Adult correctional statistics in Canada, 2013/2014: highlights
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- On a typical day in 2013/2014, provincial/territorial correctional services in 10 reporting jurisdictions, supervised 116,442 offenders in either custody or in a community program, such as probation. This was equivalent to a rate of 492 offenders per 100,000 adult population and represented a decline of 4% from the previous year and 12% from five years earlier.
- For federal corrections, which supervises adults serving sentences of two years or more as well as those on conditional release in the community (e.g. parole), there were 22,895 offenders being supervised on an average day in 2013/2014. This translates into a rate of 81 offenders per 100,000 population which was down 3% from the previous year, but up 4% from five years earlier.
- More than 8 in 10 adult offenders under supervision in provincial/territorial correctional services were supervised in the community rather than in custody in 2013/2014.
- In 2013/2014, the provincial/territorial incarceration rate, which represents the number of offenders being held in provincial/territorial custody on a typical day, was 87 offenders per 100,000 adult population. For the tenth year in a row, there were more adults being held in remand awaiting trial or sentencing than were being held in sentenced custody.
- In comparison to the year before, admissions to adult correctional services, which represent the number of times an offender begins or moves from one type of correctional service to another, declined about 3% in 2013/2014.
- Men (85%) and persons under 35 years old (58%) made up the majority of admissions to correctional services. Aboriginal persons accounted for nearly one-quarter of admissions to adult correctional services in 2013/2014 while representing 3% of the Canadian population.