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Andresen, M.A. and P.J. Brantingham. 2007. Hot Spots of Crime in Vancouver and Their Relationship with Population Characteristics. Department of Justice Canada. Ottawa.

Bailey, T.C. and A.C. Gatrell. 1995. Interactive Spatial Data Analysis. Reading, MA. Addison-Wesley.

Block, R.L. 1979. "Community, environment and violent crime." Criminology. Vol. 17 p. 46-57.

Breton, R. 2003. Social Capital and the Civic Participation of Immigrants and Members of Ethno-Cultural Groups. Policy Research Initiative. Presented at "The Opportunity and Challenge of Diversity: A Role for Social Capital?" Conference. Montréal. November 2003. [unpublished]

Body-Gendrot, S. 2001. "The politics of urban crime." Urban Studies. Vol. 38. p. 915-928.

Brown, B.B., D.D. Perkins and G. Brown. 2004. "Incivilities, place attachment and crime: Block and individual effects." Journal of Environmental Psychology. Vol. 24. p. 359-371.

Cohen, L. and M. Felson. 1979. "Social change and crime rates." American Sociological Review. Vol. 44. p. 588-608.

Debarbieux, B. 2003. "Territoire" In J. Lévy and M. Lussault (dir.). Dictionnaire de la Géographie et de l'Espace des Sociétés. Paris. Belin.

Filyer, R. 2002. Police Resources in Canada, 2001. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 85-225-XIE. Ottawa.

Fitzgerald, R., M. Wisener and J. Savoie. 2004. "Neighbourhood characteristics and the distribution of crime in Winnipeg." Crime and Justice Research Paper Series. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 85-561-MIE. No. 004. Ottawa.

Fitzgerald, R. and P. J. Carrington. Forthcoming: "The neighbourhood context of urban Aboriginal Crime." The Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice.

Forrest, R. and A. Kearns. 2001. "Social cohesion, social capital and the neighbourhood." Urban Studies. Vol. 38. p. 2125-2143.

Gannon, M. and K. Mihorean. 2005. "Criminal victimization in Canada, 2004". Juristat. Vol. 25, no. 7. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 85-002-XPE. Ottawa.

Hipp, J.R. and A. Perrin. 2006. "Nested loyalties: Local networks' effect on neighbourhood and community cohesion." Urban Studies. Vol. 43. p. 2503-2524.

Lock Kunz, J. and J. Frank. 2004. "L'hydre de la pauvreté." Horizon. Vol.7 no. 2.

Hatfield, M. 2004. "Groupes à risque de persistance d'un faible revenu." Horizon. Vol.7 no. 2.

Kelling, G. and C. Coles. 1998. Fixing Broken Windows: Restoring Order and Reducing Crime in Our Communities. New York. Touchstone.

Kitchen, P. 2006. "Examen du lien entre la criminalité et la situation socio-économique à Ottawa et à Saskatoon: Analyse géographie à petite échelle." Série méthodologie. Department of Justice Canada.

Kong, R. 2005. Criminal Justice Indicators. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 85-227-XIE. Ottawa.

Land, K.C., P.L. McCall and L.E. Cohen. 1990. "Structural covariates of homicide rates: Are there any invariances across time and social space?" American Journal of Sociology. Vol. 95. p. 922-963.

Logan, R. 2002. Police Resources in Canada, 2002. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 85-225-XIE. Ottawa.

Martin, D.G. 2003. "Enacting neighbourhood." Urban Geography. Vol. 24. p. 361-385.

Massey, D.S. 1996. "The age of extreme: Concentrated affluence and poverty in the twenty-first century." Demography. Vol. 33. p. 395-412.

Montgomery, D.C., E.A. Peck and G.G. Vining. 2001. Introduction to Linear Regression Analysis, 3rd Edition. New York. Wiley.

Morenoff, J.D., R.J. Sampson and S.W. Raudenbush. 2001. "Neighbourhood inequality, collective efficacy and the spatial dynamics of urban violence." Research Report no. 00-451. Population Studies Centre. University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research.

Pain, R. 2000. "Place, social relations and the fear of crime: A review." Progress in Human Geography. Vol. 24. p. 365-387.

Park, R.E. and E.W. Burgess. 1967. The City. Chicago, U.S. The University of Chicago Press.

Sampson, R.J. 1993. "The community context of violent crime." In W.J. Wilson (ed.). Sociology and the Public Agenda. p. 274-279. Newbury Park, California. Sage Publications.

Sampson, R.J. 1997. "The embeddedness of child and adolescent development: A community-level perspective on urban violence." In J. McCord (ed.). Violence and Childhood in the Inner City. Cambridge, U.K. Cambridge University Press.

Sampson, R.J. 1999. "What 'community' supplies." In R.F. Ferguson and W.T. Dickens (ed.). Urban Problems and Community Development. Washington. Brookings Institute Press.

Sampson, R.J. and J.D. Morenoff. 2004. "Spatial (dis)advandtage and homicide in Chicago neighborhoods." In M.F. Goodchild and D.G. Janelle (ed.). Spatially Integrated Social Science. Oxford, United Kingdom. Oxford University Press.

Sampson, R.J., J.D. Morenoff and T. Gannon-Rowley. 2002. "Assessing 'neighborhood effect': Social processes and new directions in research." Annual Review of Sociology. Vol. 28. p. 443-478.

Sampson, R.J. and S.W. Raudenbush. 1999. "Systematic social observation of public spaces: A new look at disorder in urban neighborhoods." American Journal of Sociology. Vol. 105. p. 603–651.

Sampson, R.J., S.W. Raudenbush and F. Earls. 1997. "Neighbourhoods and violent crime: A multilevel study of collective efficacy." Science. Vol. 277. p. 918-924.

Savoie, J., F. Bédard and K. Collins. 2006. "Neighbourhood characteristics and the distribution of crime on the Island of Montréal. " Crime and Justice Research Paper Series. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 85-561-MIE. No. 007. Ottawa.

Schellenberg, G. 2004. 2003 General Social Survey on Social Engagement, Cycle 17: An Overview of Findings. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 89-598-XIE. Ottawa.

Silver, W., K. Mihorean and A. Taylor-Butts. 2004. "Hate crime in Canada." Juristat. Vol. 24, no. 4.Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 85-002-XPE. Ottawa.

Statistics Canada. 2001a. "Aboriginal peoples in Canada."Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics Profile Series. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 85F0033MIE. Ottawa.

Statistics Canada. 2001b. Income in Canada. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 75-202-XPE. Ottawa.

Wallace, M., M. Wisener and K. Collins. 2006. "Neighbourhood characteristics and the distribution of crime in Regina." Crime and Justice Research Paper Series. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 85-561-MIE. No. 008. Ottawa.

Weisburg, D., C. Lum and S.-M. Yang. 2004. Criminal Careers of Places: A Longitudinal Study. National Institute of Justice. Document No. 207824.

Wirth, L. 1938. "Urbanism as a way of life." American Journal of Sociology. Vol. XLIV-1.