Statistics Canada - Government of Canada
Accessibility: General informationSkip all menus and go to content.Home - Statistics Canada logo Skip main menu and go to secondary menu. Français 1 of 5 Contact Us 2 of 5 Help 3 of 5 Search the website 4 of 5 Canada Site 5 of 5
Skip secondary menu and go to the module menu. The Daily 1 of 7
Census 2 of 7
Canadian Statistics 3 of 7 Community Profiles 4 of 7 Our Products and Services 5 of 7 Home 6 of 7
Other Links 7 of 7

Warning View the most recent version.

Archived Content

Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. Please "contact us" to request a format other than those available.

Skip module menu and go to content.


American Psychological Association Presidential Task Force on Violence and the Family. 1996. Report of the American Association Presidential Task Force on Violence and the Family. Washington, DC: APA.

Avakame, E.F. 1998. “Intergenerational Transmission of Violence, Self-Control, and Conjugal Violence: A Comparative Analysis of Physical Violence and Psychological Aggression.” Violence and Victims. 13, 3: 301-316.

Bandura, A. 1977. Social Learning Theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Brannigan, A., W. Gemmell, D. Pevalin and T. Wade. 2002. “Self-control and social control in childhood misconduct and aggression: The role of family structure, hyperactivity and hostile parenting.” Canadian Journal of Criminology. 44, 2: 119-142.

Breslin, F.C., D.A. Riggs, K.D. O’Leary and I. Arias. 1990. “Family precursors: Expected and actual consequences of dating aggression.” Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 5, 2: 247-258.

Carlson, B.E. 1991. “Outcomes of physical abuse and observation of marital violence among adolescents in placement.” Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 6: 526-534.

Committee on Integrating the Science of Early Childhood Development, National Research Council and Institute for Medicine. 2000. In From Neurons to Neighbourhoods: The Science of Early Childhood Development. Edited by J.P. Shonkoff and D.A. Phillips. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Crockenberg, S. and A. Langrock. 2001. “The Role of Emotion and Emotional Regulation in Children’s Responses to Interpersonal Conflict.” In Interparental Conflict and Child Development: Theory, Research, and Applications. Edited by J.H. Grych and F.D. Fincham. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. 129-156.

Dauvergne, M. and H. Johnson. 2001. “Children witnessing family violence.” Juristat (Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 85-002-XPE). Ottawa: Statistics Canada, 21, 6.

Durant, R.H., C. Cadenhead, R.A. Pendergrast, G. Slavens and C.W. Linder. 1994. “ Factors associated with the use of violence among urban Black adolescents.” American Journal of Public Health. 84: 612-617.

Hetherington, E.M. 1992. “Coping with marital transitions: a family systems perspective.” In Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development. Edited by E.M. Hetherington and W.G. Clingempeel. 57: 1-14.

Holden, G.W. and K.L. Ritchie. 1991. “Linking extreme marital discord, child rearing and child behaviour problems: Evidence from battered women.” Child Development. 55: 311-327.

Hughes, H.M. 1988. “Psychological and behavioural correlates of family violence in child witnesses and victims.” American Journal of Orthopsychiatry. 58, 1: 77-90.

Hughes, H.M., D. Parkinson and M. Vargo. 1989. “Witnessing spouse abuse and experiencing physical abuse: A ‘double whammy’?” Journal of Family Violence. 4: 197-209.

Jaffe, P., D. Wolfe, W. Wilson and L. Zak. 1986. “Similarities in behavioural and social maladjustment among child victims and witnesses to family violence.” American Journal of Orthopsychiatry. 56, 1: 142-146.

Jaffe, P.G., D.A. Wolfe and S.K. Wilson. 1990. Children of Battered Women. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Johnson, H. 1996. Dangerous Domains: Violence Against Women in Canada. Toronto, ON: Nelson Canada.

Kerig, P.K. 2001. “Children’s Coping with Interparental Conflict.” In Interparental Conflict and Child Development: Theory, Research, and Applications. Edited by J.H. Grych and F.D. Fincham. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. 213-245.

Kolbo, J.R. 1996. “Risk and resilience among children exposed to family violence.” Violence and Victims. 11, 2: 113-128.

