Safe Cities profile series: Key indicators by census metropolitan area
Montréal, Quebec

Release date: May 15, 2020
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Satisfaction with safety

Montréal 85%, Quebec 88%*, Canada 88%*

proportion of people who reported being satisfied with their personal safety from crime in 2014

* significantly different from Montréal (p < 0.05)

Police-reported violent crime rate in 2018

Montréal 933, Quebec 1,078, Canada 1,143

rate per 100,000 population

Ten-year change in police-reported crime rate (2008 to 2018)

Montréal -41%, Quebec -35%, Canada, -17%

Population and demographics

Map showing the location of Montréal, Quebec

Montréal, Quebec

Montréal was home to 4,255,541 people in 2018, and it had a high density population of 924 residents per square kilometre. Over one in four (28%) residents were aged 24 and younger, on par with the distribution in Quebec (27%) and across Canada (28%).

Less than one percent (0.9%) of Montréal residents were part of the Indigenous population (First Nations, Métis and Inuit) in 2016, lower than in Quebec (2.3%) and far lower than Canada (4.9%). Immigrants represented just under one in four (23%) residents, notably higher than Quebec (14%) but similar to Canada (22%). One in five (19%) immigrants in Montréal were recent immigrants (since 2011), similar to Quebec (20%) but somewhat higher than Canada (16%). Nearly one in four (23%) residents in Montréal identified as a visible minority, far greater than the proportion in Quebec (13%) but on par with the proportion in Canada overall (22%).

Education, employment and income

In 2016, seven in ten (70%) Montréal residents aged 25 to 64 had completed some form of postsecondary education, just under one in five (18%) had completed high school (or equivalent) as their highest level of education, and one in ten (11%) had completed neither.

In 2018, the unemployment rate in Montréal (6.1%) was slightly higher than in Quebec (5.5%) but close to Canada’s provinces (5.8%). Households in Montréal earned a median after-tax annual income of $46,840 in 2017, on par with Quebec ($46,980) but lower than Canada ($52,090). The percentage of families considered low-income was similar in Montréal (18%), Quebec (16%) and Canada (17%).

Housing and families

On average, there were 2.3 persons per household in Montréal in 2016, on par with Quebec (2.3) and Canada (2.4). Over half (56%) of households in Montréal owned their homes, a lower proportion than in Quebec (61%) and Canada (68%). When a household spends 30% or more of its income on shelter costs, it is considered to live in unaffordable housing: this was the case for one in four (25%) Montréal households, higher than in Quebec (21%) but close to Canada (24%). A small proportion (6.5%) of occupied private dwellings in Montréal were in need of major repairs, on par with Quebec (6.4%) and Canada (6.5%). About one-fifth (19%) of Montréal families were lone-parent families, slightly higher than in Quebec (17%) and Canada (16%). In 2018, there were an estimated 3,149 homeless individuals living in Montréal.

Community safety and sense of belonging

Self-reported experiences of victimization

Police-reported crime

  • In 2018, Montréal police reported an overall crime rate of 3,275 incidents per 100,000 population, similar to Quebec (3,304) but 40% lower than Canada (5,488).
  • Over the past decade (2008 to 2018), police-reported crime declined by 41% in Montréal, while a smaller decline was seen in Quebec (-35%) and Canada (-17%).
  • The severity of crime in Montréal was roughly unchanged (-1%) between 2017 and 2018, mostly due to a decrease in breaking and entering, and robbery. Over the past decade (2008 to 2018), the severity of crime in Montréal declined by 36%, compared with a 32% decline in Quebec and a 17% decline in Canada.

Property crime

Violent crime

  • In 2018, there were 933 incidents of violent crime per 100,000 population reported by police in Montréal, 13% lower than Quebec (1,078) and 18% lower than Canada overall (1,143).
    • In Montréal, Quebec and Canada, 53% of victims of violent crime were female.
  • Between 2008 and 2018:
    • The violent crime rate in Montréal declined by 17%, compared with virtually no change seen in Quebec (a decline of less than 1%) but on par with the decline in Canada (-14%).
    • The severity of violent crime in Montréal declined by 32%, more than two times greater than the decline in Quebec (-13%) and Canada (-13%).
  • Violent crime against girls and women in Montréal between 2009 and 2018 declined to a much smaller extent than violent crime against boys and men (-6% versus -26%).

