8. Glossary

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Ancillary sub-domains Ancillary culture sub-domains produce goods and services that are the result of creative artistic activity (e.g. designs, architectural plans), but their primary purpose is not the transmission of an intellectual or culture concept. The final products, which have primarily a practical purpose (e.g. a landscape, a building, an advertisement), are not covered by the Framework definition of culture. See the Conceptual Framework for Culture Statistics (Statistics Canada 2011, sections 5.3.1 and 6.2.1) for a full discussion of this term.

Annual Survey of Manufactures List of Goods (ASM List of Goods) The ASM List of Goods is a system for classifying goods manufactured in Canada. It was used for the first time in the 2004 Annual Survey of Manufactures (ASM) to classify both goods purchased and goods produced by Canadian manufacturers. The ASM List of Goods is to be integrated into the North American Product Classification System (NAPCS), which will be the standard for classifying both goods and services. The ASM List of Goods classifies products according to their industry of origin, that is, where in the economy they are primarily produced, based on the North American Industrial Classification System (NAICS).

CIP Classification of Instructional Programs.

Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) is used to classify instructional programs according to field of study. At Statistics Canada, a field of study is defined as a "discipline or area of learning or training". While CIP was specifically designed for the classification of instructional programs, it has also been used to classify courses.

Classification systems Classificationinvolves grouping data into classes based on some measure of inherent similarity. In the case of statistical classification systems, information categories are created that so that data can be grouped for the purpose of analysis.

Core sub-domains Core culture sub-domains produce goods and services that are the result of creative artistic activity and whose main purpose is the transmission of an intellectual or cultural concept. In core sub-domains, the entire creative chain is in scope for the measurement of culture. By illustration, the core sub-domain of Sound Recording includes the work of recording studios, the manufacturing of recordings, the distribution of recorded music through the sale or exchange of recorded media of all kinds, and the use of recorded music by consumers at home and at other venues. The Sound Recording sub-domain represents all industries, products, and occupations defined as sound recording. See the Conceptual Framework for Culture Statistics (Statistics Canada 2011, sections 5.3.1 and 6.2.1) for a full discussion of this definition.

Culture Creative artistic activity and the goods and services produced by it, and the preservation of heritage. See the Conceptual Framework for Culture Statistics 2011 (Statistics Canada 2011, section 3.1) for a full discussion of this term.

Culture sector consists of the culture domains defined in the framework. Six culture domains described in the framework contain core and ancillary sub-domains, along with transversal domains.

Domain is a category used to group various entities conceptually within the different dimensions of culture measured by the framework. Domains describe or categorize these dimensions, such as industries, products, occupations or instructional programs, but are not defined by any of them. Specifically, they are not the sum total of related classification codes. A domain refers to a grouping of things that are alike in purpose or represent the predominant activity undertaken by a group of businesses. In some cases, the categories reflect existing classification systems used to define industries (e.g. film and video) and the industries themselves are highly intertwined. In other cases, the primary goods and services produced are similar in nature and intent (e.g. visual arts, crafts, and photography) but found dispersed across a number of NAICS industries.

Establishment An establishment, as a statistical unit, is defined as the most homogeneous unit of production for which the business maintains accounting records from which it is possible to assemble all the data elements required to compile the full structure of the gross value of production, the cost of materials and services, and labour and capital used in production.

Goods are tangible and intangible objects for which a demand exists, over which ownership rights can be established and whose ownership can be transferred from one institutional unit to another by engaging in transactions on markets.

Industry an industry is a grouping of establishments according to similarity in the production processes used to produce goods and services. In NAICS, industries are created by grouping together establishments using the criterion of similarity of output or the criterion of similarity of inputs, processes, skills, and technology used.

Infrastructure physical infrastructure (e.g. buildings such as theatres, recording studios, etc.) and mediating products (e.g. consumer equipment such as television sets, computers, etc.) are essential for at least one stage of supply in the culture chain. While they provide important support for culture activity, they are not culture products. They may be reported separately as a means of determining their size and impact on the culture sector. Dedicated facilities whose primary function is the provision of space to culture such as museum buildings, heritage sites and buildings, theatres and cinemas are included in their respective sub-domains.

Multi-domain Multiple categories are used to describe those codes that, by definition, involve more than one domain and cannot be allocated readily to a single domain.

NAICS see North American Industry Classification System.

NAPCS see North American Product Classification System.

National Occupational Classification for Statistics ( NOC -S) – is based on the National Occupational Classification (NOC), which was developed and is maintained by Human Resources and Social Development Canada (HRSDC). It provides a systematic classification structure to identify and categorize the entire range of occupational activity in Canada. The basic principle of classification of the NOC-S is the kind of work performed. Occupations are identified and grouped primarily in terms of the work usually performed, this being determined by the tasks, duties, and responsibilities of the occupation.

NOC -S See National Occupational Classification for Statistics.

North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) is an industry classification system developed by the statistical agencies of Canada, Mexico, and the United States. It is designed to provide common definitions of the industrial structure of the three countries and a common statistical framework to facilitate the analysis of the three economies. NAICS is founded on supply-side or production-oriented principles, to ensure that industrial data, classified to NAICS, are suitable for the analysis of production-related issues such as industrial performance. The principle underlying NAICS is that producing units that use similar production processes should be grouped together in the classification (i.e. the industry is based on transformation process, and not products.)

North American Product Classification System (NAPCS) is a classification that organizes goods and services throughout the economy in a systematic fashion. NAPCS is intended to include the products of service and goods producing industries. As of 2011, NAPCS is a provisional list, which represents only the products of selected service-producing industries.

Occupation a collection of jobs, sufficiently similar in the work performed are grouped under a common title for classification purposes. Occupations are identified and grouped primarily in terms of the work usually performed, this being determined by the tasks, duties, and responsibilities of the occupation.

Partial The term 'partial' is used to categorize classification codes when only a subset of units within an industry, product, occupation, or instructional program code is defined as part of culture.

Preservation refers to activities concerned with maintaining or restoring access to artifacts, documents, and records through the study, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of decay and damage. In the context of this framework, preservation includes conservation, which is the treatment and repair of individual items in order to slow decay or restore them to a usable state.

Products a neutral term including both goods and services, which may be referred to as 'commodities'.

SCG see Standard Classification of Goods.

Services are not separate entities over which ownership rights can be established and they cannot be traded separately from their production or use. Services involve relationships between producers and consumers, in that a service must be provided to another economic unit.

Standard Classification of Goods ( SCG ) was the standard for classifying goods at Statistics Canada prior to the creation of the NAPCS. The SCG is based upon the international Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System (HS), which makes up the first six digits of the SCG code.

Sub-domain is a subsidiary of a domain. It is a category used to identify a number of definable related activities, products or occupations that represent a distinct sub-category of a domain. For example, Books is a sub-domain in the Written and Published Works domain.

Transversal domain A transversal domain consists of crosscutting activities, products and occupations that support culture and enable the culture creative chain to function. The activities, products, or occupations in this domain exist because of culture and would not exist without the existence of culture. Most of the activities within these domains are not culture themselves or exclusively culture, but the portions that are considered in scope (e.g. training of culture professionals) will be included in the measurement of culture. The transversal domains are Education and Training and Governance, Financing and Professional Support.

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