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Black, Donald and Albert J. Reiss, Jr. 1970. Police control of juveniles. American Sociological Review 35: 63-77.

Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics. 2002. Canadian Crime Statistics 2001. Ottawa: Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Statistics Canada. Cat. No. 85-205.

Carrington, Peter J. 1996. Age and Youth Crime in Canada. Working Document No. 1996-1e. 2 vols. Ottawa: Department of Justice Canada. At: http//

Carrington, Peter J. 1998. Factors Affecting Police Diversion of Young Offenders: A Statistical Analysis. Ottawa: Solicitor General of Canada. At:

Carrington, Peter J. 2002. Group crime in Canada. Canadian Journal of Criminology 44: 277-315.

Carrington, Peter J. and Jennifer L. Schulenberg. 2003. Police Discretion with Young Offenders. Ottawa: Department of Justice Canada. At:

Cicourel, Aaron V. 1968. The Social Organization of Juvenile Justice. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Conly, Dennis. 1978. Patterns of Delinquency and Police Action in the Major Metropolitan Areas of Canada, During the Month of December, 1976. Ottawa: Ministry of the Solicitor General.

Doob, Anthony N., and Janet B. L. Chan. 1982. “Factors affecting police decisions to take juveniles to court”. Canadian Journal of Criminology 24: 25-37.

Ericson, Richard V. 1982. Reproducing Order: A Study of Police Patrol Work. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Fisher, C. J., and R. I. Mawby. 1982. “Juvenile Delinquency and Police Discretion in an Inner City Area”. British Journal of Criminology 22(1): 63-75.

Hanushek, E.A. and J.E. Jackson. 1977. Statistical Methods for Social Scientists. Orlando, Fla.: Academic Press.

Hornick, Joseph P., Tullio Caputo, Ross Hastings, Patrick J. Knoll, Lorne D. Bertrand, Joanne J. Paetsch, Lyle Stroeder, A. Owen Maguire. 1996. A Police Reference Manual on Crime Prevention and Diversion with Youth. Cat. No. JS42-75/1996E. Ottawa: Canadian Research Institute of Law and the Family and the Solicitor General Canada.

Judge, G.G., W.E. Griffiths, R. C. Hill, H. Lütkepohl, and T-C. Lee. 1985. The Theory and Practice of Econometrics. 2nd ed. New York: Wiley.

Long, J.S. 1997. Regression Models for Categorical and Limited Dependent Variables. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Morash, Merry. 1984. “Establishment of a Juvenile Police Record”. Criminology 22(1): 97-111.

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Crime and Justice Research Paper Series Online catalogue - Prior police contacts and police discretion with apprehended youth Main page Background Findings Data tables Methodology Bibliography More information Previous issues of the Crime and Justice Research Paper Series PDF version