Hate crime

Intimate partner violence

Homicide

Charts and tables

Chart 1 start

Chart 1 Police-reported violent and non-violent Crime Severity Indexes, census metropolitan area of Montréal, Quebec and Canada, 1998 to 2018

Data table for Chart 1 
Data table for Chart 1
Table summary
This table displays the results of Data table for Chart 1. The information is grouped by Year (appearing as row headers), Violent Crime Severity Index, Non-violent Crime Severity Index, Montréal, Quebec and Canada, calculated using index units of measure (appearing as column headers).
Year Violent Crime Severity Index Non-violent Crime Severity Index
Montréal Quebec Canada Montréal Quebec Canada
index
1998 134 90 98 141 121 127
1999 139 96 99 125 108 116
2000 133 94 98 120 105 110
2001 123 89 97 110 99 108
2002 121 89 96 104 95 107
2003 121 89 98 102 94 110
2004 118 88 96 97 91 107
2005 118 89 99 98 90 102
2006 118 91 100 98 91 100
2007 109 84 98 89 85 94
2008 106 82 95 86 83 89
2009 102 80 94 85 82 85
2010 99 76 89 77 76 81
2011 98 78 86 73 71 75
2012 89 75 82 70 69 73
2013 80 68 74 62 60 67
2014 73 64 71 56 55 65
2015 77 66 75 56 53 68
2016 72 68 77 54 52 70
2017 74 73 81 53 52 71
2018 72 72 82 53 51 72

Chart 1 end

Chart 2 start

Chart 2 Police-reported violent crime, by sex of victim, census metropolitan area of Montréal, Quebec and Canada, 2009 to 2018

Data table for Chart 2 
Data table for Chart 2
Table summary
This table displays the results of Data table for Chart 2. The information is grouped by Year (appearing as row headers), Female victims, Male victims, Montréal, Quebec and Canada, calculated using rate per 100,000 population units of measure (appearing as column headers).
Year Female victims Male victims
Montréal Quebec Canada Montréal Quebec Canada
rate per 100,000 population
2009 1,017 992 1,206 1,165 1,093 1,202
2010 1,002 995 1,209 1,042 1,032 1,162
2011 990 977 1,124 1,025 1,003 1,087
2012 949 980 1,079 945 995 1,048
2013 901 937 1,004 882 935 947
2014 871 899 952 873 908 898
2015 886 914 970 882 907 914
2016 905 935 978 883 913 910
2017 951 996 1,019 880 920 926
2018 952 1,011 1,048 865 912 936

Chart 2 end

Chart 3 start

Chart 3 Police-reported property crime, census metropolitan area of Montréal, Quebec and Canada, 2009 to 2018

Data table for Chart 3 
Data table for Chart 3
Table summary
This table displays the results of Data table for Chart 3. The information is grouped by Year (appearing as row headers), Montréal, Quebec and Canada, calculated using rate per 100,000 population units of measure (appearing as column headers).
Year Montréal Quebec Canada
rate per 100,000 population
2009 3,819 3,378 4,122
2010 3,468 3,110 3,838
2011 3,241 2,852 3,536
2012 3,076 2,718 3,438
2013 2,674 2,352 3,154
2014 2,425 2,115 3,100
2015 2,301 2,025 3,231
2016 2,111 1,898 3,239
2017 2,067 1,866 3,266
2018 1,954 1,774 3,339

Chart 3 end

Table 1 start


Table 1
Police-reported crime rate for selected offences, census metropolitan area of Montréal, Quebec and Canada, 2018
Table summary
This table displays the results of Police-reported crime rate for selected offences. The information is grouped by Type of offence (appearing as row headers), Montréal, Quebec, Canada, Percent difference between Montréal and Quebec and Percent difference between Montréal and Canada, calculated using rate units of measure (appearing as column headers).
Type of offence Montréal Quebec Canada Percent difference between Montréal and Quebec Percent difference between Montréal and Canada
rate
Total crime (excluding traffic) 3,275 3,304 5,488 -0.9 -40
Total violent crime 933 1,078 1,143 -13 -18
Violations causing death and attempted murder 5 4 4 21 7
Sexual assault and sexual violations against childrenTable 1 Note 1 87 103 101 -15 -14
AssaultsTable 1 Note 2 505 578 649 -13 -22
Other violent offences 336 393 389 -14 -14
Total property crime 1,954 1,774 3,339 10 -41
Breaking and entering 306 311 431 -2 -29
TheftTable 1 Note 3 1,035 857 1,720 21 -40
Fraud 307 273 402 13 -24
MischiefTable 1 Note 4 270 291 699 -7 -61
Other property crime offences 35 42 86 -15 -59
Total other Criminal Code offences 388 453 1,006 -14 -61
Total Criminal Code traffic offences 316 466 339 -32 -7
Total alcohol-impaired drivingTable 1 Note 5 121 153 178 -21 -32
Total drug-impaired drivingTable 1 Note 6 10 13 12 -22 -18
Alcohol and drug-impaired drivingTable 1 Note 7 1 0.9 0.7 42 85
Impaired driving (not specified)Table 1 Note 7 0sNote: value rounded to 0 (zero) where there is a meaningful distinction between true zero and the value that was rounded. A “0” represents a true zero value. 0.1 0.3 -43 -81
Other Criminal Code traffic offences 184 300 148 -38 24
Total drug offences 292 275 225 6 30
Total other federal statute offences 10 124 70 -92 -86
Total all offences 3,893 4,169 6,123 -7 -36