Loeber, R. and M. Stouthamer-Loeber. 1986. “Family factors as correlates and predictors of juvenile conduct problems and delinquency.” In Crime and Justice: An Annual Review of Research. Edited by M. Tonry and N. Morris. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 7: 29-159.

Loeber, R. and M. LeBlanc. 1990. “Toward a developmental criminology.” In Crime and Justice: An Annual Review of Research. Edited by M. Tonry and N. Morris. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
12: 375-473.

Loeber, R. and D. Hay. 1997. “Key issues in the development of aggression and violence from childhood to early adulthood.” Annual Review of Psychology. 48: 371-410.

Loeber, R. and D.P. Farrington. 2000. “Young children who commit crime: Epidemiology, developmental origins, risk factors, early interventions, and policy implications.” Development and Psychopathology. 12, 4: 737-762.

Lynch, M.A. and J. Roberts. 1982. Consequences of child abuse. London: Academic Press.

Lytton, H. 1990. “Child and parent effects in boys’ conduct disorder: A reinterpretation.” Developmental Psychology. 26: 683-697.

McCloskey, L.A., A.J. Figueredo and M.P. Koss. 1995. “The effects of systemic family violence on children’s mental health.” Child Development. 66: 1239-1261.

Moffitt, T.E. 1990. “Juvenile delinquency and attention deficit disorder: Boys’ development trajectories from age 3 to 15.” Child Development. 61: 893-910.

Muller, R.T., A.E, Goebel-Fabbri, T. Diamond and D. Dinklage. 2000. “Social support and the relationship between family and community violence exposure and psychopathology among high risk adolescents.” Child Abuse and Neglect. 24, 4: 449-464.

Nagin, D.S. and R. Paternoster. 1991. “On the relationship of past to future participation in delinquency.” Criminology. 29, 2: 163-189.

O’Brien, M., R.S. John, G. Margolin and O. Erel. 1994. “Reliability and diagnostic efficacy of parents’ reports regarding children’s exposure to marital aggression.” Violence and Victims. 9: 45-62.

Perry, B.D. 1997. “Incubated in terror: neurodevelopmental factors in the cycle of violence.” In Children, Youth and Violence: Searching for Solutions. Edited by J. Osofsky. New York: The Guilford Press. 124-148
Rao, J.N.K., C.F.J. Wu and K. Yue. 1992. “Some recent work on resampling methods for complex surveys.” Survey Methodology (Statistics Canada Catalogue 12-001). Ottawa: Statistics Canada, 18, 2: 209-217.

Rust, K.F. and J.N.K. Rao. 1996. “Variance estimation for complex surveys using replication techniques.” Statistical Methods in Medical Research. 5: 291-310.

Sampson, R.J. and J.H. Laub. 1993. Crime in the Making: Pathways and Turning Points Through Life. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Silvern, L., J. Karyl, L. Waelde, W.F. Hodges, J. Starek, E. Heidt and K. Min. 1995. “ Retrospective reports of parental partner abuse: Relationships to depression, trauma symptoms and self-esteem among college students.” Journal of Family Violence. 10: 177-202.

Singer, M.I., D.B. Miller, S. Guo, K. Slovak and T. Frierson. 1998. The mental health consequences of children’s exposure to violence. Cleveland, OH: Cayahoga County Community Mental Health Research Institute, Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences, Case Western Reserve University.

Sprott, J. and A. Doob. 1998. “Who are the most violent ten and eleven
year olds? An introduction to future delinquency.” (HRDC Catalogue no. W-98-29E). Applied Research Branch of Strategic Policy Working Paper Series: Human Resources Development Canada.

Sternberg, K.L., M.E. Lamb, C. Greenbaum, D. Cicchetti, S. Dawud, R.M. Cortes, O. Krispin and F. Lorey. 1993. “Effects of domestic violence on children’s behavior problems and depression.” Developmental Psychology. 29, 1: 44-52.

Tremblay, R.E., L.C. Masse, L. Kurtz and F. Vitaro. 1997. “From childhood physical aggression to adolescent maladjustment: the Montreal Prevention Experiment.” In Childhood Disorders, Substance Abuse & Delinquency: Prevention and Early Intervention Approaches. Edited by R.D. Peters and R.J. McMahon. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. 1-62.


Home | Search | Contact Us | Français Top of page
Date modified: 2004-09-14 Important Notices