Remand in adult corrections and sentencing patterns: Highlights
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During the ten-year period beginning in 1996/1997, the number of adults held in remand (pre-trial detention) grew, and by the end of the period there were more adults being held in remand than in provincial/territorial sentenced custody.
The length of time individuals spent in remand increased during this period as the proportion of adults who spent a week or less in remand declined from 62% of all remanded adults in 1996/1997 to 54% in 2005/2006.
In 1996/1997, shorter sentences of 1 month or less accounted for about the same proportion (46%) of all custodial sentences as did longer sentences of more than 1 month up to 12 months. A decade later, the proportion of sentences which were shorter had risen to 55% while the proportion which were longer had declined to 37%.
The shift toward sentences of one month or less has been witnessed in all crime categories, except impaired driving. The greatest shifts have been seen in sentences to custody for property crimes.
The use of sentences to custody for terms of more than 12 months remained stable from 1996/1997 to 2006/2007.
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