Table 1 end

Table 2 start


Table 2
Police-reported violent crime rate for selected offences, by sex of victim, census metropolitan area of Montréal, Quebec and Canada, 2018
Table summary
This table displays the results of Police-reported violent crime rate for selected offences. The information is grouped by Type of offence (appearing as row headers), Montréal, Quebec, Canada, Female victims and Male victims, calculated using rate units of measure (appearing as column headers).
Type of offence Montréal Quebec Canada
Female victims Male victims Female victims Male victims Female victims Male victims
rate
Total violent crime 952 865 1,011 912 1,048 936
Violations causing death and attempted murder 2 8 2 5 2 6
Homicide 0.3 2 0.4 2 0.9 3
Other violations causing deathTable 2 Note 1 0.4 0.1 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.3
Attempted murder 0.9 5 0.9 4 1 3
Sexual offences 150 20 167 24 170 23
Sexual assault 114 12 116 13 134 16
Sexual assault – level 3 – aggravated 0.7 0.2 0.7 0.2 0.7 0.1
Sexual assault – level 2 – weapon or bodily harm 2 0.1 2 0.2 2 0.4
Sexual assault – level 1 111 12 114 13 131 16
Sexual violations against childrenTable 2 Note 2 37 8 51 11 36 7
Assaults 485 524 497 557 613 644
Physical assault 471 478 481 505 599 590
Assault – level 3 – aggravated 2 3 2 3 6 13
Assault – level 2 – weapon or bodily harm 91 149 87 142 111 173
Assault – level 1 377 326 391 359 483 404
Assault against a peace officer 13 43 13 48 10 48
Other assaults 2 3 3 4 4 7
Other violent offences 315 312 345 325 263 262
Firearms – use of, discharge, pointing 1 4 1 4 2 6
Robbery 38 79 25 49 31 75
Forcible confinement or kidnapping 17 3 17 3 15 3
Trafficking in personsTable 2 Note 3 1 0 0.9 0 1 0sNote: value rounded to 0 (zero) where there is a meaningful distinction between true zero and the value that was rounded. A “0” represents a true zero value.
Extortion 12 20 12 17 6 9
Criminal harassment 80 26 93 32 53 17
Uttering threats 129 155 155 192 114 134
Indecent or harassing communications 6 3 8 3 22 9
Non-consensual distribution of intimate images 7 1 8 0.9 7 1
Commodification of sexual activityTable 2 Note 4 4 0 4 0.1 1 0.1
Other violent offences 19 20 22 25 10 8
Total traffic offences 62 86 57 74 16 21
Traffic violations causing death 0sNote: value rounded to 0 (zero) where there is a meaningful distinction between true zero and the value that was rounded. A “0” represents a true zero value. 0.4 0.3 0.8 0.4 0.9
Traffic violations causing bodily harm 17 20 16 19 6 7
Traffic violations – injury unspecified or unknownTable 2 Note 5 45 66 41 54 9 12

