Note(s):
Data are from the Energy Research and Development expenditures by Area of Technology survey. Components may not add to totals due to rounding.
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