Table 2 end

Table 3 start


Table 3
Police-reported crime for selected offences, census metropolitan area of Montréal, Quebec and Canada, 2018
Table summary
This table displays the results of Police-reported crime for selected offences. The information is grouped by Type of offence (appearing as row headers), Montréal, Quebec and Canada, calculated using number and rate units of measure (appearing as column headers).
Type of offence Montréal Quebec Canada
number rate number rate number rate
Total non-violent crime 125,513 2,960 259,406 3,092 1,845,269 4,979
Total property crime 82,856 1,954 148,817 1,774 1,237,324 3,339
Breaking and entering 12,992 306 26,110 311 159,812 431
Possess stolen propertyTable 3 Note 1 745 18 1,550 18 23,898 64
Theft of motor vehicle 7,271 171 12,455 148 86,132 232
Theft over $5,000 (non-motor vehicle) 2,083 49 3,553 42 20,113 54
Theft of $5,000 or under (non-motor vehicle) 34,522 814 55,911 666 531,312 1,434
Fraud 8,811 208 16,924 202 129,409 349
Identity theft 930 22 1,834 22 3,745 10
Identity fraud 3,289 78 4,143 49 15,839 43
MischiefTable 3 Note 2 11,461 270 24,394 291 259,064 699
Arson 752 18 1,943 23 8,000 22
Total other offences 16,456 388 38,016 453 372,834 1,006
Weapons violations 716 17 1,879 22 16,610 45
Child pornographyTable 3 Note 3 622 15 1,073 13 5,843 16
ProstitutionTable 3 Note 4 5 0.1 11 0.1 110 0.3
Terrorism 16 0.4 17 0.2 102 0.3
Disturb the peace 83 2 549 7 94,378 255
Administration of justice offences 13,023 307 30,570 364 226,864 612
Other offences 1,991 47 3,917 47 28,927 78
Total Criminal Code traffic offences 13,395 316 39,074 466 125,544 339
Total alcohol-impaired drivingTable 3 Note 5 5,111 121 12,805 153 65,820 178
Total drug-impaired drivingTable 3 Note 6 416 10 1,050 13 4,429 12
Alcohol and drug-impaired drivingTable 3 Note 7 53 1 74 0.9 250 0.7
Impaired driving (not specified)Table 3 Note 7 2 0sNote: value rounded to 0 (zero) where there is a meaningful distinction between true zero and the value that was rounded. A “0” represents a true zero value. 7 0.1 94 0.3
Other Criminal Code traffic offences 7,813 184 25,138 300 54,951 148
Total drug offences 12,378 292 23,068 275 83,483 225
Total other federal statute offences 428 10 10,431 124 26,084 70
Human traffickingTable 3 Note 8 0 0 3 0sNote: value rounded to 0 (zero) where there is a meaningful distinction between true zero and the value that was rounded. A “0” represents a true zero value. 112 0.3
Youth Criminal Justice Act 228 5 768 9 4,823 13
Other federal statute offences 200 5 9,660 115 21,149 57

Table 3 end

Table 4 start


Table 4
Police-reported crime rate, census metropolitan area of Montréal, 2008 to 2018
Table summary
This table displays the results of Police-reported crime rate. The information is grouped by Year (appearing as row headers), Violent crime, Property crime and Total crime, calculated using number, rate and percent change in rate from previous year units of measure (appearing as column headers).
Year Violent crime Property crime Total crime
number rate percent change in rate from previous year number rate percent change in rate from previous year number rate percent change in rate from previous year
2008 42,356 1,128 3 146,460 3,902 -1 209,732 5,588 -0.3
2009 41,970 1,105 -2 145,094 3,819 -2 208,606 5,490 -2
2010 40,423 1,051 -5 133,390 3,468 -9 194,808 5,065 -8
2011 39,950 1,028 -2 125,970 3,241 -7 186,688 4,803 -5
2012 38,133 972 -5 120,714 3,076 -5 180,559 4,602 -4
2013 36,073 912 -6 105,834 2,674 -13 162,654 4,110 -11
2014 35,558 893 -2 96,615 2,425 -9 150,367 3,774 -8
2015 36,122 903 1 92,033 2,301 -5 145,370 3,635 -4
2016 37,609 912 0.9 87,076 2,111 -8 141,945 3,441 -5
2017 39,096 937 3 86,264 2,067 -2 142,501 3,414 -0.8
2018 39,545 933 -0.4 82,856 1,954 -5 138,857 3,275 -4
Percent change from 2008 to 2018 -7 -17 Note ...: not applicable -43 -50 Note ...: not applicable -34 -41 Note ...: not applicable

Table 4 end

E use with caution

Note: This fact sheet contains data that come from multiple sources across multiple reference years. Some figures may be presented differently than in other Statistics Canada publications due to rounding. For detailed information on data definitions and sources, please refer to the Safe Cities profile series: Definitions and data sources document.

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